Aug. 1975 St. Marys River
November 10, 1975 the bulk freighter Edmund Fitzgerald sank in Lake Superior with all hands. This page is dedicated to the memory of the 29 men lost that night and the families they left behind.

The Fitzgerald cleared Superior, Wisconsin, on her last trip on November 9, 1975, with a cargo of 26,116 tons of taconite pellets consigned to Detroit. Traveling down Lake Superior in company with ARTHUR M. ANDERSON of the United States Steel Corporation's Great Lakes Fleet, she encountered heavy weather and in the early evening of November 10th, suddenly foundered approximately 17 miles from the entrance to Whitefish Bay (47 North Latitude, 85 7' West Longitude)

Captain McSorley of the "FITZ" had indicated he was having difficulty and was taking on water. She was listing to port and had two of three ballast pumps working. She had lost her radar and damage was noted to ballast tank vent pipes and he was overheard on the radio saying, "don't allow nobody (sic) on deck." McSorley said it was the worst storm he had ever seen. All 29 officers and crew, including a Great Lakes Maritime Academy cadet, went down with the ship, which lies broken in two sections in 530 feet of water.

Click here to hear the captain of the Arthur M. Anderson reporting the suspected loss to the Coast Guard that night.

Surveyed by the U.S. Coast Guard in 1976 using the U.S. Navy CURV III system, the wreckage consisted of an upright bow section, approximately 275 feet long and an inverted stern section, about 253 feet long, and a debris field comprised of the rest of the hull in between. Both sections lie within 170 feet of each other.

The EDMUND FITZGERALD was removed from documentation January, 1976.

The National Transportation Safety Board unanimously voted on March 23, 1978 to reject the U. S. Coast Guard's official report supporting the theory of faulty hatches. Later the N.T.S.B. revised its verdict and reached a majority vote to agree that the sinking was caused by taking on water through one or more hatch covers damaged by the impact of heavy seas over her deck.

This is contrary to the Lake Carriers Association's contention that her foundering was caused by flooding through bottom and ballast tank damage resulting from bottoming on the Six Fathom Shoal between Caribou and Michipicoten Islands.

The U.S. Coast Guard, report on August 2, 1977 cited faulty hatch covers, lack of water tight cargo hold bulkheads and damage caused from an undetermined source.

Data from: Ahoy & Farewell II by the Marine Historical Society of Detroit

Click here to read the full U.S. Coast Guard report
Published version of the Marine Safety Council Proceedings

The brave men who were lost that night:
Captain Ernest M. McSorley Michael E. Armagost Fred J. Beetcher Thomas D. Bentsen
Edward F. Bindon Thomas D. Borgeson Oliver J. Champeau Nolan S. Church
Ransom E. Cundy Thomas E. Edwards Russell G. Haskell George J. Holl
Bruce L. Hudson Allen G. Kalmon Gorden Maclellan Joseph Mazes
John H. McCarthy Eugene O'Brien Karl A. Peckol John J. Poviach
James A. Pratt Robert C. Rafferty Paul M. Rippa John D. Simmons
William J. Spengler Mark A. Thomas Ralph G. Walton David E. Weiss
Blaine H. Wilhelm

 

Quick Facts on the Edmund Fitzgerald
Built by Great Lakes Engineering works as Hull 301 at its yard at River Rouge, Michigan. The vessel was launched on June 7, 1958.
Gross Tonnage: 13,632 Registry Number: US 277437
Length: 711.2 Engines Steam Turbine 2 cylinder - 7,500 SHP
Breadth: 75.1 Engine Builder: Westinghouse Electric Corporation
Depth: 33.4


Image from the Interactive CD ROM

Data From the Marine Historical Society of Detroit's Great Lakes Ships We Remember

Other Edmund Fitzgerald sites on the Web

 
What do you think
caused the Sinking
of the Fitzgerald?
Hatch Cover Leak
Damaged on Shoal
Broke in Two
Cargo Shifted
  

 

Click here to leave your thoughts and comments on the loss of the Edmund Fitzgerald.


 

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