For the next few days, Great Lakes author David Swayze will be sending in lists of 1856-7 winter layups from the four largest American ports on the upper lakes. The winter was
exceptionally cold and the ports closed up early. About 640 vessels are
mentioned, including some Canadians and some American vessels from Lake
Detroit Free Press
December 12, 1856
VESSELS IN PORT - The river is now frozen over with ice so thick that it is
not likely it will be broken again before spring above the bridge, and we
therefore present our list of vessels in port. A number of others are known
to be bound for this port, and if they arrive we shall notice them as they
come in. Several of those frozen in on the main river, were intending to go
out again to winter in other ports on this lake, and with more moderate
weather, may still do so.
The total number in port now is only ten larger than at the time the
river froze over last year, which was, however, nearly two weeks later. The
value of vessel property now in port cannot be less than two and a half
millions, a large share of which is owned here:
Steamers. - Arctic, Cleveland and Traveler
Propellers. - C. Mears, J. Barber, Mohawk, Ogontz, Prairie State, Troy,
Michigan, Montezuma, Ottowa (sic), R.H. Foss, Wisconsin.
Tugs. - A. Foster, Fred Follett, Hiram Warner, Seneca, Salvor, Ward,
A.C. Gunnison, Guerdon Grant, McQueen, Kossuth, No name (sic), Wm. F. Cushing.
Barques. - America, Clayton; B.S. Sheppard, Chicago; City of
Ogdensburgh; Canada, Buffalo; Clayton, Clayton; Desoto, Cleveland; Essex,
Saginaw; E.C.L., Milwaukee; Fontanelle, Cleveland; Hungarian, Oswego; H.C.
Winslow, Detroit; Jesse Hoyt, Buffalo; J. Sweeney, Buffalo; Indiana,
Oswego; Louisa, St. Catharines; Northern Light, Clayton; Northern Light,
Fort Erie; Morgan, Chicago; Ocean Wave, Chicago; Oliver Culver, Rochester;
Pacific, Forestville; S.B. Pomeroy, Cleveland; St. George, Chatham;
Brigs. - Acadia, Buffalo; A. Mitchell, Milwaukee; Canopus, Buffalo; C.
J. Hutchinson, Chicago; D. Smart, do; F. B. Gardner, do; Fanny Gardner, do;
Geneva, do; Giddings, Buffalo; C. J. Harmon, Chicago; J. McBride, do;
Lowell, do; Mary, do; Montezuma, do; Missouri; Northumberland, Coburg
(sic); Ontario, Chicago; Pilgrim, Detroit; Powhattan, Cleveland; Portland,
Michigan City; Ramsey Crooks, Chicago; Robt. Burns, do; Robt Hollister, do;
St. Louis, St. Joseph; Susan A. Clark, Muskegon; Venice, Buffalo.
Schooners. - Arkansas, Chicago; Albatross, do; Ann Thorine, do;
Andromeda, do; Arrow, do; Arabella, do; Advance, do; Alnwick, Detroit;
Augustus Handy, Cleveland; Aloha, do; Antelope, Oswego; Altair, Buffalo;
Autocrat, Tonawanda; Adriatic, Clayton; Antelope, Vicksburgh; Ayr,
Dalhousie; Albany, Milwaukee; Baltic, Chicago; Brilliant, Milwaukee; B. F.
Wade, Ashtabula; Bay State, Buffalo; Barbarian, Oswego; Calcutta,
Milwaukee; Cygnet, Algonac; Clipper City, Manitowoc; Cairo, Buffalo;
Circassian, do; Contest, do; Cascade, Cleveland; Caroline Marsh, Pt. Hope;
Chas. Griswold, Sandusky; Chas. Sumner, Detroit; C. C. Trowbridge, do;
Convoy, do; C. Reeve, do; Col. Cook, do; Caledonia, Chicago; Champion, do;
Col. Shepherd, do; Coral, do; Curlew, do; Citizen, do; Dan Marble, do; D.R.
Holt, Kalamazoo; Elbe, Chicago; E.D. Gray, do; Enterprize, do; Ellen Pike,
do; Eagle Wing, Clayton; Eliza Logan, Buffalo; Empire State, Oswego;
Enterprise, New Buffalo; E. Cramer, Milwaukee; E. Henderson, Waukegan;
Energy, Buffalo; Frances, Chicago; Forrester, Muskegon; Fisher, St. Joseph;
Fox, Buffalo; Florence, do; Flying Cloud, Clayton; Fear, Detroit; Fortune;
Fulton, Oswego; G.C. Drew, Chicago; Globe, do; Gold Hunter, do; Geo. F.
Foster, do; Gem, do; Gem, Oswego; Geo. Steele, Oswego; C. Worthington,
Buffalo; Game Cock, do; Grapeshot, do; Garden City, Cleveland; Galloon,
Genesee; Hero, Chicago; H.N. Gates, do; H. Spencer, do; Home, do;
Hirondelle, Cape Vincent; H. Rand, Manitou (sic); Hannah Selima, Pt. Huron;
Jane Louisa, Chicago; Japan, do; John Lillie, do; J. S. Newhouse, do; J. S.
Harvey, Buffalo; John Young, Hamilton; John S. Wallace, Michigan City;
Josephine Dresden, do; J. E. Sutherland, St. Joseph, J. P. Kirkland, Huron;
Kenosha, Chicago; Ketchum, Cleveland; Kyle Spangler, do; Kate L. Bruce,
Buffalo; Kate Richmond, Toledo; Lady Jane, Chicago; Lark, do; Lizzie
Throop, Grand Haven; Liberty, Racine; L. B. Shepherd, Buffalo; Monsoon,
Chicago; Major Kirby, do; Maine, do; M. G. Bonesteel, Chicago; Meridian,
Chicago; Muskegon, Muskegon; Millard Fillmore, Buffalo; Maple Leaf, Oswego;
Magnet, Morristown; Matt Root, Fairport; Muskingum, Cleveland; Marquette,
do; Midnight, do; Mt. Vernon, Detroit; Nightingale, Buffalo; New Hampshire,
Chicago; Navigator, do; Norwegian, Oswego; Oriental, do; Odin, Chicago;
Pioneer, do; Palmetto, do; Perma, do; Phalarope, Cleveland; Persia, Oswego;
Roanoake, Chicago; Racine, do; Rainbow, do; Rapid, Buffalo; Racer, do;
Robert Emmit, Buffalo; Resolution, do; Rose Dousman, Milwaukee; Republic,
Clayton; Reciprocity, Detroit; Speed, Chicago; St. Lawrence, do; St.
Mary's, do; Saranac, St. Joseph; Sea Star, Buffalo; San Jacinto, do; Sophia
Smith, do; Surprise, Milan; St. James, Erie; St. Paul, do; Sweepstakes,
Cleveland; Sioux, Ashtabula; Scotland, Oswego; S. Bates, Manitowoc;
Spartan, Waukegan; Temperance, Chicago; Troy, Buffalo; Tempest, Milwaukee;
Telegraph, Conneaut; Venus, do; Vincennes, Chicago; Wm. B. Castle,
Cleveland; Wings of the Wind, Toledo; W. S. Malcolm, Oswego; Wm. Foster,
Chicago; Warren, do; Wyoming, do; W. R. Merritt, St. Catharines.
Recapitulation. - Steamers, 3; propellers, 11; tugs, 12; barques, 24;
brigs, 26; schooners,169; total, 245. - Chicago Press, 8th.
The following vessels have come in since our list of vessels in port was
made up: Steamer Huron, schooners Octavia and Amelia. The schooner Galloon
has gone out to Sheboygan. She was met by the Octavia near Racine going
along all right. These arrivals and departures makes the number of vessels
in port 247. - Chi. Press, 9th.
Reported by: David Swayze