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Upbound at the Soo, Mar. 25, 2011.

Herm Klein 

(Paterson 1985 - 2002)

by George Wharton

The keel for this modern Great Lakes bulk freighter was laid on Nov. 5, 1984 at Collingwood Shipyards, Collingwood, ON as their hull # 231 and was launched on April 18, 1985 for N.M. Paterson & Sons Ltd. as the Paterson (2). She has the distinction of being the last lake built freighter built at the Collingwood Shipyards before they terminated operations September 12, 1986. The Paterson was also the last straight deck bulk freighter built on the Great Lakes and was the first "new build" for the Paterson fleet since the Mantadoc was launched in 1967.  The Paterson was the second vessel to be named in honor of the entire Paterson family.

The vessel is powered by a Krupp M.A.K. 6M601AK inline 6-cylinder 4 stroke cycle, single acting, non-reversing 8,160 b.h.p. diesel engine built in 1985 by Krupp MaK Maschinenbau G.m.b.H., Kiel, Germany.  This engine burns intermediate grade 180 fuel oil.  The power is fed to a single 18' 08" (5.70m) diameter KaMeWa controllable pitch propeller giving her a rated service speed of 15.5 m.p.h. She is equipped with a 1,000 h.p. electrically driven KaMeWa 6' 06.5" (2.0m) bow thruster and a bulbous ram bow. The bulk freighter's 18 hatches service 4 holds where she is capable of carrying 32,600 tons at a mid-summer draft of 29' 00 5/16" (8.85m) and approximately 29,459 tons (29,932 tonnes) at the new Seaway draft of 26' 06" (8.08m). Other capacities include 462.6 tons (470 tonnes) of fuel oil, 65 tons (66.2 tonnes) of potable water, and 13,223 tons (13,436 tonnes) of water ballast.  The vessel's lightweight displacement is 6,692.5 tons (6,800 tonnes).  Her life saving equipment includes 1 12-person 16' (4.88m) Hurum Marine lifeboat, 3 Tul Corsair 25-person hydrostatic released inflatable life rafts, and 1 Tul Corsair 6-person hydrostatic released inflatable life raft.

The Paterson departed on her maiden voyage on June 27, 1985 in ballast from Collingwood to Thunder Bay, ON to load grain for Quebec City. Ironically, this was the same day that the Paterson (1)'s dismantling was completed. The focus of the vessel's activity has been and continues to be in the grain and iron ore trades. Her grain loads originate from various Great Lakes ports bound for St. Lawrence River ports such as Sorel, Quebec City, Baie Comeau, and Port Cartier, QC with many of her return load iron ore traffic going to Burns Harbor, IN.

The Paterson set a number of cargo records.  The bulker set a Seaway grain record on September 9, 1985 carrying 28,155 tons (28,607 tonnes) from Thunder Bay.  On May 6, 1987, the vessel set a Seaway barley record with 27,084 tons (27,519 tonnes).  She established a Seaway-draft (26' 03" / 8.00m at that time) iron ore record on November 17, 1990 by managing 29,106 tons (29,574 tonnes) from Pointe Noire, QC to Cleveland, OH.  On June 30, 1993, she set a Seaway wheat record with 28,514 tons (28,972 tonnes) on board for Port Cartier, QC.  The Paterson reset this Seaway record on May 18, 1994 carrying 28,557 tons (29,016 tonnes).  On May 5, 1996, the bulker set a new U.S. grain shipment record by carrying 28,484 tons (28,941.6 tonnes) of soybeans from Superior, WI.  Then, on May 24, 1997, the Paterson set a Thunder Bay #1 canola seed record loading 26,456.6 tons (26,881.6 tonnes) bound for Windsor, ON.

On April 5, 1999, the Paterson grounded off the beach at St. Zotique, QC below marker D-18 on Lake St. Francis of the St. Lawrence Seaway.  She was freed April 10 with the aid of tugs Ocean Intrepid, Ocean Hercules, and Ocean Echo II after lightering part of her cargo of grain into P.S. Barge No. 1.  Damages were repaired at the Verrault Shipyard, Les Mechins, QC.  The Paterson returned to service May 13, 1999.

On March 20, 2002, N.M. Paterson & Sons Ltd. ended their long family history of operating Great Lakes vessels when they sold their active fleet of three vessels to Canada Steamship Lines, Inc., Montreal, QC. The three bulkers Paterson (2), Cartierdoc (2) and Mantadoc (2) were respectively renamed Pineglen (2), Cedarglen (2), and Teakglen.  The Pineglen was named in keeping with CSL's bulker fleet motif of a tree name "Pine" (paying tribute to the 1937 CSL acquisition of Tree Line Navigation Co.) with the fleet suffix "glen" (in tribute to the 1926 CSL acquisition of Great Lakes Shipping Co. whose vessels used the prefix "Glen").

Sailing under the management of V.Ships Canada, Inc., Montreal, QC, the Pineglen loaded 27,850 tons (28,307 tonnes) of wheat at Thunder Bay for her maiden voyage for CSL, the destination port being Port Cartier, QC.  Following the completion of her 5-year survey at Port Weller Dry Docks, St. Catharines, ON; the Pineglen under command of Captain Feroze Irani was honored as the first upbound vessel of the 2005 season at the Welland Canal's Top Hat Ceremonies held at the Welland Canals Centre at Lock 3 in St. Catharines, ON on March 23, 2005.  This ceremony marked the Welland Canal's 176th consecutive year of service.  The Pineglen was bound for Thunder Bay in ballast.

Overall dimensions (metric)
 Length  736' 06" (224.50m)
 Beam  75' 10" (23.12m)
 Depth  42' 00" (12.80m)
 Capacity  32,600 tons (33,124 tonnes)
 Power diesel)  8,160 b.h.p.


Fit out in March 2002 after sale to CSL. Rob Farrow

Stern view

End of an era as the Paterson "P" is removed from the stack.

Passing through the Iroquois Lock. Dave Beach

Stern view. Rob Farrow

Detroit River  Mike Nicholls   

Stern view  Mike Nicholls   

Aerial view. Don Coles

St. Marys River. Roger LeLievre

Loading at Thunder Bay, March 2002. 
Rob Farrow

As the Paterson loading in Thunder Bay.
Gene Onchulenko

 Loading in Sarnia. Rod Burdick.

Downbound at Port Huron. Clayton Sharrard

Detroit River, June 15, 2004.
Mike Nicholls

Above Lock 1, Welland Canal Feb. 2005.
Alex Howard

Bow profile Feb. 2005.  Alex Howard

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