Great Lakes Shipwrecks A

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------------------------------------------------------1
C. L. ABBELL

Other names : none also seen as C L ABELL
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1855, Geo. Hardison, Buffalo
Specs : 64 t.
Date of loss : 1861
Place of loss : Waugoschance Pt., Straits of Mackinac
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Struck bottom in shallows and wrecked.
Out of Grand Traverse [Traverse City], Mich
Sources: slh,hgl,nsp
,umr


------------------------------------------------------ 2
ABBIE

Other names : none
Official no. : 106407
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1886, Ludington
Specs : 88x22x6 88g 83n
Date of loss : 1905, Nov 8
Place of loss : Portage Lake entry, near Manistee, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : bark
Detail : Driven ashore and wrecked. Crew of 4 saved by lightkeeper and Manistee Lifesaving Service. Went to pieces in a few hours. Bound Beaver Isl. for Milwaukee. Not lost near the Keweenaw, Lake Superior, as sometimes stated.
Sources: nsp,h,mv,ks,eas,lss


------------------------------------------------------ 3
GEORGE M. ABEL

Other names : built as brig JOHN YOUNG, renamed by 1864. also seen as GEORGE M. ABELL & ABLE
Official no. : 10219
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1852, J & J Abbey, Pt. Robinson, Ont. as a brig
Specs : 146t
Date of loss : 1871, Aug 29
Place of loss : near Port Burwell, Ont
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went on a reef and broke up. Hailed from Cleveland.
May have been recovered. Reported as receiving repairs in 1871.
Sometimes reported as still a brig at this time.
Sources: nsp,sagl,h,win,hgl,rsl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 4
ABEONA

Other names : ?
Official no. : C
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : (1863, Lambert, Saugeen, Ont.)
Specs : 100t (45 t.)
Date of loss : 1877, Oct 10
Place of loss : 1 mile west of Port Austin
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : lumber & shingles
Detail : Downbound when she stranded. Later reportedly broke up, but a scow of this name was still operating as late as 1881.
Sources: nsp,h,clu,es not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 5
ABERCORN

Other names : none
Official no. : 105361
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "rabbit"
Build info : 1873, Morley & Hill, Marine City, MI
Specs : 126x26x11 261g 191n
Date of loss : 1904, Sep 5
Place of loss : At Goderich, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : coal
Detail : Burned at dock while unloading. She reportedly caught fire from the explosion of signal lamp. Her remains were abandoned in place, but one source states that the hulk was sold Canadian in 1905..
Owned by W. Willoughby of Cleveland.
Sources: nsp,phr,slh,ns1,h,mv,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 6
ABERDEEN

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1898, Nov
Place of loss : near Grand Haven, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Beached and broke up
One source says this was the Bay City built schooner (US#106975) which was afloat until 1932.
Sources: mv,lmdc,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 7
ABERDEEN

Other names : none
Official no. : C94924
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "rabbit"
Build info : 1894, J.Tait, Picton, Ont.
Specs : 100x22x9 142gc
Date of loss : 1918, Mar 11
Place of loss : At Picton, Ont., Bay of Quinte
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned in harbor, at the "Ways," Hepburn Shipyard. Part of the large Hepburn Fleet.
Year of loss also given as 1917.
Sources: mmgl,ns2,h,csv,hgl,
hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 8
ABERNETHY

Other names : ?
Official no. : C130386
Type at loss : probably wooden barge
Build info : ?
Specs : 260 t
Date of loss : 1914, Oct 24
Place of loss : Pelee Isl., Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned, probably in harbor
Sources: win,h


------------------------------------------------------ 3880
ABIAH

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner or brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1848, Irving, NY
Specs : 134x27x11, 353 t [om]
Date of loss : 1854, Sep 1
Place of loss : about 10 miles off Sheboygan, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Bound Chicago for Oconto, WI, she capsized in a squall and sank, a total loss. Her crew and 2 passengers were rescued by the passing schooner L. LUDDINGTON (sic).
Sources: bb,nsp,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 9
ABIGAIL

Other names : none
Official no. : (368)
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1849, T.L. Lyons, Black River, OH
Specs : 99x23x8, 178 t.
Date of loss : 1892
Place of loss : Main part of Georgian Bay or North Channel
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : none. Not in 1884 or 92 MVUS, possibly lost before Jul 1.
Major repair in 1862
Sources: (hgl,mv),slh+,wl,rsl not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 10
ABYSSINIA

Other names : none
Official no. : 107221
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1896, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City
Specs : 285x44x19 2037g 1916n
Date of loss : 1917, Oct 18
Place of loss : Near Buffalo
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : She was lost from tow of the steamer MARUBA in a gale, went ashore and broke up. One of the largest wooden vessels ever built
Nearly lost in a storm near Eagle Harbor, Mich, Nov 3, 1900.
Sources: sbs,vbs,ns2,mv,eas,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 11
ACACIA

Other names : none
Official no. : C126424
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1873, W. O'Mara, Smith's Falls, Ont. as a schooner
Specs : 102x24x9, 188 t
Date of loss : 1903, May 2
Place of loss : Duck Islands
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : coal
Detail : ACACIA went aground in storm and was declared a total loss. She had been bound Oswego for Kingston. Owned and mastered by Wm. Crosby of Kingston. Later recovered, still afloat in 1916.
Foundered on July 12, 1908. Recovered again and rebuilt to a barge.
Rebuilt 1888.
Sources: nsp,h,ns3,mmgl,clu,win,mpl,gld
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 12
ACADIA

Other names : none
Official no. : C77697
Type at loss : propeller, wood [iron-framed],
Build info : 1867, Malcolmson Bros, Hamilton, Ont.
Specs : 176x25x10 806g 509n
Date of loss : 1896, Nov 5
Place of loss : Near mouth of Michipicoten R., Ont.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : grain
Detail : Driven ashore and broken up by gale. Her crew made it to shore, and five of them spent more than week trying to make it to the Soo.
Originally 136x25x7.
Sources: nsp,gwgl,is,h,csv,net,mmgl,win,lss,hgl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3297
ACME

Other names : none
Official no. : 297
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1856, G. Hardison, Buffalo
Specs : 190x33x13, 762 t.
Date of loss : 1867, Nov 5 (Mar 4 also given, in error)
Place of loss : 15 mi NNE of Dunkirk, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 7307 bu corn, 2165 bbl flour, 238 bbl & 100 "tierces" beef, 200 tierces of lard and 334 untanned cowhides
Detail : Took on water and a gale and was abandoned in boats. 2 boats landed along about 20 miles of NY coast, while one was picked up by the revenue cutter COMMODORE PERRY..
Major repair in 1863
Sources: nsp,lhl,hgl,rsl,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 13
ACME

Other names : built as MUSIC, renamed in 1892
Official no. : 90671
Type at loss : propeller, wood, large tug & freighter
Build info : 1874, Cameron, New Jerusalem, OH
Specs : 124x24x12, 320g 234n
Date of loss : 1893, Oct 14
Place of loss : 25 mi from Black River, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : none
Carrying : raft
Detail : She was towing a large log raft in company with the tug RELIANCE, and was running for shelter at Thunder Bay when she foundered. RELIANCE took the crew off the sinking vessel in a very risky rescue. She lies in about 225 feet of water. Owned out of Bay City by Michigan Log Towing, she was once a Reid Wrecking tug.
Major repairs in 1881
Sources: nsp,slh,mv,phr,wb,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 14
ACME

Other names : none
Official no. : 107039
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1893, Buffalo
Specs : 67x17x10 59g 29n
Date of loss : 1902, Apr 29
Place of loss : near Buffalo
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : Collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : She was breaking ice when when she jammed in and was rammed from behind by the steamer WILKESBARRE. WILKESBARRE took her crew off before she sank. Not declared lost until August. Iron parts were later recovered for scrap.
Sources: nsp,is,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 15
ACONTIAS

Other names : sometimes spelled "Acontious"
Official no. : 1394
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1866, Detroit*
Specs : 264g 251n
Date of loss : 1887, Oct 28 (Nov 2 also given)
Place of loss : at Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (all, ca.6)
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went ashore on Presque Isle. Broke in half and went to pieces shortly after. Declared a total loss in November.
*This is official, but she was actually built in 1856 at Oswego by Jas. Baker [carpenter: J Navagh] and appears in newspapers from that year on. [Build information above is from mv]. Actually just rebuilt at Detroit in 1866.
This vessel [or perhaps another of the same name ] went on a rock and was wrecked at Clay Bank, Lake Erie, 33 miles SE of Detroit, in November, 1863. Out of Oswego.
Sources: nsp,slh,mv,osdo,hgl,mpl,nsp,rp


------------------------------------------------------ 16
ACORN

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schoooner, wood
Build info : 1842, T.H. Cobb, Black R. [Charleston] OH
Specs : 84x20x8, 125 t.
Date of loss : 1842, Aug 31
Place of loss : On a line Vermilion-Port Colborne
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : passengers, freight
Detail : Bound Buffalo for Chicago on a particularly dark night, she collided with the schooner EMILY and sank in 60 ft of water. There were 45 immigrants on board, who lost about $4000 in gold with the wreck.
Recovered - see next entry.
Sources: is(4-65),slh,(hgl),nsp,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 17
ACORN

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1842, T.H. Cobb, Black R. [Charleston], OH
Specs : 84x20x8, 125 t.
Date of loss : 1849, July 31
Place of loss : near West Sister Island
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : Collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : flour, oil cake, hoop peles (sic)
Detail : Collided with propeller TROY and sank. TROY struck ACORN directly amidships and the schooner foundered quickly. Her crew made it to the TROY.
Sources: ledc,hgl,wl not in mmgl

------------------------------------------------------
ACORN -
See also ALASKA

------------------------------------------------------
ACTIVE
- See CHARLIE GALE


------------------------------------------------------ 4161
ACTIVE

Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner wood
Build info : ?
Specs : 25 t.
Date of loss : 1855, Oct 10
Place of loss : off Port Washington, Wisc.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : shingles
Detail : Bound Manitowoc for Chicago, she capsized in a squall. Her tiny crew clung to her upturned hull until rescued in a risky maneuver by the schooner THORNTON on the 11th. She was last seen floating bottom-up by the prop SCIOTA on the 13th, 15 miles off Milwaukee. No record of her after this date.
Struck a bar and sunk off Manitowoc in June of the same year.
Owned by Ealinger of Manitowoc. Vessel and cargo worth about $2500.
Sources: nsp,wl,jm

------------------------------------------------------
ADA -
See also PETER SMITH


------------------------------------------------------ 18
ADA

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ? (1857, E.L. Herrick, Fairport, OH)
Specs : ? (88x22x6, 110 t.)
Date of loss : 1859
Place of loss : near Collingwood, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : "sank"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went down within sight of Collingwood
Sources: slh,hgl,wl not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 19
ADAIN

Other names : may be same as ADAIR, below. Also seen as ADDAIN
Official no. : 1408
Type at loss : schooner(-scow), wood
Build info : 1862(4), Trenton, MI
Specs : 76x20x7, 62 t.
Date of loss : 1890, Oct 18
Place of loss : near Grindstone City, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : none
Detail : Bound Port Huron for Grindstone City, driven ashore by gale and total loss. Lifesaving Service saved her crew.
Sunk at Pt. Pelee in May, 1870
Rebuilt at Port Huron, 1868
Sources: phr,mv,usls,slh,h,hgl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 20
ADAIR

Other names : may be same as ADAIN, above
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ? (1847, Buffalo)
Specs : ? (82 t.)
Date of loss : 1886 or 1891
Place of loss : Upper Saginaw Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went ashore and broke up either on Big Charity Isl.(1886) or Oak Point (1891), in NW gale. Total loss of about $12,000.
( A schooner W.A. ADAIR, 61 t. b. Black R., 1845; capsized L. Erie, 1847, still extant, 1857)
Sources: eas,wb,slh,h,sb not in mmgl

------------------------------------------------------
ADAMS


------------------------------------------------------ 4051
E. S. ADAMS

Other names : also seen as E. G. ADAMS
Official no. : C33502
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1857,
J & J Abbey, Port Robinson, Ont.
Specs : 135x26x12, 341 gc
Date of loss : 1863, Oct 20
Place of loss : 5 mi E of Pt. Pelee
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : 18,500 bu wheat
Detail : On a clear night, with both vessels properly lit and tacking, the downbound ADAMS collided with the upbound American bark CONSTITUTION, resulting in the loss of the ADAMS. No blame was attached to either vessel.
Document surrendered Mar 5, 1866, annotated "lost".
Owned by Norris & Neeland, St. Catharines (also shown as owned out of Montreal)
Sources: mmgl,nsp,hgl,
umr


------------------------------------------------------ 3903
FREDDIE ADAMS

Other names : none
Official no. : C122080
Type at loss : propeller tug, wood
Build info : 1906, G. Adams, Parry Sound, Ont.
Specs : 40x9x?, 16gc 11nc
Date of loss : 1909
Place of loss : Depot Harbour, E side of Parry Sound
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to total loss. Registration closed Sep 13, 1920
Sources: mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 21
GEORGE W. ADAMS

Other names : none
Official no. : 85393
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1875, Bailey Bros., Toledo as a 4-mast schooner
Specs : 231x40x20 1444g 1372n
Date of loss : 1895, Dec 11
Place of loss : near Colchester shoal
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : ice
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Her hull was crushed by ice while she was bound Cleveland for Chicago in tow of the steamer CALEDONIA and she foundered. A big salvage operation on her the next summer was a failure. Steamer CONEMAUGH was heavily damaged by striking her wreckage in Oct. 1901.
Stranded with damage on North Manitou in fall of 1885. See WILLIAM T. GRAVES.
Sources: h,mv,ledc,nsp,do2,wb,win,hgl,mpl

------------------------------------------------------
TOM ADAMS -
See LANGHAM


------------------------------------------------------ 22
ADDIE

Other names : none
Official no. : 105168
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1872, J. Randall, Benton Harbor
Specs : 64x16x5 30g 29n
Date of loss : 1897, Oct 5
Place of loss : near Frankfort, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : household goods
Detail : No detail.
Shoved between rows of pilings at Lakeside, MI in 1877 and heavily damaged. Also wrecked and temporarily abandoned near Muskegon in 1887.
Rebuilt in 1882.
Sources: nsp,h,mv,hgl,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 24
ADDIE B

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, trader
Build info : ?
Specs : "small"
Date of loss : 1888, Nov 28 or 29
Place of loss : near Caseville, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life :
none mentioned
Carrying : produce
Detail : Stranded on a bar, broke in two, and declared a total loss. Out of Au Sable, MI.
Sources: slh,nsp,
jb not in mmgl, ‘84 mvus

------------------------------------------------------
ADELAIDE -
See CHAMPLAIN


------------------------------------------------------ 25
ADELE

Other names :
Official no. : ?(107191)
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : (1889, Dulac, Mt. Clemens, MI)
Specs : (48x10x4, 9g 6n)
Date of loss : 1936
Place of loss : Drummond Island, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : no detail
Sources: (mv),slh not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3881
ADELL

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1860, Milwaukee
Specs : 48x12x5, 25 gt.
Date of loss : 1869, Nov 16
Place of loss : 1/2 mile below Bay View pier, WI [near Milwaukee]
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Cargo : ?
Detail : Driven ashore and pounded to pieces. Her skipper, who had his every penny sunk into the craft, was able to salvage her rigging and spars and left them on the beach overnight, only to find all was stolen the next day. Reported completely broken up by the 26th, but one source says she was recovered.
Rebuilt, 1862
Sources: nsp,mpl,bb,mdwl


------------------------------------------------------ 26
ADIRAMLED

Other names : built as CITY OF FREMONT, renamed in 1908
Official no. : C130922
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freighter
Build info : 1866, Quayle & Sons, Cleveland [US#4379]
Specs : 198x27x10 630g
Date of loss : 1912, Jun 18
Place of loss : 6 miles E of Stoney Isl., Dutch John Bay
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : RR rails & coal
Detail : Her seams opened under the weight of a heavy cargo and she sank. She was probably overloaded.
Sold Canadian, 1912
Built as passenger/package freighter, rebuilt to bulk freighter at Chicago in 1906.
Rebuilt & lengthened in 1870.
Sources: mmgl,win,ns2,h,mv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3682
ADIRONDACK

Other names : also seen as ADIRONDAC
Official no. : 1385
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1862, John Oades, Clayton, NY
Specs : 139x26x11, 300g 285n
Date of loss : 1893, Sep 14
Place of loss : South Manitou Isl.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : (lumber)
Detail : Reported stranded in a heavy fog and gale. Stripped and abandoned by the 20th.
Out of Chicago
Sources: wb,mv,hgl,nsp,rsl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 3659
BELLE ADKINS

Other names : also seen as BELLE ATKINS
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1856, D. Hause, Wilson, NY
Specs : 134x26x12, ca. 400 t.
Date of loss : 1857,
Feb 8
Place of loss : E of Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : flood
Loss of life : none
Carrying :
none
Detail : Washed off her winter moorings and out of the Oswego River by a "freshet" (i.e spring runoff flood) and sunk near Port Ontario. She was towed all the way back in by rowboat and a volunteer crew, but soon broke up in a storm of the 10th .
Sources: hgl,osdo,nsp,
rp

------------------------------------------------------
ADMIRAL


------------------------------------------------------ 27
ADMIRAL

Other names : none
Official no. : 106156
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1883, Chicago
Specs : 49g 24n
Date of loss : 1884, Dec 31
Place of loss : Chicago Harbor
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : Boiler explosion
Loss of life : 4 [all]
Carrying : none
Detail : In harbor, she exploded and sank. Hailed from Chicago
Sources: mv,h,hgl,usls,is


------------------------------------------------------ 28
ADMIRAL

Other names : built as W.H. MEYER, renamed in 1942
Official no. : 222239
Type at loss : propeller tug, steel
Build info : 1907, Manitowoc Ship Building Co., Manitowoc, WI
Specs : 90 ft 130g
Date of loss : 1942, Dec 2
Place of loss : Off Avon Pt., Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 14
Carrying : none [barge]
Detail : Towing barge CLEVECO (qv), she encountered a heavy gale & began to founder. She radioed in, but C.G. was unable to locate her in the murk before she went down.
Wreck located by a commercial diver in 1969
Completely rebuilt in 1942.
Had the machinery from an earlier tug W.H. MEYER [US#81537]
Sources: eas,is(2-60,4-69),mol,gs,sol,lm,wm2,le,h,mpl,pc
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
ADMIRAL D.D. PORTER -
See HOWARD


------------------------------------------------------ 29
ADRIATIC

Other names : none
Official no. : 302
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1856, VanSlyke & Notter, Buffalo as a steamer
Specs : 178x31x13, 825 t.
Date of loss : 1872, Sep 29
Place of loss : near Long Point.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 7 [all]
Carrying : light
Detail : She was in tow of the tug MOORE with three other barges (see BALTIC). She became separated from the tow in a gale and foundered. Bound for Saginaw.
Some sources say she was lost in Thunder Bay, MI.
Sources: nsp,slh,(mv),hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 30
ADVANCE

Other names : none
Official no. : 29091
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1857, R. Hayes, Fairport
Specs : 49 t
Date of loss : 1871, Jul 12
Place of loss : near Put-in-Bay, S. Bass Isl.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : Collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Collided with steamer U.S. GRANT and sank. Bound for Detroit from Cleveland. Her crew escaped in her yawl.
Homeport: Fairport. Owned by Gallucia and Barnes.
Sources: ledc,hgl,nsp,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 31
ADVANCE

Other names : ?
Official no. : C
Type at loss : tug, wood
Build info : (1861, Chaffey, Bedford Mills, Ont., but this vessel reported in NAC as broken up in 1911)
Specs : 84 t
Date of loss : 1871, Oct 14*
Place of loss : Nicholson Isl., near Wellington, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm(?)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Stranded and lost. Out of Port Colborne
*a newspaper list of 1872 shows her lost in October of '72.
(Also perhaps C#51697, 2-mast schooner built 1856, Riggs, Dexter, NY, 73x19x6, 49g/n & reported wrecked on L. Ont. in 1873.)
Sources: clu,win,hgl ,nsp not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 32
ADVANCE

Other names : none
Official no. : 365
Type at loss : schooner, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1853, J.M. Jones, Milwaukee
Specs : 119x26x10, 180g 171n
Date of loss : 1885, Sep 8
Place of loss : 10 mi N. of Port Washington, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 6 of 7
Carrying : wood
Detail : Waterlogged and capsized in a gale and blinding rain. All but one of crew drowned when her yawl capsized in the surf. Captain's son was included in the lost.
Hailed from Chicago
Major repair in 1861
Sources: nsp,h,lmdc,mv,hgl,usls,bb,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 3904
ADVANCE

Other names : none
Official no. : C90775
Type at loss : propeller tug/packet, wood
Build info : 1886, W. Bertman, Windsor, Ont.
Specs : 49x15x4, 72gc 49nc
Date of loss : 1903, Oct 25
Place of loss : Between Spanish River and the Soo
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : general merchandise
Detail : Caught fire and burned to a total loss. She was towed to the Soo while fully ablaze, where American tugs and the revenue steamer MORRILL put her out. Canadian official records show her as this tug, though newspaper reports say she was bound Montreal for Fort William, which would seem to indicated a larger vessel perhaps the former TILLEY, below.
Sources: nsp,mmgl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 33
ADVANCE

Other names : built as SIR S.L. TILLEY, renamed 1899
Official no. : C88632
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1884, L. Shickluna, St. Catharines, Ont.
Specs : 175x35x15 1031gc 358nc
Date of loss : 1927, Dec
Place of loss : Manitoulin Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : stranded (storm)
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went on the rocks near the island. Of little value but she was salvaged anyway, later declared a constructive total loss.
SIR S.L. TILLEY was rebuilt to this vessel after a disastrous fire in 1899 (qv)
In 1889, in what has to be one of the worst examples of navigation in lakes shipping history, she had to pay damages after striking a U. S. lighthouse at the mouth of the Detroit River.
Lengthened from 168 ft in 1904.
Sources: slh,csv,(nsp),h,mmgl,
es3-2,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 34
ADVENTURE

Other names : ?
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : "small"
Date of loss : 1848, Oct
Place of loss : off Grand River, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : 3 [all]
Carrying : stone
Detail : No other detail
Sources: is,hgl not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 35
ADVENTURE

Other names : none
Official no. : 105567
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1875, J.Oades, Detroit as a schooner
Specs : 108x28x8 142 g 95n
Date of loss : 1903, Oct 7
Place of loss : at Kelley's Isl.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lime
Detail : Caught fire while tied to the Kelley’s Isl. Lime and Transport Co. dock. The blaze spread so quickly that those on board barely escaped. Taken in tow by tug SMITH and pulled out into the lake to save the dock and adjacent schooner ANDERSON.
Built as a 104x24x8 schooner, converted to prop in 1897 (at J. Davidson Shipyard, W. Bay City.)
Owned by B.,S. & L. of St Clair.
Sources: nsp,ns1,mv,ledc,phr,adv
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3417
ADVENTURER

Other names : none
Official no. :
107174
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1895, Two Harbors, MN
Specs : 52x11x6, 16 gt.
Date of loss : 1906, Dec 16
Place of loss : near Ontonagon , MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Broke her moorings and went adrift in gale. Driven on rocky shore and pounded to pieces. No one was aboard at the time.
Sources: nsp,lss,df
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 36
AETNA

Other names : ?
Official no. : 358
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1865, Bailey, Madison Dock, OH
Specs : 317 g
Date of loss : 1890
Place of loss : Manitou Passage
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : coal
Detail : Single report that she went down in calm weather while under full sail
Also severely damaged in another Lake Mich accident, Oct., 1878.
Few sources show this vessel
Rebuilt from a two to a three master at Chicago in the winter of 1875-6.
Sources: bb,mv,wl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 37
AFRICA

Other names : none
Official no. : C92285
Type at loss : propeller, wood, steambarge (former passenger)
Build info : 1873, W. Power & Co., Kingston, Ont.
Specs : 148x26x13, 482gc 328nc
Date of loss : 1895, Oct 9
Place of loss : 15 mi S of Cove Isl. light
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 13 [all]
Carrying : coal, misc frt
Detail : Making for Georgian Bay, she struck a reef, broke up & foundered. Towing schooner SEVERN, which she let go and then disappeared. Owned out of Owen Sound. Bound Ashtabula for Owen Sound.
Almost destroyed by fire at Kingston, Ont, in '88 - had a major rebuild (orig 136x24ft, 652g) and number assigned at that time. Also burned at Owen Sound in 1886, rebuilt afterwards.
Sources: nsp,is(1&3-45,4-63),mmgl,slh,lh,sol,h,lhdc,csv,win,hgl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 38
AGATE

Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1856
Place of loss : at Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went ashore and broke up. Single report.
Sources: slh not in mmgl

------------------------------------------------------
AGAWA -
See also HOWARD M. HANNA, Jr.


------------------------------------------------------ 39
AGAWA

Other names : rebuilt to ROBERT P DURHAM(‘28) later HERON BAY(‘40)
Official no. : C111807
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1902, Collingwood, Ont. as a barge
Specs : 379x46x26 3759g
Date of loss : 1927, Dec 7
Place of loss : Manitoulin Isl
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded & declared a total loss by underwriters, but salvaged and returned to service by J. Reid.
Built as a barge, converted to steamer, '06. Rebuilt as a barge again in '63, scrapped in 1966.
Sources: mmgl,slh,sol,s,csv,gld
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
AGNES -
See ISLE ROYALE


------------------------------------------------------ 40
AGNES W

Other names : built as ROSWELL P. FLOWER
Official no. : 110724
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1887, Wolf & Davidson, Milwaukee
Specs : 264x38x18 1593g 1165n
Date of loss : 1918, Jul 12
Place of loss : Canada Point, Drummond Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : grain
Detail : Stranded while attempting to enter the St. Mary's R. in a storm. Later pounded to pieces.
Also wrecked on a reef near Waugoschance Pt., western Straits of Mackinac, 1892.
Sources: eas,slh,ns2,mv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 41
AHNAPEE

Other names : none
Official no. : 1549
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1867, Neal McLean, Ahnapee (Wolf R.) WI
Specs : 71x21x6, 118g
Date of loss : 1884, Jun 9
Place of loss : 2.5 mi N. of Sheboygan, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none of 5
Carrying : RR ties and cordwood.
Detail : Bound Torch Lake, MI, for Milwaukee. Stranded in fog on North Point. A later strong wind blew her into the rocks, where she pounded to pieces. Part of her cargo was all that was saved.
Rebuilt amd lenghtened in 1876
Sources: h,is,usls,mpl,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 3714
AHTEEK

Other names : built as tug ALBERT WRIGHT, renamed in 1904
Official no. : C77915
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1873, H. Hackey, Port Hope, Ont.
Specs : 57x13x8, 29g 21n
Date of loss : 1911, Nov 22
Place of loss : near Bamford Light, St. Joseph Channel
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Totally destroyed by fire at Richard's Landing.
Out of Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.
Sources: win,mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 42
AIMEE

Other names : also seen as AIMIE, AIME
Official no. : ?(inland?)
Type at loss : (propeller) tug, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : 10t
Date of loss : 1880, Nov 20
Place of loss : N of Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light station supplies and a pet deer on its way to President-elect Garfield in Ohio.
Detail : Stranded and destroyed by waves. She had earlier taken a load of lumber camp supplies to Thunder Bay Isl., but was unable to return because of ice and damage to her rudder from ice. Later broke her moorings, drifted away and was wrecked. The usls report is long and detailed.
Owned by Thunder Bay Boom Co.
Sources: h,nsp,usls,rep


------------------------------------------------------ 4209
ISABELLA AINSLIE

Other names :
Official # : C
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1861, Dec 28
Place of loss : 7 mi N of Limestone Islands, Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Partially capsized and driven ashore on a rocky reef. Some hope was entertained that she would be released the following spring. Her skipper asked that the bay where the boat went ashore be renamed "St. Margaret's Bay" in honor of his cool-headed wife, who was aboard at the time.
Out of Leith, Ont. [near Owen Sound]
Sources : nsp,rnc,wmn

------------------------------------------------------ 4161
AINSWORTH

Other names : none
Official no. : US none
Type at loss : schoooner, wood
Build info : 18??, Cape Vincent, NY
Specs : 110 t.
Date of loss : 1846, Nov 20
Place of loss : off Fort Ontario, Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : salt
Detail : She was blown from the West Pier where she was lying awaiting weather and was dismasted and thrown on her beam ends on the rocks near Ft. Ontario. Her crew were rescued by the next day by members of the Revenue Cutter Service in the yawl from their cutter.
Out of Cleveland.
Maybe H. AINSWORTH built 1842, Luther Moses, Cleveland. If so, she was recovered.
Sources: nsp,rp,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 43
AJAX

Other names : none
Official no. : 1124
Type at loss : sidewheel tug, wood
Build info : 1865, Florence, MI
Specs : 107x28x5, 95 t
Date of loss : 1872, Aug 9
Place of loss : Saginaw Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned near Bay City on Saginaw Bay. Registered out of Bay City
Sources: slh,nsp,lhl,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 44
H.C. AKELEY

Other names : also spelled "Ackley" and "Ackeley" in reports
Official no. : 95639
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1881, Kirby & Akeley, Grand Haven, MI
Specs : 240 ft., 1187g
794n
Date of loss : 1883, Nov 13
Place of loss : Off Holland, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 6
Carrying : corn
Detail : Bound Chicago for Buffalo, she took the disabled tug PROTECTOR (qv) in tow in a heavy gale, but let her go after her rudder broke off. She came to anchor but fell into the troughs of the waves and began to sink. The disabled schooner DRIVER happened by and saved 12 of her crew who had taken to her yawl just before she went down.
Sources: sol,h,sm,nsp,g8s,sound,hgl,usls,mpl,m&h,bcha
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3936
ALABAMA

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1836,
Specs :
Date of loss : 1843, Oct 17
Place of loss : at Fairport, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none?
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Collided with the pier at the mouth of the Grand River and a total loss.
Sources: hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 3759
ALABAMA

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1848, W. Gooding, Detroit, MI
Specs : 234x29x12, 799 t.
Date of loss : 1854, Aug 28
Place of loss : just outside the harbor at Buffalo, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Sank from a leak which developed just after she left her dock at Buffalo, bound up the lake for repairs. She went down right in the channel. The tug HAMILTON MORTON took her crew off. Her hull was reported to be very rotten. In early September the Navy iron steamer MICHIGAN tried unsuccessfully to tow her out of the way, and late in the same month the schooner WATCHMAN [apparently lacking a good watchman] accidentally came upon the wreck and sailed right between her arches without damage. Dismantled where she lay until there was 30 feet of clear water over her in Sept & Oct of 1855, by I. Coffin of Buffalo.
Owned out of Sandusky by Burton, Hall & Russell.
Sources: lhl,nsp,wl,eas

------------------------------------------------------
ALAMEDA
- See ALMEDA


------------------------------------------------------ 46
ALASKA

Other names : built as ACORN, renamed about 1882
Official no. : 356
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1863, A. Muir, Port Dalhousie, Ont. as a bark
Specs : 125x26x10, 316g 303n
Date of loss : 1884
Place of loss : Bois Blanc Isl. Straits of Mackinac
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went aground and broke up.
Probably sold American in 1882
Out of Port Huron, owned by Arch Muir.
Sources: mv,polk,slh,phr,rsl not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 47
ALASKA

Other names : none
Official no. : C117174
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1878, J.P. Clark, Springwells [Detroit], MI [US#105798]
Specs : 165x29x11 348 t
Date of loss : 1910, Dec 24
Place of loss : a few miles from Tobermorey, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Sheltering from a storm, she caught fire from an overheated boiler and burned to a total loss.
Sold Canadian 1906. Out of Windsor, owned by Williscroft & Pulling.
Built as a sidewheel passenger vessel of 510 t., converted to a barge in 1889
after a fire at Detroit, converted to a propeller bulk freighter in 1895. In the 1889 rebuild her sidewheel engine went into the steamer FRANK E. KIRBY [see DOVER]
Sources: win,h,mv,mmgl,win,hdm,ns2,slh,mpl,
es3-2,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 48
ALBACORE

Other names : none
Official no. : C74380
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast, package & bulk frt
Build info : 1872, Muir Bros., Port Dalhousie, Ont.
Specs : 137x26x11, 327 t
Date of loss : 1900, Sep 12
Place of loss : just east of Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 7
Carrying : ?
Detail : A storm blew out her sails & drove her into the seawall at Ft. Bank, where she broke up. Tug J. NAVAGH tried to save her, and Lifesaving Service crew rescued her people. Some newspapers reported that she went ashore near Kingston.
Sister of ALBATROSS(qv)[C75633] - both were known as "timber droughers," built to haul large squared timbers.
Owned by Capt. Bradshaw of Toronto.
Sources: nsp,ns1,is,mmgl,tfgl,osdo,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 49
ALBANY

Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood
Build info : (1835, Oswego, NY)
Specs : (110 t.)
Date of loss : 1843, Oct 1
Place of loss : Straits of Mackinac, a few miles from Mackinaw City
Lake : Huron/Mich
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : merchandise, passengers
Detail : She went aground and was wrecked in a gale.
Sources: slh,nsp,hgl,rp not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 50
ALBANY

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger/package freight
Build info : 1846, C. Worth, Detroit
Specs : 202x29x12, 669 t
Date of loss : 1853, Nov 26
Place of loss : near Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : passengers,misc cargo
Detail : Making for the shelter of Presque Isle harbor, she was driven over a bar by a tremendous gale. Plans were made to haul her back across, but she was destroyed by another storm before they could be realized. 200 passengers & crew came ashore in her boats. Bound Soo to Detroit. Propeller NIAGARA also reported to have helped rescue her people. Her boiler and most of her machinery was recovered in Nov, 1854.
Sources: nsp,slh,is(2-60),lc,lhl,eas,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 51
ALBANY

Other names : none
Official no. : 106306
Type at loss : propeller, steel, package freight
Build info : 1884, Detroit Dry Dock, Wyandotte hull# 69
Specs : 267x39x18 1918g 1678n
Date of loss : 1893, Nov 7
Place of loss : A few miles off Pte Aux Barques, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : Collision
Loss of life : 8
Carrying : grain(?)
Detail : Collided with iron package freighter PHILADELPHIA(qv) in a thick fog. There was some evidence that both vessels were going too fast for conditions, though each blamed the other. PHILADELPHIA took ALBANY in tow to try and save her, but she sank well offshore. Her crew transferred to PHILADELPHIA, which was soon abandoned to sink in her turn. The casualties of the ALBANY were lost when one of her lifeboats mysteriously failed to make it to shore in calm weather. It is speculated that the abandoned PHILADELPHIA, still underway, circled and ran their boat down in the fog.
Ashore with heavy damage near Cheboygan, MI 11/20/1887.
Sources: nsp,slh,lm,sol,h,mv,lhdc,atl,wb,hgl,mpl,m&h
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 52
ALBATROS IV

Other names : ?
Official no. : C190377
Type at loss : tug or yacht
Build info : ?
Specs : 16t
Date of loss : 1953, Aug 22
Place of loss : Toronto Harbour
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Brief report, no detail
Sources: win,h not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4162
ALBATROSS

Other names : none
Official # : Can.
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1867, H. Cronkite, Oakville, Ont.
Specs : 92x21x9, 143 t.
Date of loss : 1880. Nov 7
Place of loss : near Wellington, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none mentioned
Carrying : shingles, lumber
Detail : Bound Port Hope, Ont., to Oswego, her rigging and rudder were damaged by weather and she went ashore. ALBATROSS' rigging was coated with an estimated 150 t. of ice. A few days later her deckload and part of her belowdecks cargo was removed by the CHIEFTAIN and the vessel was abandoned.
Owned by T. Hyden, Port Hope.
Sources : mmgl ,jm,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 53
ALBATROSS

Other names : none
Official no. : C75633
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1871, A. Muir, Pt. Dalhousie as 2-mast schooner
Specs : 137x26x12, 317 t.
Date of loss : 1911, Aug 21
Place of loss : Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Tow of tug C.C. MARTIN(qv), she took water and sank in storm. 2 men, 3 women and 2 children survived in an open yawl for 36 hours before coming ashore near Byng Inlet. The vessel hailed from Midland, Ont. The tug was also lost, and may have been dragged down when schooner sank. Bound Penetang for French R.
Major repair in 1878 after going ashore on Middle Island, L. Huron, the previous fall.. May have been enlarged later.
Sources: nsp,ns2,mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 54
ALBEMARLE

Other names : none
Official no. : 1730
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1867, C. Bidwell, Buffalo
Specs : 154 ft, 413gt
Date of loss : 1867, Nov 6
Place of loss : Pt. Nipigon, Straits of Mackinac
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Stranded and wrecked. Bound Escanaba for Cleveland. A tug that was sent to rescue her a few days after the accident found her in a hopeless condition, but wreckers continued to work on her until she was finally abandoned in August of the following year.
Owned by Winslow Bros., Buffalo.
Sources: ssm,slh,dm,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 55
ALBERTA

Other names : none
Official no. : C85765
Type at loss : propeller steamer, steel, passenger/package freight
Build info : 1883, McConnell & Co., Whiteinch[Glasgow], Scotland
Specs : 264x38x23, 2282gc 1551nc
Date of loss : 1884, Jul 27
Place of loss : 3.5 mi from Whitefish Point
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : Collision
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : Passengers, misc frt
Detail : Collided with steambarge JOHN M. OSBORNE(qv) and sank in shallow water. Single casualty was lost in attempt to rescue crewmen from sinking OSBORNE. The collision occurred in fog. She was recovered soon after. This was ALBERTA’s 1st year and she was sister of the ill-fated ALGOMA(qv), lost HER 1st year of service.
Rebuilt, 1911. Broken up in 1947.
Sources: mmgl,gsgl,mol,hgl,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 56
ALBERTA

Other names : none
Official no. : C103648
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "rabbit"
Build info : 1886, G. Hinckley, Cape Vincent, NY, as a schooner (US#106333)
Specs : 103x18x7 122gc 88nc
Date of loss : 1902, Oct 8
Place of loss : Trenton, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : burned
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to a total loss at the wharf.
Converted to a steamer and lengthened at Oswego in 1889
Sold Canadian in 1898
Sources: mmgl,win,is,ns1,csv


------------------------------------------------------ 3905
ALBERTA

Other names : none
Official no. : C88247
Type at loss : sidewheel tug, wood
Build info : 1888, W. Evans, Deseronto, Ont.
Specs : 65x30x4, 68gc 62nc
Date of loss : 1899, Jul 21
Place of loss : Bay of Quinte
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : "sunk"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Sunk in 75 feet of water.
She was a twin-engined sidewheeler
Sources: mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 57
ALBERTA

Other names : none
Official no. : C122177
Type at loss : propeller, wood (tug)
Build info : 1907, Rossport, Ont.
Specs : 30x10x4, 7g 5n
Date of loss : 1917, Nov 22
Place of loss : Thunder Bay, Ont.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 4-5 tons herring
Detail : Foundered
Registered out of Port Arthur
Sources: mmgl,win,rf


------------------------------------------------------ 4052
ALBION

Other names :
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : before 1855
Specs : 215 t.
Date of loss : 1858, Oct 8
Place of loss : 12 mi N by E from Erie, PA. light, 12 mi out
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 8 [all]
Carrying : wheat
Detail : The eerie remains of this schooner were discovered by a party of fishermen Oct 14, with the topmasts just below the surface and sails still set, in 75 feet of water. Several detailed descriptions of the wreck were printed in the papers, but it was almost two weeks before she was identified. She apparently went down quickly in a gale on the date shown.
Out of Oswego.
Sources: nsp,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 58
ALBION

Other names : built as BRISTOL renamed in 1876
Official no. : C73960
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "steambarge"
Build info : 1862, Wm. Saunders, Brockville, Ont.
Specs : 134x26x11 297g
Date of loss : 1887, Oct 3
Place of loss : near Pte Aux Barques, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fog/storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : She went on the rocks NE of Grindstone City and stranded at night in a foggy westerly gale. Towing the schooner ARK. The USLS cfrom Pte Aux Barques rescued her crew and asaved some of her gear and cargo.She became a total wreck the next day, but ARK survived.
Out of St. Catharines, Ont.
Assigned herfirst official number when rebuilt [by Muir] at Port Dalhousie after a 10/1875 fire.
Sources: nsp,slh,h,lhdc,csv,eas,mmgl,wb,win,polk,hgl,sb,usls

------------------------------------------------------
H.C. ALBRECHT -
See THOMAS HUME

------------------------------------------------------
ALCIOPE -
See UNITED KINGDOM


------------------------------------------------------ 59
B.W. ALDRICH

Other names : later W. B. ALDRICH (1903)
Official no. : 2701
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood, salvage
Build info : 1868, Allen, McLellan & Co., Milwaukee
Specs : 65x15x7 49g 25n
Date of loss : 1899, Dec
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : St Clair R
Type of loss : "sunk"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Reid salvage tug reported sunk (in a single report). Recovered and later sold Canadian
Also burned near Ludington in 1871, and had at least 3 sepaprate fires at Muskegon in 1870.
Sold Canadian in 1903. Registry closed 1915, annotated "abandoned"
Sources: s,hgl,mpl,wl,nsp,hcgl,csv


------------------------------------------------------ 60
WILLIAM ALDRICH

Other names : none
Official no. : 26362
Type at loss : schooner, wood, "grand haven rig" 2-mast [built as 3-master]
Build info : 1856, J. Harbridge, Two Rivers, WI
Specs : 123x26x8 192g 182n
Date of loss : 1916, Jun 9
Place of loss : near Pt. Epoufette, Mi
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Ashore and broke up near town of Davenport, MI (now gone)
Knocked down by a white squall in 1891, with the loss of one
Rebuilt 1872.
Enlarged in 1875
Sources: slh,ns2,h,mv,mpl,eas,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 61
ALERT

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1842, F.N. Jones, Black R. [Charlestown], OH
Specs : 77x23x8, 126 t.
Date of loss : 1844
Place of loss : Waugoschance Point, Straits of Mackinac
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went hard aground and wrecked
A new brig ALERT was built at the same place the uear after this one was lost.
Sources: slh,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 62
ALERT

Other names : none
Official no. : 105101
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk frt, 2-mast
Build info : 1871, A. Turner, Trenton, MI
Specs : 143x28x11 360g 342n
Date of loss : 1904, Sep 16
Place of loss : near S. Manitou Isl
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : stone
Detail : Tow of steamer DUNCAN CITY, she broke loose in a gale, swamped and sank. Her crew probably escaped in her boat.
Owned by Leatham & Smith of Sturgeon Bay
Built as 3-mast schooner. Rebuilt, '84 after '83 fire at Milwaukee.
Sources: nsp,ns1,slh


------------------------------------------------------ 63
ALETHA B

Other names : rebuilt as GLEN L
Official no. :
C175992
Type at loss : fishing tug, steel
Build info :
1945, Owen Sound, Ont
Specs : 41x12x3, 11gc 9nc
Date of loss : 1974
Place of loss : ?
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 2
Carrying : none
Detail : Sunk by a storm. Later raised and rebuilt
Owned by A. D. Perry, Port Dover
Sources: is,hcgl not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 64
ALEXANDER

Other names : built as GENERAL SHERMAN [US#10630]
Official no. : C61160
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1865, J. Monk, Sandusky, OH
Specs : 104x23x6 129 g
Date of loss : 1879, Oct 4
Place of loss : 4 mi from Belle River, Ont.
Lake : St. Clair
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : lumber [ship plank]
Detail : She burned to a total loss while bound Chatham, Ont. for Detroit.
Sold Canadian in 1873. Owned by Joseph Roberts.
Shows in mmgl as sternwheeler, most other sources as a propeller or steambarge. A description of her in a Detroit newspaper just after launch describes her arrangements as "she has side wheels on her quarter. . ." Probably a "pollywog."
Sources: www,mmgl,lhl,mv,win,h,ledc,csv,es,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 66
ALEXANDRIA

Other names : built as CONSORT, renamed ALEXANDRA[1873], last name, 1883. Known locally as "Alex"
Official no. : C85768
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger/package freight
Build info : 1866, A. Cantin, Hull, Quebec
Specs : 174x31x8 863g
Date of loss : 1915, Aug 3
Place of loss : under Scarborough Bluffs, E of Toronto
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
of 22
Carrying : foodstuffs, furniture
Detail : Bound Port Hope for Toronto, she was beached on a bar in a storm and fog and broken up by action of waves. She had fought a losing battle with a violent gale for nearly the whole trip. Canadian Lifesavers and locals worked for hours in an ultimately successful operation to take the crew off. Thoroughly stripped by locals over the next decades. Remains of her boiler are still visible at the site.
Out of Picton, owned by Ontario & Quebec Navigation Co., div of CSL.
Built at 162x25 ft, 940g, rebuilt in 1883
Sources: tfgl,csv,win,clu,ns2,h,mmgl,do,
cr,wssa,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 65
ALEXANDRIA
(shows as ALEXANDRA in csv)
Other names : none
Official no. : C112153
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1902, Chatham, Ont. (CSV,win: Chatham, NB)
Specs : 97x25x 201gc 136nc
Date of loss : 1927, Dec 19
Place of loss : Little Current, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned in the harbor, off the Government Dock, where her remains still lie.
Sources: mmgl,win,csv,slh,do


------------------------------------------------------ 3298
ALFRED W

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1905,
Specs : 66 ft
Date of loss : 1906, Jun 27
Place of loss : near Pie Island
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fog
Loss of life : none of 9
Carrying : none
Detail : Bound Port Arthur for Duluth. Struck a rock in heavy fog and foundered. Crew made it ashore in one of her boats, later picked up by KAMINISTIQUIA.
Belonged to Duluth & Superior Wrecking Co.
Check 1910 MV for another ALFRED W (lost 1917-lss)
Sources: nsp,lss,


------------------------------------------------------ 67
ALGERIA

Other names : none
Official no. : 107222
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight, 3-mast
Build info : 1896, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City, MI hull #75
Specs : 285x45x19 2,038g
Date of loss : 1906, May 3
Place of loss : near Cleveland harbor entrance
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 2 of 12
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Sheltering outside harbor, but overwhelmed by the storm, torn to pieces by wave action & sunk. Local tugs refused to come to her aid due to a strike. 5 men were sent ashore in her yawl, 3 left on board [skipper, chief & cook]. Only the "1-eyed cook" survived, picked up swimming by steamer L.C. HANNA
Wreck was removed as hazard in November of the same year.
One of largest wooden vessels ever built.
Sources: nsp,ns1,h,mv,ledc,eas,vbs
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
ALGERIAN -
See also BAVARIAN, KINGSTON


------------------------------------------------------ 68
ALGERINE

Other names : also seen as ALGERIAN
Official no. : 1085
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1856, A. Miller, Oswego
Specs : 136x26x12, 300 g [436 t. o.m]
Date of loss : 1875
Place of loss : Along Minnesota shore (near Split Rock?)
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : sank
Loss of life : 7 (all?)
Carrying : ?
Detail : Exact location not reported. Reports on this loss are very confused - location may be St. Lawrence R.
One source says she was a steamer but was NOT the Canadian iron steamer ALGERIAN, which was named KINGSTON at this time. Hgl says she was a Canadian steamer, though.
No ALGERIAN in 1869 mvus, maybe ALGERINE b.'56, A. Miller, Oswego & reported lost in 1878 [osdo].
Sources: osdo,lss,gwgl,is,hgl,mv


------------------------------------------------------ 69
ALGOMA

Other names : none
Official no. : C85766
Type at loss : propeller, steel, passenger steamer
Build info : 1883, Aiken & Mansell, Glasgow (Clydebank), Scotland
Specs : 262x38x23, 1773gc 1153nc
Date of loss : 1885, Nov 7
Place of loss : Isle Royle [Greenstone Isl]
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 37(48?)
Carrying : passengers, merch
Detail : This luxury railway steamer was thought to be one of the sturdiest ships afloat, but she was blown aground, broken in two & destroyed by storm. Later she was pushed off the rocks and sunk. Bound Owen Sound for Port Arthur, Ont. Owned by Canadian Pacific Railway. Engine and gear were recovered in summer, 1886.
Located by divers in 1978.
Sources: nsp,irs,mol,gsgl,gwgl,is(1-45,1-60,4-65),win,mmgl,hgl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 70
ALGOMA

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : dredge barge, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1918, Nov 18
Place of loss : Manitowoc, WI, harbor
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Foundered in storm
Sources: is


------------------------------------------------------ 71
ALGOMA

Other names : built as CITY OF TORONTO, later RACINE ('63), given this name in 1864
Official no. : C46235
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger/package frt
Build info : 1839,
Niagara Harbour & Dock Co. [A. Cantin], Niagara, Ont. year also given as '41
Specs : 163x24x11 758gc 624nc
Date of loss : 1877, winter
Place of loss : Collingwood, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : Foundered
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail on her loss. Declared a total wreck, but later recovered. Used until dismantled and abandoned for age in 1888 at Collingwood.
Went from a crack mail/passenger steamer to a towboat in 1852. Sold U.S. in 1863 after a fire at Niagara and completely rebuilt at Detroit. Operated Detroit/Lake Michigan for about a year, then resold Canadian, renamed & given her 1st official number in 1864. Rebuilt at Detroit again in 1866.
Built on the lines of the Halifax mail steamer ACADIA. Twin engined [one of the first on lakes], showing a pair of walking beams above her decks.
Rebuild in 1850 included replacing her wooden paddles with iron ones.
Sources: mmgl,clu,win,slh,h,csv,eh,mpl,rsl,nsp,ssnr
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 72
ALGONQUIN

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1838, G.W. Jones, Black R. OH
Specs : 55x18x7, 55g
Date of loss : 1856
Place of loss : near Duluth
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Foundered in the harbor and abandoned.
Portaged around Soo in 1839, one of earliest decked vessels on Lake Superior.
Sources: lss,gwgl,h,hgl,mpl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 3299
ALGORA

Other names : ?
Official no. : C
Type at loss : scow, wood, sand
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1906, May 3
Place of loss : 6 mi E of SE Shoal
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : (hull failure?)
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : none
Detail : Was on a pleasure cruise when she waterlogged. Big steamer FAYETTE BROWN picked up her people before she sank. One owner was from Ashtabula, but the vessel reportedly hailed from Belle River, Ont.
Sources: nsp, not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 73
ALGOSOO

Other names : built as SATURN, renamed J. FRATER TAYLOR ('13), last name 1936
Official no. : C130776
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1901, American Shipbuilding Co., Lorain, OH hull #306 US# 117023
Specs : 346x48x28 3429gc
Date of loss : 1965, Nov 27
Place of loss : Near Whitefish Point
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Struck bottom in gale as she was rounding the point and suffered heavy damage to her hull. Continued her voyage but scrapped due to age and condition at the end of it.
Sold Canadian, 1913
Sources: mmgl,is(4-67),csv
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
ALICE -
See HIBOU


------------------------------------------------------ 74
ALICE G

Other names : none
Official no. : C107169
Type at loss : propeller tug, wood (fish tug?)
Build info : 1902, Collingwood
Specs : 60x12, 36 t.
Date of loss : 1927, Nov
Place of loss : near Tobermory, Ont
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Blown ashore, by a gale and reported a total loss
Sources: mmgl,slh,do


------------------------------------------------------ 75
ALICE L

Other names : none
Official no. : 208703
Type at loss : gas tug, wood, fish tug
Build info : 1911, Crescent, MI [N. Manitou Isl.]
Specs : 26x8x4, 9g 8n
Date of loss : 1929, Dec 2
Place of loss : E of Grand Marais, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : none
Detail : "lost"
Sources: mv,rkr,lssc,gwgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3696
ALICE MARY

Other names : none
Official no. : C72564
Type at loss : sloop-barge, wood, 1-mast
Build info : 1875, C. Harris, Dog Lake [Battersea], Ont.
Specs : 80x11x5, 70g 67n
Date of loss : 1882, Apr 24
Place of loss : Bay of Quinte
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : She stranded and became a total loss after springing a leak while bound Kingston for Amherst Isl. Loss of $4,000.
Built as a St. Lawrence River barge.
Sources: win,mmgl,clu,dmt


------------------------------------------------------ 3859
ALIDA

Other names : none
Official no. : none (inland)
Type at loss : (propeller) packet/tug, wood
Build info : 1856, Kirby & Hoyt, Saginaw
Specs : 81x15x3, 58g 35n
Date of loss : 1867, Dec 20
Place of loss : Saginaw R.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : several
Carrying : ?
Detail : This little tug and packet, for many years the only steamer to regularly venture up the Saginaw R. beyond the mouth of the Flint, was lost when her boiler exploded, she caught fire and burned to a total loss.
Burned at Hess & Bros. dock, East Saginaw on May 23, 1860.
Sources: nsp,vbs,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 4163
ALLEGHANY

Other names : ?
Official # : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : ?
Specs : 255 t.
Date of loss : 1855, ca. Sep 12
Place of loss : off Clay Banks, N side of Lake Erie
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none mentioned
Carrying : 352 t. coal
Detail : Bound Erie, PA for Mackinaw with bunker coal for the Collingwood Line of steamers, she was rammed by the schooner YOUNG AMERICA off Clay Banks and sank quickly in six fathoms of water. YOUNG AMERICA was bound Chicago for Buffalo with corn. Owned by Gen. C.M. Reed of Erie, PA. Salvagers were still working on releasing her in October.
Sources : nsp,jm


------------------------------------------------------ 77
ALLEGHANY

Other names : none
Official no. : 379
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "steam barge"
Build info : 1856, J.M. Jones, Milwaukee
Specs : 167x29x14 402g 267n [601 t. om]
Date of loss : 1896, Oct
Place of loss : Summer Isl.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went aground in fog and storm with heavy damage. Refloated, but found to be unfit for further service and abandoned. Burned in lieu of scrapping in July of the following year.
Wrecked on Lake Michigan in the fall of 1856 and sat in the ice all winter. Repaired at Milwaukee in ‘57.
1st propeller built at Milwaukee and was built to replace the earlier prop of the same name (but spelled ALLEGHENY) that was wrecked in October, 1855(qv). Her engine came from this earlier vessel.
Rebuilt 1875. Re-engined in 1889, engine from F.R. BUELL.
Owned by Tonawanda Barge Line.
Sources: slh,mv,lhl,hgl,nsp,eh,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 3418
ALLEGHENY

Other names : also seen spelled ALLEGHANY
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1849, Luther Moses, Cleveland
Specs : 178x25x11, 468 t.
Date of loss : 1855, Oct 24
Place of loss : at Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : gen. merchandise, passengers
Detail : Came to anchor near the harbor entrance to shelter. Rolled out her stack and was then unable to get steam up and was helpless. Dragged in close to the beach and was pounded to pieces. She was only a short distance from the SEBASTOPOL(qv). Her engine and most of her cargo was removed by the end of the month. The engine was installed in a new vessel of the same name [US#379] built over the following winter to replace her.
Owned by American Transportation Co.
Sources: lhl,nsp,eh,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 78
ALLEGHENY

Other names : none
Official no. : 105295
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, lumber, 3-mast
Build info : 1873, W.W. Loomis, Erie, PA
Specs : 187x33x13 689g 599n
Date of loss : 1913, Jun 6
Place of loss : Vermilion Point, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 of 6
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Broke away from tow steamer M.T. GREEN and stranded on a bar in a foggy gale. She was right in front of the lifesaving station, whose surfmen took five of her crew off. The vessel later broke up.
Sources: phr,eas,lssc,gwgl,ns2,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 79
ALLEGHENY

Other names : built as Navy tug ATA-179, now MALCOLM, renamed in 1979
Official no. : 518191
Type at loss : motor vessel, steel, training vessel
Build info : 1944,
Levingston Shipbuilding, Orange, Tx as a sea-going Naval tug
Specs : 143 ft., 900 t
Date of loss : 1978, Jan 27
Place of loss : Traverse City, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : ice
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Training vessel of the Great Laked Maritime Academy capsized at her winter dock from weight of accumulated ice. Recovered but required an expensive rebuild and was sold.
Obtained by the Great Lakes Maritime Academy in Dec, 1968.
Sources: is(1-69),mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 80
ADA E. ALLEN

Other names : none
Official no. : C74066
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "steambarge"
Build info : 1872, W Allen, Walpole Isl (Wallaceburg), Ont. as a bark
Specs : 90x22x6 170gc 68nc
Date of loss : 1887, Sep 22
Place of loss :
Heard's dock, near Amherstburg, Ont.
Lake : Detroit R
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Caught fire while moored at Amherstburg and cut loose to avoid the spread of fire. Drifted to Bois Blanc Isl. and burned to a total loss.
She had recently been laid up and her crew discharged due to her poor condition. Owned by J. Atkinson of Pelee Isl. Not lost in Nov, as sometimes stated.
Originally 107 t. Rebuilt from bark to steambarge in 1873, rebuilt to 135 t. in '78 & 170 in '81. Major repairs, '84.
Sources: nsp,csv,h,mmgl,win,hgl,
es3-1,


------------------------------------------------------ 3762
ALFRED ALLEN

Other names : built as J. J. MORLEY, renamed after rebuild in 1862
Official no. : 1360
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1853, H.N. Throop, Pultneyville, NY
Specs : 160 t.
Date of loss : 1869, Oct 27
Place of loss : Mohawk Reef, near Port Colborne, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : 500 bbl salt
Detail : Bound for Toledo, she went on the reef in a blizzard. She washed free, drifted to a mainland beach and pounded to pieces by Nov 30. Still reported in some later sources.
Probably owned by Allen & Hollin, Pultneyville
Sources: nsp,hgl,mv,rsl,mdwl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 3560
DAN ALLEN

Other names : yes, but unknown
Official no. : 35474
Type at loss : barge, wood
Build info : 1872, Canada
Specs : 117x23x8, 181 t.
Date of loss : 1885, Apr 9
Place of loss : Black River [Port Huron]
Lake : St Clair R
Type of loss : ice
Loss of life : none
Carrying : probably none
Detail : Pushed by ice in the spring breakup, she collided with the steamer BURLINGTON and barge H. F. CHURCH and drove them into the Military Street brige at Port Huron.. She apparently sank also, as she was reported as being removed by dynamiting from the same spot in Augusrt, 1885. Owned by G. W. Allen of Port Huron.
Rebuilt to this barge at Erie, PA after wrecking in 1880. Given this name at that time. Maybe former Canadian steamer VANDERBILT.
Sources: phr,mv,jb,polk


------------------------------------------------------ 81
E.B. ALLEN

Other names : none
Official no. : 7818
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1864, H.C. Piersons, Ogdensburg, NY
Specs : 111 ft, 275 t
Date of loss : 1871, Sep 18
Place of loss : Off Thunder Bay Isl, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : grain
Detail : Collided with bark NEWSBOY and sank.
Homeport in 1869: Ogdensburg, NY
Sources: stb,slh,lhdc,nsp,hgl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 82
HARRY L. ALLEN

Other names : built as JOHN B. COWLE last name in 1969
Official no. : 207277
Type at loss : propeller steamer, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1910, American Shipbuilding Co., Lorain, OH hull #379
Specs : 525x58x31 6945g 5451n
Date of loss : 1978, Jan 20
Place of loss : Duluth, MN
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Caught fire during winter layup and declared a constructive total loss. Burned at Capital 4 grain elevator dock, Duluth.
Sources: is,lss,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 83
W. B. ALLEN

Other names : also seen as WALTER B. ALLEN
Official no. : 26561
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1866, H.C. Pierson or Pearson, Ogdensburg, NY
Specs : 137 ft., 296 t.
Date of loss : 1880, Apr 16
Place of loss : Off Manitowoc, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : corn
Detail : Being towed to Manitowoc for repairs when struck by a gale and foundered after her tow steamer’s fires were drowned. Her temporary tow company crew was rescued.
Located in May, 1975
Sources: mv,is,lmdc,hgl,mpl,bb

------------------------------------------------------
ALLIANCE


------------------------------------------------------ 4210
ALLIANCE

Other names : none
Official no. : C
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1856, Oakville, Ont
Specs : 180 t.
Date of loss : 1863, Dec 2
Place of loss : Oswego, NY harbor
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 8
Carrying : feed, flour
Detail : While entering the harbor behind a tug with her sails furled, she was torn loose by a heavy gust of wind and driven ashore near the fort. There she became, according to the papers, "a perfect wreck." Her crew was rescued by line from shore. She had been bound fro Oswego from Port Credit, Ont.
Out of Toronto. Built for Capt. Sidney Hamilton
Sources: nsp(rp),hgl,clu,wmn
Location: clipping file

------------------------------------------------------ 3419
ALLIANCE

Other names : none
Official no. : 300
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger
Build info : 1857, J.W. Banta, Buffalo
Specs : 87x17x7, 107g 85 t [om]
Date of loss : 1869, Nov 21
Place of loss : Niagara Falls
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : neglect or vandalism
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Laid up on Niagara R. at Lower Black Rock in spring of 1869. Later slipped her moorings and went over the falls.
Owned by H. Thornton of Buffalo.
Sources: lhl,nsp,wl,mdwl


------------------------------------------------------ 84
ALLIE

Other names : built as schooner RESCUE
Official no. : C51700
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1859, Norton & Leland, Cleveland US# 21190
Specs : 77x18x5, 60gc 60nc
Date of loss : 1875, Sep 30
Place of loss : near Belleville, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail. Document not surrendered 'til 1882.
Sold Canadian, 1869
Sources: mmgl,mv,h,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 3593
JAMES L. ALLISON

Other names : none
Official no. : 77034
Type at loss : sidewheel self-propelled steam dredge
Build info : 1890, Saginaw, MI
Specs : 60x16x3, 54g 30n
Date of loss : 1892, Oct 25
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : "Wrecked."
Document surrendered at Port Huron Oct 27, 1893.
Sources: phr,hgl,vbs


------------------------------------------------------ 85
J.M. ALLMENDINGER

Other names : none
Official no. : 76411
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1883, G.H. Burgoyne, Benton Harbor
Specs : 105x24x9 183g 125n
Date of loss : 1895, Nov 26
Place of loss : Fox Point, N of Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Blinded by snow and went aground in blizzard-gale. Broken up by waves. Crew rescued.
Owned out of Milwaukee by E.B. Simpson & Son
Sources: nsp,h,mv,lmdc,wb,hgl,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 86
ALMA

Other names : ?
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : schooner, wood (2-m)
Build info : (1855, Sarnia or 1853, Roney & Calvin, Garden Isl.)
Specs : (94 t or 107x21x10, 211 t.)
Date of loss : 1866, Oct 22
Place of loss : midlake
Lake : Erie (maybe Lake Ontario)
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 6 [all]
Carrying : grain
Detail : Foundered, no detail.
Another ALMA was reportedly lost near Port Hope, Ont., in 1877. This was perhaps the schooner ALMA US#1086, 61 t., out of Oswego, NY.
Sources: (mmgl),wb,hgl,sol,globe,mv,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 3882
ALMA

Other names : none
Official no. : 106517
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1887, H.S. Downer, Milwaukee
Specs : 57x16x3, 26g 25n
Date of loss : 1892, May 18
Place of loss : near Bradford Beach, just north of Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : gravel
Detail : Driven into shallows, capsized and later sank in 15-20 feet of water. Her crew clung to her upturned hull for several hours until rescued by the fishing schooner PRINCE.
Owned by A. Wronsted Roofing Co. of Milwaukee.
Sources: bb,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 45
ALMEDA

Other names : also seen as ALAMEDA
Official no. : 313
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1847, St. Joseph, MI as a schooner
Specs : 216 t.
Date of loss : 1880, May 22
Place of loss : Pelee Isl.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Anchored in a storm, stern was wrenched off and she sank.
Also sunk near Buffalo in 1864.
Heavily damaged in a storm in November, 1877, abandoned to underwriters with a broken back, but later recovered.
Damaged heavily in another storm, Sep, 1878.
Rebuilt and enlarged at Conneaut in 1867, and rebuilt again in 1873, 78; major repair in 1863
Sources: ledc,hgl,nsp,rsl

------------------------------------------------------
THOMAS ALMERON -
See ALMERON THOMAS

------------------------------------------------------
ALMIRA


------------------------------------------------------ 3300
ALMIRA

Other names :
Official no. : ? (C?)
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1849, J. Curtis, Black R., OH
Specs : 85x20x6, 80 t. [om]
Date of loss : 1863, Jul 8
Place of loss : near "Devil's Nose," south shore of the lake
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (all)
Carrying : barrelled fish
Detail : Dismasted and capsized in a violent squall. Cargo found on the 27th by schooner M.L. COLLINS. Vessel found, still afloat, by schooner PETREL on the 30th, and towed in. ALMIRA was bound Milford, Ont. for Oswego. She may have been rebuilt and lost - cut by ice and foundered with all five lives - Dec 2, 1871.
Sources: nsp,is,hgl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 3737
ALNWICK

Other names : none
Official no. : 565
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1851, L. Goler, Cape Vincent, NY
Specs : 90x20x8, 104 t. [122 t. om]
Date of loss : 1871, Oct 8
Place of loss : Chicago waterfront
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to a total loss in the great Chicago fire.
Owned by John Read, Milwaukee.
Refastened in 1862
Sources: hgl,nsp,mv,wl,rsl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 87
ALOHA

Other names : none Merchant Vessels sometimes spells it ALO-HA
Official no. : C134264
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk frt, 2-mast
Build info : 1888, W. Dulac, Mt. Clemens, MI, as a schooner US#106542
Specs : 173x32x12 522g 501n
Date of loss : 1917, Oct 28
Place of loss : on Nine Mile Point, W of Kingston, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 of 5
Carrying : coal
Detail : She sank in a gale while in tow of the steamer C.W. CHAMBERLAIN, while bound Erie, PA for Kingston. Her skipper was lost, but four crew were picked up in varied places by 3 different rescue boats, 2 by CHAMBERLAIN, one near shore by a local gas launch and one by lighthouse tender GRENVILLE. Location of the wreck was known and remains were purchased by Donnelly Salvage the next year, but salvage was not attempted.
Sold Canadian in 1914, owned by Milnes Bros. of Toronto
Sources: ns2,mv,mpl,csql(?),do
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 88
ALPENA

Other names : none
Official no. : 404
Type at loss : sidewheeler, wood, passenger & package frt
Build info : 1867, Arnold & Gallagher, Marine City, MI
Specs :
197x27x12, 643g
Date of loss : 1880, Oct 15
Place of loss : probably near Holland, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 100 (ca.) [all]
Carrying : passengers
Detail : Overtaken by a storm & went missing. Last seen off Racine, WI. First indication that she was lost was when masses of wreckage began washing ashore along the coast near Manistee. It took several days for the magnitude of the disaster to be realized. Her paddlebox nameboard washed ashore at "Alpena Beach" in 1909, after a storm.
Owned by the Goodrich Line
Thoroughly rebuilt in 1875-6
Sources: nsp,lm,glss,gs,sol,mol,rsh,eas,is(2-45),hgl,usls,mpl,rsh,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3883
ALPENA

Other names : none
Official no. : 105351
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "steam barge"
Build info : 1874, Linn & Craig, Gibraltar, MI
Specs : 369g 285n
Date of loss : 1891, Oct 26
Place of loss : Lake St. Clair,
about 3 mi below the Flats
Lake : St. Clair
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Burned to the waterline,a $24,000 loss. She was downbound from Marquette with the barges CITY OF THE STRAITS, H. C. POTTER, and ANTELOPE in tow. When a company arrived at the site a few days later to retrieve her lost cargo from the beach, they reported that local farmers were making a business of carting it off.
Owned by J. W. Westcott, Detroit.
Sources: mv,mpl,hgl,polk,es,jb


------------------------------------------------------ 89
ALPENA

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : tug
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1943, Jun 20
Place of loss : Huron, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : none
Detail : Run into by steamer EDMUND W. MUDGE and sank quickly in 35 feet of water. Recovered at great expense.
Owned by Great Lakes Towing. Probably same vessel as DUKE LUEDTKE (qv)
Sources: is(1-76)

------------------------------------------------------
ALPS -
See INDIAN


------------------------------------------------------ 90
ALTA

Other names : none
Official no. : 106266
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight 2-mast
Build info : 1884, F Wheeler, W. Bay City
Specs : 198x37x16 935g 909n
Date of loss : 1905, Oct 19
Place of loss : E. side of Grand Isl., near Munising, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Tow of tug F.A. MEYERS, she broke away and stranded in the rocky shallows, then was broken up by big waves. Her crew was rescued by local fishermen after clinging to the wreck for over a day.
Wrecker J. Reid bought her Nov 1, but was unable to save her.
Built as a 3-mast schooner.
Sources: nsp,ms,gwgl,gs,is,ns1,mv,eas,vbs,lss,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 91
ALTADOC

Other names : built as LAKE SHORE (US#141717) later INDUS('13), last name in 1926
Official no. : C116577
Type at loss : propeller steamer, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1901, W. Bay City Shipbuilding, W. Bay Ciy, MI
Specs : 356x50x28 3815gc 2873nc
Date of loss : 1927, Dec 8
Place of loss : Keweenaw Pt. E of Copper Harbor, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Making for Ft. William, Ont., went aground in storm. Later broke in two & was finished off by fire in her coal bunker. Remains cut up for scrap during WWII. Her pilothouse was used as a gift shop and 2-room hotel nearby for many years until destroyed by fire Mar 22, 1987. Built for Gilchrist Fleet, sister of GILCHRIST (see PRINDOC)
Sold Canadian in 1926
Sources: eas,csv,vbs,win,lol,gwgl,gs,sol,is,ns3,mmgl,lss,mpl,bb
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 92
ALTAIR

Other names : ?
Official no. : US
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : (1855, Jones, Buffalo)?
Specs : (412 t.)?
Date of loss : 1864, Nov (8)
Place of loss : Big Charity Isl., Saginaw Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : grain
Detail : Bound Chicago for Buffalo, she went aground and was wrecked while trying to find shelter from a powerful gale. May have been recovered.
Owned in Chicago.
Sources: slh,hgl,nsp,(rsl)


------------------------------------------------------ 93
ALTON

Other names : none
Official no. : 203057
Type at loss : gas screw passenger launch, wood
Build info : 1905, J. Pouliot, Sandusky, OH
Specs : 42x9x4 7g 6n
Date of loss : 1921
Place of loss : Lakeside, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to a total loss.
Registry shows her "abandoned" in 1923.
Sources: www,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 94
ALVA B

Other names : none
Official no. : 106738
Type at loss : steam tug, wood
Build info : 1890,
Union Dry Dock Co., Buffalo
Specs : 74x18x11 84g 42n
Date of loss : 1917, Nov 1
Place of loss : of Avon Lake, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : none
Detail : Apparently mistook amusement park lights for the harbor markers, struck bottom in shallows and was destroyed by waves.
Her prop is on display at Avon Lake.
Sources: eas,ledc,hs
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 95
ALVA D

Other names : ?
Official no. : C126657
Type at loss : tug, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : 15 t.
Date of loss : 1914, Aug 25
Place of loss : bet Beaverstone & Collins Inlet, Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Destroyed by fire. Registered out of Midland, Ont.
Another vessel of this name may have been lost in 1911.
Built or acquired from foreign sources about 1914.
Sources: win,slh,h not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 96
ALVINA

Other names : none
Official no. : 29713
Type at loss : scow-barge (schooner-rigged), wood
Build info : 1871,
H. C. Schnoor, Fair Haven, MI
Specs : 89x20x7 95g 90n
Date of loss : 1901, Oct 12
Place of loss : Thunder Bay Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 700 bbl lubricating oil
Detail : Bound Cleveland for Manistique in tow of steamer WESTON. She was overwhelmed and sank. Crew abandoned her in yawl and made it to shore unaided. Her cargo was salvaged by the 17th.
Built as a scow-schooner
Hailed from Mt. Clemens, owned by Capt. Dulac.
Sources: nsp,slh,is,mv,


------------------------------------------------------ 4164
ALWILDA

Other names : also seen as ALWILDAR
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : before 1854 (Sandusky?)
Specs : 75 t.
Date of loss : 1857, Oct 18
Place of loss : Big Sable Point
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Bound Chicago for Dean's Mills (near Two Rivers, Wisc), she sprang a leak during a blizzard and gale and was run onto the beach to save her crew. She immediately broke her baclk and later went to pieces. The crew sheltered in an abandoned cabin, along with crewmembers from the wrecked Canadian steamer REINDEER(qv).
Out of Buffalo
Burned with $2500 damage in October, 1854.
Sources: nsp,wl,hgl,jm


------------------------------------------------------ 97
ALZORA

Other names : none also seen as ABZORA
Official no. : C73916
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast (scow-schooner?)
Build info : 1864, W. Marlott, Kingsville, Ont.
Specs : 62x17x6, 33 gc
Date of loss : 1895, Oct.
Place of loss : 1.5 mi from lighthouse, S side Long Point
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went ashore in heavy weather, total loss.
Originally 60x16x5. Rebuilt and enlarged, 1873 at Port Dover
Ashore and reported a total loss near Kingsville in October, 1869.
Sources: eas,mmgl,win,h,mdwl


------------------------------------------------------ 98
ALZORA

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : tug (wood)
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1908, Jul 22
Place of loss : 2.5 miles off Bay Port, MI, Saginaw Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned and sank
Sources: nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 3684
JAMES AMADEUS

Other names : none
Official no. : 75616
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1872, Lavayer, Cleveland
Specs : 65 ft., 44g 22n
Date of loss : 1893, Jun 28
Place of loss : unreported (probably near Cleveland)
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Sprung a leak and foundered. Crew abandoned just before she went down.
Heavily damaged in a wreck near Cleveland in Aug of 1882.
Rebuilt in 1883
Sources: hgl,wb,mv,polk,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 99
AMARANTH

Other names : none
Official no. : 1026
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2 mast, bulk freight
Build info : 1864, W. Shupe or Valentine Fries, Milan, OH.
Specs : 134x25x11 273g 259n
Date of loss : 1901, Sep 7
Place of loss : near Ft. Gratiot, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber?
Detail : Tow of steamer JOHN H PAULY, she was blown ashore and wrecked. PAULEY saved her crew in a daring action. She was later pounded to pieces despite a great salvage effort.
Sources: nsp,slh,lol,ns1,h,mol,mv,sip
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4053
AMAZON

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1837, Z. Pangborn, Port Huron, MI as a schooner
Specs : 93x23x9, 172 t. om
Date of loss : 1864, May 9
Place of loss : near Pt. Edward, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Bound Cleveland for Lake Superior, and due to return with a cargo of iron ore, she met her final storm just as she ran out of the St. Clair River. She went out of control and drove ashore on the Canadian side, where she broke up, a total loss. Owned by M. B. Scott, Cleveland.
She was considered the oldest working schooner on the lakes at the time of her loss.
Rebuilt from a schooner to a brig at Cleveland in 1845.
Sources: nsp,wl,hgl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 100
AMAZON

Other names : none
Official no. : 105252
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1873, A.A. Turner, Trenton, MI
Specs : 235x40x21, , 1406g
Date of loss : 1879, Oct 29
Place of loss : Grand Haven Bar
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 68 aboard
Carrying : "provisions" - 900 tons freight plus 7000 bbl flour
Detail : She struck the notorious bar in a gale and broke up. Bound Milwaukee for Grand Haven. Usls has a good story of her loss. Hailed from Grand Haven, formerly of Detroit. Her engines were later recovered.
Owned by the Northwestern Transportation Co.
Wrecked and declared a total loss in a storm Nov 4, 1873 on North Manitou. Recovered the next summer by the wrecker LEVIATHAN. Stranded near Presque Isle, MI, Lake Huron, in 1875 and largely rebuilt after recovery.
Sources: (nsp),is,sol,h,lmdc,hgl,usls,mpl,mv,es
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 101
AMBOY

Other names : built as HELENA, last name in 1891
Official no. : 95276
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight, 2-mast
Build info : 1874, Quayle & Murphy, Cleveland as a 3-mast schooner
Specs : 209x34x14894g 819n
Date of loss : 1905, Nov 29
Place of loss : near Thomasville, Ont.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 6
Carrying : coal
Detail : Tow of steamer GEORGE SPENCER (qv), she struggled against the gale for a full day before finally going ashore. See GEORGE SPENCER for more.
Built as a schooner
Sources: nsp,gwgl,mol,ns1,mv,eas,lss


------------------------------------------------------ 4091
AMELIA

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1848, Chicago
Specs : 49x14x3, 20 g
Date of loss : 1856, May 15
Place of loss : on a line between Waukegan and Muskegon
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : light
Detail : She was bound Waukegan for Muskegon to pick up a cargo of shingle bolts when she was thrown over on her beam ends by a sudden squall. Her crewmen tried in the night to hail one of the passing schooners, but six of them passed them by before the schooner Wm. STURGES heard their calls and picked them up off the overturned hull.
Rebuilt in 1855.
Sources: nsp,bb,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 102
AMELIA -
This schooner was reported in several sources to have foundered off Fairport, OH, in Aug, 1861. Supposedly, all that was found of her was her floating rigging and a "message in a bottle," reporting her loss. The report, however, turned out to be a hoax, though the vessel did arrive in port a few days late.



------------------------------------------------------ 103
AMELIA

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?(C none)
Type at loss : schooner, wood (2-m)
Build info : ?(1836, J. Randall, Oakville, Ont.)
Specs : ?(91x19x7, 106 t.)
Date of loss : 1864, Nov (8)
Place of loss : off Goderich, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Foundered in shallow water in a storm and reported pounded to pieces bythe 28th. Recovered, rebuilt as barge, which was lost soon after.
Sources: (mmgl),slh,hgl,nsp

------------------------------------------------------
AMELIA GRACE -
See GRACE AMELIA

------------------------------------------------------
AMERICA -
See also GLENSTRIVEN


------------------------------------------------------ 109
AMERICA

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1847, J.W. Surles, Port Huron, MI
Specs : 240x34x14, 1083 t.
Date of loss : 1854, Apr 5
Place of loss : near Pt. Pelee
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Bound Cleveland for Detroit. After the Captain had set her course and gone to bed, the second mate changed the course to the north. First and second mate then disagreed over the course and just as they awoke the captain she struck. Wrecked by wave action - in a few days there was hardly anything left worth saving. Last of her gear, etc. was removed by the scow FROLIC in late May.
On Jul 31, 1850, she suffered a boiler or steampipe explosion on Lake Erie which immediately killed 9; probably others who were badly scalded died later.
Sources: lhl,nsp,mpl,umich,wl,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 1595
AMERICA

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1853, G. Thayer, Ashtabula, OH
Specs : 118 t.
Date of loss : 1866, Aug 8
Place of loss : midlake off Waukegan
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : She capsized in a storm with part of her crew plus a woman passenger and her child trapped below. The crew of the passing schooner ELIZA LOGAN was able to assist by rescuing those on the upturned hull and cutting a hole through the bottom to remove those inside. The schooner was later towed in, but apparently was never used again,
although MIGHT be the schooner out of Chicago that was reported lost Sep 17, 1868 in Lake Michigan.
Sources: rsl,nsp,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 104
AMERICA

Other names : none
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood
Build info : 1842, J. Ewings, Niagara, Ont.
Specs : 141x19 407 t.
Date of loss : 1874
Place of loss : off Kingston, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail
Owned by Calvin & Breck out of Kingston
Sources: mmgl,clu,csv,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 4027
AMERICA

Other names : none
Official no. : 105244
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1873, Arch Muir, Port Huron, MI
Specs : 137x26x12, 341g
Date of loss : 1880, Sep 28
Place of loss : 9 mi N of Two Rivers
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Damaged in a towing collision and began to leak. She was taken in tow by salvagers, but sank before reaching shore.
Local dive target.
Sources: bb,phr


------------------------------------------------------ 105
AMERICA

Other names : none
Official no. : (355)
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : (1849, Clayton, NY)
Specs : (138x26x10 271g 257n)
Date of loss : 1907
Place of loss : Chambers Isl.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Went aground and broke up
Sources: lmdc,mv


------------------------------------------------------ 106
AMERICA

Other names : none
Official no. : 107367
Type at loss : propeller, steel, passenger and package freight
Build info : 1898, Wyandotte, MI
Specs : 165x31x11, 681g 478n
Date of loss : 1928, Jun 7
Place of loss : Washington Harbor, Isle Royale
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : nav. error
Loss of life : none [a passenger’s dog perished]
Carrying : pas., general merch.
Detail : Struck a reef in good weather and sank. A wreck diver died on her in 1970.
Lies about 200 ft off a small point on Isle Royale opposite Thompson Isl.
Owned by Booth Fisheries of Duluth.
Sources: eas,glp,irs,is,gwgl,sol,mh,ns3,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 107
AMERICA

Other names : later renamed MIDWAY (1982) and WISCONSIN, (1983)
Official no. : 107302
Type at loss : salvage tug,steel
Build info : 1897,
Union Dry Dock Co, Buffalo, NY
Specs : 80x21x12, 123 gt.
Date of loss : 1941, Oct 21
Place of loss : Off Belle Isle
Lake : Detroit R
Type of loss : Towing accident
Loss of life : 6 of 13
Carrying : none
Detail : Capsized while trying to pull steel bulker B.F. JONES off a bar. She was on a cable between JONES and the big tug OREGON when the cable tightened, pulling the AMERICA out of the water and spinning her upside down. Recovered.
"G-tug" - most serious accident in Great Lakes Towing's History. AMERICA was part of the original 1899 fleet.
Sources: is(2-68,1-76),mv
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 108
AMERICA

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : oil screw
Build info : ?
Specs : 13 t
Date of loss : 1950, May 5
Place of loss : 5 mi off Sturgeon Bay, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Foundered in sudden squall.
Sources: lm,h


------------------------------------------------------ 4211
AMERICAN

Other names : also seen as AMERICA
Official no. : 1951
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1870, Asa Wilcox, Three Mile Bay, NY
Specs : 137x26x10, 283g 269n
Date of loss : 1894, Oct 1
Place of loss : Stoney Point, east end of the lake
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : none mentioned
Carrying : coal
Detail : Bound for Prescott, Ont., in tow of the tug PROCTOR, she foundered for unreported reasons.
Out of Oswego, NY
Repaired, 1880, 1882
Sources: bbas,mv,hgl,polk,rp,jm


------------------------------------------------------ 3301
AMERICAN CHAMPION

Other names :
Official no. : 29300
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1866, H. Baker, Trenton, MI
Specs : 156 t.
Date of loss : 1875, Sep 30
Place of loss : near Leamington Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 8
Carrying : wood
Detail : Bound Leamington, Ont. for Detroit, she dropped anchor to ride out SW gale. Chains parted and she struck a bar, sank to gunwales. A local woman and her two sons affected the heroic rescue of her crew, which had spent the night in her rigging.
After a brief salvage effort, she was stripped of gear and abandoned in late October.
Owned by P. Gilcher & Co., out of Detroit
Sources: nsp,mv,es,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 4212
AMERICAN EAGLE

Other names : none
Official # : 392
Type at loss : scow, wood
Build info : 1863, G. A. Johnson, Dover, Oh
Specs : 142 gt
Date of loss : 1871, late Oct. or early Nov.
Place of loss : west of the piers at Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Ashore, probably in a storm. Much work was done on salvaging her. Listed in 1872 Merchant Vessels as "lost."
Owned by Fisher Bros, Cleveland.
Sources : nsp,hgl,mv,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 111
AMERICAN EAGLE

Other names : none
Official no. : 570
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1865, J. Carroll, Buffalo
Specs : 46g 25n
Date of loss : 1891, Jun 10
Place of loss : .5 mi from harbor entrance at Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Collided with tug ALVA B., which was not in motion, 2.5 mi W of Cleveland breakwater. Sank while being towed in by ALVA B.
Owned by Capt. H. Dahlke.
Also sunk with heavy damage 1.5 mi W of Cleveland harbor mouth in June of 1885.
Sources: mv,ledc,lhl,hgl,usls,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 110
AMERICAN EAGLE

Other names : none
Official no. : 105936
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger packet & tug
Build info : 1880, J. Monk, Sandusky, OH
Specs : 105x24x9 161g 81n
Date of loss : 1908, Dec 21
Place of loss : Maumee, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Destroyed at her winter dock. Gave name to "American Eagle Reef" which she was the first to find by hitting it.
Six lives were lost when her boiler exploded while she was racing off Kelley's Isl., May 18, 1882.
Owned by L. Sullivan of Toledo.
Sources: is,www,ns1,mv,hgl,mpl,rp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3984
AMERICAN REPUBLIC

Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : before 1855
Specs : 460 t. om
Date of loss : 1859, Dec 2
Place of loss : at North Manitou Isl.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : lumber
Detail : She stranded in the fall of 1859 and was left for the winter. In the spring of 1860 the tug LEVIATHAN undertook to release her, but after more than a month of effort, the bark was abandoned and stripped.
Out of Erie, PA
Sources: bb,nsp,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 112
AMERICAN SAILOR

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : barge, bulk freight
Build info : 1918
Specs : 429 t
Date of loss : 1937, Nov 2
Place of loss : Off Barcelona, NY (also given as Westfield)
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : sulfur
Detail : Tow of tug BALLENAS, she went down with fellow barges AMERICAN SCOUT and BETTY HEDGER. Details are difficult to find
Sources: eas,h,ledc


------------------------------------------------------ 113
AMERICAN SCOUT

Other names : ?
Official no. : 1918
Type at loss : barge, bulk freight
Build info : ?
Specs : 422 t
Date of loss : 1937, Nov 2
Place of loss : Off Barcelona, NY (also given as Westfield)
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : sulfur
Detail : Tow of tug BALLENAS with AMERICAN SAILOR and BETTY HEDGER. All 3 barges foundered.
Sources: eas,h,ledc


------------------------------------------------------ 114
AMERICAN UNION

Other names : none
Official no. : 307
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1862, Ira LaFrinier, Cleveland
Specs : 185x25x13, 543g 516n
Date of loss : 1894, May 6
Place of loss : near Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded in storm with little damage, but she lay in a remote area, and before she could be pulled off, another, larger storm on May 19 destroyed her.
Sources: is,slh,lhdc,h,nsp,hgl

------------------------------------------------------
CHEENEY AMES -
See GRACE G. GRIBBIE


------------------------------------------------------ 115
S.P. AMES

Other names : none
Official no. : 115671
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast, coaster
Build info : 1879, S.P. Ames, Montrose, MI
Specs : 61x18x6 43g 41n
Date of loss : 1895, Sep 11
Place of loss : Pte Aux Barques, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven ashore by gale. Quickly stripped before she went to pieces.
Montrose is farm country, well inland on the Flint R. Her builder, Seth Ames, built her as a way to return to the sea but died the day before her hull was launched. Rigging & equipment installation were completed by D. Tuickham of Bay City
Sources: vbs,slh,mv,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3764
AMETHYST

Other names : none
Official no. : 1712
Type at loss : propeller tug, wood
Build info : 1868,
VanSlyke & Notter, Buffalo
Specs :
45x11x5, 14g 7n
Date of loss : 1888, Oct 25
Place of loss : at Duluth
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : none
Detail : Caught fire and burned to total loss.
Out of Duluth, owned by Cooley, Lavaque & Co. and chartered to Jeffries Bros.
Sources: polk,nsp,hgl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 116
LILY AMIOT

Other names : none also seen as LILLY AMIOT
Official no. : 15899
Type at loss : gas launch, wood, passenger
Build info : 1873, Amiot, Cheboygan, MI
Specs : 46x12x5, 14g 10g
Date of loss : 1909, Jun 6
Place of loss : Ellison Bay, Plum Island
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : ?
Detail : Struck a rocky ledge in harbor, exploded and burned, a total loss.
Converted from schooner about 1900 [orig 47x12x5 25g 24n]
Sources: mv,rs,h


------------------------------------------------------ 117
AMITY

Other names : none also seen as AMILY, ALMIGHTY
Official no. : C none
Type at loss :
side propeller, wood, pollywog
Build info : 1856,
A. Coutts, Chatham, Ont.
Specs : 102x26
x7 217gc
Date of loss : 1864, Oct [8 or 9]
Place of loss : NNE of the tip of Long Pt.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying :
staves
Detail : Bound Windsor, Ont. for the Welland Canal, she stranded and wrecked in a storm.
Out of Chatham, Ont.
1867 also given as year of loss, in error.
Rebuilt in 1863
Sources: eas,mmgl,csv,hgl,rsl,nsp
,wmn

------------------------------------------------------
AMOSKEAG -
See HORACE TABER


------------------------------------------------------ 3726
SAMUEL AMSDEN

Other names : also seen as SAM AMSDEN
Official # : C?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1862, W. Quidder, Dunnville, Ont.
Specs : 75x20x8, 82 t.
Date of loss : 1880, Nov 7
Place of loss : 3.5 mi N of Saugeen R, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none mentioned
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Bound Michael's Bay, Manitoulin Island, for Goderich when she was driven ashore. She became a total wreck.
Out of Port Dover
Rebuilt and reduced in size in 1873 at Dunnville by Shaw & Small, Orig 76x19x8, 100 t.
Sources : mmgl,clu
,wmn,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 118
ANABEL II

Other names : ?
Official no. :
228126
Type at loss : oil screw fish tug [Diesel]
Build info : 1928, Burger Boat Co., Manitowoc, Wis
Specs : 62x15 (62 t.)
Date of loss : 1956, Jan 12
Place of loss : Sturgeon Bay, WI, Roen SS Co. dock
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Destroyed by fire at her winter dock.
She had previously sunk at her dock at Manitique, Mich, and had been acquired by Roen with an eye toward converting her from a fishing vessel to a towing tug.
Sources: eas,h,hh


------------------------------------------------------ 119
ANCHOR BAY

Other names : built as ST-2158 , renamed ANCHOR BAY in 1962
Official no. : none, owned by U. S. Army
Type at loss : survey tug, steel
Build info :
1953, Roamer Boat Co., Holland, Mich
Specs : 43x13x7,
Date of loss : 1968, Dec 12
Place of loss : near Harsen's Isl.
Lake : St.Clair R
Type of loss : explosion
Loss of life : 1 [3inj]
Carrying : none
Detail : Grounded, then exploded and sank near the mouth of the river. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers tug.
Sources: is(1-68),nyt,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 120
ANDASTE

Other names : none
Official no. : 106926
Type at loss : propeller, steel, self-unloading sandsucker
Build info : 1892, Cleveland Shipbuilding, Cleveland hull #16
Specs :
246x38x18, 1439gt 1121n*
Date of loss : 1929, Sep 9
Place of loss : ca. 14 mi W of Holland, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : went missing
Loss of life : 25 [all]
Carrying : gravel
Detail : Probably overloaded, she was lost from unknown causes. Bound Grand Haven, MI, for Chicago
When built, she was sister of "semi-whaleback" CHOCTAW, but had been shortened 20 ft. in 1920-1 to allow her to negotiate the Welland Canal.
*original specs : 267x38x18 1574g 1256n
Sources: is,gs,ns3,lmdc,mv,gld
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
ANDERSON
- see also MAJOR ANDERSON


------------------------------------------------------ 121
BOB ANDERSON

Other names : none
Official no. : 21198
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood, rafting tug
Build info : 1859, LaFrinier, Cleveland
Specs : 101x19x11 118g 60n
Date of loss : 1899, Jul 29
Place of loss : off Grand Marais, MN
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none [towing raft]
Detail : Burned to the waterline in shallow water. Towing a large raft of sawlogs at the time. Her crew was rescued from shore by canoe. Tug MYSTIC towed her out into deeper water, where she burned out and sank.
Official number [as shown in mv], is out of sequence. Number probably 2198
Another tug of this name (US#2866) is shown in 1884 Merchant Vessels as "lost or otherwise out of service."
Sources: lss,gwgl,is,mv
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 122
JESSE ANDERSON

Other names : none
Official no. : 13775
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1861, G Woodworth, Sandusky, Oh
Specs : 114x26x10 252g 209n
Date of loss : 1871, Oct 30
Place of loss : 10 miles off "Old Cut", Long Point
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : all (ca 6)
Carrying : grain
Detail : Bound Detroit for Oswego. Sprang a leak or sunk from a collison in good weather
Homeport: Detroit - owned by M & J Ryan.
The wreck was found by the tug W. A. MOORE in June, 1873.
Sources: ledc,www,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 4092
ANDES

Other names : none
Official no. : 402
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1847, Toledo as a brig
Specs : 130x24x9, 206 t. [268 t. om]
Date of loss : 1868, Oct 24
Place of loss : off Madison, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 16,000 bu wheat
Detail : Bound Detroit for Buffalo, she sprug a leak and quickly sank in deep water. Her crew were saved.
Dismasted in 1867, rebuilt and and rerigged as a schooner at that time.
Owned out of Detroit by Capt. J. B. Scott, who had reportedly lost 3 additional schooners near the same spot in the few years prior to this.
Sources: nsp,wl,hgl,
Location : clipping file


------------------------------------------------------ 124
ANDOVER

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1844, W. Jones, Black R., OH
Specs : 98x24x9, 190t
Date of loss : 1861, Jun 16
Place of loss : Pte Aux Barques reef, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : She went ashore on the reef. Though not thought to be seriously damaged, she resisted all efforts by the tug ZOUAVE and others to release her, and was finally stripped and abandoned. Owned by R.W. Hudson, Detroit. May have been recovered years later.
Went ashore with heavy damage on Hen & Chicks, Lake Erie, in May of 1856.
Major repairs in 1855 & 58
Sources: slh,hgl,wl,nsp,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 125
DAVID ANDREWS

Other names : none
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1872, Mitchell & Gallegher, South Bay, Ont.
Specs : 161 t.
Date of loss : 1880, Apr 11
Place of loss : 4 Mile Pt., near Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : rye
Detail : Driven ashore, declared total loss. Skipper's young daughter Minerva Ann McCrimmon, "the only one who could steer a straighter wake than a picket fence" was at the helm when she went ashore. Crew taken off by breeches’ buoy by Lifesaving Service. Later recovered by Americans, rebuilt as U.S. schooner DELAWARE [US#157017].
Rebuilt 1880 and 92.
Sources: csqw,cul,is,h,hgl,osdo,usls,mv not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4213
S.G. ANDREWS

Other names : also seen as SAMUEL G. ANDREWS
Official # : 22340
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1856, Hosea Rogers, Rochester, NY
Specs : 197gt. 188nt
Date of loss : 1885, Oct 12
Place of loss : Point Scott, Michigan
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : At anchor waiting to load cedar posts when struck by a gale and driven ashore after her anchor chains parted. Driven high on the beach, stripped and abandoned by her crew. Moffat Line wrecking tug MOCKING BIRD attempted to release her, but abandoned the effort as impossible. Out of Chicago.
Major repairs in 1882
Sources : nsp,hgl,mv,rsl,wmn

------------------------------------------------------ 3906
ANDROMEDA

Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1848, Madison Dock, OH
Specs : 112x24x9, 568 t. om
Date of loss : 1858, Jul 18
Place of loss : 20 mi from Sheboygan, WI and 15 off shore and 40 NE of Manitowoc
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 800 bbl salt
Detail : Bound Oswego, NY for Chicago. Sprang a leak suddenly and foundered. Crew escaped in her boat in their underwear, arriving at Manitowoc the next day.
Owned out of Sheboygan by her skipper, Capt. Morgan.
Sources: nsp,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 4214
ANGELINE

Other names : also seen as ANGELIQUE
Official # : prob none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : 44 t.
Date of loss : 1866, May 27
Place of loss : off North Point, Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 of 2
Carrying : ?
Detail : While bound Chicago to St Joseph, Mich, she waterlogged off the point and drifted into shore. When she was close in her mate, and old man named "Daft," jumped overboard to swim in to shore and was lost. The tug DAVIDSON and a volunteer crew from the schooner NORWAY rescued the skipper. The vessel later capsized and drifted into the bay.
Sources : nsp,wmn

------------------------------------------------------ 4165
ANGELIQUE

Other names : none
Official no. : C none?
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1863, Jos. Renaud, Belle R., Ont.
Specs : 53x18x3, 32gc
Date of loss : 1887, Jul 13
Place of loss : at Ruthven, Ont.
Lake : St. Clair
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : molding sand
Detail : After being loaded with the heavy cargo of sand it was found that she was leaking. Despite the efforts of her skipper and a steam pump, she went to the bottom where she soon became a total loss.
Owned by Joseph Fecto
Sources: mmgl,polk,es3-1


------------------------------------------------------ 126
ANGLO SAXON

Other names : none
Official no. : C71213
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2-mast, bulk freight
Build info : 1864, Donaldson & Andrews, Port Dalhousie, Ont., as a bark
Specs : 134x27x11, 253gc 253nc
Date of loss : 1887, Sep 8
Place of loss : Straits of Mackinac, near Waugoschance Pt.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : Posts and RR ties
Detail : Driven ashore with towmate J.A. SMITH. Broke up soon after. The two were bound Cockburn Isl. for Chicago in tow of the steamer MATTEWAN, and were left at anchor while he steamer coaled. Stripped and later broke up.
Briefly American-owned in 1880 [US#374] - one source says also US-owned 1867-74, but official records show her as Canadian, 1871.
Sources: nsp,slh,mmgl,hgl,ssm,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 127
ANN

Other names : (none)
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1821, Black R. OH
Specs : ? see below
Date of loss : 1827, Nov 6
Place of loss : Long Point almost opposite Erie, PA
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 7 of 13 (5 passengers lost)
Carrying : salt and general merchandise
Detail : Driven ashore in a gale and wrecked.
Owned by H.H. Wilcoxon & Co of Sandusky, OH
Maybe built 1819, Black R. OH, 53x16x5,, 58 t.
Sources: eas,sol,h,hgl,nsp,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 128
ANN ARBOR #1

Other names : none
Official no. : 106974
Type at loss : propeller carferry, wood, 24 car
Build info : 1892, Craig Shipbuilding, Toledo, OH hull# 55
Specs : 260x53x15 1128g 564n
Date of loss : 1910, Mar 7
Place of loss : 4 mi off Manitowoc, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : rail cars of lumber
Detail : Caught in ice in February, burned while still trapped. She was later recovered & rebuilt to a sand barge, even though she had been declared a total loss.
Sources: eas,cfgl,ns2,mv,sol
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
ANN ARBOR #2 -
See WHALE


------------------------------------------------------ 129
ANN MARIA

Other names : none [sometimes shown as ANNA MARIA, ANNIE MARIA]
Official no. : 387
Type at loss : schooner, wood, lumber, 2-mast
Build info : 1864, M Capron, Conneaut, OH
Specs : 131x26x11 256g 243n
Date of loss : 1902, Oct 7
Place of loss : a few hundred yards off Kincardine, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 4 of 5 + 1 passenger
Carrying : coal
Detail : Struck a bar while attempting to enter harbor. Crew taken off by a volunteer lifesaving crew, but the lifeboat capsized and most aboard were lost, including 1 of the lifesavers. Bound Cleveland for Kincardine. Out of Alpena.
Dismasted and abandoned off Fankfort, MI, Oct 15, 1880, with loss of one life.
Rebuilt 1884
Sources: nsp,is,ns1,h,lhdc,phr,win,gs,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 4215
ANNA MAUD

Other names : also seen as ANNIE MAUD, ANN MAUD
Official no. : C
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1855, J. Connacher, Port Hope, Ont.
Specs : 93 t.
Date of loss : 1865, late Oct or early Nov
Place of loss : at Wellington, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none mentioned
Carrying : 15,000 bu peas
Detail : Reportedly driven ashore and a total loss.
Owned by D. Elliott, Port Hope
Sources: rnc,rsl,hgl,wmn,nsp

------------------------------------------------------ 130
ANNA MILDRED

Other names : ?
Official no. : C153244
Type at loss : ? May have been a yacht
Build info : built or acquired from foreign sources, 1926
Specs : 19gc
Date of loss : 1950, Jul 9
Place of loss : 3 mi off Port Dalhousie
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : explosion
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Exploded and sank. Reports are sketchy.
Sources: win,h not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 131
ANNA RUTH

Other names : built as AMERICAN FAVORITE, renamed 1926. Sometimes shown as ANNE RUTH, RUTH ANNE
Official no. : C138866
Type at loss : propeller tug and packet
Build info : 1920, M.B. Petersen, Sturgeon Bay, WI
Specs : 27 t
Date of loss : 1928, Dec 9
Place of loss : Edward Island, near Thunder Bay, Ont.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : fuel and supplies for a lumber camp
Detail : Burned to a total loss in Pringle's Bay, where her remains still lie.
Sold Canadian in 1926. Owned by Pigeon Timber Co., Port Arthur, Ont.
Sources: win,gwgl,is,h,mpl,rf not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 132
ANNANDALE

Other names : none
Official no. : C72525
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, bulk freight, 2-mast
Build info : 1868, J. Carruthers*, Kingston, Ont.
Specs : 112x25x9, 208gc 180nc
Date of loss : 1905, Oct 3
Place of loss : Charity Shoal, near Sacket's Harbor, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : coal
Detail : Stranded in fog. Later broken up by storm. Bound Oswego for Kingston.
Ashore and wrecked in storm at Port Credit, Nov 27, 1889.
*also seen as Thurston
Rebuilt, 1879, 89
Sources: nsp,ns1,h,mmgl,win,osdo


------------------------------------------------------ 133
ANNIE LAURA

Other names : none some sources call her ANNIE LAURIE
Official no. : 105106
Type at loss : propeller, wood, sandsucker
Build info : 1871, J.Rice, Marine City, MI
Specs : 133x25x11 244g 189n
Date of loss : 1922, Aug 10
Place of loss : near Algonac, MI
Lake : St Clair R
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Beached, caught fire & burned to waterline. Later removed as a hazard.
Converted to a sandsucker in 1913.
Major repairs in 1881
Sources: phr,sol,ns3,mv
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 134
ANNIE LAURIE

Other names : none
Official no. : 105476
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1874, E Haight, Buffalo
Specs : 84x15x4 31g 22n
Date of loss : 1893, Aug 19
Place of loss : near Erie, PA
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : unreported
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Sank one mile off the entrance to the harbor.
Sources: h,mv


------------------------------------------------------ 322
ANNIE MARIA

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1869
Place of loss : on Stoney Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded or foundered.
Sources: slh,hgl not in 1869-70 mvus


------------------------------------------------------ 3847
ANTELOPE

Other names : none
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1854, Abbey, Port Robinson, Ont.
Specs : 220 t.
Date of loss : 1857, Nov 25
Place of loss : near St. Joseph, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 5
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven ashore by gale and total loss. Recovered the next year and rebuilt at great cost. She may be the vessel reported ashore and a total loss ten miles east of Pt. Pelee. Ont., on April 20, 1859.
Sources: nsp,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 136
ANTELOPE

Other names : built as ELLEN G. COCHRAN, renamed before 1883
Official no. : 135356
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1878, Grand Haven (Muskegon?), MI
Specs : 56x16x5 32g 30n
Date of loss : 1894, Nov 15
Place of loss : near Grand Haven, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 4 [3 crew, 1 passenger]
Carrying : light
Detail : Capsized and broke up while trying to make the harbor. Bound S. Chicago for Muskegon.
Sources: nsp,h,mv,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 135
ANTELOPE

Other names : none
Official no. : 571
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1861, J. Wolverton, Newport [Marine City], MI as a propeller
Specs : 187x32x12 523g 497n
Date of loss : 1897, Oct 7
Place of loss : Off Michigan Isl. in the Apostles Isls.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Opened seams and sank in a relatively mild storm. Tow of steamer HIRAM W. SIBLEY, which took her crew off with some difficulty. Bound Sandusky, OH for Ashland, WI.
Rebuilt after a fire at Buffalo in 1867 which caused near her value in damage - $100,000.. Abandoned for age in 1883, then rebuilt to a barge in 1884.
Probably the same vessel that sank on the Saginaw R. in 1884 or 5
Built for the Ward Line
Sources: phr,wb,mv,lhl,lss,slh,hgl,mpl,rsl,nsp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 137
ED. L. ANTHONY

Other names : none
Official no. : 8880
Type at loss : tug, wood
Build info : 1869, G. Notter, Buffalo
Specs : 41x11x5, 14 gt
Date of loss : 1885, Jul
Place of loss : Chicago harbor
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned and sank.
Also exploded her boiler at Milwaukee with the loss of one life on Nov 22, 1873.
Sources: lmdc,hgl,bb not in ‘69 or ‘84 mv


------------------------------------------------------ 138
MARIA ANTOINETTE

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1826, Fairbanks & Church, Sandusky, OH
Specs : 73x21x7 87t
Date of loss : 1829
Place of loss : near Sandusky, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went ashore and torn to pieces.
Sources: www,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 139
ANZAC

Other names : ? sometimes shown as ANZAC K.
Official no. : C170678
Type at loss : tug [probably fish tug]
Build info : ?
Specs : 9 t
Date of loss : 1947, May 6
Place of loss : 18 mi SE of Port Burwell, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned off the base of Long Point.
Sources: win,h not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 140
APPELONA

Other names : also seen as APPOLONA
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : (1814, Henderson, NY)
Specs : (45x15x5, 37 t)
Date of loss : 1822, Oct 14
Place of loss : between Oswego and Genessee, NY, 16 mi offshore
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none, all hands injured
Carrying :
potash, salt
Detail : Bound Oswego for Genessee, she was struck by lightning. The streak tore apart much of her deck gear, ripped up her cabin and stowed cargo, and tore a lrge hole in her flank while exiting the hull. Thoroughly blasted, she sank in about 15 minutes. Her crew, all injured to one degree or another, abandoned her for shore.
Sources: rp,nsp
,wmn not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 141
APPOMATTOX

Other names : none
Official no. : 107236
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1896, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City, MI hull #77
Specs : 320x42x23 2643g 2082n
Date of loss : 1905, Nov 2
Place of loss : on North Point, near Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fog
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Stranded in smoke, later destroyed by a succession of storms. Final destruction by a big gale on Nov 29, 1905. Towing barge SANTIAGO(qv) which was released the same day. Her boilers were salvaged by Reid Wrecking and sat on a dock at Milwaukee until 1922. Her engine is still in place.
Her loss sparked outcry to build new lighthouse on North Pt.
Sources: nsp,ns1,h,mv,vbs,eas,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 142
ARAB

Other names : none
Official no. : 311
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast, lumber
Build info : 1854, Lavayea, Buffalo
Specs : 100x25x9, 158 t
Date of loss : 1883, Nov 13
Place of loss : well off Arcadia, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : none
Detail : Beached in storm near St Joseph Nov 1. Quick work by wreckers got her off , but she capsized and sank while being towed to Racine by the tug PROTECTION in a powerful gale. The lost man was an engineer who was desperately trying to start her pumps when she rolled.
Major repairs in 1875 & 81
Rebuilt 1867
Sources: nsp,lmdc,g8s,h,mv,polk,hgl,usls,m&h,rsl,bcha


------------------------------------------------------ 143
ARABIA

Other names : none
Official no. : C32844
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast built as a bark
Build info : 1852 or 3, G. Thurston, Kingston, Ont.
Specs : 132x26x12, 309 t
Date of loss : 1884, Oct 5
Place of loss : near Echo Isl., Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 20,000 bu corn
Detail : Bound for Midland, Ont., she was blown ashore by a gale, later washed into deep water. Crew abandoned in her yawl and were picked up by a passing tug.
Sailed to Glasgow with wheat and flour in 1854 and remained in the coasting trade of Britain for a year or so.
Rebuilt in 1863, 1874, major repair in 1882.
Wreck found 1971. An anchor with the name A.E. HART(qv) was found on the wreck.
Canadian archives says she was built by N. Ault, most other sources, Thurston.
Sources: eas,mmgl,polk,is(1-85),slh,lhdc,hgl,mpl,do


------------------------------------------------------ 144
ARABIAN

Other names :
Official no. : none
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : (1853, Niagara, Ont. probably by L Shickluna)
Specs : (116x24x10) 350 t
Date of loss : 1856, Nov 29
Place of loss : off Pt. Betsey
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Stranded on Goose Island shoal, 10 mi ENE of Mackinac Isl. about 10 days earlier. She had been relieved of her cargo and was being towed to Chicago by the propeller OGONTZ when a gale blew up. The tow cable parted and the ARABIAN, with pumps working full force, was on her own. She made for shore with the OGONTZ following, but the two were sepaprated during the night. The pumps finally failed and the vessel went down, her crew abandoning her to her boat and being picked up by the schooner FORTUNE.
Owned by Fitzhue and Littlejohn of Oswego, NY. May have been recovered, rebuilt as bark ODD FELLOW
Sources: clu,slh,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 3690
ARABIAN

Other names : none
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1866, D. Foster, Port Burwell, Ont.
Specs : 90x10x9, 135 t.
Date of loss : 1866, Jun 19
Place of loss : near Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : 6 or 4
Carrying : stone
Detail : Ashore and wrecked in a gale. Total loss.
Sources: mmgl,globe,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------
ARAGON
- See BAYANNA


------------------------------------------------------ 145
ARAXES

Other names : none
Official no. : 301
Type at loss : propeller, wood,
Build info : 1856, F.N. Jones, Buffalo
Specs : 182x30x10 569g 424n [593 t. om]
Date of loss : 1894, Summer
Place of loss : Saginaw Bay, off Bay City
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Foundered 4 miles off Bay City Ice Co.'s ice house. Wreck located in 1895, but deemed uneconomical to raise or salvage (too old). Owned by Brown & Co. of Buffalo.
Ashore and abandoned near Sand Beach, Mich., in late September, 1890.
Major repair in 1864, 1882. Rebuilt in 1876.
Once part of the large Maytham fleet of Buffalo
Sources: nsp,hgl,atl,polk,mv,eas,lhl,mpl,rsl,
es


------------------------------------------------------ 4216
WILLIAM M. ARBUCKLE

Other names : also seen as W. M. ARBUCKLE
Official # : 26167
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1853, Foster & Winal, Erie, PA
Specs : 97x23x9, 126 t. [170 t. om]
Date of loss : 1868, Nov 23
Place of loss : Sister Bay of Green Bay
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none mentioned
Carrying : ?
Detail : Put ashore in a gale to prevent her sinking and abandoned as a total loss after the tug AMERICAN EAGLE was unable to pump her out.
Sources : nsp,mv,rsl,hgl,wmn

------------------------------------------------------ 146
ARBUTUS

Other names : none
Official no. : C92642
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1887, W. McDonnell, Wallaceburg, Ont.
Specs : 63x15
x7, 49gc 34nc
Date of loss : 1921, Nov
Place of loss : about 10 mi NE of Grand Marais, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : illegal liquor
Detail : Foundered in a storm while being escorted to Grand Marais by U.S. Revenue Cutter. Crew were under arrest for rumrunning. Reports that she "went missing" are erroneous as she foundered in sight of her escort.
Official number also given as C92462
Out of Owen Sound
Sources: mmgl,winlssc,gwgl,is,h,lss
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
ARCADIA -
See also FRANCISCO MORAZAN


------------------------------------------------------ 147
ARCADIA

Other names : none
Official no. : 106552
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1888, Milwaukee Ship Tard, Milwaukee, WI
Specs : 119x26x9 230g 147n
Date of loss : 1907, Apr 12
Place of loss : A few miles off Big Sable Point
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 14 [all]
Carrying : hardwood
Detail : Broke up and went down in a storm; exact cause unknown, but thought to have succumbed to a boiler explosion. Bound Manistee for Two Rivers, WI.A large quantity of wreckage came ashore near Pentwater, MI, the 17th.
Owned by Capt. H. May of Arcadia, MI, the port which she was built for and had served for 19 years.
Sources: nsp,sol,ns1,h,lmdc,mv,eas,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 148
ARCTIC

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood,
Build info : 1851, J. Wolverton, Newport [Marine City], MI
Specs : 237x30x13, 861 t. [om]
Date of loss : 1860, May 28
Place of loss : east side of Lighthouse Island.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fog/storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : merch,passengers
Detail : Drove ashore in a heavy fog and later destroyed by a storm on Huron shoals. Passengers and crew were able to make it to shore by small boat before a storm arose and pounded her to pieces. They were later picked up by the steamer FOUNTAIN CITY. Now mostly dispersed, salvaged or carried away by wreck divers.
Owned by Clement Steam Boat Co. of Milwaukee.
Sources: eas,lss,lhl,mh,hgl,wl,nsp,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 149
ARCTIC

Other names : none
Official no. : 299
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "steambarge"
Build info : 1864, Peck & Masters, Cleveland, OH
Specs : 194x28x11 596g 411n
Date of loss : 1893, Sep 5
Place of loss : S of Sand Beach (Harbor Beach), MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm/smoke
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Disoriented by smoke and heavy seas, she struck rocks and sank in deep water off White Rock, MI. Her crew was picked up by her consorts. Bound Toledo for Escanaba, owned at Menominee by A.T. Underwood.
Wreck located in 1987.
Sources: nsp,slh,mv,lhdc,lhl,wb,mv,hgl,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 150
ARCTIC

Other names : none
Official no. : 359
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1853, Lent, Ashtabula, OH
Specs : 113x24x9 185g 176n
Date of loss : 1895, Sep 16
Place of loss : 9 mi NNW of Pte Aux Barques, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : in ballast
Detail : Rammed and sunk by the steamer CLYDE in broad daylight and calm weather. Almost cut in half by the blow. Bound Detroit for Rogers City for lumber and owned by R. Tollock of Charlevoix. The skipper of the CLYDE was censured for the wreck itself and for his callous treatment of the schooner's crew afterwards.
Major repair, 1861, 64, 81
Sources: nsp,polk,mv,lhdc,slh,wb,hgl,rsl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 151
ARCTURUS

Other names : none
Official no. : 568
Type at loss : barge, wood
Build info : 1853, B. Jones, Huron, OH as a schooner [builder also given as F.D. Ketchum]
Specs : 140x28x11, 300g 291n
Date of loss : 1888, Aug 19
Place of loss : Saginaw Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Tow of tug BRADY, she sprang a leak and sank.
Probably the vessel that sank due to a collision off Long Pt, Lake Erie in Apr, 1868, and recovered in August.
major repair, 1881
In a spring gale in 1853 her crew rolled a locomotive overboard in Lake Michigan (?) to keep her from capsizing.
Not in '69 mvus (no #568)
Sources: mv,eas,nsp,slh,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 152
ARGO

Other names : built as LIZZIE T. DAVIS
Official no. : 140195
Type at loss : schooner, wood former yacht
Build info : 1873, Boothbay, ME
Specs : 36x14x4 15g 14n
Date of loss : 1905, Jul 3
Place of loss : near Ludington, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail
Sources: mv,mv


------------------------------------------------------ 153
ARGO

Other names : none
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : propeller, steel, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1896, Detroit Shipbuilding Div.,ASB, Detroit
Specs : (174 ft 1089t)
Date of loss : 1905, Nov 24
Place of loss : outside harbor at Holland, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : general merch.
Detail : Dropped into trough of wave, hit bottom and sank in relatively shallow water while approaching harbor. 38 passengers & crew were taken off by breeches' buoy in a thrilling rescue by the U.S. Lifesaving Service . Reportedly broke up after several salvage attempts failed, though some sources say she was recovered.
Sources: nsp,is,sol,h,mv,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 154
ARGO

Other names : ?
Official no. : (29297)
Type at loss : schooner(-barge), wood
Build info : (1868, G. Notter, Buffalo)
Specs : 68ft, (168g 160n)
Date of loss : 1907, Apr
Place of loss : between Big Sable Point and Manistee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : 14(?)
Carrying : ?
Detail : Blown ashore and broke up on the beach.
Parts of this report are dubious
Sources: lmdc


------------------------------------------------------ 155
ARGO

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : oil tanker-barge
Build info : 1911,
Specs : 125 ft. 421 t
Date of loss : 1937, Oct 20
Place of loss : 3 mi off Pelee Isl.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 200,000 gal. oil
Detail : Tow of tug SYOSSET, she sank in 40 ft. of water, 4 mi NE of Kelley's Island Shoals. Tug rescued her two crewmen after a two hour search. It's reported that a thin slick of oil still leaks from her.
Sources: nsp,h,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 156
ARGONAUT

Other names : none
Official no. : 29755
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1873, Campbell & Owen [Detroit Dry Dock Co.], Detroit hull# 25
Specs : 213x35x12 1119g 985n
Date of loss : 1906, Oct 13
Place of loss : Marysville, MI
Lake : St Clair R
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned at her dock while being relieved of her engine.
Saved from destruction at Escanaba ore dock by expensive salvage operation Aug 23, 1900 after sinking there.
Official number is that of an unrigged barge, probably built as such, converted to steam later.
Owned by D.W. Mills, Cleveland
Sources: nsp,ns1,h,mv,eas,atl,phr,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 157
ARGUS

Other names : built as LEWIS WOODRUFF, last name in 1913
Official no. : 200211
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freighter
Build info : 1903, American Shipbuilding, Lorain, OH hull# 326
Specs : 416x50x28 4707g 3380n
Date of loss : 1913, Nov 12
Place of loss : Off Kincardine, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 25 [all]
Carrying :
coal
Detail : Upbound, she broke in two and sank with all hands in one of largest storms ever to strike the Lakes. Wreck located in 1972. Fleetmate HYDRUS was also lost in the same gale.
Owned by Pickens, Mather & Co. of Cleveland
Sources: mv,eas,slh,lol,is,gsgl,sol,ns2,mpl
,hcgl
«« «« «« «« «« «« «« «« «« «« ««
ARGYLE

- See also FRONTIER


------------------------------------------------------ 3420
ARGYLE

Other names : ?
Official no. : C
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1864, Hamilton, Ont.
Specs : 94x14, 120 t.
Date of loss : 1877, Aug 31
Place of loss : near Port Burwell, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : sank
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : passengers
Detail : Wrecked - no detail. She was carrying passengers, many of whom were rescued by the propeller DOMINION. May have been recovered soon after.
Another ARGYLE was reported sunk in 1884.
Sources: nsp,hgl,es,csv


------------------------------------------------------ 158
ARIADNE

Other names : none
Official no. : C none?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1867, Foster, Pt. Burwell, Ont.
Specs : 97x22x8, 158 t
Date of loss : 1886, Nov 30
Place of loss : near Big Sandy Creek, Mexico Bay, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 4 of 7
Carrying : 10,000 bu. barley
Detail : Her sails destroyed and driven ashore by a gale after a three-day struggle, the ship and cargo were a total loss. Two crewmen froze to death lashed to a capstan, two others froze in the rigging. Lifesavers from Big Sandy station rescued the rest with the help from locals after a terrific struggle to bring the surfboat to the scene. Bound for Oswego from Newcastle, Ont.
Owned out of Toronto by her skipper Capt. Hugh McKay, & his father Southerland McKay, both lost.
1896 also given as year of loss but this is correct one.
Sources: (csqw),mmgl,nsp,clu,is,osdo,h,usls,hgl,rp,sip,es


------------------------------------------------------ 3689
ARIADNE

Other names : none
Official no. : C85708
Type at loss : propeller, wood, tug
Build info : 1885, W.J. McDonnell, Wallaceburg, Ont.
Specs : 63x14x5, 38gc 26nc
Date of loss : 1916, Nov 23
Place of loss : Point Pelee, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Beached in a storm and abandoned.
Out of Wallaceburg.
Sources: mmgl,csv


------------------------------------------------------ 159
ARIEL

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : 4-gun armed schooner
Build info : 1813, A & N Brown, Erie, PA
Specs : 112t
Date of loss : 1813, Dec 29
Place of loss : Lake Erie
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : burned or wrecked
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : warship
Detail : Built for the U.S. Navy and served in Perry’s fleet. Burned by the British at Black Rock [site of Buffalo] after running aground in a squall.
Sources: ussn,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 160
ARIEL

Other names : none
Official no. : C
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1854, J. Squires, Sandusky, OH, as a sidewheel passenger steamer
Specs : 127x20x7 166g
Date of loss : 1870, Nov 12
Place of loss : near Collingwood, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : navigational error
Loss of life : none
Carrying : barley
Detail : Bound Thornbury, Ont. for Collingwod, she went aground near the lighthouse and became a total wreck during a storm which struck the next day.
Burned at New Baltimore, MI, due to arson in Aug, 1860.
Burned Mar 31, 1868 at Detroit. Rebuilt to a schooner there and sold Canadian.
Sources: slh,www,hgl,nsp,mdwl,eas not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 161
ARIZONA

Other names : none*
Official no. : 1768
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freighter
Build info : 1868, Quayle & Martin, Cleveland
Specs : 189x33x13, 924g 810n
Date of loss : 1887, Nov 17
Place of loss : Marquette, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none of 23
Carrying : oils, acid
Detail : Her dangerous cargo caught fire as she approached harbor in a heavy sea. Poison fumes drove below-decks crew up, leaving her unmanageable. The steamer ran up against breakwater, and the crew jumped off. The burning steamer "chased" the crew down the breakwater, preceded by a plume of poisonous smoke. She finally went on the beach and burned herself out. Declared a total loss, but hull later recovered and rebuilt as bulker.
Had a very similar accident on Oct 20, 1882.
Sunk in a collision on St. Clair Flats in May, 1873.
Hulk still lies in the St. Lawrence R. near Cape Vincent, NY, where she burned to the water’s edge Dec 1, 1922, reportedly the oldest working steamer on the lakes at the time.
When she was built, newspapers reported the peculiar location of her boiler- on deck forward of the engine.
*Reported briefly as having been renamed CITY OF MARQUETTE after salvage from this accident, but her name was never officiallly changed.
Rebuilt 1877,79,82,88,93.
Sources: nsp,sol,is(3-60),ns3,mv,lss,hgl,st,mpl,hm,es3-1
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4217
ARK

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1844, Averill, Chicago
Specs : 72x16x5, 50 t.
Date of loss : 1853, Nov 30
Place of loss : near Grosse Point, IL 10 miles out
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wood
Detail : Bound Dutchman's Point for Chicago, she became waterlogged in a storm and was abandoned by her crew. They were picked up by the steamer SCOTIA which landed them at Waukegan.
Owned by William White of Chicago. She was the eldest vessel working out of that port.
Sources: nsp,wl,wmn

------------------------------------------------------ 162
ARK

Other names : built on burned out hull of steamer E.K. COLLINS(qv)
Official no. : none
Type at loss : barge, wood
Build info : 1853,
J. Bushnell, Newport, MI as a sidewheel passenger steamer.
Specs :
151x32x8, 268g
Date of loss : 1866, Oct 25
Place of loss : mid-lake
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 6
Carrying : light
Detail : Downbound from Saginaw, she disappeared into a storm after being lost from the tow of a tug. There was much speculation as to her whereabouts until large amounts of identifiable wreckage began washing ashore 100 miles north of Goderich, Ont. Her three towmates, the barges ELLIOTT, DETROIT and ONTARIO, all survived.
Sources: slh,(lhl),hgl,nsp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 163
ARK

Other names : none
Official no. : C72957
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood [iron strapped], 3-mast
Build info : 1875, A. Muir, Pt. Dalhousie, Ont.
Specs : 177x36x10, 512 t
Date of loss : 1887, Oct 3
Place of loss : Grindstone City, MI, near Pte Aux Barques
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Went aground with heavy damage, tow of steamer ALBION (qv). Released, but wrecked October 24, same year, near Port Colborne, in a storm. Dragged anchor and went ashore. Finally released again in late November. Declared a total loss both times.
Sources: slh,nsp,mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4218
ARKANSAS

Other names : none
Official # : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1849, Sherwin's Bay, NY
Specs : 107x24x10, 240 t. [om]
Date of loss : 1858, June
Place of loss : near Kenosha, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Reported ashore and gone to pieces, a total loss.
The same ARKANSAS was reported ashore on Long Point Cut, Lake Erie, Nov 15, 1852. Carrying: RR iron. Also stranded and wrecked in Green Bay in late Nov, 1855.
Sources : nsp,eas,bb,wmn

------------------------------------------------------ 164
ARLINGTON

Other names : built as F.P. JONES, renamed GLENCADAM in 1919, last name in 1925
Official no. : C138219
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight "canaller"
Build info : 1913, Detroit Shipbuilding Co., Wyandotte [US#211084]
Specs : 244x42x21 1870gc
1118nc
Date of loss : 1940, May 1
Place of loss : near Superior Shoals
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 (capt)
Carrying : 98,000 bu grain
Detail : Sailed into teeth of a gale, in company of steamer COLLINGWOOD, from Fort William, Ont. the night before. After she began to leak, her skipper took the helm to steady the ship while the boats were launched. He died when she suddenly plunged to the bottom off a wave. The other 15 crew made it to her boat & were picked up by COLLINGWOOD.
Sold Canadian, 1919 and did a stint in the Carribbean as a sugar cane boat.
Sources: eas,mmgl,ttgl,sol,is,ns5,h,csv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 165
ARMENIA

Other names : none
Official no. : 107219
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1896, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City hull #73
Specs : 289x45x19 2040g 1919n
Date of loss : 1906, May 9
Place of loss : Off Colchester Reef
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Tow of steamer FRED PABST, she sprang a leak and foundered. Rested with masts above water until fall. Shortly after they were finally knocked down by a storm, the wreck was struck by the Wheeler- built steamer CHARLES B PACKARD. Wheeler and Davidson were rival Saginaw River shipbuilders. Remains later partly removed, probably in November. Lost the same day as her sister ALGERIA(qv).
Sources: nsp,gsgl,ns1,mv,eas,vbs,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 166
PHILIP D. ARMOUR

Other names : none
Official no. : 150459
Type at loss :
barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1889, Detroit Dry Dock, Detroit hull 93
as a propeller
Specs : 264x41x21 1991g 1453n
Date of loss : 1915, Nov 13
Place of loss : near Erie, PA
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying :
coal
Detail : Bound Ashtabula for Welland in tow of tug HENRY E. GILLEN. Broke away, struck a reef and sank off Waldmere Resort. Slipped into deeper water after her crew had abandoned her.
Rig changed to barge the same year as her loss.
Also sunk in the deepest area of the St. Clair R. in September of 1889, due to a collision. Her raising by Jim Reid was one of the greatest salvage feats of the day.
Sources: atl,ns2,mv,ledc,st,mpl,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 167
C.W. ARMSTRONG

Other names : none
Official no. : 5219
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1856, Albany, NY [phr shows her built at Marine City in 1864, but that was probably a rebuild]
Specs : 57x14x7, 33 t.
Date of loss : 1870, Nov 21
Place of loss : Saginaw River at Bay City
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned at her dock at Bay City, total loss. Burned at night in a blaze which started from an escaped boiler fire.
Possibly recovered, burned again Jan, 1879 - still shows on 1871 insurance list.
Also exploded her boiler with the loss of one crewman, near Erie, PA, in June of 1856. She was later returned to service
Sources: slh,nsp,lhl,phr,hgl,wl

------------------------------------------------------
JANE ARMSTRONG -
See A. SEAMAN


------------------------------------------------------ 3421
AGNES ARNOLD

Other names : built as BOB MILLS, renamed about 1890
Official no. : 2781
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1864, Mills, Buffalo
Specs : 68x13x5, 30g 15n
Date of loss : 1898
Place of loss : Green Bay
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to total loss.
Almost destroyed in explosion and fire Jun 12, 1865.
rebuilt 1865, 1880
Sources: lhl,polk,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 168
B.W. ARNOLD

Other names : none
Official no. : 3333
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "lumber hooker"
Build info : 1885, F.W. Wheeler, W. Bay City, MI hull #24
Specs : 202x36x13 944g 673n
Date of loss : 1896, Nov 21
Place of loss : off Ontonagon, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Bound Duluth for Chicago with schooner-barge JAMES MOWATT in tow, and caught fire. Crew abandoned ship to MOWATT. ARNOLD later drifted ashore 7 mi below Portage Entrance to ship canal, where she burned out..
Both vessels owned by Mills Transportation of Marysville, MI
Sources: vbs,lss,sbs,gwgl,is,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 169
W.W. ARNOLD

Other names : none
Official no. : 26166
Type at loss : schooner, wood, package and bulk freight
Build info : 1863, H.J. Williams, Buffalo
Specs : 426 t 347 nt
Date of loss : 1869, Nov 15
Place of loss : near mouth of Two-Hearted River, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 11 [all]
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Drove ashore in the great gale of November, 1869. The violent storm tore the schooner apart and she quickly sank. Loss of life included several passengers. Downbound from Marquette for Cleveland
Sources: is(1-65),nsp,lss,lssc,gwgl,gsgl,smgl,hgl,rsl,mdwl


------------------------------------------------------ 170
ARROW

Other names : none
Official no. : 372
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1857 (or 55), Geo. Hardison, Erie. PA
Specs : (281 t) 190 t.
Date of loss : 1869, Nov 18
Place of loss : 6 miles from Milwaukee, off Winnetka
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : all
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Stranded and lost.
Homeport: Chicago
Sources: nsp,lmdc,hgl,rsl,mdwl


------------------------------------------------------ 3749
ARROW

Other names : none?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast, fishing and USLS supply boat
Build info : ?
Specs : 32x9,
Date of loss : 1880, Oct 20
Place of loss : 1.5 miles off Rogers City
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 2 of 3
Carrying : none
Detail : Bound from 40-mile Point Lifesaving Station for Rogers City. Caught in a sudden squall, blown down and sank. Mainmast was emergent and her one crewman and 2 passengers clung to it for hours. The passengers, USLS District Supt. J. Sawyer and 40-mile Point Station Captain G. Feaben, ultimately drowned. The boat was a clinker-built centerboard ketch (foremast longer).
Sources: usls


------------------------------------------------------ 171
ARROW

Other names : none
Official no. : 548
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1852, W.E. Judd, Chicago
Specs : 85x21x6 69g 66n
Date of loss : 1883, Apr 30
Place of loss : 3.5 mi from Two Rivers, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : navigational error
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Bound Milwaukee for Leland, MI, ran ashore in darkness, in calm weather. Sunk into the sand over the next few days while a tug powerful enough to pull her out was being located. Finally stripped of her gear and rigging and declared a total loss. Out of Milwaukee (or Waukegan)
Sources: mv,polk,h,hgl,usls, bb


------------------------------------------------------ 3970
ART PALACE

Other names : ?
Official no. : 29359
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1867, G. Gunderson, Ft. Howard, WI
Specs : 51x16x4, 33 t.
Date of loss : 1869, Aug 14
Place of loss : off the Cedar River, Green Bay
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Cargo : none
Detail : The ART PALACE was a "floating bagnio" [read "brothel"] and was lying at anchor when driven ashore by a gale and reportedly a total loss. Her skipper, known as "Commodore Peg-Leg" and her crew of "a half-dozen model artistes" made it to shore and lived for a time in the woods nearby. The vessel was eventually recovered, as it was still registered in 1877, out of Manitowoc, but this is SUCH an interesting story, I had to include her.
Sources: nsp,mv,bb not in hgl

------------------------------------------------------
ARTHUR -
See D.P. RHODES


------------------------------------------------------ 172
ARUNDELL

Other names : none
Official no. : 105784
Type at loss : propeller, iron, passenger/package frt
Build info : 1873, D. Bell, Buffalo
Specs : 167x27x11 339g 257n
Date of loss : 1911, Oct 18
Place of loss : Douglas, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned at dock in Saugatuck Harbor. Had been laid up there for two weeks.
Declared a total loss and document surrendered, but later raised and rebuilt as a barge. Lost in the Atlantic in 1922.
Sources: nsp,ns2,mv,eas,slh,lhl,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4093
ASHLAND

Other names : none?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1844, D. Sanford, Cleveland
Specs : 104x24x9, 201 t.
Date of loss : 1854, date not given, clipping in Dec 12 paper
Place of loss : Pigeon Bay, 20 miles below the Detroit River mouth
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Cargo : corn
Detail : Bound Toledo for Detroit, she ran on a rock and was holed.
Owned by Bronson & Crockett, Detroit.
Sources: nsp,hgl,wl,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 3907
ASHTABULA

Other names : none
Official no. : 367
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1852, Geo. Thayer, Ashtabula, OH
Specs : 90x21x8, 95 t.
Date of loss : 1883, Nov 11
Place of loss : off North Point, Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 4
Carrying : oil,salt, misc package frt
Detail : Bound Chicago for Escanaba and trying to make Milwaukee for shelter in a gale when she capsized and sank. Crew saved by tug STARKE BROS.
Damaged and one life lost in a collision, Nov 20, 1871.
Major repairs in 1862,71,72,78.
Sources: mpl,polk,hgl,mv,bb,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 174
ASHTABULA

Other names : none
Official no. : 203071
Type at loss : propeller, steel, carferry, 30 car
Build info : 1906, Great Lakes Engineering, St. Clair, MI
Specs : 338x56x22, 2607g 1525n
Date of loss : 1958, Sep 18
Place of loss : Ashtabula, OH harbor
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : railcars
Detail : Collided with steel steamer BEN MOREELL 350' from harbor entrance. Sank with just her upperworks above water. Later recovered but considered unrepairable. Scrapped in 1959.
Sources: a&f,is(4-58),sol,cfgl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 175
MAGGIE ASHTON

Other names : none
Official no. : 90593
Type at loss : tug, wood
Build info : 1871, G. Notter, Buffalo
Specs : 45x11x6, 14g 7n
Date of loss : 1899,
Place of loss : Pte Aux Barques, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Went on the rocks and wrecked.
Sources: slh,mv,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 3884
ASIA

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1848, Black R., OH
Specs : 108x23x9, 204 t. [om]
Date of loss : 1855, Sep 21
Place of loss : off the mouth of Grand Traverse Bay
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : corn
Detail : She was bound Chicago for Buffalo when she came into collision with the upbound propeller FOREST CITY(qv). She went down in deep water in about 10 minutes, her crew having just enough time to launch her boat and save themselves. They were later picked up by the schooner HAMLET.
Owned out of Cleveland, probably by Mussey & Reed.
Sources: nsp,hgl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 4068
ASIA

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1864 or 65, Canada (reported as "new", but probably the 1858 vessel built by Muir at Port Dalhousie)
Specs : 380 t. (1858 ves.) "largest canal class"
Date of loss : 1866, Sep 5
Place of loss : Spectacle Reef, Straits
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 4-500 t. coal
Detail :
Bound Erie, Pa. for Chicago, she went on Spectacle reef in a fog and big seas. Her crew abandoned in her yawl and made it to Mackinac Island. New and sturdy, it was expected she could be saved, but after about 1/3 of her cargo had been recovered, the vessel was abandoned in mid-October.
Owned by Muir Bros., Chicago, reported as recently sold US.
Sources: nsp,clu,
wmn


------------------------------------------------------ 176
ASIA

Other names : none
Official no. : C none?
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger/package freight
Build info : 1873, Simpson, St. Catharines, Ont.
Specs : 144x26x12 453g 364n*
Date of loss : 1882, Sep 14
Place of loss : Georgian Bay, near Byng Inlet
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 123 of 125
Carrying : gen. merch, passengers, shantymen, horses, lumber camp supplies
Detail : Assaulted by a terrific gale, she stranded off Lonely Island, then was crushed by a huge wave and destroyed by following waves. The only two survivors were a young crewman and a young woman passenger who had failed to get into the overcrowded lifeboat.
Out of St. Catharines, owned by J. Ellis.
*inexplicably given by Lloyd’s as 211x25x16, 662 t., built by J & R Swan
Sources: eas,mmgl,win,clu,is(3-45),lol,ml,slh,lh,gs,sol,hgl,mpl,rp,es
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 177
ASP

Other names : built as ELIZABETH
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, coaster
Build info : 1808, Mississauga, Ont.
Specs : 57 t.
Date of loss : 1820, Oct 9
Place of loss : Off Salmon R., Mexico Bay, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 9 of 11
Carrying : lumber, staves
Detail : Sprang a leak near Long Point, waterlogged and capsized. Driven across the lake and finally went ashore and broke up quickly. 3 of the dead and one survivor were passengers.
Originally a British armed (3-gun) schooner. Captured by American sloop GROWLER, 1812, and became U.S. Naval vessel. Sold commercial at Sackett’s Harbor in 1815. Owned out of Niagara.
Sources: hgl,sol,is,h,net,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 178
JOHN JACOB ASTOR

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, trading and fishing
Build info : 1835, Pte Aux Pins, Ont. (precut at Lorain ,OH)
Specs : 78x22x8, 112t. om
Date of loss : 1844, Sep 21
Place of loss : near Copper Harbor, MI [Keweenaw Pen.]
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : none
Carrying : furs, trade goods
Detail : Owned by Astor’s American Fur Company, reportedly the 1st commercial vessel on Lake Superior. She struck a reef and foundered. Wreckage was still visible in the early 1860’s.
Anchor recovered in 1970.
Sometimes referred to as a schooner
Sources: lss,ls,gwgl,gsgl,is,le,sm,soo,hgl,nsp,df,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 179
ATALANTA

Other names : ?
Official no. : (375)
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : (1844, D.H. Greene, Fairport, OH)
Specs : (85x21x8, 124 t. or 267 t.)
Date of loss : 1878
Place of loss : Sleeping Bear Point, Michigan
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went ashore and pounded to pieces by waves.
The vessel is not specifically identified, but the one shown in parentheses is the only US ATALANTA registered in 1877. Another ATALANTA was built in 1853 by Geo. Fordham, Toledo.
(homeport: Chicago)
Sources: mv,nb,smi,wl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 180
ATHABASCA

Other names : built as ATHABASKA, spelling changed in 1903
Official no. : C85764
Type at loss : propeller, steel, passenger steamer
Build info : 1883, Aiken & Mansell, Glasgow, Scotland
Specs : 263x38x23, 1774gc 1147nc
Date of loss : 1910, Nov 30
Place of loss : Georgian Bay, near Lonely Island
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : pass, general merch
Detail : Collided with tug GENERAL(qv) and sank. Heavily damaged and declared a total loss, but later recovered and extensively rebuilt as a bulker (lengthened 36 ft). Broken up in 1948.
Sources: win,mmgl,slh,h
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 181
ATHENA

Other names : none
Official no. : C100398
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1894, Hamilton, Ont
Specs : 58x10, 18gc 12nc
Date of loss : 1897, Aug 27
Place of loss : Hamilton, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned at Hamilton Wharf.
Sources: mmgl,win,h


------------------------------------------------------ 182
ATHENIAN

Other names : none
Official no. : 361
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1856, S.C. Jones, Buffalo
Specs : 136x26x11, 283 t.
Date of loss : 1880, Apr
Place of loss : off Oscoda, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Reported to have gone ashore and a complete wreck - no other detail.
Probably the same vessel as wrecked in Waiska Bay. L. Superior in 1873 and recovered in '74.
Rebuilt in 1866.
Sources: lss,slh,lssc,hgl,rsl,jb


------------------------------------------------------ 183
ATHENS

Other names : none
Official no. : 107276
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight, 2-mast
Build info : 1897, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City, MI as a 3-mast schooner
Specs : 294x45x19 2073g 1953n
Date of loss : 1917, Oct 7
Place of loss : 25 mi W of Southampton, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 5 of 8
Carrying : ?
Detail : Behind the Canadian steamer LUCKNOW(qv), she was lost from tow, broke her back and sank in a blizzard and gale. 3 crewmen were rescued by LUCKNOW.
Sources: eas,vbs,is(1-64),slh,is,sbs,ns2,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4166
ATLANTA

Other names : none
Official no. : 150269
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1873, Goble & McFarlane, Oswego, NY
Specs : 142x26x11, 318 gt.
Date of loss : 1874, Nov 11
Place of loss : probably off Au Sable Point
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 6 or 7 [all]
Carrying : 18,000 bu wheat
Detail : Passed Thunder Bay Isl. downbound in company with the schooner FAVORITE on the morning of the11th, parted ways with her shortly after and never arrived at Port Huron. Fishermen at Point au Sable said they saw a white-painted schooner (ATLANTA was white) disappear into a squall the same afternoon and never emerge. She had been bound Chicago for Oswego.
Sources: nsp,rp,osdo,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 184
ATLANTA

Other names : none
Official no. : 106746
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1890, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City hull #36
Specs : 172x34x13 599g
Date of loss : 1891, May 4
Place of loss : 20 miles off Deer Park, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 5 of 7
Carrying : coal
Detail : Upbound, tow of steamer S.S. WILHELM. Broke towline and went to pieces an hour later. 7 crew abandoned her in lifeboat, but 5 were lost when it capsized near shore. Went down in 180 feet of water at about 3 am. Outbound from Soo. The new vessel was a total loss of about $37,000.
Sources: nsp,lssc,gwgl,gs,sol,h,vbs,eas,usls,lss,wb,hgl,sb,usls,es


------------------------------------------------------ 185
ATLANTA

Other names : none [shows on some official records as ATALANTA]
Official no. : 106823
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger /package freight
Build info : 1891, Cleveland Drydock Co., Cleveland
Specs : 200x32x14 1129g 958n
Date of loss : 1906, Mar 18
Place of loss : near Port Washington, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 1 of 40
Carrying : porcelain, furniture, gen merch
Detail : Caught fire offshore enroute from Manitowoc to Chicago. Run up on the beach to save passengers and crew, where she burned to a total loss. Part of the passengers and crew were saved by the fishing tug TESSLER out of Port Washington. Some of the ship’s remains were later salvaged for scrap. Owned by Goodrich Transportation Co. of Chicago.
Sources: is(2-45),sol,rsh,ns1,h,mv,eas,mpl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
ATLANTIC -
See also MANITOULIN, HOMER WARREN


------------------------------------------------------ 186
ATLANTIC

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1833, Cleveland, OH
Specs : 56x18x5, 48 t.
Date of loss : 1840
Place of loss : 6 mi E of Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : Collision
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Collided with steamer BUFFALO and sank.
Sources: sol,hgl ,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 187
ATLANTIC

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger/package freight
Build info : 1849, J.L. Wolverton, Detroit [location also given as Newport/Marine City]
Specs : 267x33x13, 1155t
Date of loss : 1852, Aug 20
Place of loss : S of Long Pt.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : Collision
Loss of life : 150-250 of about 600 [passenger manifest was lost with the ship]
Carrying : Gen merch, luggage
Detail : Loaded with immigrants, she collided with the propeller freighter OGDENSBURG and quickly sank at 2:30 or 3 am. The OGDENSBURG continued in a wide circle and came back to the ATLANTIC, while the inrushing waters extinguished the steamer's fires. She sank quickly bow first, resting for a moment at a 45° angle before making her final plunge. She was a palatial passenger vessel and considered to be the fastest on the lakes.
Built for Capt. E.B. Ward of Detroit
According to an 1868 article in the Detroit Free Press, she was still visible from the surface in that year.
Numerous salvage attempts have been made, starting in 1853, including one with a midget sub (see MARINE CIGAR). Her safe was raised during a salvage operation in 1856 by P. Harrington. Other major salvage efforts were made in 1854, 1855, 1873 & 1910. Rediscovered in 1987.
Most of her valuables have been long since recovered, but one entrepreneurial dive group - claiming salvage rights after "finding" her in 1989, still says there is $1 billion (!) in valuables aboard. The Canadian government sucessfully sued this group to protect her, finally winning their case in December, 1996 after several years of litigation.
Sources: nsp,glss,glgs,lm,sol,hdm,le,h,eas,is(4-58,3-63),hg,net,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 188
ATLANTIC

Other names : ?
Official no. : 29914
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk frt(?)
Build info : 1880, Buffalo
Specs : 112x30x6 158g 147n
Date of loss : 1895
Place of loss : off Harrisville, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Reported lost off the lumber docks.
Official number is that of an unrigged barge - perhaps built at Detroit as a lighter. Documents say she was abandoned in 1900 - perhaps given up for lost in that year after this wreck.
Sources: slh,mv,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 189
ATLANTIC

Other names : built as MANITOULIN(qv-C#71189)
Official no. : C85491
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger/package frt
Build info : 1880, J. Simpson, Owen Sound, Ont.
Specs : 147x30x11, 683gc 442nc
Date of loss : 1903, Nov 10
Place of loss : lee of Pancake Isls., Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : hay, coal oil, etc.
Detail : Bound for Byng Inlet with lumber camp supplies. Caught in a storm & heavily damaged. Her cargo and her aft cabin were thrown overboard to lighten her in an attempt to get her off, but she caught fire and was destroyed. Passengers and crew took to her boats and survived.
Rebuilt in 1882-3 after nearly total destruction by fire in May of 1882 at Manitowaning Bay, Ont.. Renamed at that time.
Sources: is(3-64),mmgl,win,lh,slh,gsgl,sol,ns1,h,lhdc,hgl,csv,mpl,do
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 190
ATLANTIS

Other names : built as DESPATCH, renamed in 1953
Official no. : 214319
Type at loss : oil screw fish tug, wood
Build info :
1916, F. F. Paasch, Erie, Pa
Specs : 47x15x4, 15g 10n
Date of loss : 1958, Nov 21
Place of loss : off Erieau, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Destroyed by a storm, no detail.
Sources: h
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 191
ATLAS

Other names : (probably none)
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1836, Dexter,NY
Specs : "small"
Date of loss : 1839, May 4
Place of loss : 6 mi NW of Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 5 [all]
Carrying : stone
Detail : Bound Chaumont Bay for Oswego. Foundered in a NW gale. Steamer TELEGRAPH rushed out of Oswego to her assistance, but found nothing but a little flotsam. She sank so quickly that it was thought that her cargo shifted and dipped her deck below the waves.
Out of Dexter, NY
Sources: hgl,lodc,osdo,h,rp not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3422
ATLAS

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1851, Buffalo
Specs : 153x25x11, 375 t.
Date of loss : 1851, Oct 26
Place of loss : near mouth of Grand River, OH [site of Lorain].
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : flour
Detail : Bound Detroit for Buffalo, she was blown to shore by a gale, stranded and became a total loss.
Out of Oswego. NY
Sources: lhl,hgl,wl,nsp,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 192
ATLASCO

Other names : built as package freighter RUSSELL SAGE (US#110472), renamed in 1917
Official no. : C138234
Type at loss : barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1881, Union Drydock Co., Buffalo hull #17
Specs :
228x33x13, 1224gc 1105nc
Date of loss : 1921, Aug 17
Place of loss : off South Bay Pt. 30 mi W of Kingston
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wire
Detail : She foundered in a storm. Her crew escaped in her lifeboat. Towmate of barge the CONDOR(qv).
After disastrous fire at Oswego in November, 1912, she was raised and sold to McNoughton Co., Ontario, and rebuilt to a barge at Port Dalhousie in 1917
Dimensions as SAGE: 232x26x13 1224g 1105n
Sources: do2,mmgl,ns3,mv,mpl,rp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 193
SAMUEL T. ATWATER

Other names : also seen as S.T. ATWATER
Official no. : 23363
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, lumber
Build info : 1866, Hardison, Charlotte [Irondequoit], NY
Specs : 136x24x11 323g 307n
> Date of loss : 1895, Oct 24
> Place of loss : Manitoulin Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Went ashore and wrecked after being cast off by steamer M. GROH in a gale.
Rebuilt, 1888
Sources: nsp,is,slh,wb,hgl,osdo

------------------------------------------------------
AUBREY -
See EDWARD E. GILLEN


------------------------------------------------------ 3596
LUCY AUCHARD
(often misspelled ANCHARD)
Other names : built on the hull of the schooner DANIEL WEBSTER [1849 vessel]
Official no. : 15147
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1860, R.J.W. Morgan, Henderson, NY
Specs : 80x21x8, 86g
Date of loss : 1871, Oct 15
Place of loss : near Port Albert, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : telegraph poles
Detail : Bound New River for Sandusky, OH, she was driven ashore by heavy gale. Out of Algonac, MI - owned by F. McRivers. Document surrendered at Port Huron 12/16/78, annotated "Lost in 1871."
Heavily damaged by a lightning strike in 1862. Major repair in 1861.
Sources: phr,mv,hgl,nsp,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 194
JOHN J. AUDUBON

Other names : none also seen as just AUDUBON
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1854, G & W Jones, Black R. [Cleveland], Ohio
Specs : 370 t.
Date of loss : 1854, Oct 20
Place of loss : Halfway between Thunder Bay Isl. and Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : railroad iron
Detail : Bound Buffalo for Chicago, she was struck nearly amidships by the schooner DEFIANCE on a dark night [one source says foggy] and cut almost in half. Both vessels sank quickly. A newspaper clipping gives the location as 15 miles below Pte Aux Barques.
Owned by Merrick & Pierce of Clayton, NY.
Sources: slh,lhdc,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------
AUGUSTA
- see also COLONEL COOK


------------------------------------------------------ 3302
AUGUSTA

Other names : none
Official no. : C85422
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1872, L. Shickluna, St. Catharines
Specs : 142x26x12, 342gc 321nc
Date of loss : 1900, Oct 25 (Nov 25 also given)
Place of loss : near Port Credit, Ont
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Bound Charlotte, NY for Toronto. Went into shallows and broke her back. Crew rescued by local volunteers. Coal cargo was lightered off before she went to pieces. Her skipper had also lost HIGHLAND BELLE, ISABELLA & UNDINE.
Also wrecked in 1898 with loss of 7 lives and maybe wrecked and declared a total loss in 1890.
Sources: nsp,hgl,tfgl,wb,mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 195
AUGUSTA

Other names : none
Official no. : C85419
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1883, Andrews Bros., Port Robinson, Ont
Specs : 66x16x6 57g 31n
Date of loss : 1909, Dec 7
Place of loss : at Port Dalhousie, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Caught fire and burned to total loss 200 ft. S of Muir's Drydock.
Sources: win,mmgl,h


------------------------------------------------------ 4219
AUGUSTUS

Other names : none
Official # : 29961
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1885, Spoonville, MI
Specs : 78x20x6, 64g 59n
Date of loss : 1918, Nov 24
Place of loss : at Red River, Wisc
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to a total loss.
Out of Milwaukee in 1910.
Sources : eas,mv,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 196
AURANIA

Other names : none
Official no. : 107186
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1895, Chicago Shipbuilding Co., Chicago as a barge hull#12
Specs : 352x44x22, 3218g 2899n
Date of loss : 1909, Apr 29
Place of loss : near Parisienne Isl.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : ice
Loss of life : none
Carrying : Coal
Detail : Trapped in pack ice with many other vessels in mid-April. Hull was slowly crushed and she sank on the 29th, in sight of fleet of the others. Crew walked to steamer J.H. BARTOW on the ice.
Wreck located in 1972.
Converted to steam in 1899.
Sources: ns1,rs,eas,lssc,gwgl,is,ns1,mv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 197
AURORA

Other names : none
Official no. : 106493
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1887,
Miller & Murphy, Cleveland
Specs : 290x41x22 2282g 1860n
Date of loss : 1898, Dec 12
Place of loss : off Bois Blanc Isl.
Lake : Detroit R
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Caught in ice, then caught fire and was gutted. Her hull was later recovered and converted to a schooner-barge, which was reported destroyed by fire in 1932 at Ferrysburg, MI after being abandoned there in 1927..
Sources: win,h,ns3,mv,hgl,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 198
AUSTIN

Other names : ?
Official no. : C(?)
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : 200 t
Date of loss : 1883
Place of loss : Saginaw Bay, off Port Austin
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : 7
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail
Maybe barge J. S. AUSTIN (US#12713)
Sources: slh,hgl not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 199
D.S. AUSTIN

Other names : none
Official no. : 6745
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1872, Bailey Bros., Toledo
Specs : 135x26x12 282g 268n
Date of loss : 1898, Nov 8
Place of loss : harbor at Ludington
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : salt
Detail : Dragged her anchors in a gale, struck S. pier, drifted near the beach and sank. Completely broken up by the 16th. Inbound at the time of loss.
Heavily damaged at the same spot, Nov 15, 1894, after having ridden out the great spring storm of the same year at Chicago.
Reportedly launched with all of her gear, except her canvas, already in place
Sources: nsp,h,lmdc,mv,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 200
AUSTRALASIA

Other names : none
Official no. : 106302
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1884, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City hull #9
Specs : 282x39x21 1829g 1539n
Date of loss : 1896, Oct 18
Place of loss : Whitefish Bay, near Jacksonport, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 2200 t. soft coal
Detail : Caught fire, burned to the waterline and sank 3 mi E of Cana Isl.. Her crew were saved by Bailey's Harbor Lifesavers. L. Smith Towing contracted to remove the cargo the 23rd.
Bound Lake Erie for Milwaukee.
Sources: sol,vbs,sbs,lmdc,hgl,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 201
AUSTRALIA

Other names : none
Official no. : 370
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1862, B. Parsons, Vermilion, OH
Specs : 109 ft., 159g 151n
Date of loss : 1888, Sep 30
Place of loss : harbor entrance at Holland, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : cedar posts
Detail : Laid on beam ends by gale and sprung a leak. Bound Beaver Island for Chicago, heading into Holland for shelter but struck a bar and foundered in the harbor mouth, blocking it until U.S. gov't had the hulk removed Oct 5.
Crew saved by U.S. Lifesaving Service
Sources: sagl,h,nsp,mv,eas,wb,hgl,sb


------------------------------------------------------ 4069
AUTOCRAT

Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood (2-mast)
Build info : 1854, Stevens, Cattaraugus, NY
Specs : 345 t.
Date of loss : 1866, Aug 5
Place of loss : 6 mi NNE of Chicago
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 15,000 bu corn
Detail : She was lying off Chicago, waiting for a storm to die down, when the schooner J. S. NEWHOUSE, while searching for shelter, ran into her just before dawn. She sank quickly in 7 fathoms of water. Her crew was rescued by the tug UNION.
Sources: nsp,hgl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 4162
AVALON VOYAGER 2

Other names : built as TWILLINGATE, renamed THOMAS V HOLLETT (1951), AVALON VOYAGER (1967), last name in 1976. Also seen as AVALON VOYAGER II
Official # :
Type at loss : propeller, wood, Diesel
Build info : 1946, Clarenville, Newfoundland, Can. as a minesweeper
Specs : 136x28x ft., 325 gc 191nc
Date of loss : 1981, Oct 31
Place of loss : W side of Bonnet Isl., near Tobermorey, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Enroute to Owen Sound to be put into use as a floating restaurant, she struck bottom near Cape Hurd and was holed. She later drifted to her present position, on the west side of Bonnet Isl, and sank.
She had been a fixture as a cargo vessel and floating restaurant around Kincardine since the late 1970's.
Laid down as a minesweeper for WWII use, turned over to Canadian gov't and completed as a small cargo ship in 1946.
Link.
Sources : do,dg


------------------------------------------------------ 4220
MAGGIE M. AVERY

Other names : M. M. AVERY
Official no. : 92065
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1888, South Arm, Mich
Specs : 49x12x4, 13g 12n
Date of loss : 1894 (Oct 1?)
Place of loss : South Manitou harbor
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none mentioned
Carrying :
Detail : Dragged her anchors and went ashore, a total loss. Owned by Mary E. Gykes of Grand Haven.
In June, 1889, she left Traverse City for Charlevoix - a distance of only 50 miles - on the 15th. By the 21st she had not arrived at her destination and it was presumed that she had sunk in a squall on the night of the 15th. Both crewmen were from Charlevoix. Cargo brick
Sources: jb,wmn,mv

------------------------------------------------------ 202
WALDO A. AVERY

Other names : rebuilt as PHENIX, later LIBERTY
Official no. : 81048
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1884, F.W. Wheeler, W. Bay City
Specs : 204x38x18 1294g 1035n
Date of loss : 1893, Dec 5
Place of loss : 5 mi W. of Mackinaw City, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying :
70,000 bu corn
Detail : Caught fire in a gale and gutted. Thought to be a total loss but hull recovered in 1894 and rebuilt. Abandoned in 1923.
Sources: wb,vbs,hgl,mv,ns3,slh
,hcgl,jb


------------------------------------------------------ 203
AVIS

Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : gas screw packet (tug?)
Build info : ?
Specs : 12 t
Date of loss : 1939, Jan 1
Place of loss : harbor at S. Manitou Isl.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : "sank"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Sources: nb,h


------------------------------------------------------ 204
AVON

Other names : none
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1857, Thurston, Kingston, Ont.
Specs : 132x23, 307 t.
Date of loss : 1869, Oct 14
Place of loss : near Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : grain & flour
Detail : Sprung a leak in a gale and beached near 40-mi Pt. Raised by the wrecking tug MAGNET on the 22nd. Patched and towed for Presque Isle, she was beached again after a big steam pump failed on the 23rd and she began to sink again. Raised again the 28th, but beached for a third time due to a gale. Abandoned and broke up in storms that followed.
Had the engine from the burned propeller TINTO(qv).
Sources: mmgl,clu,nsp,slh,csv,hgl,mdwl


------------------------------------------------------ 205
AVON

Other names : none
Official no. : 105733
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freight
Build info : 1871, Union Dry Dock Co., Buffalo
Specs : 251x35x15 1702g 1539n
Date of loss : 1901, Jun 30
Place of loss : near Pte Aux Pins, Ont.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : flour, gen merch
Detail : Fighting a big gale, she caught fire and burned nearly to the water. Declared a total loss, she was later recovered and rebuilt at great expense. Had been bound Duluth for Buffalo.
Struck bottom on Lime-Kiln crossing, Detroit R. during a time of low water in Sep, 1879, and sank, causing more than $40,000 damage to herself and her cargo.
Stranded with heavy damage near Buffalo in the fall of 1883.
Sources: nsp,gwgl,is(1-71),mv,usls,es
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3650
WILLIAM L. AXFORD

Other names : none
Official no. : 62468
Type at loss : scow-schoooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1870, New Baltimore, MI
Specs : 60x15x4, 33g
Date of loss : 1899?
Place of loss : at Pte Aux Barques
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded and total loss. Document surrendered at Port Huron Dec 30, 1899.
Sources: phr,mv,polk


------------------------------------------------------ 206
AYCLIFFE HALL

Other names : none
Official no. : C147800
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1928, Smith’s Dock Co., Southbank-on-Tees, England
Specs : 253x44
x18 1900gc
Date of loss : 1936, Jun 11
Place of loss : 18 miles W of Long Point light
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Collided with steel steamer EDWARD J. BERWIND in fog and sank. Crew was picked up by BERWIND after abandoning. Salvagers brought her to the surface that fall, but couldn't keep her afloat.
Wreck discovered by U.S. Lighthouse tender CROCUS in 1939.
Sources: do2,eas,mmgl,win,s,is,ns4,h,ledc,csv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 207
MARY D. AYER

Other names : built as JESSE HOYT, last name in about 1883
Official no. : 12973
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast [built as bark]
Build info : 1854, S. Kirby & J. Hoyt, E. Saginaw, MI
Specs : 144x29x11 472g 320n
Date of loss : 1896, May 17
Place of loss : off Gross Pointe, IL
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : Collision
Loss of life : 5 [all?]
Carrying : light
Detail : Collided with steamer ONOKO in dense fog. Taken in tow by steamer CITY OF DULUTH but sank before making port at Chicago.
Ashore and thought lost in the Straits, Sep, 1887.
Built as 516 t. bark.
Sources: vbs,wb,sol,sbs,h,mv,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 208
AZOV

Other names : none
Official no. : C ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1866, J. Simpson, Wellington Square, (Burlington?), Ont
Specs : 108x24x10 195t
Date of loss : 1911, Oct 22
Place of loss : about 15 mi off Pte Aux Barques, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 6
Carrying : piling logs
Detail : Sprang a leak, capsized and foundered in a storm. Her crew managed to escape in her boat and struggled the width of the lake in the gale to land near AZOV's homeport of Goderich. The ship's wreckage drifted ashore on the Canadian side days later.
Collided with the propeller BRISTOL and sank on Lake Ontario in July, 1870.
Rebuilt in 1906.
Sources: mmgl,clu,win,slh,sol,is,ns2,mpl,rp,sip
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 209
AZTEC

Other names : none
Official no. : 106627
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1889, D. Lester, Marine City, MI
Specs : 180x33x14 835g 653n
Date of loss : 1923, Nov 9
Place of loss : Belle River, Marine City, MI
Lake : St Clair R
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Destroyed at her homeport. Lay there until dynamited in '30s and then removed to L. Huron [remains were placed in previously raised barge PROVINCE(qv), which was then towed into the lake and scuttled].
Sources: do2,eas,ns3,mv,ledc,mpl
,hcgl
 


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