Great Lakes Shipwrecks C

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------------------------------------------------------ 435
C.D. No. 2
Other names : none
Official no. : C156942
Type at loss : unrigged derrick scow, wood
Build info : 1906, R. Weddell, Trenton, Ont.
Specs : 70x30x5, 94 cg/cn.
Date of loss : 1940, Aug 30
Place of loss : 3.5 mi W of Erieau, Ont., harbor, 12 mi out
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went down in 8 fathoms of water. Out of Chatham, Ont.
Sources: mmgl,h,win


------------------------------------------------------ 436
C.O.D.
Other names : none
Official no. : 33908
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood,
3-mast
Build info : 1873, Callister, Grand Haven
Specs : 140 ft, 289g 274n
Date of loss : 1887, Oct 22
Place of loss : 3 mi E of Port Burwell, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : wheat
Detail : This schooner beached in a northwest gale and soon broke up. She had been bound Port Huron for Buffalo. Most of the crew swam to shore, but the woman cook, who was lashed to the rigging, perished.
Owned by John Kelderhouse of Buffalo
Sources: nsp,h,ledc,mv,wb,win,hgl,usls,sb,
es3-1,


------------------------------------------------------ 437
CABOTIA
Other names : built as HIAWATHA renamed in 1913
Official no. : C133825
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1880, Linn & Craig, Gibraltar, MI [US#95600]
Specs : 235x36x20 1299g 1160n
Date of loss : 1919, Aug 25
Place of loss : Main Duck Isl.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : CABOTIA went ashore and split her hull, becoming a constructive total loss.
Sold Canadian, 1913
See also HIAWATHA
Sources: mmgl,csv,ns3
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CACOUNA - See JENNIFER

------------------------------------------------------
CADILLAC - See MAPLEHURST


------------------------------------------------------ 438
THOMAS H. CAHOON
Other names : none
Official no. : C125558
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1881, T Arnold, E. Saginaw [US# 59404]
Specs : 166x31x10 437g 410n
Date of loss : 1913, Oct 11
Place of loss : Innes Isl., Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Bound S.S. Marie for Byng Inlet in tow of steamer C.W. CHAMBERLAIN, she stranded and went to pieces on Kenny Shoal, SW corner of island.
Sold Canadian [E. Burke of Midland, Ont.] in 1913
Built for L.P. Mason of Saginaw, later owned by Shannon & Garey lumber of the same place.
Sources: nsp,slh,is(3-76),vbs,ns2,mv,lhdc,win,do
,hcgl not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4170
CAIRO
Other names : none
Official # : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1854, G. S. Weeks, Buffalo
Specs : 355 t. om
Date of loss : 1863, Oct 18
Place of loss : near Death’s Door
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : salt, carboys of acid
Detail : She was driven ashore and became a total wreck, breaking up within two hours of striking. Some of her gear was removed by the bark NEWSBOY. Owned by Western Transportation Co.
Major repairs in 1861
Sources : nsp,jm,wl
,umr

------------------------------------------------------
CALABRIA - See GLENFINLAS


------------------------------------------------------ 439
CALATCO #2
Other names : built as U.S. Navy tug NO. 56, later renamed LEADER, remaned CALATCO #2 about 1946
Official no. : 236512
Type at loss : propeller tug, steel, oil motor
Build info : 1918, Greenport, L.I., N.Y. for U.S. Navy
Specs : 82x21x10, 101 gt 69 nt
Date of loss : 1946, Nov 13
Place of loss : Oswego, NY, in harbor
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none, towing a gasoline barge
Detail : She caught fire near her engine and burned to a constructive total loss. Firemen made no headway against the blaze, which was fueled by diesel oil around her engine, and were finally pulled back because the volume of water used was sinking her. Local Coast Guardsmen finally pulled her out against the breakwater, where she burned out. Valued at over $100,000.
Owned by Canal and Lake Towing Co. of New York
Sources: h,rp not in mmgl

------------------------------------------------------
S.D. CALDWELL - See LOUIE O’NEILL

------------------------------------------------------
CALEDONIA - See also GALE STAPLES


------------------------------------------------------ 440
CALEDONIA
Other names : C?
Official no. : none (or 4384)
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : (1843, Hackett, Saugeen, Ont. or 18??, Cleveland)
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1862 (also given: 1856 or 58)
Place of loss : near Sleeping Bear Point
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (6)
Carrying : flour & salt pork
Detail : Blown ashore and wrecked.
A schooner CALEDONIA was shore near Port Colborne and expected to break up in early September of 1856, but recovered. Perhaps the same vessel as below.
The same or another schooner CALEDONIA capsized while trying to make harbor in a gale near Grand Haven, MI, Sep 17, 1856 with the loss of all six crew. The schooner went completely over and broke her masts off short against the bottom, then floated in to shore keel upward.
Probably the vessel built for the fur trade and once owned by J.J. Astor.
Sources: sb,nb,hgl,nsp,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 3310
CALEDONIA
Other names : none
Official no. : 4384
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1861, Hackett, Saugeen, Ont.
Specs : 70x18x7, 52g 50n
Date of loss : 1901, Nov 25
Place of loss : Near Glen Haven, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : slabs, X-mas trees
Detail : Abandoned in sinking condition well offshore. Washed ashore near Glen Haven. Crew picked up by schooner LOMIE A. BURTON (qv).
May be the same vessel as 1862 loss. May also be the 1870 vessel of this name, a former Canadian reported wrecked and burned in 1885-6.
Sources: nsp,mv,
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 443
CALIFORNIA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?(1849, L.Shickluna, St. Catharines, Ont or 1849, G. Ashenbach, Vermilion, OH)
Specs : ?(103x21x8, 176 t. or 71x19x4, 41 t.)
Date of loss : 1859
Place of loss : Niagara Reef, W end of Lake
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Probably also wrecked near Barcelona, NY, in 1851.
Another schooner of this name was launched at Cleveland in 1853 - she was a large 3-master.
Sources: ledc,hgl,(mmgl,wl),nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 442
CALIFORNIA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1846, J. W. Banta, Buffalo
Specs : 169x25x10, 420 t.
Date of loss : 1862, Oct 23
Place of loss : Gull Isl. Reef
Lake : Erie*
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : ?
Detail : "Wrecked" on reef.
*Also seen as L. Ontario.
Also ashore with significant damage on Pt. Pelee in Sept., 1846.
Sources: (lhl,hgl),lc,nsp,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 441
CALIFORNIA
Other names : later rebuilt as EDWARD S. PEASE (qv)
Official no. : C85309
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1873, A.
Robinson, Hamilton, Ont.
Specs : 180x26x11, 901gc 580nc
Date of loss : 1887, Oct 3
Place of loss : 1 mi off St. Helena Isl, Straits of Mackinac
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 9
of 25
Carrying : general merch.
Detail : Overwhelmed by a storm and sank about 7 mi due W of the current Mackinac Bridge N anchorage. Some of her lost crew are buried at Mackinac City. Abandoned by her owners a few days later, but raised and rebuilt as PEASE (qv) at Bay City, thus transferring her to US ownership.
Owned by Crandall & Geddes, Toronto.
Rebuilt by Allan & Bros., Port Dalhousie, and lengthened 43 feet in 1883.
Ashore and wrecked near Sand Beach, MI, Lake Huron, in June of 1884.
Sources: nsp,slh,sol,is,h,lmdc,mod,hgl,mmgl,usls,sb,
es3-1,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 444
BERTIE CALKINS
Other names : none
Official no. : C126127
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1874, Hanson & Scove, Two Rivers, WI US# 2915
Specs : 134x28x9 256g 243n
Date of loss : 1919, Oct 3*
Place of loss : near Belleville, Quinte bay
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Foundered and reported as a total loss, but later recovered. Ran as a schooner for a few more years, then converted to a barge. Abandoned around 1930, last registered in 1931.
*Date also given as Oct 9, 1917.
Registered out of Belleville, sold Canadian about 1909.
Sources: h,mv,is(2-90),win,mpl,dmt
,hcgl not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 445
CALUMET
Other names : none
Official no. : 126237
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1884,
Union Dry Dock, Buffalo
Specs : 256x
37x20, 1526g 1181n
Date of loss : 1889, Nov 28
Place of loss : near Ft. Sheridan, Ill, 20 mi N of Chicago
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 18
Carrying : coal
Detail : After springing a leak in a gale-blizzard, she was run up on beach to save crew but was broken up by storm waves. Her crew were taken off by the Lifesaving Service and a number of volunteer students from Northwestern U. after a terrific struggle.
Her leak was attributed to her striking a nest of boulders near Bois Blanc Island, Detroit R., earlier in the voyage. The rocks had become an obstruction during this low-water year.
Sources: nsp,is(4-74),lmdc,mv,eas,wb,hgl,bb,mpl,es,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 446
D.D. CALVIN
Other names : none
Official no. : C83298
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1883, Calvin & Son, Garden Isl., Ont.
Specs : 166x32x15 750gc
283nc
Date of loss : 1910, Apr 11
Place of loss : Garden Isl. , Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to a total loss while fitting out for the season.
Registered out of Kingston.
Hull launched Sep 11, 1883; engine & machinery fitted and installed at Cleveland.
Sources: (nsp),ns2,csv,win


------------------------------------------------------ 447
HIRAM A. CALVIN
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1868, H. Roney, Garden Isl., Ont as a large river tug
Specs : 144x43x10 309t
Date of loss : 1895, Dec
Place of loss : Garden Isl. Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Destroyed in accidental fire at the Calvin shipyard. Also reported as wrecked by ice.
Dismantling completed in Dec, 96.
Sources: csv,mmgl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 3767
LAURA E. CALVIN
Other names : also seen as L.E. CALVIN. Built on the hull of the steamer ECLIPSE
Official no. : C ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1863, Henry Roney, Garden Isl. Ont. as a bark
Specs : 130x21x9, 216 t.
Date of loss : 1869, Aug 5
Place of loss : 10 miles off Braddock’s Point
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : none
Carrying : in ballast
Detail : Sprung a leak and foundered while bound Kingston for the Welland Canal.
Owned at Wolfe Island, Ont.
Supplement to ‘69 clu is annotated "erase the name."
Sources: hgl,mmgl,clu,nsp,rsl,mdwl

------------------------------------------------------
CAMANCHE - See COMANCHE

------------------------------------------------------
CAMBRIA - See also LAKELAND


------------------------------------------------------ 449
CAMBRIA
Other names : built as CHAMPION, last name in 1888
Official no. : C74297
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1877, A.F. Beaulieu, Levis, Que. As a sidewheel tug
Specs : 175x23x11 937
gc 590nc
Date of loss : 1902, Jul 16
Place of loss : Reid's Isl., Welland Canal
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : navigational error
Loss of life : none
Carrying : passengers
Detail : Sheared off and struck the rocks surrounding the island. Raised soon after but found to be a constructive total loss.
Struck a log raft with heavy damage in 1897.
Built as a big rafting tug, lengthened 44'
and rebuilt as a passenger vessel in 1887
Sources: mmgl,is(2-59),slh,ns1,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 450
CAMBRIDGE
Other names : none
Official no. : 5399
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1868, Detroit Dry Dock, Detroit hull #4
Specs : 162x28x13 445g
Date of loss : 1873, Aug 30
Place of loss : near Marquette, MI [Big Bay Point]
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Thrown on a rocky shore by a storm, where she broke up in another storm in early September. She had been bound Marquette for Cleveland.
Homeport: Detroit, owned by John Hosmer
Sources: atl,lss,mv,bb,nsp
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
M.C. CAMERON - See GEORGE GOBLE


------------------------------------------------------ 4032
CAMERONIAN
Other names : none
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1863, A. A. Hackett, Baie de dore, Ont.
Specs :
Date of loss : 1865, April 15
Place of loss : near Point Clark, Ont., S of Southampton
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : This schooner drove ashore in a snow storm and became a total loss. She was later stripped of her rigging and abandoned.
Owned by her skipper, Laughlen Cameron of Baie de dore [near Inverhuron, Ont.]
Sources: jw

------------------------------------------------------
CAMILLA - See RUSSELL ROQUE

------------------------------------------------------
CAMP - see COLONEL CAMP


------------------------------------------------------ 452
MYRTLE CAMP
Other names : none
Official no. : 92416
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1892, Manitowoc, WI
Specs : 68x18x6 48g 46n
Date of loss : 1894, May 18
Place of loss : off Deadman's Point, near Menominee, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : salt, empty barrels
Detail : Driven ashore 500 feet from deep water in a terrific spring gale, 1.5 mi north of Ingallston, MI. Tugs were unable to reach her and she was abandoned. However, she was later recovered, finished her days on the east coast after an abortive attempt to "round the Horn" in 1897, when she was not allowed to leave a U.S. harbor due to her poor condition and equipment.
Sources: rkr,h,mv,nsp,


------------------------------------------------------ 453
T.H. CAMP
Other names : none
Official no. : 145127
Type at loss : fishing tug, wood
Build info : 1876, Luther Read, Cape Vincent, NY
Specs : 65x15x6 59g 45n
Date of loss : 1900, Nov 16
Place of loss : near Madeline Isl, Apostles
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber camp supplies
Detail : She struck a reef and sank. She was a fish tug which had been chartered as a temporary cargo carrier and was bound for Madeline Isl.. Went down in 200 ft. of water.
She was built for moving from fishing boat to fishing boat, picking up the catch, and thus had a very shallow draft.
Owned by A. Booth of Chicago
Sources: gwgl,is(1-71),mv,nsp,

------------------------------------------------------
COLIN CAMPBELL - See EMBURY


------------------------------------------------------ 454
FANNY CAMPBELL
Other names : none
Official no. : C96846
Type at loss : schooner, wood, but often described as a bark
Build info : 1868, L Shickluna, St. Catharines, Ont.
Specs : 404 t
Date of loss : 1899, Sep
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : ?
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Lost, no detail
In 1877 more than $10,000 was spent on the building of large iron tanks in her hold for the transport of oil cargoes. She ran crude oil cargoes to Montreal from points west for several years at least. It’s not known if the the tanks were still installed at the time of loss, but probably not.
Ashore and reported abandoned on Lake Erie in Nov, 1874.
Recovered in July, 1875.
Capsized off Rondeau, Lake Erie, in Jun, 1869, and towed over 80 miles to Detroit by the tug CLEMATIS while still on her beam ends.
Sources: nsp,mmgl,h,win,es

------------------------------------------------------
GORDON CAMPBELL - See STRATHMORE


------------------------------------------------------ 455
P.M. CAMPBELL
Other names : none
Official no. : C94684
Type at loss : propeller
tug, wood
Build info : 1889, S.D. Andrews, Collingwood
Specs : 72x14x7, 49g 33n
Date of loss :
1908, Sep 11
Place of loss : at Manitowaning, Ont., Manitoulin Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail :
Burned at the dock at Manitowaning. Her captain stayed aboard and ran the burning vessel to deeper water, where she was scuttled, thus saving her machinery. The hull was later removed to a point just off Chicken Island, Collins Inlet, and there scuttled.
Document surrendered after burning at Little Current, Ont, Nov 15, 1899.
Sources: mmgl,h,win,
go


------------------------------------------------------ 456
PEARL B. CAMPBELL
Other names : none
Official no. : 150296
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1883, J.B. Martel, Saugatuck, MI
Specs : 55x16x7 22g 11n
Date of loss : 1895, Dec 7
Place of loss : near Huron Islands
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 7 [all]
Carrying : none
Detail : Returning to Duluth after pulling at the stranded schooner HENRY A. KENT near Marquette, she filled and sank stern first in a gale after accumulating a heavy load of ice on her upperworks.
See C.J. KERSHAW for more on KENT.
Feared lost in a gale in November of same year while on same job, but turned up sheltering.
Sources: nsp,is(4-73),gwgl,gsgl,h,mv,wb,lss,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 457
RALPH CAMPBELL
Other names : none
Official no. : 21179
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1855, Peck & Masters, Cleveland
Specs : 127x26x9 227g 215n
Date of loss : 1909, Oct 14
Place of loss : near Long Point
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Swamped by a storm and drifted ashore, where she was wrecked by waves after a 54-year career.
Ashore and given up for lost on Hog Island Reef, Lake Michigan, in 1859.
Rebuilt in 1862
Sources: ns1,mv,rsl,nsp

------------------------------------------------------
CANADA - See also EUREKA, J.W. STEINHOFF


------------------------------------------------------ 3437
CANADA
Other names : ?
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood
Build info : 1826, Rouge River [Toronto], Ont.
Specs : 250 t.
Date of loss : 1837
Place of loss : near Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Wrecked.
Sources: csv(s),hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 458
CANADA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast formerly sidewheel steamer
Build info : 1846, Chippawa, Ont.
Specs : 199x28x13, 758 t.
Date of loss : 1858, Aug 30
Place of loss : at Chicago
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber [a half million board feet]
Detail : Came into Chicago harbor the previous day leaking from a storm and settled just north of downtown. The next day, while the tug McQUEEN was trying to rescue her, she blew southward and struck a bar off the old waterworks, where she broke her back and later went to pieces.
Owned by E. A. Bruce, Chicago.
Built in Canada as a steamer, seized by U.S. in 1849, rebuilt as a bark in 1852.
Brought a locomotive and 2300 rails to Chicago in the spring of 1853.
Sources: is,csv,hgl,mmgl,mpl,nsp,wl,
rnc


------------------------------------------------------ 3908
CANADA
Other names : also seen as CANADA No. 2 and YOUNG CANADA
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel tug, wood
Build info : 1852, St. Antoine de Tilly, Quebec
Specs : 108x18x? , ca. 59 t.
Date of loss : 1865, Nov 28
Place of loss : near Bar Pt.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : schooner and barge in tow
Detail : She struck bottom near Bar Point while trying to bring her charges into the Detroit River. The Hackett brothers, local tugmen from Malden, Ont. came immediately to the crew's rescue at great peril to themselves and their tug ZOUAVE. The little sidewheeler broke up quickly, but her machinery was later recovered.
Owned by Cherry & Barker, Chicago.
Sold American after a devastating fire at her dock on the St. Clair R. in October, 1855. Owned out of Bay City in 1864.
Rebuilt at Detroit in 1856. Major repair in 1862
Sources: nsp,csv,rsl not in lhl


------------------------------------------------------ 3281
CANADA
Other names : none
Official no. : C
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1861, L. Shickluna, St. Catharines Ont. as a bark
Specs : 143x26x12, 399 t.
Date of loss : 1882, Nov 11
Place of loss : Colchester Shoal
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : black walnut and oak lumber
Detail : Ran aground. At first she was not seriously damaged, but she was later destroyed by wave action. Totally broken up by Nov 25. She had been bound Toledo for Quebec.
Owned by S Neelon of St. Catharines.
Major repairs in 1871 and 74
Sources: nsp,clu,rp,rsl,es not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 459
CANADA
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1858, Detroit
Specs : 143 t
Date of loss : 1883
Place of loss : off Rockport, MI, near Rogers City
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : sank
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Reported sunk and lost.
Not in '69 mvus or mmgl
Sources: slh,hdm,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 460
CANADA
Other names : rebuilt as EUREKA in 1893
Official no. : C100392
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1872, A. Robertson, Hamilton, Ont.
Specs : 135x24 557gc
Date of loss : 1892, Oct 18
Place of loss : at Port Huron, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Caught fire and gutted, abandoned by owners. Later raised by U.S. salvors, engine removed and hull converted to the American schooner-barge EUREKA.
Originally 142 ft, 644 t.; rebuilt and reduced in size, spring,1892
Sources: is,slh,h,csv,hgl,mmgl,st


------------------------------------------------------ 461
CANADA
Other names : ?
Official no. : C116485
Type at loss : steamer
Build info : ?
Specs : 2,445 t
Date of loss : 1916, Nov 2
Place of loss : Mitchell's Bay
Lake : St. Clair
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : She reportedly collided with a tug and sank, but details are sketchy. Name of tug may be MITCHELL'S BAY or that may be location of the loss.
Probably recovered.
Built or acquired from foreign sources about 1904.
Sources: h,win not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 462
CANADA #2
Other names : ?
Official no. : C111911
Type at loss : towbarge, wood
Build info : unknown
Specs : 96x18, 107gc 85nc
Date of loss : 1902, Apr
Place of loss : 3 mi E of Toronto harbor entrance
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Wrecked in a gale - cast off by tug in big waves, went ashore and pounded to pieces.
Out of Toronto
Built or acquired from foreign sources about 1901
Sources: h,win,mmgl

------------------------------------------------------
CANADIAN - See OLIVER LEE, ONTARIO


------------------------------------------------------ 463
CANADIAN
Other names : none
Official no. : C none?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1856, M. Simpson, Oakville, Ont.
Specs : 103x21x9, 160gc 153nc
Date of loss : 1880, Nov 5
Place of loss : near Clara Isl. [Robert Pt.], North Channel
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded, total loss.
Date also given as Nov 6, tonnage 230.
Out of Oakville, formerly of Toronto
Sunk near Port Credit, Ont. in December of 1856.
Major repair in 1863, rebuilt in 1871
Sources: slh,h,lhdc,win,mmgl,rsl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 464
FRANK CANFIELD
Other names : none
Official no. : 120256
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1875, Manistee*
Specs : 63x16x8 48g 25n
Date of loss : 1904, Apr 11
Place of loss : Big Sable Point, Michigan
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 3 of 5
Carrying : none
Detail : Pushed onto a bar after her steering chain parted, where she broke up and sank. Owned by Barnes & Co. of Ludington, her crew was from Manistee.
Major repair in 1882. By 1884 she was a wrecking tug.
*unofficial sources say she built by Rand & Burger, Manitowoc, Manistee is official (mv), but probably incorrect
Sources: nsp,sol,h,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4171
M. L. CANFIELD
Other names : built as MARY LYDIA, renamed in 1881
Official # : C
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : between 1871 and 73
Specs : 104x23x10, 150 t.
Date of loss : 1881, Sep 15
Place of loss : off Bar Point
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Bound Sandusky, OH, for Amherstburg, Ont., she encountered a storm and anchored off Bar Point. As the wave increased, they began to sweep her decks and she was abandoned. Her crew made it to Amherstburg after 8 hours in an open boat. The following spring the Canadian government contracted to have the wreckage, which had been moved and largely broken up by ice, removed. She was dredged out of existence by mid-July.
Owned by Canfields of Kingsville, Ont.
Rebuilt and enlarged at Amherstburg, Ont., in 1881. Essentially a new vessel afterwards, was lost barely a month later.
Sources : es,clu,jm,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 465
CANISTEO
Other names : none
Official no. : 4394
Type at loss : propeller. Wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1862, Mason & Bidwell, Buffalo
Specs : 196 ft. 856g 668n
Date of loss : 1880, Oct 14
Place of loss : tip of Waugoschance Point, Straits of Mack.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : flaxseed, flour, corn, lard and passengers
Detail : She collided with the schooner GEORGE MURRAY in a storm and sank, a total loss. Barrels of lard from her cargo washed ashore for weeks. Some gear and her machinery was salvaged over the next few years.
Sources: ssm,nsp,slh,is,lmdc,lhl,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 466
CANISTEO
Other names : none
Official no. : 126360
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1886, W. Dulac, Mt. Clemens
Specs : 182x34x12 595g 539n
Date of loss : 1920
Place of loss : Port Huron, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned offshore, a constructive total loss. Her remains were scrapped the next year.
Equipped with a deck crane at Duluth, 1908
Sources: slh,ns3,mv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 467
CANOBIE
Other names : built as IRON KING last name in 1913
Official no. : C133826
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1887, Detroit Dry Dock, Detroit [US#100412] hull# 80
Specs : 259x38x22 1748gc 1031nc
Date of loss : 1921, Nov 1
Place of loss : 30 mi WSW of Port Colborne, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Heavily damaged offshore by a storm. She was somehow able to limp into Erie, PA, where she sank. She was inspected and declared a constructive total loss and was eventually stripped of usable items and burned.
Sold Canadian, 1913. Registered out of Montreal.
Sources: atl,mmgl,ns3,h,csv,win,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3312
CANOPUS
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1855, F. D. Ketchum, Huron, OH
Specs : 386 t.
Date of loss : 1865, Jun 24
Place of loss : off Claybanks
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 16,500 bu wheat
Detail : She collided with bark REPUBLIC between 3 and 4 am and sank in 7 fathoms of water after about 20 minutes. Her crew escaped in her yawl. Owned by Munn & Scott of Chicago. The tug DISPATCH recovered her outfit two weeks later.
Went ashore and was expected to break up at Erie, PA, in September of 1859, but later rescued.
Sources: nsp,rsl

------------------------------------------------------
CANTON - See FRONTIER CITY


------------------------------------------------------ 468
CAPELLA
Other names : none also on official lists as CAPPELLA
Official no. : 4578
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1850, Halver Nelson, Algoma, WI
Specs : 51x15x6, 25 gt
Date of loss : 1883, May 9
Place of loss : 3 mi N of harbor entrance at Racine, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : slabs
Detail : She ran ashore in a squall. She was pulled off after several days, but rolled on her beam ends twice while being towed in. Declared a total loss after the second time and was reportedly abandoned, but she still shows on some later records.
Sources: mv,h,usls,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 469
M. CAPRON
Other names : none
Official no. : 90772
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1875, P. White, Conneaut, OH
Specs : 116x23x9 170g 161n
Date of loss : 1898, Oct 31
Place of loss : off Bailey's Harbor, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Foundered on Halloween.
Sources: mv,h,mpl


------------------------------------------------------
CAPT. GEORGE W. NAUGHTIN - See BERWYN


------------------------------------------------------ 3438
CAPTAIN K
Other names : ?
Official no. : C
Type at loss : fishing trawler,steel
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1991, Mar 18
Place of loss : off Port Dover, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 3
Carrying : smelt
Detail : Rammed at night by Canadian Coast Guard Cutter GRIFFON and sank. Returning to port when lost. Immediate search failed to locate any wreckage or crew. The hulk was later located on the bottom.
Sources: nsp,radio

------------------------------------------------------
CAPTAIN JOHN ROEN - See GEORGE M. HUMPHREY

------------------------------------------------------
CAPT. G. H. SMITH - See MARY KAY


------------------------------------------------------ 470
J.F. CARD
Other names : none
Official no. : 12778
Type at loss : schooner, wood,
Build info : 1864, Nichols, Vermilion, OH
Specs : 137x26x11 277g 263n
Date of loss : 1900, Nov 15
Place of loss : Point Douglas, N of Inverhuron, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Driven on the rocky point by a nor’wester and broke up in place. Her crew was rescued from shore by locals in a small rowboat. She had been bound for Saginaw.
Owned by H. Wineman of Detroit, hailed from Port Huron.
Sources: nsp,is(3-66),ns1,lhdc


------------------------------------------------------ 471
CARDINAL
Other names : built as steamer WINDSOLITE, renamed IMPERIAL WINDSOR in 1947, CARDINAL in 1973
Official no. : C138580
Type at loss : propeller, steel, tanker
Build info : 1927, Furness Shipbuilding, Haverton Hill, Eng. as a package freighter
Specs : 250x43x18 1930gc
Date of loss : 1974, May 21
Place of loss : Pelee Passage
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : She had blown for passing the big bulker HENRY STEINBRENNER starboard-starboard, but she cut in front of the giant steamer during the maneuver and was cut 2/3 through by the resulting collision. One of HENRY's bower anchors was sheared off above the flukes by the force of the collision. CARDINAL staggered off and sank on a rocky shoal nearby. The hulk was recovered but declared a constructive total loss.
Sources: mmgl,csv,ff
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 472
M.D. CARDINGTON - erroneous reporting of an accident to E. M. CARRINGTON (qv) in 1873

------------------------------------------------------
W.S. CARKIN - See also JOSEPH H


------------------------------------------------------ 473
W.S. CARKIN
Other names : none
Official no. : 81198
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1874, Ch. Wheeler, E. Saginaw
Specs : 70x16x6 29g 14n
Date of loss : 1887, Nov 23
Place of loss : near Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Bound S.S. Marie for Saginaw, she struck a reef in heavy weather and wrecked. Her crew was rescued by the tug EFFIE L.
A new vessel of the same name was launched the next year (see JOSEPH H)
Sources: slh,sbs,nsp,vbs,phr,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 474
CARLINGFORD
Other names : none also seen as CARLINGSFORD
Official no. : 125024
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1869, Fitzgerald & Leighton, Port Huron
Specs : 155x31x12 470g
Date of loss : 1881, Nov 12
Place of loss : off Dunkirk, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : 26,000 bu wheat
Detail : Collided with iron steamer BRUNSWICK (qv), both vessels sank. The dead crewman was lost in the scramble to her boats as she quickly sank.
One report says she drifted below the surface until her wreckage came to rest near Port Colborne, Ont., 30 miles from wreck site, but the wreck was discovered only 12 miles off Dunkirk in the mid-1990’s.
Broke nearly in 2 and sank off the Manitous, Lake Michigan, in Nov, 1869. Recovered in Apr, 1870, and completely rebuilt.
Also rebuilt in 1880 after stranding on Horseshoe Reef, Lake Erie, in the fall of 1879.
Sources: do2,eas,sol,h,ledc,nsp,hgl,usls,mpl,mv,es


------------------------------------------------------ 475
CARLOTTA
Other names : none
Official no. : 105834
Type at loss : gas screw (fish tug?)
Build info : 1879, Boston as a schooner
Specs : 39x14x5, 14g 12n
Date of loss : 1913
Place of loss : off Grand Island, Munising bay, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Caught fire while underway.
Registered out of Buffalo in 1911
*1910, changed from schooner to gas screw after 1910
Sources: (gwgl),mv


------------------------------------------------------ 3439
CARLYLE
Other names : ? also seen as CARLISLE
Official no. : C
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1870, Bedford Mills, Ont.
Specs : 105 ft., 128 t.
Date of loss : 1893, Sep
Place of loss : near Picton, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : "Wrecked"
Reportedly condemned in 1885.
Sources: nsp,hgl,csv


------------------------------------------------------ 4150
CARMINA
Other names : built as DAN, renamed in 1892. Also seen as CARMANA
Official no. : C92559
Type at loss : propeller (tug?), wood
Build info : 1889, Louis Braulac, Sorel, Que.
Specs : 90x16x5, 56gc 38nc
Date of loss : 1902, Sep
Place of loss : Bay of Quinte, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : ?
Detail : Caught fire and burned to a total loss on the north shore of the Bay, near Belleville, Ont.
Out of Belleville
Sources: mmgl,csv

------------------------------------------------------
CARMONA - See PITTSBURG


------------------------------------------------------ 3622
RICHARD J. CARNEY
Other names : also seen as R.J. CARNEY
Official no. : 56496
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1871, Saginaw [Official records show her built at Buffalo, but 1871 news clippings from Saginaw describe her launch there. Hull may have been built at Saginaw, finished in Buffalo]
Specs : 150x31x11, 397g 377n
Date of loss : 1895, Sep 28 (or Dec.)
Place of loss : near Shelldrake, MI, Whitefish Bay
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Stranded and pounded to pieces near Shelldrake dock, where she had been loading lumber. Caught by a storm, she was driven ashore, along with her tow steamer NELLIE TORRENT.. Document surrendered at Port Huron 12/30/95.
Sources: vbs,nsp,lss,wb


------------------------------------------------------ 476
CAROLINE
Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : (1825, Kingston, Ont.)
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1832, Dec 2
Place of loss : off Duck Isls
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 of 6 [2 were passengers]
Carrying : drygoods worth $30-40,000
Detail : She capsized and sank in a violent squall, while her crew abandoned in her yawl. Bound Oswego for Ogdensburg, NY. Crew made it to the Ducks in six hours, where, after much suffering from cold and snow, they were picked up by the schooner HURON. The vessel was later towed in, but there is no information on whether she returned to service.
Owned by J.T. Trowbridge & Co., Oswego or out of Genesee, NY.
Some sources say erroneously that she was lost on Ducks in L Huron.
Sources: slh,hgl,osdo,rp


------------------------------------------------------ 477
CAROLINE
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood
Build info : 1822, New York City (some sources say Charleston, SC, others Ogdensburgh, NY)
Specs : 71x21x6, 46 t.
Date of loss : 1837, Dec 29
Place of loss : Niagara Falls.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : military
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : none
Detail : She was a commercial vessel which came to the lakes in 1835 and was chartered to tranport arms and munitions to Navy Island, near Buffalo. On the night in question, she was commandeered by about 60 Canadian rebels under command of a Royal Navy officer at Schlosser on the Niagara R. In the fight that followed, she was set afire, then was abandoned and drifted down the river, where she burned to the waterline. Some sources say she went over the Falls. The incident caused hostile feelings along the U.S. northeastern frontier for many months.
Owned by William Wells of Buffalo.
Sources: is(1-69),sol,h,lhl,hgl,eh,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 478
CAROLINE
Other names : built as armed sloop PORCUPINE, renamed 1830
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1812, Presque Isle, PA
Specs : 60 t
Date of loss : 1855
Place of loss : Spring Lake, near Grand Haven, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Veteran of Perry's War of 1812 fleet. Later a survey vessel (surveyed water border between U.S. & Canada), a revenue cutter and still later a merchantman. Retired in 1840's and tied up on Spring Lake, where she eventually sank. Later parts of her hull were salvaged and cut into souvenirs. A historical society has the rest of her.
A 1900 nsp article says she was turned over to the Field Mus.
Sources: nsp,lmdc,is,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 3578
GEORGE CARPENTER
Other names : none
Official no. : 39388
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1864, G. Carpenter, Bay City
Specs : 41x10x4, 10g 10n
Date of loss : 1893
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : unreported
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail. Document surrendered Dec 6, 1893 at Port Huron, annotated "wrecked."
This may be the reporting of a stranding of this vessel in October, 1889.
Sources: vbs,phr,mv,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 479
HONORA CARR
Other names : built as MAPLE LEAF
Official no. : US
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1867, Redmond & Tait, Picton, Ont.
Specs : 92x23x8, 107t
Date of loss : 1886, Sep 4
Place of loss : 2 mi SW of Pt Abino
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 of 5
Carrying : coal
Detail : Bound Buffalo for Port Huron. Turned back for Buffalo for shelter in a storm, but foundered in 60 feet of water a few miles short.
Driven ashore near Buffalo in fall of '83. Abandoned, but recovered & rebuilt in 1885 by Michael Carr of Buffalo. Came into U.S. registry at that time.
Sources: win,nsp,ledc,h,hgl,mmgl,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 480
CARRIER
Other names : none
Official no. : 4334
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1865, D. Lester, Marine City, MI as a bark
Specs : 123x26x9 187g 178n
Date of loss : 1923, Sep 30
Place of loss : off Waukegan, IL
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : She had been retired from commercial service for many years and was just ending a carrer serving as a yacht club clubhouse. Sank while being towed away for scrapping.
One source says built in 1863. Rebuilt to a three-mast schooner before 1871.
Sources: mv,lmdc,mpl,wl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3768
CARRIER DOVE
Other names : none
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2 mast
Build info : 1854, Austin Horn, Wolfe Isl, Ont.
Specs : 89x19x8, 111 t.
Date of loss : 1867, May 9
Place of loss : at Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Swept from her moorings and down the Oswego R., she went directly UNDER a large moored schooner, where he masts were ripped out. The hulk rolled out into the lake and eventually came ashore nearby, a total loss.
Major repair in 1861
Sources: hgl,mmgl(nac),rp,rsl not in clu ‘66


------------------------------------------------------ 481
F. CARRIN
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : propeller (tug?)
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1912
Place of loss : ?
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Sources: slh


------------------------------------------------------ 482
CARRINGTON
Other names : none
Official no. : 4342
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1853, Black R., OH
Specs : 121x25x10, 275 t
Date of loss : 1870, Oct 30
Place of loss : Hat Island Reef
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 6 of 7
Carrying : 200 t. pig iron, 1.5 million shingles
Detail : Bound Depere for Chicago, she stuck on reef and was broken up by waves. Bound Depere for Chicago, owned out of Chicago.
Out of Chicago, owned by the Connell Bros., one of whom was the skipper of the vessel and the other the mate. The mate was lost. Most of her cargo was salvaged the following March.
Rebuilt in 1861
Sources: nsp,lmdc,hgl,wl,rsl,mv


------------------------------------------------------ 483
E.M. CARRINGTON
Other names : none
Official no. : 8104
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1867, A. Stewart, Port Huron, MI
Specs : 88x22x8, 121 t
Date of loss : 1880, Nov 5
Place of loss : midlake, 25 mi SE of Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 4 [all]
Carrying : lumber [100,000 ft]
Detail : Bound Muskegon for Milwaukee, she became waterlogged in a storm and capsized well offshore. She was considered lost, but was later found awash, was righted and repaired and later returned to service.
Registered out of Milwaukee.
Drove ashore in a gale near AuSable, Michigan, in 1873.
Major repairs in 1874 & 78.
Sources: nsp,h,usls,mpl,slh,hgl,jos


------------------------------------------------------ 484
E.T. CARRINGTON
Other names : none
Official no. : 135211
Type at loss : sidewheel tug, wood
Build info : 1876, T. Boston, Bangor, MI
Specs : 76x17x6 57g 48n
Date of loss : 1907, Aug 23
Place of loss : 15 mi out of Duluth
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : She sprang a leak and foundered while inbound for Duluth from Ashland. Her crew were rescued by the steamer FREDERICK B. WELLS.
Also nearly destroyed by fire while towing a log raft off Baraga, MI, 1885 or 6, May 17.
Sources: eas,vbs,is,gwgl,sbs,vbs,lss,hgl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 485
M.D. CARRINGTON
Other names : none
Official no. : 90792
Type at loss : propeller tug, iron
Build info : 1875, D. Bell, Buffalo
Specs : 67x16x9 64g 32n
Date of loss : 1902, Sep 1
Place of loss : Duluth-Superior harbor
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : towing accident
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : none
Detail : Towing the freighter WATT when she got out of line with her, fouled in her own towline, capsized and sank. The tug’s engineer drowned getting into the liferaft.
Recovered.
Dismantled in 1949.
Also burned near Keweenaw in May 17, 1885.
Sources: nsp,gwgl,mv,mpl,df,bb
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 486
J.J. CARROLL
Other names : none
Official no. : 224735
Type at loss : oil screw fish tug
Build info : 1925, LaFountain, Sandusky, OH
Specs : 59x16x5 77g
Date of loss : 1929, Nov 7
Place of loss : Pelee Isl.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Destroyed by fire, no detail. Owned by United Fisheries Co.
Sources: www,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 487
J.J. CARROLL II
Other names : built as JOSEPH T. SLOAT last name in 1929
Official no. : 204977
Type at loss : oil screw fish tug, wood
Build info : 1908, L. Pouliot, Sandusky, OH
Specs : 63x15x5 30g 20n
Date of loss : 1939, Oct 12
Place of loss : 6 mi E of Fairport, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : none [nobody aboard]
Carrying : none
Detail : Having drifted away from her dock, she struck a bar and foundered close to shore.
Rebuilt from a small freighter to a fishing tug in 1929 to replace J.J. CARROLL(qv).
Sources: www,h,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 488
MAGGIE CARROLL
Other names : none
Official no. : 91593
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1883, M Carroll, Duluth
Specs : 49x14x4 16g 9n
Date of loss : 1893, Sep 28
Place of loss : Wisconsin side of Duluth-Superior harbor
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : She burned to the waterline at the lighthouse dock.
Sources: nsp,mv,is,gwgl,lss,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 489
JAMES CARRUTHERS
Other names : none sometinmes seen as JAMES C. CARRUTHERS
Official no. : C131090
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1913, Collingwood Shipbuilding, Collingwood, Ont. hull# 38
Specs : 529x58x27 7862gc 5606nc
Date of loss : 1913, Nov 11
Place of loss : off Kincardine, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 25 [all]
Carrying : 10,000 t wheat
Detail : This modern steamer was overwhelmed and foundered in the "Big Storm" of 1913. Probably capsized in the greatest Great Lakes storm on record. She was brand-new and was the largest Canadian laker when lost.
(Wreckage reported found in late 1980's.)
Sources: is(3-71),mmgl,lol,glss,gsgl,sol,ttgl,mol,win,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------
CARRY - see COLONEL CARRY


------------------------------------------------------ 491
J.N. CARTER
Other names : none also seen as J.S. CARTER
Official no. : C72962
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1875, W. Redmond, Picton, Ont.*
Specs : 112x25x9, 187gc 187nc
Date of loss : 1890
Place of loss : Missasagi Strait, NW end of Manitoulin Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : She plowed into a reef [now called "Carter Rock"] and was destroyed. Out of Picton, Ont., owned by Welbanks Bros.
Also stranded 2 mi S of Kincardine Pier, Ont. Nov 15, 1883 [see ERIE BELLE].
*Built by John Tait at Redmond shipyard
Major repair, 1882
Sources: slh,polk,mmgl,win,es,eb


------------------------------------------------------ 492
W.J. CARTER
Other names : none
Official no. : C141764
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1886, Wolf & Davidson, Milwaukee US# 81112
Specs : 122x28x10 317gc
170nc
Date of loss : 1923, Jul 28
Place of loss : 20 mi S of Point Petre, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : coal
Detail : She sprang a leak in a gale and foundered. Bound Oswego to Cobourg, Ont.
Her crew was later rescued from their lifeboat, by the propeller KEYPORT..
Damaged when she went ashore on Yorkshire Isl, Lake Ont., in 1919.
Sold Canadian in 1920.
Sources: mmgl,ms3,mv,csv,win,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 493
CARTHAGINIAN
Other names : none also seen as CARTHAGENIA and CARTHAGENIAN
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1855, A Miller, Oswego [East Cove], NY
Specs : 139x26x12 405g 374n
Date of loss : 1867, Nov 29
Place of loss : at Baldwin Bay, below Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Her bowsprit and headgear were torn out by a high wind just as she was entering Oswego harbor, causing her to go out of control. She drifted onto the rocks at Baldwin Bay. Her crew made it to shore with the aid of the Oswego harbormaster and local shipmasters who manned a small boat, lowered it over a 75 foot cliff, and rescued them from the ship's perch. She had been bound Chicago for Oswego.
Owned by Lyons & Finney, Oswego.
Sources: osdo,is,hgl,rsl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 494
JACQUES CARTIER
Other names : none
Official no. : C71253
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "steambarge"
Build info : 1870, Napoleon Muron, Detroit built as a pass & pkg freight vessel
Specs : 85x19x5, 74gc 66nc
Date of loss : 1878, Oct 28
Place of loss : near Goderich, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Wrecked in a storm, but there is little detail. Out of Windsor.
Location & date also given as "near Kincardine, Nov, 1878."
Sold Canadian in 1875.
Sources: nsp,mmgl,hdm,slh,h,csv


------------------------------------------------------ 495
CARTIERCLIFFE HALL
Other names : built as RUHR ORE this name in 1976. Renamed WINNIPEG in 1988, currently sailing as ALGONTARIO
Official no. : C 372490
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1960, Germany rebuilt & lengthened in 1976
Specs :
716x76x36, 18531gc 12617nc
Date of loss : 1979, Jun 5
Place of loss : off Copper Harbor, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life :
6 or 7
Carrying : corn
Detail : A blaze in her superstructure caused $4.5 million damages to the vessel and her cargo as well as the loss of
several of the crew, who were unble to abandon ship with the rest.. Her survivors were picked up by the freighters LOUIS R. DESMARAIS and THOMAS W. LAMONT. She was later rebuilt at Collingwood.
Sources: is,go,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 496
CASCADEN
Other names : none
Official no. : C?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1866, A. Hackett, Saugeen, Ont.
Specs : 138 t
Date of loss : 1871, Oct 17
Place of loss : 3 miles below Cape Hurd, near Tobermory, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : lighthouse supplies
Detail : She went ashore and was wrecked in a gale. She had on board supplies for the Cove Island Lighthouse keeper and his family who were in desperate straits. Bound there from Goderich, Ont.
Out of Saugeen, Ont.
Sources: eas,slh,lhdc,nsp,wl,do not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 497
CASE
Other names : built as JAMES C. LOCKWOOD renamed, 1900
Official no. : C126198
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1889, Quayle & Sons, Cleveland [US# 76824]
Specs : 286x42x22 2279g 1912n
Date of loss : 1917, May 1
Place of loss : E. Sister Island
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Discovered to be leaking and beached on the island to save her, but she broke up in place.
She caugth fire while her crew was abandoning, and burned to ta toal loss. Her cargo was later salvaged.
Sold Canadian, 1914
Sources: do2,ns2,h,mv,ledc,csv,win,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 498
GEORGE M. CASE
Other names : none
Official no. : 85386
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1874, J. Martel, Saugatuck, MI
Specs : 137x26x12., 344g 327n
Date of loss : 1886, Oct 14
Place of loss : 3 mi off Port Colborne, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 3 of 7
Carrying : corn
Detail : Foundered in a SW gale just after leaving the harbor. She had been bound Chicago for Buffalo. 4 crew were saved from the spars by tugs BOOTH and W.A. MOORE. She was later [1887] stripped and flattened with explosives.
Out of Chicago. Owned by Capt. McDonald.
Sources: mv,eas,nsp,h,ledc,wb,win,hgl,usls,mpl,rp,es
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 499
REED CASE
Other names : none
Official no. : 21929
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1869, Bailey Bros., Toledo
Specs : 137x26x14, 330g 314n
Date of loss : 1888, Oct 19
Place of loss : 4 mi from Portage Ship Canal entrance
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 [capt]
Carrying : light
Detail : Bound from Duluth, she dragged anchor and went on a reef in a SW gale and pounded heavily. The captain drowned when coming ashore in her yawl and it capsized. Tug A.C. ADAMS got her off the reef and almost pulled the disabled schooner to the canal entrance before she foundered.
Owned by C.J. Magill of Chicago.
Sources: mv,h,ks,lss,nsp,wb,hgl,sb,df,eas,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 500
WILLIAM CASE
Other names : none*
Official no. : 26643
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1855, Roderick Calkins, Cleveland
Specs : 137x27x11 267g 254n
Date of loss : 1906, Jul 26
Place of loss : 5 mi NNE of Colchester Shoal Light
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Her seams opened in heavy weather & sank.
*Shown on official records as WM. CASE, but "William" was painted on hull and called this in nsp accounts of her career.
Sources: ns1,mv,ledc,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 501
CASPIAN
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & freight
Build info : 1851, J. Wolverton, Newport [Marine City], MI
Specs : 252x31x12, 921 t
Date of loss : 1852, Jul 1
Place of loss : short distance off Cleveland piers
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Foundered, but no detail. Some of her gear and structural members were salvaged in the spring of 1853, and the wreck was flattened with dynamite.
Engine came from NORTHWEST (? 3-45)
Sources: eas,is(1-45),sol,h,lhl,hgl,nsp,mpl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 4172
CASPIAN
Other names : none
Official # : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1853, Huron, OH
Specs : 58x16x6, 48 t.
Date of loss : 1856, Oct 28
Place of loss : near Erie, PA
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : sabotage
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Bound Cleveland for Buffalo, she was lying to at Fairport when she was stolen by her crew. They abandoned her and let her go ashore. As of Dec 6, she was still there, embedded in the sand. Later reports call her a total loss.
Sources : nsp,wl,jm


------------------------------------------------------ 4173
CASPIAN
Other names : hull built as LADY HILLIARD at Kingston in 1835 or 29, reconstructed as ISABELLA in 1847, renamed CASPIAN after 1854
Official # : C
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1847, Taylor, Cobourg, Ont.
Specs : 81 t.
Date of loss : 1866, Nov 10
Place of loss : near Port Hope, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : In a gale which destroyed or damaged 10 vessels in the area, she was driven on a bar and sunk. She was reported as "gone to pieces" by the 4th.
Rebuilt in 1856
Sources : nsp,rsl,jm,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 4097
LEWIS CASS
Other names : none
Official no. :
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1846, Bradley, Vermilion, OH
Specs : 98x24x9, 192 t.
Date of loss : 1865, late Oct
Place of loss : near Bailey's Harbor, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : ?
Detail : She was reported a total wreck at Bailey's Harbor.
Owned by Capron & Russell, Conneaut
Also reported wrecked near Conneaut in 1854.
Major repairs in 1860
Sources: nsp,rsl,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 502
CASTALIA
Other names : none
Official no. :
4270*
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1847, D Dibble, Sandusky, OH as a brig
Specs : 119x25x9 242g 221n
Date of loss : 1871, Jul 4
Place of loss : near Cove Isl., Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : light
Detail : She was overwhelmed by a storm, driven ashore and stranded in 3 feet of water, nearly a mile from deep water. She broke up in a storm the 12th. Homeport: Detroit. Owned by Lodewyck Bros.
Rebuilt from brig to schooner in 1870-71 and just came out of drydock from the rebuild in May.
*Also given as 4383
Sources: eas,slh,www,hgl,nsp,mpl,wl,mv


------------------------------------------------------ 503
LAUREN CASTLE
Other names : built as GEN. G.M. SORREL, renamed McALLISTER BROS. in 1949, NORTH AMERICAN in 1968 and LAUREN CASTLE in 1969
Official no. : 203337
Type at loss : propeller tug, steel, diesel
Build info : 1906, Delaware Shipbuilding, Chester, PA
Specs :
98x21x11, 180g 122n
Date of loss : 1980, Nov 8
Place of loss : Grand Traverse Bay, 7 mi N ofTraverse City
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 1 of 4
Carrying : none
Detail : She was towing disabled tanker AMOCO WISCONSIN when she struck bottom and slowed, causing her to be rammed from behind by the tanker. She sank quickly - some reports say within 15 secoinds.
Lies in almost 400 feet of water.
Owned by Selvick & Co.
Two crewmen were killed in a towing accident involving her, fleetmate tug JON M. SELVICK and the cement boat S.T. CRAPO in Mar, 1974.
Sources: is(2-74),lmdc,mpl,ws
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 504
W.B. CASTLE
Other names : also seen as WILLIAM B. CASTLE
Official no. : 26860
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1862, Peck & Masters, Cleveland
Specs : 115x21x11 173g 111n
Date of loss : 1906, Jul 24
Place of loss : above Belle Isle, opposite Peche Isl. buoy
Lake : Detroit R.
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Collided with steamer ROBERT HOLLAND (qv), and sank. A number of vessels struck her wreckage, destroying what was left of her. Her machinery was salvaged.
Slid completely out of the water on a clay riverbank after her steering gear broke, Nov, 1904. No damage.
Also wrecked by fire, Nov 30, 1898, at Duluth
Sources: nsp,gwgl,mv,lhl,phr
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CATARACT - See also MYLES


------------------------------------------------------ 505
CATARACT
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1856, Totten, Sandusky, OH
Specs : 133x26x11 349g
Date of loss : 1857, May
Place of loss : WSW of Long Point light, 1 mi offshore
Lake : Ontario (maybe Erie)
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded and wrecked
Sources: eas,www,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 3440
CATARACT
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1852, B.B. Jones, Buffalo
Specs : 150x25x11, 352 t. [394 t. om]
Date of loss : 1861, Jun 16
Place of loss : five miles off Erie, PA
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 4
Carrying : general merchandise
Detail : She caught fire under her boiler and became and inferno astern in just minutes. Attempts to launch one of her boats were foiled by the flames, but those aboard were able to make it away in the small boat. They and a few others adrift on wreckage were picked up by the schooner ST. PAUL and a fishing boat soon after. The wreck was towed in to Misery Bay by the tug BROOKS and scuttled, but was never rebuilt.
Owned by Ontario Steamboat Co., Oswego.
It was reported at the time that Capt. Mosher of ST. PAUL, who picked up Capt. McNally and the carpenter of the CATARACT, had picked up the same two when the propeller INDIANA(qv) was lost on Lake Superior in 1858.
This is the probably also the CATARACT stranded in a fog on the Fox Islands, L. Mich, in 1855, owned by the American Transportation Co.
Major repairs in 1860
Sources: lhl,hgl,nsp,rp,wl,eas,umr


------------------------------------------------------ 506
CATARAQUI
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & freight
Build info : 1836, Kingston, Ont.
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1840, Apr 17 or 10
Place of loss : Kingston, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : CATARAQUI burned to a total loss during a great fire which destroyed much of Kingston’s waterfront area.
Sources: csv,mmgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 507
CATARAQUI
Other names : built as CATARAQUI, named SWAN in 1853, then CATARAQUI again in 1856.
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1847, Portsmouth, Ont.
Specs : 91ft, 101 t.
Date of loss : 1864
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail
Sources: csv,hgl,mmgl

------------------------------------------------------
EARL CATHCART - See F.W. BACKUS

------------------------------------------------------
CATHY ANN - See RECORD


------------------------------------------------------ 508
E.S. CATLIN
Other names : none
Official no. : 36325
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1869, Crosthwaite, Bangor, MI
Specs : 152x28x9 372g 360n
Date of loss : 1876
Place of loss : 5 mi E of Ashtabula, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : She was reported stranded and broken up in a storm. Homeport: Bay City
Has the official number of an unrigged barge.
Reported as lying sunk in the Saginaw River opposite Bay City in May of the same year.
Sources: vbs,ledc,sbs


------------------------------------------------------ 509
CATTARAUGUS
Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1857, A. Miller, Oswego, NY
Specs : 309 t
Date of loss : 1864
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Foundered, no other detail.
Sources: is,hgl

------------------------------------------------------
RALPH S. CAULKINS - See J.M. JENKS


------------------------------------------------------ 510
CAVALIER
Other names : none
Official no. : C ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1867, McKay & Warner, Quebec City as a bark
Specs : 134x26x12 268gc
Date of loss : 1906, Aug 31
Place of loss : off Chantry Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : cedar lumber
Detail : She filled and sank after striking a reef. Her crew was rescued by the Chantry Island Lightkeeper. She had been bound Tobermorey for Sarnia.
Out of Quebec City
Sources: nsp,slh,ns1,h,win,clu not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 511
CAYUGA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1841, Oswego, NY
Specs : 70x14x6, 60 t
Date of loss : 1854, Nov 6
Place of loss : Gull Reef, off South Bay Point
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : wrecked
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Bound for Oswego, this small brig was driven ashore by a gale. Her skipper reamined aboard and was rescued by the steamer PASSPORT, whicle the crew made it ashore in her boat. She was later stripped and part of her cargo was recovered by the prop COASTER out of Oswego.
Hailed from Oswego.
Rebuilt at Kenosha, WI, about 1846
Sources: is,hgl,wl,rnc


------------------------------------------------------ 3441
CAYUGA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1864, Geneva, NY
Specs : 41 t.
Date of loss : 1866
Place of loss : E. Saginaw, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Total loss to fire.
Sources: lhl,


------------------------------------------------------ 512
CAYUGA
Other names : none
Official no. : 126556
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1889, Globe Iron Works, Cleveland
Specs : 290x41x13 2669g 1939n
Date of loss : 1895, May 10
Place of loss : near Skillagalee Shoals
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : oats & flour
Detail : Collided with wooden lumber hooker JOSEPH L. HURD(qv) in fog and narrow channel and sank. She had been bound Milwaukee for Buffalo. The crews of both vessels were rescued by the steamer MANOLA. A diver died trying to salvage her the next year, and Capt. Jim Reid's salvage company worked on her at great expense in 1899 & 1900, to no avail, though she was towed closer to shore while submerged. Some of the pontoons he used in an attempt to raise her are still attached to the wreck.
Sources: ssm,nsp,slh,is(4-61),lmdc,wb,hgl,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 513
CECELIA
Other names : sometimes seen as CECILIA
Official no. : 5548
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1868, Gregory, White Lake, MI
Specs : 118 ft, 176g 167n
Date of loss : 1885
Place of loss : near Jacksonport, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded and wrecked.
Hailed from Chicago
Sources: mv,lmdc,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3313
CECILIA or CECELIA
Other names : none
Official no. : C
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast - former bark
Build info : 1865, Donaldson & Andrews, Port Dalhousie, Ont
Specs : 136x24x11, 351gc 341nc
Date of loss : 1883, Nov 2
Place of loss : 20 miles out of Port Arthur
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wood
Detail : She was abandoned in sinking condition after being disabled by storm waves. The crew made it to Port Arthur in her yawl. Her skipper spent many days looking for her remains. She had been bound Waiska Bay, Michigan, for Port Arthur, Ont.
Out of Windsor, owned by Wm. Ryan.
Sources: nsp,lss,mmgl,hgl,es


------------------------------------------------------ 514
CEDARVILLE
Other names : built as A.F. HARVEY, last name in 1957
Official no. : 226492
Type at loss : propeller, steel, self-unloading bulk freighter
Build info : 1927, Great Lakes Engineering, River Rouge, MI hull #255
Specs : 588x60x32 8575 g
6229n
Date of loss : 1965, May 7
Place of loss : 3 mi E of Mackinac Bridge, Straits
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 10
Carrying : limestone
Detail : Moving at speed in fog, she collided with the Norwegian freighter TOPDALSFJORD about 9:50 am and sank quickly. German motor vessel WEISSENBURG picked up the survivors. Wreck location: 3.1 mi, 120 deg from S pier of Mackinac Bridge. She was later found to be at fault in the collision. She is a popular dive target.
Built as a bulk freighter, she was converted to a self-unloader at Defoe Shipbuilding, 1957
Sources: eas,glp,is(3-65),slh,sol,ns5,lhdc,ssm,mpl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CELT - See SELT


------------------------------------------------------ 516
CELTIC
Other names : none
Official no. : C71151
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freighter
Build info : 1874, A. Robertson, Hamilton, Ont.
Specs : 131x21x15 698gc 413nc
Date of loss : 1892, May 1
Place of loss : 15 mi off Rondeau Point, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : wheat, gen merch
Detail : After colliding with the steamer RUSSIA in a dense fog, she sank and became a total loss. Her crew was rescued by RUSSIA.
Largest vessel built in Hamilton upto that time. Launched with her engine and machinery already in place.
Sources: do2,mmgl,csv,hgl,mpl,,pdw
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 515
CELTIC
Other names : none
Official no. : 126662
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1890, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City hull #39
Specs : 190x34x13 716g 680n
Date of loss : 1902, Nov 29
Place of loss : northern end of lake
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 8 [all]
Carrying : coal
Detail : Upbound, she broke her towline and was lost in a gale with all hands. Wreckage later washed up on the SE point of Cockburn Isl. Ont. and the wreck was located offshore in Nov,'03. Tow of steamer H.E. RUNNELS.
Owned by Spence Bros. of Cleve.
Sources: nsp,slh,sbs,vbs,gs,sol,is,ns1,lhdc,m&h
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CENTRAL WEST - See M.J. BARTELME


------------------------------------------------------ 517
CERISOLES
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller minesweeper, wood(steel?)
Build info : 1918, Ft. William, Ont.
Specs : 143 ft, 630 t.
Date of loss : 1918, Nov 24
Place of loss : between Ft. William and the Soo
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 38 [all]
Carrying : none
Detail : Went missing on her delivery voyage across Lake Superior to the French Navy. In company of INKERMANN [also lost] and SEBASTOPOL of the same type. No wreckage or remains ever found. Later speculation was that she struck Superior Shoal, a pinnacle in the center of the lake that was uncharted until the 1940’s.
Sources: gwgl,mol,ls,is,wm2,lss,


------------------------------------------------------ 518
CHALLENGE
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1853, Dixon, Newport, MI
Specs : 198x28x12, 665 t
Date of loss : 1853, Jun 22
Place of loss : off Cheboygan, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : boiler explosion
Loss of life : 5
Carrying : barrelled pork, oats
Detail : While she was bound Chicago for Buffalo on one of her first trips, a sudden boiler explosion blew her stern off and she burned and sank. Her remaining crew and passengers were rescued from their lifeboat by the schooner NORTH STAR, which had heard her blow up from 10 miles distance.
Sailed Detroit for Buffalo on her 1st trip May 23, lost on Jun 22.
Sources: eas,slh,is,lhl,ssm,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 519
CHALLENGE
Other names : none
Official no. : 4574
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1853, Throop, Rochester, NY (also given as 1853, J. Oades, Youngstown, NY)
Specs : 96x21x9, 99 t.
Date of loss : 1871, Dec 9
Place of loss : off Sheboygan, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Missed the piers at Sheboygan in heavy weather. Stove in some of her planking, filled and sank. Out of Racine. Maybe recovered.
She was a particularly sleek craft, actually designed as a yacht, and was once owned by the Light-House Service as a resupply vessel. Her skipper at the time said she would have made a fine revenue cutter, as she could out-sail anything on the lakes.
Sources: is,lmdc,hgl,nsp,mpl,bb,rp


------------------------------------------------------ 521
CHALLENGE
Other names : none
Official no. : 5905
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1870, Ch. Wheeler, Bay City
Specs : 58x13x5 17g 11n
Date of loss : 1880
Place of loss : E. Saginaw, MI, Saginaw River
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : She was destroyed by fire, declared a total loss and passed off the registry. Operating out of E. Saginaw. Recovered, rebuilt and returned to registry in 1883.
Last documented out of Detroit, 1892.
Another major repair in 1878. Sunk in a boiler explosion at Saginaw in Aug, 1870, when brand-new.
Sources: vbs,sbs,slh,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 520
CHALLENGE
Other names : none also seen as CHALLANGE
Official no. : 4349
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1852, Bates, Manitowoc
Specs : 88x23x7 87g 83n
Date of loss : 1910, Sep 5
Place of loss : 12 mi S of Sheboygan, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : wood
Detail : Went ashore in a storm, a total loss.
Probably the same schooner sunk near Milwaukee Harbor in a storm Nov 11, 1873, one life lost.
Also wrecked and declared a loss when she went on a reef near Bailey's Harbor, Dec 1901. Towed to Sheboygan in 1903 and abandoned, but resurrected in 1907.
Sources: (nsp),h,mv,lmdc,mpl,jd
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 522
PORTER CHAMBERLAIN
Other names : none
Official no. : 150067
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1874, A. Kenyon, Marine City, MI
Specs : 134x26x11 280g 205n
Date of loss : 1901, Nov 11
Place of loss : near Gore Bay, Ont., Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Grounded on a reef off Darch Island, caught fire and burned to the waterline, along with her consort, H.J. WEBB(qv).
Major repairs in 1883.
Sources: nsp,ns1,slh,mv,do2,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 523
SELAH CHAMBERLAIN
Other names : none
Official no. : 115147
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight [steambarge]
Build info : 1873, Quayle & Martin, Cleveland
Specs : 212 ft, 1207g 964n
Date of loss : 1886, Oct 13
Place of loss : off Sheboygan, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 5 of 16
Carrying : wood
Detail : Collided with prop JOHN PRIDGEON, Jr. in heavy fog and sank quickly. She had been towing the schr FAYETTE BROWN. Five crew died when the lifeboat davits became fouled and the boat dropped into the lake. Others made it ashore in the other boat after a 3-hour pull through the fog. Abandoned in Jul, 1889 after an expensive salvage effort.
Out of Cleveland
Sources: mv,nsp,h,lmdc,wb,hgl,usls,sb,mpl,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 3568
EDWARD H. CHAMBERLIN
Other names : none
Official no. : 135328
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1881, J. St. Peter, Saganing, MI
Specs : 51x14x3, 15 t.
Date of loss : (1886)
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : unreported
Type of loss : unreported
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Reported lost in a letter to Port Huron Custom House dated 11- 6-1886.
Sources: vbs,phr,


------------------------------------------------------ 525
HARMON A. CHAMBERLIN
Other names : often seen as H.A. CHAMBERLIN, yard: NORTH POLE
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1874, Hitchcock, Salzburg, MI
Specs : 150x30x10 371g
Date of loss : 1875, Nov 30
Place of loss : near Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Left at anchor off Cleveland while towboat ELMIRA went in to coal. Quick-rising gale broke her anchor chains and drove her ashore, where she broke in two and was destroyed. Owned by Ferris Bros. of Bay City. Had been in line with 2 other Bay City built barges, GEORGIE KELLY (her sister) and H&G. Though in a bad spot, she did not actually break up beyond repair until April of the following year, and her document was not surrendered unitl November, 1877, at Port Huron.
Sources: vbs,sbs,mw,phr,nsp

------------------------------------------------------
CHAMPION - See also CAMBRIA, HAMILTONIAN


------------------------------------------------------ 524
CHAMPION
Other names : none
Official no. : 5720
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1868, Campbell & Owen, Detroit hull# 5
Specs : 134x22x13, 264g 147n
Date of loss : 1903, Sep 15
Place of loss : Put-in -Bay, S. Bass Isl.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to total loss in an accidental fire.
Hull later abandoned in a boneyard at Detroit.
Converted to a wrecker in 1890
Famous for her long tows of schooners up and down the Detroit River.
Sister of VULCAN (qv)
Major repairs in 1879, 81, 82: rebuilt, 1896
Sources: atl,is,
hcgl (nsp)


------------------------------------------------------ 526
CHAMPLAIN
Other names : built as ADELAIDE, later ECLIPSE (or ALLIANCE)
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1832, Chippawa, Ont. (or 1830)
Specs : 225 t.
Date of loss : 1840, May 3
Place of loss : 4 mi S of St. Joseph, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : general merch
Detail : She was driven ashore by a storm and wrecked, then abandoned to break up in place, but later recovered and rebuilt.
Built in Canada, seized by U.S. officials during the "Patriot War" in 1837 for violation of revenue laws and documented as CHAMPLAIN 4/5/38.
Reportedly almost destroyed by a boiler explosion in '30 or 31. 3 lives lost.
Also wrecked on L. Mich. in 1847 - see ECLIPSE.
Sources: is(2-61),is,lhl,csv,mmgl,le,egls,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 527
CHAMPLAIN
Other names : rebuilt as CITY OF CHARLEVOIX, later KANSAS(1904,qv)
Official no. : 5848
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1870, Keating, Ogdensburg, NY*
Specs : 135
x26x11, 438g 357n
Date of loss : 1887, Jun 16
Place of loss : off Charlevoix, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 22 of 57
Carrying : passengers, merchandise, horses
Detail : Caught fire when an engine room lamp exploded offshore, catching engineer & engine room afire so that pumps could not be started. She was run for Fisherman's Island but struck a bar and sank a mile short. Most of the dead died by drowning. Declared a total loss, but later recovered, rebuilt and enlarged to 165x28x12, 715gt.
Also rebuilt in 1886 and 1904.
*Also seen as built at Cleveland, 1870,
but just received her machinery there.
Sources: mv,nsp,glss,sol,lmdc,hgl,usls,wl,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 528
ZACH CHANDLER
Other names : none
Official no. : 28020
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1867, Jones, Detroit
Specs : 194x37x14 727g 690n
Date of loss : 1892, Oct 29
Place of loss : 3 mi E of Deer Park, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 of 8
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Downbound from Ashland, WI, in tow of steamer JOHN MITCHELL(qv), she became separated from her by a northerly gale. She was overwhelmed and broke up on shore in about 15 minutes. Five crew made it to shore in boat. Lifesaving Service saved the other two.
Also stranded with heavy damage, Oct, 1889 near the same spot, and went ashore with heavy damage 15 miles from Cleveland in November of 1887.
Also figured in the loss of the tug TAWAS(qv).
Sources: lol,lssc,lss,gwgl,sol,h,wb,hgl,nsp,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 3735
GRACE A. CHANNON
Other names : none , but many spelling variations of the name are seen including SHANNON, CHARMON, CHARMING, CHARME, etc.
Official no. : 85309
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1873, W. Ellinwood, E. Saginaw, MI
Specs : 141x26x12, 266 g
Date of loss : 1877, Aug 2
Place of loss : 12 mi S of Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : light or coal
Detail : Collided with the propeller tug FAVORITE and sunk. Bound Chicago for Buffalo. The young son of the owner of the schooner was lost.
Out of Chicago
Sources: vbs,usls,bb,es,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 529
J.B. CHAPIN
Other names : none
Official no. : 13873
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1858, R.H. Chapin, Detroit
Specs : 98x26x7, 121 t [161 t. om]
Date of loss : 1877, Nov 8
Place of loss : Miller's Station, a few mi from S Chicago
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Narrowly escaped foundering from force of weather, went ashore between S. Chicago and Michigan City and broke up.
Homeport: Chicago
Major repairs in 1863
Sources: nsp,lmdc,hgl,wl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 3442
O.N. CHAPIN
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1854, Albany, NY
Specs : 64x14x6, 47 t.
Date of loss : 1856, Oct 31
Place of loss : at Port Stanley, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Stranded and wrecked, total loss. Recently purchased by S.L. Watson of Buffalo.
Sources: lhl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 530
W.T. CHAPPELL
Other names : none
Official no. : 80642
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1877, Carpenter, Sebewaing, MI
Specs : 72x16x5 39g 37n
Date of loss : 1902, Oct 24
Place of loss : off Vermilion Point, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying :
wood
Detail : Sprang a leak in a gale, blown down and sunk, her crew was rescued by Vermilion Pt Lifesavers.
Rebuilt in 1880. Rebuilt again after going ashore near Middle Island, Lake Huron in July of 1885. Originally 58x16x5 30g, 28n.
Registered out of Alpena
Sources: vbs,nsp,gwgl,lssc,sbs,is,mv,usls
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 531
CHARGER
Other names : none
Official no. : 5490
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1868, D Rogers, Sodus Point, NY
Specs : 136
x25x10 278g 263n
Date of loss : 1890, Aug 7
Place of loss : near Bar Point, mouth of Detroit R.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : She collided with
the steam barge CITY OF CLEVELAND and sank in the shipping channel 4 mi W of "the Dummy" lighthouse. Value of vessel and cargo: about $30,000.
Sources: mv,eas,h,wb,polk,hgl,sb,
es,jb,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 532
CHARLEY
Other names : none
Official no. : 5053
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1863, A.B. Meyer, Detroit
Specs : 113 ft, 50 t.
Date of loss : 1881, May 10
Place of loss : mouth of Beaver R. Minnesota
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Wrecked at her dock. May have been repaired afterwards.
Out of Duluth in 1877.
Sources: mv,gwgl,lss,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 533
CHARLIE
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1877
Place of loss : near Whitefish Point
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : went missing
Loss of life : all
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Not in 1869 mv,mmgl. Probably refers to CHARLEY, above, the only variation of the name in registry on the lakes.
Sources: gwgl,


------------------------------------------------------ 534
CHARLOTTE
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : gas screw (fish tug?)
Build info : ?
(possibly ex-motor yacht built 1926 - US#225787)
Specs : 13 t.
Date of loss : 1945, Jul
Place of loss : Michigan City, Ind
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Foundered
Sources: h
,0hcgl)


------------------------------------------------------ 3443
CHARTER
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1849, F. Ketchum, Huron, OH as a sidewheeler
Specs : 132x20x8, 197 t.
Date of loss : 1856, Aug 21
Place of loss : 6 mi above Fairport, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : flour, oats & rye
Detail : Bound Cleveland for Buffalo, she swamped and sank in a storm. She was damaged beyond repair by storms before the end of the month, but her machinery was probably recovered, as she lay in relatively shallow water.
Owned by American Transportation Co.
Converted to a prop in 1853.
Sources: lhl,nsp,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3444
CHARTER OAK
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1847, Bidwell & Banta, Buffalo as a schooner
Specs : 104x22x9, 184 t.
Date of loss : 1855, Oct 28
Place of loss : near Elk Creek, PA
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 10
Carrying : staves
Detail : Ashore and wrecked, a total loss.
Converted from schooner to prop in 1848, possibly at Detroit
Sources: hgl,lhl,nsp,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 535
CHASKA
Other names : none
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood (built as scow-brig)
Build info : 1869, Duluth
Specs : 72 ft, 50 t.
Date of loss : 1870, Aug 28
Place of loss : near Duluth (or Ontonagon)
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : stone
Detail : Wrecked in a northwesterly storm.
Reportedly the 1st vessel built at Duluth
Not in '69 mvus
Sources: lss,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 3445
JOHN CHASSELL
Other names : none
Official no. :
75352
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1868, (Houghton, Mich?)*
Specs : 51x10x3, 18 g
Date of loss : 1876, Oct 23
Place of loss : Portage Entry
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Destroyed by fire, reported $4000 loss.
Maybe vessel built as ECHO
Sources: lss,df,bb,mv,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 536
CHATTANOOGA
Other names : none
Official no. : 127255
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast, bulk freight
Build info : 1898, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City, MI
Specs : 308x45x22 2339g 2266n
Date of loss : 1925, Fall
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Wrecked. No detail
officially reported as abandoned in 1926.
Sold Canadian - to wrecker Tom Reid of Sarnia - on Dec 21, and refloated the following spring, but abandoned without further repair. Finally made into a stone dock at Duck Islands, Lake Huron.
Sources: vbs,ns3,is,mv,lhdc,sbs,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3446
CHAUTAUQUE
Other names : none also seen as CHAUTAUQUA
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood
Build info : 1839, J.W. Banta, Buffalo
Specs : 124x18x8, 162 t.
Date of loss : 1850, Aug 9
Place of loss : St. Clair R.
Lake : St Clair R
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to a total loss. Her usual job was in towing and lighterage of vessels attempting to cross the St. Clair Flats.
Also reported driven ashore near Buffalo in an 1844 gale, sunk at Buffalo in 1846 and 1848.
In Sep, 1846, she made the papers by purposely ramming a schooner which blocked her path while she was attempting to leave Monroe, Mich., harbor.
Sources: lhl,is,hgl,nsp,mpl,wl,
bc


------------------------------------------------------ 538
CHECOTAH
Other names : built as GEORGE D. RUSSELL, last name in 1890
Official no. : 85267
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1870, Bailey Bros., Toledo
Specs : 199x34x12 658g 598n
Date of loss : 1906, Oct 30
Place of loss : off Port Sanilac, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Overcome by a storm, she was abandoned to sink about 8 mi ENE of Port Sanilac. She had been part of the tow of the steamer TEMPEST. Hulk later found 12 mi NNE of Port Sanilac, about 6 mi offshore.
Her document was surrendered after she was wrecked at Cleveland, 11/26/05.
As RUSSELL, she lay in the St. Mary's R. for several years after a collision with the steamer NORTHERNER on Sep 14, 1882, with the loss of 3 lives. Document was surrendered, but she was raised and rebuilt to this vessel in 1890.
May be the only Great Lakes vessel to have surrendered her registration document three times.
Sources: nsp,slh,ns1,mv,lhdc,eas,phr,hgl,mpl,es
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 539
CHENANGO
Other names : none
Official no. : 4335
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, built as a bark
Build info : 1862, Lafrinier, Cleveland
Specs : ca. 150 ft. 306n (384 t.)
Date of loss : 1875, Nov 20
Place of loss : Wood Island Reef, near Munising, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : pig iron
Detail : Downbound in tow of steamer JAY C MORSE, when a squall broke her towline and she went ashore. Crew weathered the storm in her cabin in two feet of freezing water for 36 hrs.
Owned by her skipper, Capt. Ferry.
Homeport in 1869: Chicago, she was a bark at that time. She was probably reduced to a barge after stranding with serious damage off Port Maitland in November, 1870.
Sources: nsp,ms,mv,lss,hgl,net,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 540
CHENANGO
Other names : rebuilt as LIZZIE MADDEN (qv)
Official no. : 126431
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freight & passenger
Build info : 1887, J. Oades, Detroit
Specs : 176x34x13 696g
Date of loss : 1890, Apr 11
Place of loss : 1¾ mi off Erie, PA
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying :
40,000 bu wheat
Detail : Bound Toledo for Buffalo, she was partially consumed by fire and sank in 24 feet of water, whereupon she was declared a total loss. She was later raised at great expense and rebuilt as steamer LIZZIE MADDEN.
Owned at the time by C. D. Waterman, Grosse Ile, Mich
Sources: (nsp),ns1,sol,hgl,es,jb


------------------------------------------------------ 541
O.W. CHENEY
Other names : none
Official no. :
155187
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 18
90, O'Grady & Maher., Buffalo
Specs : 6
7x17x9 57g 28n
Date of loss : 1903, Jun 23
Place of loss : 7 mi W of Buffalo, 4 mi offshore
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 3 of 5
Carrying : none
Detail : Rammed in dense fog and rolled over by the steamer CHEMUNG and sank. Owned by Great Lakes Towing.
Also sunk by collision at the Soo in 1894.
1902 often given as year - in error.
Sources: nsp,is,h,ledc,hgl,mpl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CHEQUAMEGON - See ROBERT C. PRINGLE

------------------------------------------------------
CHEROKEE - See MAPLEGROVE


------------------------------------------------------ 4011
CHEROKEE
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1849, Racine, WI
Specs : 103x24x9, 204 t. om
Date of loss : 1856, Nov 26
Place of loss : 7 mi S of Manistee, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 10 or 14 [all]
Carrying : lumber
Detail : She foundered in a gale with all hands, no further detail.
Owned by Canfields of Chicago
Sources: bb,hgl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 542
CHEROKEE
Other names : ?
Official no. : (126590)
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : (1889, Lester, Marine City, MI)
Specs : (209x36x22 1305g 1019n)
Date of loss : 1913
Place of loss : Saginaw Point [this location unknown]
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Towing two barges. Probably not a total loss, if it is the vessel described parenthetically above, it was not.
Sources: slh,mv,(hgl)


------------------------------------------------------ 4009
CHERUBUSCO
Other names : none also seen as CHERUBUSKO, CHIRIBUSCO
Official no. : 4329
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1848, Hubbell, Milwaukee
Specs : 114x27x9, 203 gt [255 t. om]
Date of loss : 1872, Nov (10)
Place of loss : North Bay, Door Co., WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : lumber
Detail : She stranded and wrecked in 10 feet of water. Wreckage still lies in the center of North Bay.
Sources: bb,mv,wl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 543
CHESAPEAKE
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1838, Maumee, Oh
Specs : 172x24x10., 412 t.
Date of loss : 1847, Jun 8 [ 1846, 1855 also given in error]
Place of loss : about 5 mi off Conneaut, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 13* of about 97
Carrying : dry goods, groceries
Detail : This fully-laden passenger steamer rammed the schooner JOHN F. PORTER(qv) on a dark night and began to sink. Ran to shore, but foundered a mile short, in about 40 feet of water. The lake was fairly calm, and the passengers and crew tried to make their ways to shore separately and in small groups, in boats and makeshift rafts. Most made it, and many were picked up along the way by the steamer HARRISON. One source says she was used as an offshore gambling casino at the time.
*other sources say 1, 6, 7 and 8. AT LEAST 9 died, as one newspaper names them.
Owned by Sandusky & Mansfield Railroad Co.
Sources: is,sol,le,ledc,lc,hgl,mpl,umich,lhl

------------------------------------------------------
CHICAGO - See also ROME


------------------------------------------------------ 544
CHICAGO
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1835, St. Joseph, MI
Specs : 105x20x10, 166 t [186 t.]
Date of loss : 1842, Nov 18
Place of loss : 3 miles E of Silver Creek, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 60 passengers & crew
Carrying : merchandise, passengers
Detail : Struck by a gale between Ashtabula and Conneaut, she lost both her stacks and became unmanageable when her fires went out. Drove ashore and wrecked, but may later have been salvaged.
(Reenrolled in 1844.)
Sources: lhl,is,hgl,nsp,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 545
CHICAGO
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight*
Build info : 1842, Doolittle, Oswego, NY
Specs : 95x20x9, 151 t.
Date of loss : 1849, Aug 1
Place of loss : Buffalo Harbor
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned in the harbor.
*reported at the time of her launch as a "steam schooner"
One source says she was "nearly" a total loss. No registry after 1847.
Sources: eas,sol,h,wl,bcw,rp


------------------------------------------------------ 546
CHICAGO
Other names : none
Official no. : 127590
Type at loss : propeller, steel, package freight
Build info : 1901, Buffalo Ship Building, Buffalo
Specs : 324x44x14, 3195g 2546n
Date of loss : 1929, Oct 23
Place of loss : Michipicoten Isl.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 31
Carrying : mixed freight
Detail : Caught in a storm, she was driven ashore by waves and heavily damaged. She slid off the reef and sank in December during salvage operations.
Same storm as loss of carferry MILWAUKEE (qv)
Sources: scan(31/1),eas,sol,ns3,mpl,do
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 547
CHICAGO BOARD OF TRADE
Other names : often referred to in the press as just BOARD OF TRADE
Official no. : 4331
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast, package and bulk freight
Build info : 1863, Rand, Manitowoc, WI as a bark
Specs : 153x31x13 424g 403n
Date of loss : 1900, Nov 21
Place of loss : Niagara Reef, W end of lake
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Heavy laden with ore, she struck the reef in a gale and went to pieces. The crew was rescued by the steamer J.K. SECOR.
Major repairs in 1871.
Sunk off Fairport, Ohio, by foul play in the fall of 1874, not recovered until mid July, 1875.
Rammed and sunk the schooner GOLDEN FLEECE(qv) in Lake Huron in 1883.
Sources: nsp,ns1,ledc,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 548
CHICAGO HARBOR
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?*
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1892, Jul
Place of loss : off downtown Chicago
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : no detail
*may have been unregistered vessel
Sources: lmdc not in 1884 or 92 mv


------------------------------------------------------ 549
CHICKAMAUGA
Other names : none
Official no. : 127259
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1898, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City
Specs : 322x45x22 2472g 2399n
Date of loss : 1919, Sep 12
Place of loss : just outside harbor at Harbor Beach, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Downbound in tow of steamer CENTURION, this giant wooden barge sprang a leak and foundered in huge waves. Wreckage dynamited and mostly removed in 1920.
Sources: eas,vbs,mv,slh,sbs,sol,lh,ns2,h,lhd,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------
CHICORA - see also WARRENKO


------------------------------------------------------ 550
CHICORA
Other names : none
Official no. : 126902
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1892, Detroit Dry Dock, Detroit Hull# 111
Specs : 199x35x19 1123g 708n
Date of loss : 1895, Jan 21
Place of loss : somewhere off St. Joseph
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 25 [all]
Carrying : flour
Detail : Bound Milwaukee for St. Joseph on a mid-winter run, she foundered with little trace. Probably succumbed to squalls and ice. Many small pieces came ashore the next spring. One source says the ship's dog was found wandering on the beach a few days later. A well-organized search for the wreck continued until mid-June.
Sources: nsp,gs,sol,wm2,h,lmdc,atl,wb,hgl,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 551
CHICOUTIMI
Other names : none
Official no. : C80756
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer., wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1881, R. Savard, Levis [Bienville], Quebec
Specs : 93x20x6 110gc 70nc
Date of loss : 1898
Place of loss : in harbour at Toronto
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Reportedly had been laid up in 1897.
Sources: mmgl,csv,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4033
CHIEF JUSTICE MARSHALL
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1830, S. W. Turner, Cape Vincent, NY
Specs : 105x22x9, 182 t. om
Date of loss : 1862, Nov 1 [ca.]
Place of loss : Between Dunkirk and Barcelona, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : all [4 or 5]
Carrying : ?
Detail : She was driven aground and wrecked with the loss of all hands, a total loss. One report says her crew was all saved.
Owned by Shaw & Kibbie, Buffalo
Rebuilt and enlarged in 1849.
Sources: wl,nsp,hgl,rnc,
umr

------------------------------------------------------
CHILI - See SARNIAN


------------------------------------------------------ 552
CHINA
Other names : none
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1872, W. Power & Co., Kingston, Ont.
Specs : 130x25x12 ca.355gc
Date of loss : 1872, Oct 13
Place of loss : near Kingston, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : pig iron, passengers
Detail : CHINA caught fire and burned about 12 miles W of Kingston, a $34,000 loss. The fire aboard spread quickly, and by the time the steamer AMERICA arrived at the scene a short time later, all of the passengers and crew were crowded at the bow. The wreck is located between 9-mile pt. and False Ducks.
Owned out of Hamilton.
Sources: nsp,do2,mmgl,csv,hgl,pdw


------------------------------------------------------ 553
CHINA
Other names : none
Official no. : C ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1863, J. Abbey, Port Dalhousie, Ont.
Specs : 137x26x11, 314 t
Date of loss : 1883, Nov 20
Place of loss : N of Cape Hurd, Ont., Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Disabled by a storm, she fell into the wave-troughs, struck bottom and was driven ashore. She became a total wreck on what is now called "China Reef."
Hailed from Hamilton, Ont, owned by Moffatt
Rebuilt by Shickluna in 1865 (orig:125x26x11, 249 t.)
Major repair in 1882
Her wreck is a frequent dive target
Sources: nsp,slh,h,lhdc,mmgl,win,clu,polk,hgl,mpl,do


------------------------------------------------------ 3311
CHINA
Other names :
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : steam canal boat, wood, paddle wheel
Build info : 1830 (!) reportedly as a Hudson River steamer
Specs :
Date of loss : 1896, Dec 4
Place of loss : at Chicago .
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Fell to pieces while an attempt was being made to hoist her into drydock. Built as a Hudson River steamer, came to the lakes in 1891.
Not listed in 94 mv. A steam canal boat of 82 t. was built at Maumee, OH, in 1872 (#125294), and is in 94 mv.
Sources: nsp,mv

------------------------------------------------------
CHIPPEWA - See RICKARTON


------------------------------------------------------ 554
CHIPPEWA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1839, Maumee, OH
Specs : 45x11x5, 20 t. om
Date of loss : 1847, Dec 6
Place of loss : on Sawtooth Reef, near tip of Keweenaw
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : (furs, trade goods)
Detail : Wrecked on the reef. Crew reportedly walked to Milwaukee!
One of the earliest vessels operating on Superior, portaged around the Soo in 1845.
Sources: mh,lss,hgl,df,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 555
CHIPPEWA
Other names : ?
Official no. : C?
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : 94 t.
Date of loss : 1906
Place of loss : mouth of Musquash R., Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : wrecked (abandoned?)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Sources: lhdc


------------------------------------------------------ 556
ALVAH S. CHISHOLM, Jr
Other names : none
Official no. : 107557
Type at loss : propeller, wood, sandsucker [maybe a barge]
Build info : 1900, A. Anderson, Marine City, MI
Specs : 150x35x8, 478g 266n
Date of loss : 1935, May 11
Place of loss : Sandusky, Ohio, harbor
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : She was sunk at her dock on this date, then burned at a dock in May of 1941 while she was waiting to be converted to a breakwater. At first she was thought to be repairable, but later was declared a constructive total loss.
One source says she was towed several miles out in the lake and destroyed by explosives in 1937.
Sources: ns4,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 557
HENRY CHISHOLM
Other names : none
Official no. : 95610
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1880, J. Drackett, Cleveland [Thos. Quayle also given as builder]
Specs : 257x39x20 1775g 1322n
Date of loss : 1898, Oct 20
Place of loss : Rock of Ages Reef, Isle Royale
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : barley
Detail : A storm threw the CHISHOLM on a reef, where she broke up by Nov 12. Her crew made it to shore in her lifeboats. She had been searching for her consort JOHN MARTIN, which had been lost in a storm 3 days earlier.
She was heavily damaged in a collision with prop OCEANICA in the Detroit River in Aug, 1896
Sources: nsp,irs,gwgl,lss,hgl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 558
CHOCTAW
Other names : none
Official no. : 126874
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1892, Cleveland Shipbuilding, Cleveland hull# 17
Specs : 267x38x18 1574g 1256n
Date of loss : 1915, Jul 12
Place of loss : off Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none (10?)
Carrying : ?
Detail : CHOCTAW collided with the steamer WAHCONDAH in fog and sank quickly. The typically low profile that a whaleback had when loaded may have contributed to the accident. Owned by Cleveland Cliffs Iron Co.
Sunk by a collision with the steamer L.C. WALDO in the St. Mary’s R, May 20, 1896.
Sister of steamer ANDASTE when built.
Sources: eas,slh,gs,mol,sol,sagl,ns2,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 559
CHOCTAW
Other names : none
Official no. : C130234
Type at loss : propeller, steel, packet and tug*
Build info : 1911, Collingwood, Ont.
Specs : 75x16
x8, 53g 36n
Date of loss : 1923, Jan 20
Place of loss : in harbor at Port Stanley, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned at her dock.
*Construction material also reported as wood.
Sources: win,h,mmgl,csv
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 560
SAMUEL J. CHRISTIAN
Other names : none
Official no. : 23821
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1871, Kaighn's Point, New Jersey
Specs : 71x17x7 56g 32n
Date of loss : 1901, Oct 19
Place of loss : head of Grosse Ile
Lake : Detroit R.
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 3 of 5
Carrying : none
Detail : She was cut in two by the steamer J.J. ALBRIGHT and sank. She had been towing the schooner SENATOR, which was also damaged.
Came to lakes between 1884 and 1893.
Owned by Sullivan of Toledo.
Sources: nsp,h,mv,win,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 561
T.S. CHRISTIE
Other names : none
Official no. : 145402
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freighter
Build info : 1885, F.W. Wheeler, W. Bay City, MI
Specs : 160x30x12 517g 471n
Date of loss : 1933, Nov 7
Place of loss : mouth of Barr Creek, 4 mi N of Manistee, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : cordwood
Detail : Stranded in a blizzard, she broke her back and then went to pieces. Bound Escanaba for Filer City, MI
Her crew made it to shore in her lifeboat.
Built as a double-deck package freighter, changed to a bulker in 1902
Sources: ns4,lmdc,vbs,mv,mpl,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3552
CHRISTINA
Other names : none
Official no. : 33689
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1870, Port Huron, MI
Specs : 51x17x5, 25 t.
Date of loss : 1878
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : unreported
Type of loss : unreported
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail. Document surrendered at Port Huron Aug 6, 1879, annotated: "Wrecked in 1878."
Sources: phr


------------------------------------------------------ 562
CHURCHILL
Other names : none
Official no. : 126629
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1890, Craig Shipbuilding, Toledo
Specs : 202x38x16 1010g 960n
Date of loss : 1898, Oct 13
Place of loss : off Waukegan, IL
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : 2
Carrying : ?
Detail : Broke from her tow steamer and foundered.
Sources: sol,h,lmdc,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 563
CIBOLA
Other names : none
Official no. : C92732
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer,
iron, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1887, White, Deseronto, Ont.
Specs : 252x29x11*, 962gc
Date of loss : 1895, Jul 15
Place of loss : at Lewiston, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : ?
Detail : Destroyed by fire at her dock. Out of Toronto.
*extreme width - 52ft over guards.
One source says she was built of Scottish steel.
Sources: csqw,mmgl,csv,nsp,win,hgl,mpl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CINCINNATI - See also INDIAN, JOHN F. PORTER


------------------------------------------------------ 564
CINCINNATI
Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : steamer, wood
Build info : (1847, Maumee, OH)
Specs : (500 t)
Date of loss : 1854, Dec
Place of loss : near Forestville, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Ashore and wrecked.
Probably recovered later and was the vessel later named INDIAN (qv).
Sources: slh,hgl (lhl)


------------------------------------------------------ 565
CIRCASSIAN
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1856, Chas. Stevens, Irving, NY
Specs : 135 ft. 366 t.
Date of loss : 1860, Nov 22
Place of loss : White Shoals, near Beaver Isl.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : grain
Detail : Stranded in a gale and blizzard and sunk to her decks, where she broke in two. She was almost completely broken up by Dec 1. Her crew was presumed lost, but actually had made it to Hog Island in a blizzard and were not rescued from there until almost 2 weeks later.
Sources: ssm,slh,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 566
CISCOE
Other names : none
Official no. : 126787
Type at loss : propeller, steel, fish tug & packet
Build info : 1891,
Cleveland Shipbuilding, Cleveland
Specs : 45x13x5 16g 8n
Date of loss : 1910, May 19
Place of loss : near Sleeping Bear Point
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned and sank 6 miles from shore. Later recovered. Lengthened in 1942, renamed CAPAMA S in 1953.
Built as a yacht.
Sources: h,mv,mv
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 567
CITIZEN
Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1847, J. Edwards, Manitowoc
Specs : 54 t
Date of loss : 1853, May 18
Place of loss : 6 mi N of Chicago
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven aground and later abandoned. U.S. steamer MICHIGAN tried in vain to pull her off, breaking a 14-inch hawser in the process. May have finally been recovered, as she shows up on later lists.
Reportedly the first vessel built at Manitowoc.
Sources: lmdc,nsp,mpl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 76
CITY OF ALLEGAN
Other names : none
Official no. : 205161
Type at loss : gas sternweeler, wood, excursion steamer
Build info : 1908
Specs : 18t
Date of loss : 1908, Jun 26
Place of loss : Kalamazoo R., at Allegan
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none of 3
Carrying : none
Detail : Brand-new ship was completely destroyed by fire.
Sources: mv

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF ALPENA - See also STATE OF OHIO


------------------------------------------------------ 3553
CITY OF ALPENA
Other names : none
Official no. : 125519
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1874, New Jerusalem, OH
Specs : 72x17x10, 76 t.
Date of loss : (1880, summer)
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : unreported
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : No detail. Document surrendered at Port Huron, Sep 30, 1880, annotated "burned, total loss."
Sources: phr


------------------------------------------------------ 173
CITY OF ASHLAND
Other names : none
Official no. : 126240
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, logging tug
Build info : 1883, Ashland, WI
Specs : 90x20x7, 85g 80n
Date of loss : 1887, Aug 8
Place of loss : near Washburn, WI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 1 or 2
Carrying : log raft in tow
Detail : Burned to the water's edge. The fire broke out near the boilers and quickly cut the crew off from the lifeboat. They jumped overboard and were picked up by local tugs. The hulk sank soon after.
Homeport: Marquette
Formerly a small passenger & package freighter.
Sources: mv,nsp,gwgl,lss,hgl,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 228
CITY OF BANGOR
Other names : none
Official no. : 127131
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1896, F.W. Wheeler, W. Bay City hull #113
Specs : 438x45x27 4202g 3058n
Date of loss : 1926, Nov 30
Place of loss : Keweenaw Pt., MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 230 automobiles
Detail : Driven sideways high up on the beach by a terrific gale. Part of her deck cargo of new Chryslers were lost overboard, most were driven ashore on an ice ramp and later refurbished at Detroit. Crew was rescued by Eagle Harbor C.G. She was cut up in place during WWII scrap drives.
Rebuilt in 1904.
Sources: eas,vbs,mv,sbs,gwgl,smgl,ns3,lss
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF BERLIN - See OAKWOOD


------------------------------------------------------ 342
CITY OF BOSTON
Other names : none
Official no. : 4375
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1863, Stevens & Presley, Cleveland
Specs :
136x26x11, 431g
Date of loss : 1873, Nov 20
Place of loss : 4 mi S of Frankfort, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : corn & flour
Detail : Stranded and wrecked during a blizzard. Her boiler was removed during a failed effort to raise her in 1887.
Collided with prop MILWAUKEE and sank in the western Straits of Mackinac, in 1868. Salvaged in 1870 and rebuilt at Cleveland.
Sources: slh,lhl,nsp,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 3435
CITY OF BUFFALO
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1857, Bidwell & Banta, Buffalo as a sidewheel steamer
Specs : 340x40x16, 2026 t.
Date of loss : 1866, Jul 30
Place of loss : at Buffalo
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : unloading 72,000 bu oats
Detail : Burned to total loss during an arson fire at the Sturgis Elevator. The fire destroyed the wharf, the elevator, and several surrounding businesses. The perpetrators were later caught. She was a total loss of $75,000.
Converted from a passenger sidewheeler to a propeller freighter winter of 1863-4. After the conversion she was dubbed "the slowest steam-craft on the lakes."
Sources: lhl,hgl,nsp,rsl,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 409
CITY OF BUFFALO
Other names : none
Official no. : 4407
Type at loss : schooner, wood built as a propeller canal boat
Build info : 1859, Buffalo
Specs : 91x17x9, 128 t. as a propeller
Date of loss : 1875, Sep 13
Place of loss : off the end of the piers at Sand Beach, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Beached and sunk in a storm after striking a rock in the St. Mary’s R and running most of Lake Huron in a gale. The tug MAGNET worked for days to release her before she went to pieces on the 19th. Owned by Wm. Christie of Erie, PA
mvus shows her as a bark in 1869
Ashore near Cove Island, Lake Huron twice during May of 1871.
Sources: nsp,slh,lhl,hgl,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 410
CITY OF BUFFALO
Other names : none
Official no. : 127132
Type at loss : sidewheeler, steel, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1896, Detroit Dry Dock, Wyandotte
Specs : 340x44x17 2940g 1604n
Date of loss : 1938, Mar 22
Place of loss : at her winter moorings, Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Caught fire during preparations for the spring season. Totally gutted. The hulk was scrapped in 1940.
She had been a popular cruise liner.
Sources: is(2-72),lol,sol,is,le,ns4,eas
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF CHARLEVOIX - See CHAMPLAIN, KANSAS

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF CHATHAM - See ZEALAND


------------------------------------------------------ 537
CITY OF CHEBOYGAN
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : 246 t.
Date of loss : 1880 (1886?)
Place of loss : near Detour, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven ashore and wrecked
Probably. refers to schooner CITY OF SHEBOYGAN(qv), #125218, 260g, 246n, built 1871, Sheboygan, WI & out of Sheboygan in '84
Sources: mv,slh,hgl


------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF CHICAGO - see CITY OF ST. JOSEPH

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF CLEVELAND - See also STATE OF OHIO


------------------------------------------------------ 587
CITY OF CLEVELAND
Other names : none
Official no. : 5409*
Type at loss : barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1857, Bidwell & Banta, Buffalo as a sidewheeler
Specs : 228x30x12, 574 t. [788 t. om]
Date of loss : 1868, Oct 31
Place of loss : Between Madison and Conneaut, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Bound Saginaw with three other barges - all former steamers - in tow of the tug WINSLOW, she was torn loose by a gale and went ashore. She was abandoned and became a total loss.
In November, 1864, as a sidewheeler, she was driven ashore and wrecked near the mouth of the Two Hearted River, MI., Lake Superior. She was abandoned and declared a total loss, but recovered and converted to this barge in 1866.
*assigned in 1868
Some sources say the 1864 wreck was the CLEVELAND built 1852, Newport.
Sources: lhl,lss,mv,is,hs,gwgl,hgl,mpl,wl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 589
CITY OF CLEVELAND
Other names : none
Official no. : 126033
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1882, Quayle & Sons, Cleveland, OH
Specs : 256x39x18, 1610g 1319n
Date of loss : 1901, Oct 17
Place of loss : near Perseverance Isl. mouth of Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Foundered in gale in the mouth of Georgian Bay (some sources say she burned). Abandoned after extensive salvage operations that lasted through September of the next year. She had been bound Michipicoten, Ont. for Midland, Ont.
Part of the Bradley Fleet
Spent her first two season as a barge, having her engine installed in the winter of 1883-4.
Major repairs in 1884
Sources: mv,slh,sol,lhdc,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 590
CITY OF CLEVELAND III
Other names : built as CITY OF CLEVELAND, renamed in 1908
Official no. : 204080
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, steel, passenger
Build info : 1907, Detroit Shipbuilding, Wyandotte
Specs : 390x54x23, 4568g 2403n
Date of loss : 1950, Jun 25
Place of loss : off Harbor Beach, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 4 [3 died in crash, one missing and presumed drowned]
Carrying : none
Detail : Rammed by Norwegian steamer RAVNEFJELL in fog on the port paddle wheel. 3 passengers died and 20 more were injured. CLEVELAND’s and RAVNEFJELL’s boats and a Coast Guard lifeboat picked up several more passengers who had been tossed into the lake by the crash. A board of inquiry later found that the CITY OF CLEVELAND was 6 miles off course when the accident occurred and was running near top speed in the fog. Though all of the damage was above the waterline, she was declared a constructive total loss and sent to the scrapyard in 1954. Caught fire during the process of being cut down to a towbarge and finally dismantled in 1956.
Sources: mv,is,ns6,sol,a&f,hs,nsp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 608
CITY OF COLLINGWOOD
Other names : none
Official no. : C94766
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1893, John Simpson, Owen Sound, Ont.
Specs : 213x34
x13 1387gc 893nc
Date of loss : 1905, Jun 16
Place of loss : at Collingwood, Ont., Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 4
Carrying : none
Detail : Destroyed by fire at Grand Trunk Rail docks. Her dock and nearby sheds were also destroyed. Most of crew jumped overboard.
In 1895 she had been raised from a depth of 110 feet off Cove Island, Georgian Bay, the deepest successful salvage job to that time.
Sources: mmgl,slh,sol,ns1,h,csv,nsp,win,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 634
CITY OF CONCORD
Other names : none
Official no. : 5538
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1868, LaFrinier & Drake, Cleveland as a passenger steamer
Specs : 135x26x11 386g 282n
Date of loss : 1906, Sep 27
Place of loss : near Point Pelee
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 2
Carrying : coal
Detail : Upbound, she was struck by a gale and sprang a leak. Her fires were drowned and the vessel sank with no steam to run her pumps. The crew made it to shore in tiny yawlboat, even though they had only one oar.
Also burned near Toledo in December of 1893.
One of the last of the old Northern Transit Co. boats, converted from passenger steamer to bulker in 1881.
Sources: eas,ns1,h,mv,phr,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 784
CITY OF DETROIT
Other names : none
Official no. : 4378
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1866, Lester, Marine City, MI
Specs : 166x28x11, 652 t.
Date of loss : 1873, Dec 4
Place of loss : Saginaw Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 20 [all]
Carrying : 8,000 bu. wheat, bbls of flour
Detail : Bound Milwaukee for Sarnia and towing the barge GUIDING STAR, she sailed into a storm, never sailed out. The barge was cut loose and made her way under sail to the Canada side of the lake. The skipper of the barge said he thought CITY OF DETROIT's machinery became disabled and she was overwhelmed. She sank in 2-300 feet of water.. Her loss is worst disaster within the limits of Saginaw Bay.
Owned by John Pridgeon, Detroit.
Another vessel of this name was reportedly sunk off Barcelona, NY, on Sep 10, 1873. So far this has not been confirmed. [eas,h,gl]
Sources: is(2-58),lhl,h,gl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 830
CITY OF DRESDEN
Other names : none
Official no. : C126197
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freight
Build info : 1872, H. Jenking, Walkerville, Ont. as a passenger vessel
Specs : 93x23x9 195gc 124nc
Date of loss : 1922, Nov 18
Place of loss : near Port Rowan, Ont., S side of Long Point
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : illegal liquor
Detail : Driven into shallows. Two local woman almost singlehandedly rescued her crew - others summoned to help rescued the cargo instead.
Registered out of Windsor. One source says she was still registered until at least 1937 (runge-mpl).
Rebuilt and assigned official number in 1915, built at 193 t.
Sources: eas,mmgl,ttgl,h,ledc,csv,win,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 841
CITY OF DULUTH
Other names : none
Official no. : 125278
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freight
Build info : 1874, D. Lester, Marine City as a passenger vessel
Specs : 202x36x13 1310g 912n
Date of loss : 1898, Jan 26
Place of loss : near St. Joseph, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : corn, flour, general merch.
Detail : Bound in from Chicago during a late season run, she struck and uncharted bar, was heavily damaged and was driven ashore 350 feet west of the north pier, where she broke up. 24 passengers and 17 crew were landed by the Lifesaving Service using a breeches’ buoy. Contract was let to remove or destroy the hulk in August.
Sources: ns,h,mv,mpl,bcha
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF FREMONT - See ADIRAMLED


------------------------------------------------------ 1137
CITY OF GENOA
Other names : none
Official no. : 126897
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1892, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City
Specs : 301x43x23 2446g 1817n
Date of loss : 1911, Aug 26
Place of loss : abreast of ferry dock at Sarnia, Ont.
Lake : St Clair R
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none mentioned
Carrying : grain
Detail : Collided with steel freighter W.H. GILBERT(qv) and sank. GILBERT was built at rival Wheeler yard and launched the same year. Reid Wrecking Co. raised her Sep 20, 1911, but found her a constructive total loss. She was stripped of machinery and burned in 1915, then towed out into the lake and resunk in 1928, about 11 miles N of Sarnia..
Sources: vbs,ns2,mpl,do
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4008
CITY OF GLASGOW
Other names : none
Official no. : 729126
Type at loss : barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1891, Jas. Davidson, W. Bay City, MI hull #42
Specs : 297x41x20,
958g 958n
Date of loss : 1917, Oct 6
Place of loss : E of Sturgeon Bay, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying :
Detail : In tow of the tug HUNSADER, she was torn loose and driven ashore in a gale. She grounded in shallow water and was soon reduced to a total wreck. The forward portion of her hull is still visible near the surface and even appears in sattellite photos.
Rebuilt and reduced to a barge in the winter of 1910-11 after suffering a major fire in 1907.
Sources: vbs,mv,lc,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 1207
CITY OF GRAND RAPIDS
Other names : none
Official no. : C116955
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1879, Duncan Robertson, Grand Haven, MI US# 125746
Specs : 126x26x9 336g 251n
Date of loss : 1907, Oct 29
Place of loss : Tobermory, Ont., then sunk in Big Tub
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire [arson]
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Set fire to at her dock drifted free and sank in the arm of the harbor known as "Big Tub" Her wreck is a frequent dive target.
Sold Canadian, 1907. Out of Sarnia
Sources: eas,slh,ns1,mv,lhdc,csv,win,mmgl,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 1221
CITY OF GREEN BAY
Other names : none
Official no. : 125216
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1872, L. Nau, Green Bay, WI
Specs : 145 ft, 346g 329n
Date of loss : 1887, Oct 3
Place of loss : 2 mi S of harbor mouth at South Haven, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 6 of 7
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Came to anchor 4 miles out and put up distress signals in a westerly gale, but it was soon apparent that help would not arrive in time. Slipped her anchor and was driven on a bar at Evergreen Point. Crew scrambled up rigging as she went down, but couldn't make it to shore. There were several ineffectual attempts by the Lifeasaving crew before her masts went by the board.
Newspaper accounts stated that the LSS's gear was rotten and inadequate and that the schooner was overloaded. The schooner had been bound Escanaba for St. Joseph.
Owned by Capt. A.P. Read.
Major repairs, 1884
Sources: mv,eas,nsp,sol,slh,lmdc,h,wb,hgl,usls,sb,sip,
es3-1


------------------------------------------------------ 1222
CITY OF GREEN BAY
Other names : built as sidewheeler M.C. HAWLEY, renamed in 1884
Official no. : 91228
Type at loss : propeller, wood,
dredge
Build info : 1880, J. Gregory, Fort Howard, WI
Specs : 134x2
3x7 208g 142n
Date of loss : 1909, Aug 19
Place of loss : "Whistler's Point" or "Sandstone Point", Saginaw Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Caught fire while crossing the Bay, burned to the waterline and sank. Location may be Whitestone Point.
Some sources say she was built in 1866.
Converted from sidewheeler to prop in 1889. She burned to "total loss" at Green Bay or Milwaukee, 11/17/87
Converted to a dredge at Bay City on 1908
Sources: eas,slh,is,ns1,mv,mv,nsp,phr,mpl,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF HAMILTON - See INDIAN, ROY K. RUSSELL

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF HOLLAND - See CLARENCE Le BEAU


------------------------------------------------------ 1523
CITY OF KALAMAZOO
Other names : none
Official no. : 126949
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1892, South Haven, MI
Specs : 162x32x13 728g 529n
Date of loss : 1911, Nov 11*
Place of loss : at Manistee, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Destroyed by fire at her dock. Her document was surrendered, but she was later recovered and rebuilt to a barge which lasted until abandoned in 1923.
Also burned at her layup dock at South Haven with the loss of four lives, Nov 30, 1896. Rebuilt.
*11/11/11
Sources: eas,ns2,mv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 1670
CITY OF LONDON
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1866, L. Shickluna, St. Catharines
Specs : 145x27x12, 440gc 307nc
Date of loss : 1874,
Aug 20
Place of loss : Collins Inlet, Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life :
1
Carrying : passengers
Detail : Destroyed by fire, she was a total loss of about $25,000. She was lying at the dock during her regular Chicago-Collingwood run.Her hull and machinery was later recovered, but the hull was probably abandoned.
Some sources say she was lost in 1875, in error
Homeport at Port Stanley
Sources: ml,slh,h,csv,win,mmgl,mpl,
nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 1671
CITY OF LONDON
Other names : none
Official no. : 126731
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1891, J. Davidson, W. Bay City, hull# 43
Specs : 297x41x21, 2005g 1675n
Date of loss : 1913, Sep 30
Place of loss : 1.5mi SW of Pt. Pelee, Pelee Passage
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Rammed and sunk by steel steamer JOSEPH S. MORROW in a fog. MORROW was beached to prevent her sinking, while LONDON's crew took to her boats and were picked up by the steamer BRITON (qv).
Machinery later removed and hull dynamited as hazard.
Sources: eas,ns2,ledc,vbs,mpl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF LOUISVILLE - See HARRIET A. HART

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF MACKINAC - See FLORIDA


------------------------------------------------------ 1713
CITY OF MADISON
Other names : none
Official no. : 4350
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1857, Vanslyke, Notter & Co., Buffalo
Specs : 134x26x11, 487g
Date of loss : 1877, Aug 17
Place of loss : 35 mi off Kenosha, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Caught fire at 3 a.m. while offshore and totally destroyed. Her crew abandoned and was picked up by the steamer TEMPEST. It was reported at the time that 2nd engineer was drunk at his post and allowed the boiler fire to escape. Out of Chicago
Stranded on the Keweenaw in 1871 and at Washington Isl., L. Michigan in 1873. Major repair in 1871
Stranded just above Church’s Landing in the Soo River in Sep, 1863 and expected to become a total loss.
Sources: nsp,is,mpl,bb
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 1859
CITY OF MEAFORD
Other names : built as steamer SEAMAN, renamed in 1908
Official no. : C117082
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger and pkg freight "coaster"
Build info : 1906, L. Chisholm, Meaford, Ont.
Specs : 111x24x9, 328 t.
Date of loss : 1919, May 18
Place of loss : at Collingwood, Ont. Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Destroyed by fire at a dock. Remains were dismantled the next year.
Sources: slh,ns2,h,csv,mmgl,mpl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF MIAMI - See E.G. CROSBY


------------------------------------------------------ 1909
CITY OF MIDLAND
Other names : none
Official no. : C97111
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1890, J. Simpson, Owen Sound, Ont.
Specs : 176x28x11, 974gc
662nc
Date of loss : 1916, Mar 17
Place of loss : at Collingwood Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned at Grand Trunk Railway dock while fitting out for the coming season.
Rebuilt, 1893
Sources: mmgl,slh,sol,ns2,h,csv,win,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 1934
CITY OF MILWAUKEE
Other names : none
Official no. : 4276
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1861, Peck & Masters, Cleveland as a bark
Specs : 141x30x12, 316 n (436 t om)
Date of loss : 1875, Nov 5
Place of loss : 12 mi above Port Sanilac, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : none
Carrying : limestone
Detail : Bound for Marquette, she was found to be leaking on Lake Huron and soon foundered. Her crew took to her yawl and was rescued by the passing schooner MARY L. HIGGIE.
Homeport in 1869: Buffalo
Sources: hgl,slh,nsp,hgl,rsl,jb


------------------------------------------------------ 1999
CITY OF MONTREAL
Other names : none
Official no. : C71108
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1871, Hyslop Co., Chatham*, Ont.
Specs : 138x26, 652g
Date of loss : 1888, Oct
20
Place of loss : on Michipicoten Isl.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : 475 t building stone
Detail : Drove ashore in a heavy easterly and sank
after riding the storm at anchor for two days. She was towing the barge KEEWATIN, which was not injured. Bound for Chicago from Vertist, Ont.. Crew drifted three days in a lifeboat. Out of Colbourne, Ont., owned by A. Campbell
*builder also seen as Taylor
Rebuilt, 1884, Owen Sd.
Sources: clu,mmgl,polk,gwgl,is,csv,nsp,lss,hgl,
es3-1


------------------------------------------------------ 2031
CITY OF MT. CLEMENS
Other names : none
Official no. : C90968
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight "steambarge"
Build info : 1880, Charbideaux, Mt. Clemens [US#126213]
Specs : 107x23x8, 133g 97n
Date of loss : 1908, Nov 21
Place of loss : in channel near N end of L. St. Clair.
Lake : St. Clair
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Collided with the whaleback steamer NEILSON and sank in the channel. Later dragged closer to shore out of the channel and abandoned by the Reid wrecking tug OTTAWA. Recovered in 1912, converted to sandsucker and scrapped in 1919.
Sold Canadian, 1883
Sources: csv,nsp,mmgl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF NAPLES - See FRANK O’CONNOR


------------------------------------------------------ 2101
CITY OF NEW YORK
Other names : none
Official no. : C116393
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight US# 4377
Build info : 1863, Stevens & Presley, Cleveland as a pass/frt propeller
Specs : 136x28x12, 302g 210n
Date of loss : 1921, Nov 25*
Place of loss : somewhere off Main Duck Isl.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 8 [all]
Carrying : coal
Detail : Foundered in a storm. She may have been speared by masts of the schooner OLIVER MOWATT(qv). Most of her crew took to a lifeboat, but died of exposure before rescue. Dead included skipper's wife, 10 month old daughter, and his 14 year old adopted son. She carried only a small crew, as this was to be but a short hop, and may have been undermanned for the conditions.
Sold Canadian, 1904. From Bowmanville, Ont.
Converted from package freighter to bulker in 1891.
*also given as 1910 and Nov, 1919, but this is correct date.
Sources: nsp,csqw,win,lodc,sol,mmgl,osdo,gsg,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3673
CITY OF OSWEGO
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1852, Buffalo, NY
Specs : 138x25x11, 357 t.
Date of loss : 1852, Jul 12
Place of loss : Off Willowick, OH, a few mi E of Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 15
Carrying : ?
Detail : Collided with the steamer AMERICA and sank in her first season.
She was a $70,000 loss.
Owned by the fledgling Norther Transportation Co.
Sources: osdo,lhl,hgl,wl,nsp

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF OWEN SOUND - See also ERINDALE


------------------------------------------------------ 2272
CITY OF OWEN SOUND
Other names : later rebuilt as SATURN (1896)
Official no. : C71181
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1875, J. Simpson, Owen Sound, Ont.
Specs : 172x31x13, 732gc 498nc
Date of loss : 1887, Oct 24
Place of loss : 1/2 mi E of Clapperton Isl. light, N Channel
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Struck bottom and run onto the beach at Sand Bay, but slipped backwards and sank in 40' of water. Crew escaped in lifeboats. Later recovered. See SATURN.
Owned by Collingwood Transp. Co.
Overwintered on shore of Michipicoten I. after wreck in '84.
Sources: nsp,eas,mmgl,slh,is,sol,h,wb,win,lss,sb
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF PARIS - See ISOLDE


------------------------------------------------------ 2311
CITY OF PARRY SOUND
Other names : built as prop FAVOURITE, renamed in 1893
Official no. : C94762
Type at loss : propeller, wood, pass. & package freight "coaster"
Build info : 1889, S. Chisholm, Meaford, Ont.
Specs : 130x25x10, 491gc 334nc
Date of loss : 1900, Oct 9
Place of loss : town dock at Collingwood, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to a total loss.
Sources: mmgl,slh,ns1,h,csv,win
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 2403
CITY OF PORT HURON
Other names : none
Official no. : 5392
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1867, J.P. Arnold, Port Huron
Specs : 169x31x10, 411 t.
Date of loss : 1876, Sep 4
Place of loss : 3-4 miles off Lexington, MI in about 36 feet of water*
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Reportedly overloaded, she sprang a leak, broached to and foundered. Part of her crew clambered up the rigging while others floated off on the cabin roof. All were saved. Newspapers reported that as her fuel was burned, she became down so low forward that her pumps were unable to find water aft, but her captain denied it, saying, in essence, "she always looks like that." Most of her gear and machinery was taken off by the wrecking tug MONITOR in August of 1877.
*Also shown as lost off Dunkirk, NY, Lake Erie, in error.
Sources: phr,lhl,mv,eas,slh,mpl,es,jb,
nsp,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4222
CITY OF PORT HURON
Other names : built as DULUTH, renamed CITY OF CHEBOYGAN (1909), renamed CITY OF PORT HURON (1925)
Official no. : 157279
Type at loss : barge, wood
Build info : 1890, Cleveland Dry Dock, Co., Cleveland as a passenger vessel
Specs : 98x30c10, 183g 124n
Date of loss : after 1941
Place of loss : off Port Franks, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : construction equipment
Detail : Had just been raised from the St. Clair River and stripped of her engine, and was being towed to Kincardine, Ont., when she sank, a total loss.
A former passenger ferry at Port Huron/Sarnia, she was put out of business by the Blue Water Bridge. She sank at her dock in 1939 and was officially abandoned. Later recovered as noted above.
Sources: hcgl,mv,bbas


------------------------------------------------------ 2571
CITY OF ROME
Other names : none
Official no. : 125914
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1881, Quayle & Martin, Cleveland
Specs : 268x40x20, 1908g 1595n
Date of loss : 1914, May 6
Place of loss : above Ripley, NY, near shore
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Caught fire and ran for shore. Sank close in. Machinery is reportedly still visible just below the surface.
Collided with and sank steamer LINDEN in St. Clair Flats, Sep 29, 1905, resulting in an expensive salvage and repair job.
Sources: mv,polk,eas,ns2,h,ledc,nsp,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3289
CITY OF SANDUSKY
Other names : none
Official no. : C61158
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1866, G. Fordham, Sandusky, OH US# 5062
Specs : 171x25x9, 608g 463n
Date of loss : 1876, Mar 24
Place of loss : Port Stanley, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none mentioned
Carrying : "valuable"
Detail : Burned and sank in the harbor.
Sold Canadian in 1873.
Sources: csv,lhl,eas,mmgl,win,mpl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 2651
CITY OF SANDUSKY
Other names : built as steamer JAY COOKE renamed before 1894
Official no. : 13780
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood
Build info : 1868, Clark [Geo. Irving , master carpenter], Detroit
Specs : 163x26x9, 415g 281n
Date of loss : 1895
Place of loss : well offshore
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : unreported
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Sunk far out in the lake, according to several sources. However, some sources state she was still operating into 1898. In 1895 she was reportedly being used to haul street sweepings from Detroit out into Lake Erie, where they were pumped overboard [and this was the horse and buggy era].
Registered to Geo. A. Dupuis et. al. of Detroit
Sources: hgl,lhl,hdm,slh,mv,nsp,mpl,wl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 2734
CITY OF SHEBOYGAN
Other names : often seen as CITY OF CHEBOYGAN
Official no. : C104283 (also given as 137894)
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1871, Frank Hamilton, Sheboygan, WI US# 125218
Specs : 135x30x10, 260g 247n
Date of loss : 1915, Sep 25
Place of loss : off Amherst Isl., near Kingston, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 5 [all]
Carrying : feldspar
Detail : Bound Kingston for Buffalo. Foundered in heavy seas. Two brave rescue attempts by onlookers failed. The ship was heavily overloaded with 700 t. of cargo.
Reg. out of Toronto. Sold Canadian in 1915
Sunk and was a major salvage job near Detour in '86. 1 died.
Major repair, 1882, enlarged at that time.
Wreck located in 1963.
Sources: csqw,mv,polk,win,nsp,mmgl,ns2,is,h,mpl,dmt,do
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 2618
CITY OF ST. CATHARINES
Other names : later rebuilt as OTEGO
Official no. : C72715
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1874, J.P. Abbey, Port Robinson, Ont.
Specs : 139x26 606 t.
Date of loss : 1880, Jul
Place of loss : off Sand Beach, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm/collision
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Collided with steamer GEO. H. MORSE in a storm and foundered. Abandoned as a total loss by her owners, but recovered by Americans in 1883 and rebuilt as OTEGO [US# 155075] (qv).
Canadian registration closed Jan 6, 1881.
Sources: is,csv,polk,mv,mmgl,jb

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF ST. JOSEPH - See S.K. MARTIN


------------------------------------------------------ 2627
CITY OF ST. JOSEPH
Other names : built as steamer CITY OF CHICAGO, renamed, 1915
Official no. : 126627
Type at loss : barge, steel, pulpwood
Build info : 1890, F. Wheeler, W. Bay City, MI hull# 68 built as a sidewheeler
Specs : 254x34x14, 1439g*
Date of loss : 1942, Sep 22
Place of loss : near Eagle Harbor, MI, Keweenaw
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : pulpwood
Detail : Tow of tug JOHN ROEN with barge TRANSPORT(qv), cut loose and driven ashore, a total loss. Remains largely cut up in place for scrap the following winter.
*Originally 211 feet, lengthened to 226 ft in 1891, to 254 ft, 1905. Cut down to a barge in 1937. As a steamer, she was one of first lakers to carry a wireless.
Sources: vbs,sbs,eas,ns4
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF SOUTH HAVEN - See E.G. CROSBY


------------------------------------------------------ 2899
CITY OF SUPERIOR
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1857, Lafrinier, Cleveland
Specs : 190x29x11, 587 t.
Date of loss : 1857, Nov 11
Place of loss : mouth of Copper Harbor, Keweenaw
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : Misc. household goods,livestock - e-mail me for complete and interesting list
Detail : Blinded by blizzard, she ran ashore at full speed, tearing her bottom out. Broke up in gale the same night. Most of her freight was saved. Owned by Hanna, Garretson & Co. of Cleveland
Sources: hgl,lhl,eas,gwgl,is,ks,lss,nsp,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 2924
CITY OF TAWAS
Other names : none
Official no. : 4391
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast (former bark?)
Build info : 1864, Arnold, Vicksburgh [Marysville], MI as a sloop-barge
Specs : 135x28x10, 291 t.
Date of loss : 1877, Oct 30
Place of loss : near St. Joseph, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 500 t. iron ore
Detail : Struck a bar outside the harbor while attempting to enter in a storm. Drifted ashore with a hole in her bottom and pounded to pieces. One brave crewman swam ashore with a line and the rest came in on it. Out of Detroit.
Struck Colchester Shoal, Lake Erie and sunk in 1870.
Ashore and abandoned on North Manitou Isl, fall of 1874.
Rebuilt at Detroit, 1867.
Sources: mv,slh,lmdc,nsp,hgl,bcha,jb


------------------------------------------------------ 2870
CITY OF THE STRAITS
Other names : none
Official no. : 4393
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1866, J. M. Jones, Detroit
Specs : 154x29x11, 392g 376n
Date of loss : 1896, Aug 26
Place of loss : at Ontonagon, MI, in Ontonagon R.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Tied to Mercer's dock and destroyed by fire when the city of Ontonagon was burned to the ground.
Owned by Penoyer Bros. of Port Huron.
major repair in 1882
Sources: mv,nsp,polk,phr,hgl,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 2975
CITY OF TOLEDO
Other names : none
Official no. : 5586
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freight
Build info : 1865, A. C. Keating, Ogdensburg [also seen as Toledo]
Specs : 413g
Date of loss : 1879, Dec 21
Place of loss : 7 mi N of Ludington, MI, few hundred yards out
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 24
Carrying : winter provisions
Detail : Bound Milwaukee for Ludington, she struck a reef and stranded in a white squall. Some of the crew went to find aid and soon after the rest were rescued by a hastily assembled volunteer lifesaving crew. The local lifesaving station was only in the planning stages, but a crew captain was on hand to direct the five-hour rescue.
Perhaps recovered.
Sources: sagl,h,lmdc,usls ,mpl not in lhl


------------------------------------------------------ 2976
CITY OF TOLEDO
Other names : none
Official no. : 4548
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight, 3-mast
Build info : 1865, Squires & Keating, Toledo as a sidewheeler
Specs : 161x25x9, 245g 233n
Date of loss : 1906, Jul 21
Place of loss : just above Belle Isle bridge at Detroit
Lake : Detroit R
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : coal
Detail : Collided with an unidentified vessel, broke her towline and went out of control, ramming a bridge support and sinking. Hull was later raised for use as a lighter.
Rebuilt to schooner-barge in 1875 after burning at Manistee Aug 23, 1874. As a schooner she capsized with the loss of her entire crew of nine off Manistee Aug 30, 1892, was later recovered.
Rebuilt again in 1883
Sources: mv,polk,eas,lhl,ns1,nsp,mpl,usls
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF TORONTO - See also ALGOMA


------------------------------------------------------ 4223
CITY OF TORONTO
Other names : none
Official # : C none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1855, Haves Bros., Toronto
Specs : 168x33x19, 1,070 t.
Date of loss : 1858, Nov 18
Place of loss : outside the breakwater at Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wheat, flour, peas and oatmeal
Detail : She was trying to come into Oswego harbor in a howling gale when her tiller broke off close to the rudder and she went out of control. She dropped anchor just off the harbor mouth, but it couldn't hold against the storm. She sank near the piers and was stripped and abandoned a few days later, despite the efforts of local tugs to pull her off. She broke up in a gale at the end of November.
Sources : nsp,wmn


------------------------------------------------------ 2983
CITY OF TORONTO
Other names : none
Official no. : C85414
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1864, L. Shickluna, Niagara, Ont.
Specs : 207x20x12, 898gc 513nc
Date of loss : 1883, Oct 31
Place of loss : Port Dalhousie, Ont
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Caught fire at Muir Bros. shipyard and totally destroyed. She had had her paddle boxes removed so that she could pass the Welland Canal and was to be reassembled that winter.
1st registered in 1882
365 hp engine Owned by H. Daggett of Oswego, but port of registry was St. Catharines.
rebuilt, 1883
Sources: win,csv,mmgl,h,nsp,polk,hgl,rp


------------------------------------------------------ 3059
CITY OF VENICE
Other names : none
Official no. : 126885
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1892, J. Davidson, W. Bay City, MI hull# 48
Specs : 301x43x20, 2108g 1771n
Date of loss : 1902, Aug 4
Place of loss : abreast of Rondeau, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collison
Loss of life : 3
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Collided with steamer SEGUIN and sank in perfect weather, a total loss. SEGUIN was later impounded by U.S. marshal for damages.
Sources: vbs,mv,nsp,slh,sbs,ns1,h,ledc,phr,mpl,m&h
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF WALKERVILLE - See ROY K. RUSSELL

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF WINDSOR - See MICHIPICOTEN

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF WINNIPEG - See also HOWARD S. GERKEN


------------------------------------------------------ 3229
CITY OF WINNIPEG
Other names : built as prop ANNIE L. CRAIG, renamed 1878
Official no. : C71117
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk and package freight
Build info : 1870, Linn & Craig, Gibraltar, MI [US#1892]
Specs : 184x32x13, 1211gc 823nc
Date of loss : 1881, Jul 19
Place of loss : Northern Pacific Railway Dock at Duluth
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 4
Carrying : whiskey, horses
Detail : Caught fire in the wood-pocket near the engine room while unloading at 3:30 am. Burned quickly to the waterline and sank. She was raised, towed out into the lake and resunk in July of 1898.
Sold Canadian, 1878. Registered out of Collingwood [Collingwood-Lake Superior Line]
Sources: csv,win,mmgl,is(3-70),slh,h,gwgl,sol,lh,lss,hgl,usls,mpl,rp
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CITY OF WOODSTOCK - See R. KANTERS


------------------------------------------------------ 568
CITY QUEEN
Other names : none
Official no. : C111561
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1900, A Nickerson, Midland, Ont. as a passenger vessels
Specs : 71x16x5, 69gc 41nc
Date of loss : 1924, Aug 27
Place of loss : 1/4 mi E of Manitou Dock, Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to a total loss. No detail.
Sources: mmgl,slh,h,win
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 569
CLARA
Other names : none
Official no. : (125616)
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1877, Chicago (or 1868, Detroit)
Specs : 10.68 gt (21 t. - usls)
Date of loss : 1887, Aug 23
Place of loss : near Miller's Station, Ind.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 of 2
Carrying : hardwood lumber
Detail : Bound Manistee for Chicago, she was caught in storm and broken up. Her hull later washed ashore upside-down.
Sources: mv,nsp,h,hgl,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 3860
CLARA
Other names : none
Official no. : 125534
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1887, W. Allen, Bay City
Specs : 36x12x3, 7g 7n
Date of loss : 1900
Place of loss : At railroad bridge over the Pigeon R., Michigan’s "thumb"
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : "total loss"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail.
Sources: vbs,phr

------------------------------------------------------
CLAREMONT - See GEORGE J. WHELAN


------------------------------------------------------ 570
CLARENCE
Other names : also seen as CLARENCE E
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : gas propeller, fish tug
Build info : 1930, Bayfield, WI
Specs : 34 ft, 13 t.
Date of loss : 1938, Jun 30
Place of loss : at Superior, WI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : gear
Detail : Short in her engine while starting caused tug to explode and burned to the waterline.
Sources: is,h,lss


------------------------------------------------------ 571
CLARION
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1844, J. Richards, Erie, PA
Specs : 250 t.
Date of loss : 1860, Oct 30
Place of loss : vicinity of Skillagalee Reef
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : grain
Detail : Ran into shallows and wrecked in a gale while downbound.
Lost 2 locomotives off her deck during a storm on Lake Michigan in 1851.
Rebuilt at Milan, OH, in 1857.
Sources: slh,hgl,ssm,nsp,rnc


------------------------------------------------------ 572
CLARION
Other names : none
Official no. : 125937
Type at loss : propeller, composite, package freight
Build info : 1881, Detroit Dry Dock, Detroit hull# 45
Specs : 241x36x16 1712g 1513n
Date of loss : 1909, Dec 8
Place of loss : Southeast Shoal
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm & fire
Loss of life : 15 of 21
Carrying : package frt, flour
Detail : Jammed on the shoal in heavy weather, then caught fire and was destroyed. The survivors were rescued by the steamer L.C. HANNA in a daring bow-to-stern maneuver.
NOT carrying locomotives as often stated (see 1860 wreck).
Sources: do2,eas,atl,gs,sol,ns1,h,mv,hdm,ledc,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 573
ALVIN CLARK
Other names : none
Official no. : 3985*
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1846, Truago [Trenton], MI
Specs : 113x25x9, 220 t
Date of loss : 1864, Jun 29
Place of loss : Green Bay, off Chambers Isl.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 3 of 5
Carrying : in ballast
Detail : Bound for Oconto, WI, foundered in terrific squall. Two crew were saved by the brig DEWITT. A dedicated effort by the tug SARAH E. BRYANT in July and August met with no success.
A schooner identified as CLARK was recovered from the Bay at great expense in 1969. She was on display for some time at Marinette, WI, then Menominee, MI, but due to lack of interest and funding, finally covered over by a parking lot in 1995.
Major repairs in 1861
*The Coast Guard assigned her this official number in the 1970’s - it was the lowest number that had not yet been assigned. Before her 1995 destruction she was considered to be the oldest documented commercial ship in existence.
Sources: is(1-70,4-69),hgl,mpl,nsp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3769
F.C. CLARK
Other names : (none)
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1849, St. Clair, MI
Specs : 120x25x10, 266 t. [om]
Date of loss : 1856
Place of loss : near Manitowoc, Wi (also given as near Grand Haven, MI)
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : "Wrecked" no detail. Stripped the following spring by the steamer TROY.
Sources: nsp,hgl,bb,
ctw


------------------------------------------------------ 576
J.C. CLARK
Other names : also seen as J.C. CLARKE; built as T.D. DOLE, renamed in 1871
Official no. : C51669
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package ferry
Build info : 1865, D. M. Dole, Marine City US #24221
Specs : 85x20x7 145gc 99nc
Date of loss : 1905
Place of loss : Port Huron, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned at a dock. Engaged in Port Huron-Sarnia ferry trade.
Sold Canadian in 1871, renamed at that time. She was nearly destroyed by fire at Erie, PA, in late August, 1870.
Rebuilt from 96x21 ft, 175 t. in 1876
Formerly had the official C#11866
Sources: mmgl,csv,slh,is,polk,nsp

------------------------------------------------------
JOHN S. CLARK - See MAGGIE HUNTER


------------------------------------------------------ 574
LUCY J. CLARK
Other names : none
Official no. : 14713
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1863, Pickering, Port Huron as a brig
Specs : 137x27x12, 293n 309g
Date of loss : 1883, Nov 11
Place of loss : off Cross Village, near Skillagalee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 3 of 8
Carrying : wood
Detail : Went ashore with little damage on the 4th. The tug COE pulled her off the beach, but a fast-rising squall tore her loose from the tug. Her crew abandoned just before she capsized, then the yawl boat capsized near shore, drowning 3 sailors.
Ashore near Cheboygan Sep 25, same year.
Major repairs in 1879,81,82,83.
Sources: nsp,slh,h,mv,hgl,usls,ssm,eb


------------------------------------------------------ 3447
S.A. CLARK
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1863, Wm. Kingston, Buffalo
Specs : 12 t.
Date of loss : 1867, Nov 23
Place of loss : at Buffalo
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : explosion
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Boiler exploded and she sank in the harbor.
Sources: lhl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 575
STEPHEN C. CLARK
Other names : often seen as S.C. CLARK, built as steamer NIPIGON, renamed in 1887
Official no. : 116161
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1874, A. Cantin, Montreal, Canadian C#71608
Specs : 140x26x10, 276g 215n
Date of loss : 1893, Jun 20
Place of loss : off Port Sanilac, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Caught fire and threatened to burn to the waterline. Her crew was evacuated by the prop KALKASKA. Fire was extinguished by the tug DESMOND and the largely-destroyed vessel was towed to Marine City for possible rebuilding. She never was, and the hull was finally removed in 1912. Document surrendered at Port Huron 10/25/93, annotated "total wreck."
Owned by J. Squire of Marine City.
Sold U.S. and renamed in 1886 after a fire at Clayton, NY.
Sources: csv,mv,slh,phr,hgl,mmgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 577
JAMES CLARKE
Other names : often seen as JAMES CLARK
Official no. : C71149
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1883, H. Marlton, Goderich, Ont.
Specs : 79x16x7, 48gc 33nc
Date of loss : 1896, Aug 18
Place of loss : Michael's Bay, Manitoulin Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to a total loss.
Owned by Craig & Darling of Collingwood.
Some sources say she was lost at Owen Sound.
Sources: nsp,mmgl,slh,csv,win,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 578
CLAY TILE
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : steamer-scow
Build info : ?
Specs : 206 t.
Date of loss : 1943, Jul 11
Place of loss : Saginaw River, 1.5 mi N of Crow Isl.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : sank
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail of loss
Remains still visible.
Sources: eas,h,vbs


------------------------------------------------------ 3654
HENRY CLAY
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1831, H. Fitzhugh, Oswego, NY
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1831, Jul (ca. 19th)
Place of loss : 10-12 miles off Port Dalhousie, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 6 of at least 11, including 4 passengers
Carrying : 7-800 bbl salt
Detail : Capsized and sank in a squall while bound Oswego for the Welland Canal and thence Cleveland on her maiden voyage. Three people were saved by the steamer CANADA, which was ahead and put about to try to help. CLAY's skipper was reportedly a salt sailor with no respect for the lakes. This was her first voyage.
Out of Oswego, owned by Fitzhugh
Sources: osdo,hgl,rp,pw


------------------------------------------------------ 3886
HENRY CLAY
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger and freight
Build info : 1825, J.L. Barton, Black Rock, NY
Specs : 125x27x10, 301 t.
Date of loss : 1835, Nov 11
Place of loss : Buffalo R., Buffalo, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm/stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : She and the the sidewheelers SHELDON THOMPSON and SANDUSKY were tied up in the river when a hurricane force storm on Lake Erie drove a storm surge into the river, raising its level 20 feet. The three steamers were cast high out of the water. It was impossible to recover the CLAY.
She was the fifth steamboat on Lake Erie, and the fourth built in 1825.
Sources: lhl,nsp,eh,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 579
HENRY CLAY
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1842, Fairbanks Church, Huron, OH
Specs : 87x24x9, 163 t.
Date of loss : 1850, Dec 3
Place of loss : near Point Nipigon, Straits of Mackinac
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Went ashore in a gale - not much damaged, but high and dry and unsalvagable. Crew and passengers were picked up by the passing steamer TROY.
A schooner HENRY CLAY drove ashore in a gale about 7 miles north of Racine on Oct 18, 1857 and was reported pounded to pieces, a total wreck. She was out of Milwaukee, described as "very old."
Sources: lm,lhdc,hgl,nsp,ssm,nsp,wl,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 580
HENRY CLAY
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freighter
Build info : 1849, Aaron Root, Milan, OH
Specs : 134x23x11, 316 t. [om]
Date of loss : 1851, Oct 25 or 27
Place of loss : 1/2 mi E of tip of Long Point
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 16 to 19 [1 survivor]*
Carrying : baled wool, passengers
Detail : Shifting of her cargo in a gale caused her to heel over and later break up and sink in a heavy gale. The passing brig JOHN MARTIN, picked up her single survivor. Her cargo reportedly washed ashore for months. Owned by G.W. Holt of Buffalo and others.
*one newspaper source says 30 were lost, 29 crew and a woman passenger
This or another HENRY CLAY was reported lost off Ashtabula in 1851. This vessel was rebuilt at Black R. oH, in that year.
Sources: eas,sol,ttgl,h,is,lhl,hgl,wl,nsp,rnc


------------------------------------------------------ 581
CLAYTON
Other names : none
Official no. : 4332
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1854, John Oades, Clayton, NY
Specs : 136 ft, 208 t.
Date of loss : 1868, Jun 5
Place of loss : off Pointe aux Barques, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : She collided with the bark ERASTUS CORNING and sank in deep water. At first it was hoped that she could be brought up, but in mid-June a wrecking expedition was unable to find the wreck, and abandoned her as lost.
Reg. out of Chicago
Major repairs in 1864
Sources: mv,slh,hgl,rsl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 582
CLAYTON BELLE
Other names : none
Official no. : 4282
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1854, John Oades, Clayton, NY*
Specs : 139 ft., 300 t.
Date of loss : 1882, Apr 10
Place of loss : off Lexington, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 4
Carrying : pig iron
Detail : Sank in seven minutes following a collision with the schooner THOMAS PARSONS(qv). The BELLE had been laying to, waiting for a tug, and had been bound St. Ignace, MI, for Erie, PA. She reportedly sank in 7 minutes.
*Year also given as 1863
Sources: mv,slh,glss,sol,h,hgl,usls,rsl,rp,sip,es


------------------------------------------------------ 4136
CLEMATIS
Other names : built as CLEMATIS, renamed MARIA LOVE in 1866, CLEMATIS again by 1869
Official # : 5396
Type at loss : barge, wood
Build info : 1863, Lafrinier, Cleveland as a tug
Specs : 179 t.
Date of loss : 1883, May 21
Place of loss : off Point Edward
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : (lumber)
Detail : She was caught in a storm and broke in two. Her stern came ashore at the head of the St. Clair R.
Owned by Chamberlain, Detroit.
Reduced from a tug to a barge in 1881.
Sources : es,polk,hgl,mpl,jb


------------------------------------------------------ 583
NORMAN P. CLEMENT
Other names : none
Official no. : C146255
Type at loss : propeller, steel, acid tanker
Build info : 1924, J. White & Co., Cowes, Isle of Wight, England hull# 1604
Specs : 252x43x20, 1729g 1112n
Date of loss : 1968, Oct 16
Place of loss : Collingwood, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : explosion
Loss of life : none, 11inj
Carrying : none [drydocked at the time]
Detail : Heavily damaged by explosion and fire during repair from a stranding. She was a constructive total loss and was towed out and scuttled off Christian I. in 350' of water, Oct 23, 1968.
Built as a bulker, converted to acid tanker at Sarnia, 1962
Sources: a&f,mmgl,is(4-68),sol,slh,ns5,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 584
D.M. CLEMSON
Other names : none
Official no. : 157703
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1903, W. Superior Shipbuilding, Superior, WI hull# 510
Specs : 448x52x28, 5531g
3991n
Date of loss : 1908, Dec 1
Place of loss : unknown position
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 24 [all]
Carrying : coal
Detail : Went missing in gale/blizzard, leaving little evidence behind. Last seen off Whitefish Pt. early on the 1st. Largest U.S. ship lost in 1908, worldwide.
Sources: mv,eas,lssc,lss,gwgl,mol,gs,sol,is,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 585
CLETUS - Previous entry eliminated. The ship probably never existed


------------------------------------------------------ 586
CLEVECO
Other names : built as S.O. & Co. #85, renamed S.T. Co. No. 85 in 1916, SCOCONY 85 in 1918, GOTHAM 85 in 1930, CLEVECO in 1940
Official no. : 211035
Type at loss : barge, steel, tanker
Build info : 1913, Superior, WI
Specs : 250 ft., 2,441 t.
Date of loss : 1942, Dec 2
Place of loss : 9 mi off Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 18 [all]
Carrying : oil [880,000 gal]
Detail : Tow of the steel tug ADMIRAL(qv), she was struck by an extremely violent gale. During the struggle she found herself still attached to tug after the latter had sunk. She fought with the gale for hours while the Coast Guard Cutter OSSIPEE came to her aid. The cutter stood by for some time after CLEVECO's crew declined assistance. Later when they wanted to be taken off, OSSIPEE, which had pulled back for fear of a collision, could not relocate her visually. CLEVECO finally went off radio contact and sank with all hands.
The wreck, which was moved in 1962, lies in 71 feet of water, 16.8 mi, 10.5 deg from Cleve E entrance light.
Sources: glp,is(2-60,3-61),lm,mol,gs,wms,ns4,mpl,els
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3448
CLEVELAND
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood
Build info : 1837, Fairbanks Church, Huron, OH
Specs : 180x29x12, 579 t.
Date of loss : 1854, May
Place of loss : at Tonawanda, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Total loss to fire
while laid up.
Sources: lhl,hgl,wl,nsp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4057
CLEVELAND
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1852, Wolverton, Newport, MI
Specs : 197x28x11, 574 t.
Date of loss : 1864, Oct (28)
Place of loss : off the mouth of Two-Hearted R., MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : gen. merchandise
Detail : Upbound, she was on her regular route between Lake Superior and Cleveland, when she was driven ashore by a gale. There was very little in the press about the loss, but the vessel disappears from registration at this time. Odd for what was a significant vessel at the time. It is probable that she was expected to be recovered, but never was.
Owned by J. Hutchings, Detroit
Major repairs in 1861, 63
Sources: nsp,lhl,hgl,rsl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 588
CLEVELAND
Other names : none
Official no. : 4376
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight, lumber
Build info : 1860, Quayle & Martin, Cleveland
Specs : 136x26x11, 375 t.
Date of loss : 1880, Jul 29
Place of loss : Saginaw Bay, near Charity Isls.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Bound Saginaw R for Tonawanda, NY with four barges in tow, she caught fire. The tug MUSIC and the steamer EMERALD towed her to Pte AuGres, where she burned out. She was declared a total loss but was later rebuilt at Bay City,
abandoned in 1900.
Collided with the bark MARIA MARTIN, in tow of the tug McCLELLAN, and sank in 1866, near Bar Pt.
Boiler explosion killed one & injured 2 in 1885.
Sold for scrapping in 1899-1900, converted to a schooner-barge in 1901 and abandoned in 1903.
Sources: lhl,nsp,slh,mpl,wl,rsl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 591
H.G. CLEVELAND
Other names : none
Official no. : 11762
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1867, W. Jones, Black R., OH
Specs : 137x26x10, 264g 251n
Date of loss : 1899, Aug 13
or 23
Place of loss : 7 mi from Cleveland Harbor entrance
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : limestone
Detail : Sank, a total loss.
Sources: mv,polk,ledc,h
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3551
CLIFTON
Other names : none
Official no. : 33163
Type at loss : barge, wood
Build info :
1846, Dexter, NY as a passenger propeller
Specs : 101x18x7, 111 t.
Date of loss : 1874, Oct 10
Place of loss : halfway between Pt. Pelee and Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Waterlogged and went to pieces in a storm. Her tow steamer HENRY HOWARDdropped her and came back to pick up the crew. Later the str PACIFIC spotted the abandoned wreck and presumed all hands had drowned. She floated on the surface for some time, but when salvagers went to recover her, she had disappeared. Document surrendered at Port Huron Jan 10, 1878, annotated "Wrecked in September, 1874."
Rebuilt to a tug about 1860 and to a barge at Marysville, MI, in 1866
Sources: phr,mv,hgl,
nsp,wl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 592
CLIFTON
Other names : built as steamer SAMUEL MATHER, renamed in 1922
Official no. : 116484
Type at loss : propeller, steel, self unloading whaleback bulker
Build info : 1892, A. MacDougall [Americab Steel Barge Co.], W. Superior, WI
Specs : 308x38x24, 1713g 1318n
Date of loss : 1924, Sep 22
Place of loss : 30 mi ENE of Oscoda, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 27 [all]
Carrying : crushed stone
Detail : Foundered with all hands in powerful gale. Downbound. Official finding was that her cargo shifted and she turned turtle.
Sources: mv,mol,lol,gs,slh,sol,ns3,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 593
DEWITT CLINTON
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1836, Fairbanks Church, Huron, OH
Specs : 147x27x11, 413 t. [om]
Date of loss : 1851
Place of loss : Near Dunkirk, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Sources say she was either sunk or stranded and wrecked a total loss.
Foundered off Milwaukee Oct 11, 1839 with loss of 5 lives. Recovered the following year. (?) One source says this was the vessel’s yawl, not the vessel herself.
She and her near-twin ROBERT FULTON were reputedly the first lakes steamers built primarily as freighters, with relatively few passenger accommodations.
Sources: lhl,sol,hgl,nsp,bb,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 595
GEORGE R. CLINTON
Other names : built as the schooner PRIDE oF AMERICA
Official no. : 86001
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1863, L. Shickluna, St. Catharines Ont.
Specs : 137x26x12, 339 t.
Date of loss : 1890, Oct 17
Place of loss : Near north harbor marker, Kincardine, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : probably coal
Detail : Bound Toledo for Kincardine, she stranded and wrecked 1/8 mi N of the piers.
Out of Detroit
Rebuilt in 1869-70 after going ashore.
Canadian vessel (C#85416) at least until 1882. Shows in 1889 mv, so was US registry by then.
Sources: win,h,rb

------------------------------------------------------
H.P. CLINTON - See MYSTIC


------------------------------------------------------ 596
CLIPPER
Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner
Build info : ?
Specs : "small"
Date of loss : 1860
Place of loss : near Oak Orchard, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded and wrecked.
Sources: is not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3316
CLIPPER
Other names : none
Official no. : C116260
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1903, D. Dobson, Midland, Ont
Specs : 62x13x
7, 49gc 29nc
Date of loss : 1906, May 1
Place of loss : off Bustard Islands, Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : 3 of 4
Carrying : none
Detail : Sprang a leak between Byng Inlet and French R. Her crew abandoned in a small dinghy, which sank. The cook made it to shore on an improvised raft. The vessel was recovered later that year, dismantled in 1922.
Had recently been purchased by Spanish R. Boom Co.
Sources: nsp,mmgl,csv
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3770
SARAH CLOW
Other names : also seen in error as SARAH LOW
Official no. : 22342
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1862, David Clow, Chambers Isl., Wi
Specs : 110x27x10, 193 t. [286 t., old measure]
Date of loss : 1869, Nov 17
Place of loss : Turner’s Pier, near Manistee, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Had just finished loading when the storm struck. She ran out into the lake to ride it out and cast anchor, but the violence of the storm ripped her stern off and drove her ashore, where she broke up.
Out of Chicago
The product of Capt. David Clow and his wife, it reportedly took them seven years to build her. She was reputedly fastened entirely with trenails [wooden pegs], perhaps the last Lakes vessel so built.
Heavily damaged in a stranding at Ludington in Nov, 1867.
Sources: hgl,nsp,mv,rsl,rp,mdwl,bb

------------------------------------------------------
COALHURST - See NEEBING

------------------------------------------------------
COASTAL CLIFF - See BRUCE HUDSON


------------------------------------------------------ 3449
COASTER
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1854, A. Miller, Oswego, NY
Specs : 96x17x5, 70 t.
Date of loss : 1860, Nov (27)
Place of loss : Stone Mills, near Picton, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven ashore and pounded to pieces.
Built for John Sweet.
Sources: lhl(s),is,rnc


------------------------------------------------------ 597
COASTER
Other names : none
Official no. : C71110
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast, packet
Build info : 1861, Smith, Conneaut
Specs : 60x16x4, 32gc 32nc
Date of loss : 1880, Oct 17
Place of loss : off Pt. Pelee
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : She stranded and wrecked in a storm. Broke up Nov 4.
Sold Canadian about 1874. Registered out of Chatham, Ont.
Sources: mmgl,h,win


------------------------------------------------------ 598
R.G. COBURN
Other names : none
Official no. : 21954
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1870, T. Arnold, Marine City, MI
Specs : 193
x31x8, 867 t
Date of loss : 1871, Oct 15
Place of loss : a few miles north of Pte Aux Barques
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 32 of 75
Carrying : grain, silver ore
Detail : Bound Lake Superior for Detroit, she came down the lake in a terrific gale when most others had sought shelter. Battered to pieces and foundered. The new vessel was homeported at Detroit and owned by the Lake Superior Line [Eber Ward].
Sources: mv,slh,sol,gwgl,h,tbs,lhdc,nsp,eas
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
ELLEN G. COCHRANE - See ANTELOPE


------------------------------------------------------ 4137
JOSEPH COCHRANE
Other names : none
Official # : 12755
Type at loss : schooner, wood,
3-mast
Build info : 1856, Hosea Rogers or Dickson, Charlotte, NY as a bark
Specs : 136(oa)x26x10, 325 t.
Date of loss : 1870, mid- Oct
Place of loss : Bailey’s Harbor, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Bound Duncan City [Cheboygan] Mich., for Chicago, she went ashore in a gale and reportedly broke up. A report in early November said that the wreck had "entirely disappeared."
Owned by F.M. Bruce of Chicago.
Major repairs in 1862,63
Sources : nsp,hgl,’69 mv,rsl,
rp (not in ‘84 mv)


------------------------------------------------------ 3606
NEIL COCHRANE
Other names : none also seen as NEIL COCHRAN
Official no. : 18517
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1868, W. Simms, Port Hope
Specs : 76x21x12, 87g
Date of loss : 1872, Late Sep - early Oct
Place of loss : near Elm Creek
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Lost in the big series of gales in the dates shown - no detail, but probably capsized. Document surrendered at Port Huron Nov 13, 1877, annotated "wrecked in 1872."
Sources: phr,mv,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 599
TOM COCHRANE
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1861, Buffalo
Specs : 14 t.
Date of loss : 1862
Place of loss : Sturgeon Point or Point Abino
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : No detail. May be the tug rumoured to have been lost at Port Colborne Nov. 1, 1862 with the loss of 17 lives.
Location also given as Sturgeon Pt., Lake Huron.
Sources: slh,lhl,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 600
S.S. COE
Other names : none
Official no. : 23450
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1868, G. Notter, Buffalo
Specs : 66x15x6 31g 16n
Date of loss : 1876, Apr 14
Place of loss : near Port Austin, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned out and sank. She was declared a total loss, but recovered May 1 with $13,000 damage. Even though she worth less than $10,000 before the fire, she was rebuilt anyway. Rebuilt again in 1881 and operated until scuttled off Milwaukee in 1919.
Sources: slh,lhl,hgl,mpl,jb,wl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 601
ALICE COFFEE
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : ?
Place of loss : near Detour, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : "lost"
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Sources: lhdc not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 602
E. COHEN
Other names : none
Official no. : 8192
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1867, Root, Black River, OH as a brig
Specs : 195g
Date of loss : 1890, Oct 18
Place of loss : Port Hope Reef, Michigan
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber & lath
Detail : In tow, she broke loose from the steamer EIGHTH OHIO, was driven on the reef and wrecked. Pte Aux Barques Lifesaving Service crew saved her people. Out of Buffalo, she was a total loss of about $6500.
Other sources say she was built in '56.
Stranded with heavy damage, 1877, Lake Erie
Major repairs in 1874 Shown in '84 mvus as unrigged barge.
Sources: mv,nsp,ledc,slh,h,usls,wb,hgl,sip
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
DARIUS COLE - See also COLONIST


------------------------------------------------------ 603
ANNIE COLEMAN
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?(1869)
Specs : ?(100 t.)
Date of loss : 1879, Jul 19
Place of loss : mouth of Hurricane R., 9 mi W of Grand Marais
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Accidentally run on reef in fog. One source says the crew walked 70 mi to Marquette for as-
sistance, though this seems dubious.
Sources: lssc,is,lss,(hgl),net not in '69 mv


------------------------------------------------------ 3927
JAMES COLEMAN
Other names : also seen as J. COLEMAN
Official no. : C33580
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1847, Lamoree, Dundas, Ont.
Specs : 117x23x10, 232 t.
Date of loss : 1864, Nov [1st week]
Place of loss : Poplar Point, off Bay of Quinte
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded and called a total loss by November 11. She had been ashore on Nicholson Island almost exactly a year earlier.
Spent her early career trading on the St. Lawrence.
Sources: wmn,clu,mmgl,rsl,rnc


------------------------------------------------------ 4151
THOMAS COLEMAN
Other names : none
Official # : 145030
Type at loss : propeller tug, wood
Build info : 1862, Newburg, NY
Specs :
73x16x642gt 21nt
Date of loss : 1883, Nov 20
Place of loss : off Bar Point
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Was lying alongside the Bar Point lightship when she caught fire. The blaze spread so quickly that her crew abandoned in a lifeboat which was so leaky that they feared drowning. The tug ONEIDA came to their rescue and towed the tug ashore, where another tug, the WILCOX, was able to douse the fire. Her entire upper works was burned off. Some sources say she was a total loss. Out of Detroit, owned by Capt. Mills.
Sources : nsp,hgl,’84 mv,polk,es,eb
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 604
COLFAX
Other names : none
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : (1865, Bay City, MI)
Specs : (82x21x5 58t)
Date of loss : 1870
Place of loss : near Detour, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Sank in a gale, no detail.
Shown in hgl as "Schuyler Colfax" (there was another SCHUYLER COLFAX)
Not in '69 mvus - probably has a "1st" name
Sources: slh,hgl,vbs


------------------------------------------------------ 605
JAMES B. COLGATE
Other names : none
Official no. : 77019
Type at loss : propeller, steel, whaleback bulk freighter
Build info : 1892, MacDougall - American Steel Barge Co., W. Superior, WI
Specs : 308x38x24 1713g 1318n
Date of loss : 1916, Oct 21
Place of loss : off Long Point
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 25 of 26
Carrying : Coal
Detail : Struck bottom in a plunge off a huge wave in one of worst storms ever recorded on Erie. Foundered and a total loss. She was lost the same night and a few miles away from the big steamer MERIDA(qv). Only her skipper survived.
Sources: gsgl,lol,sol,ns2,h,ledc,eas,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3358
COLLINA
Other names : none
Official no. : C85701
Type at loss : barge, wood
Build info : 1883, F. Harris, Wallaceburg, Ont.
Specs : 91x24x5, 62gc 62nc
Date of loss : 1888, May 28
Place of loss : Molly Creek, near Dresden, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wooden bolts
Detail : Struck a sawlog and sank well offshore while outbound for Detroit.
Reportedly recovered, burned to total loss on L. St. Clair, 1891.
Owned by Asa Ribble of Dresden, Ont.
Sources: nsp,mmgl

------------------------------------------------------
COLLINGWOOD - See also KALOOLAH


------------------------------------------------------ 606
COLLINGWOOD
Other names : none
Official no. : C72718
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1874, Simpson, St. Catharines, Ont.
Specs : 61x15x8, 44 gc 30nc
Date of loss : 1878, Jul 19
Place of loss : 1/2 mi from Byng Inlet, Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to a total loss. Some reports of her loss says she was a schooner, but it seems more likely that she was the tug shown. Registered out of St. Catharines
Shows as this tug in mmgl
Sources: mmgl,slh,h,win


------------------------------------------------------ 607
COLLINGWOOD
Other names : none
Official no. : 4344
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1855, B.B. Jones, Buffalo
Specs : 132x28x11, 258 t.
Date of loss : 1882, Nov 25
Place of loss : midlake off Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 5 (or 4) of 8
Carrying : cedar posts & poles
Detail : She capsized in a storm and later drifted ashore. Survivors were saved by the steamer WISCONSIN after 31 hours adrift. Bound St. Helens, MI, for Chicago . Owned out of Chicago by Keith Bros. since at least '69, but had a partly Canadian crew and may have been Canadian registered at one time.
Rebuilt several times, major repair in 1863, ‘70.
Sources: nsp,mv,h,lmdc,hgl,rp,bb,es


------------------------------------------------------ 609
E.K. COLLINS
Other names : later rebuilt as ARK(qv)
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1853, Bushnell & Wolverton, Newport, MI
Specs : 256x32x12 ft., 1095 gt, 942nt
Date of loss : 1854, Oct 8
Place of loss : near Amherstburg [Malden], Ont.
Lake : Detroit R.
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 23 of 66 [other sources say number unknown because passenger and crew lists were destroyed in the fire]
Carrying : passengers
Detail : Caught fire and beached near the mouth of the Detroit River, where she burned to the waterline. About 43 persons were rescued by bystanders in small boats and by the propellers FINTRY and GLOBE. She had just left Detroit when the blaze broke out. There was some speculation that arson was the cause.
Her hull was recovered in 1857 and rebuilt as the barge ARK (qv)
Built for Ward’s Line.
Sources: eas,hmc,is,sol,lhl,hgl,nsp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4174
J. B. COLLINS
Other names :
Official # : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : between 1849 and 1854
Specs : 71 t.
Date of loss : 1855, Nov 16
Place of loss : east bar, near Port Ontario
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : (storm?)
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Bound Oswego for Kingston, she sprung a leak, probably in a storm, and tried to make Port Ontario. She went ashore nearby and broke in two.
Owned by N Kilborn, Oswego.
Sources : nsp,rnc,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 610
M.L. COLLINS
Other names : none
Official no. : 16614
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1854, C. Jamieson, Toledo, OH
Specs : 130x26x9 231g 220n
Date of loss : 1893, Apr 22
Place of loss : on Waugoschance Point, western Straits
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Went aground in a gale and broke up before she could be released.
One source says she was lost in 1903, but not in 1894 MVUS.
Rebuilt & lengthened to canal size in 1876. Originally 116 ft.
Major repair in 1884 after wrecking on L. Mich. in Nov, '83
Sources: nsp,slh,lmdc,wb,hgl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 351
COLONEL BRACKETT
Other names : none
Official no. : 33607
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, lumber
Build info : 1869, F.N. Jones, Tonawanda, NY
Specs : 115 ft, 187 t
Date of loss : 1890, Apr 24
Place of loss : at Harbor Beach, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying :
ice
Detail : Bound for a brewrey in Port Huron, she ran onto the Harbor Beach breakwater in a NE gale and was destroyed.
Purchased for $295, about 1/10 of her value, at a Marshall's sale November 23, 1889. Vessel and cargo worth about $3,500 when lost.
rebuilt 1880
Sources: mv,eas,wb,slh,ledc,hgl,
jb


------------------------------------------------------ 451
COLONEL CAMP or COLONEL E. CAMP
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1854, A. Wilcox, Three Mile Bay, NY
Specs : 137(oa)x26x11, 350 t.
Date of loss : 1856, Sep 20
Place of loss : Near the Manitous Islands, northern Lake Michigan
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Downbound for Oswego, she sank following a collision with the steamer PLYMOUTH (see 1913 loss) and went down in a few minutes.
Owned by Col. E.E. Camp of Sackett’s Harbor and homeported at Oswego
Sources: slh,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 490
COLONEL CARRY
Other names : ?
Official no. : none (C)
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1854
Place of loss : off Goderich, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail. See FRANCE.
Sources: slh, not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 653
COLONEL COOK
Other names : built as AUGUSTA, name changed in 1861
Official no. : 4366
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1855, J. A. Baker [J Navagh, Master carpenter], Oswego, NY as a schooner
Specs : 129x25x11, 266g 253n
Date of loss : 1894, Apr 23 (also given as September)
Place of loss : between Lorain, OH & Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : Stone
Detail : Abandoned in a storm in a sinking condition. The wreck came to the beach at site above.
As AUGUSTA, she rammed and sank the LADY ELGIN(qv) in 1860 with great loss of life, and, herself in danger of sinking, left the scene. Though she was absolved of blame she was quite a pariah and changed her name and paint. She spent nearly all of her career on the lakes, though, not mostly on the Atlantic as often claimed. She did make a trip to Liverpool, Eng. in 1861.
Sank on L. Erie in Jul, 1888 and declared a total loss.
Ashore with heavy damage in the summer of 1868
Rebuilt, 1861, '75. Major repairs 1878,'81,'88.
Another COLONEL COOK was built at Newport, MI, in 1855 by J.E. Dixon. 126x26x11, lost on the Atlantic (Gulf of St. Lawrence) on a trip to Liverpool in 1858.
AUGUSTA was named for Augusta Avery, wife of T. Y. Avery, who had ordered the craft from the builder.
Sources: mv,nsp,osdo,is(2-70),lm,sol,ledc,wsm,wb,hgl,sb,mpl,rp,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------
COL. DAVIS - see CAL DAVIS


------------------------------------------------------ 887
COLONEL ELLSWORTH
Other names : none
Official no. : 4354
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1861, Wm. Treat, Euclid, Oh as a bark
Specs : 138x26x12 319g 303n
Date of loss : 1896, Sep 2
Place of loss : 6.2 mi from White Shoals
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : in ballast
Detail : Collided with schooner EMILY B. MAXWELL(qv) and sank at 4 am. Her crew escaped in the yawl and were picked up by MAXWELL.
She lay on a beach near Whitefish Pt. L. Superior, all of the winter of 1895-6 and was repaired and returned to service just prior to this accident. Also spent the winter of 1867-8 ashore on Thunder Bay, MI. after stranding in the fall.
Sources: ssm,nsp,slh,lmdc,mv,wb,hgl,mpl,rsl,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3210
COL. A.B. WILLIAMS
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1856, D. Rogers, Big Sodus, NY
Specs : 110x24x10, (150 t.?)
Date of loss : 1864, Jun 5
Place of loss : 3 miles below Port Sanilac
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : At about 3 a.m.she collided with the big ore-laden bark TWILIGHT(qv), and sank in 85 feet of water. Her crew were rescued by smallboat from the bark. The tug PRINDIVILLE found some personal effects floating on the surface a few days later and recovered them.
Sources: hgl,slh,lhdc,nsp

------------------------------------------------------
COL. WOODWARD - See DISPATCH


------------------------------------------------------ 611
COLONIAL
Other names : none
Official no. : 126012
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1882, G. Presley, Cleveland as a package freighter
Specs : 244x36x19 1502g 1189n
Date of loss : 1914, Nov 13
Place of loss : near Rondeau Point close by Pardoville, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Bound Oswego for Milwaukee, she was discovered to be leaking in a gale and was run up on the beach to save the crew. Broke up during another storm on the 18th.
Heavily damaged in stranding on Lake Ont. in 1893.
Built as a package freighter, converted to bulker before '93
Wreck located in 1991.
Sources: do2,ns2,mv,phr,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 612
COLONIAL
Other names : built as the sidewheeler DARIUS COLE, renamed HURON in 1906, last name in 1921
Official no. : 157173
Type at loss : propeller, iron, passenger & auto carrier
Build info : 1885, Globe Shipbuilding, Cleveland
Specs : 200x32x21, 538 gt (215 ft oa)
Date of loss : 1925, Sep 2
Place of loss : off Barcelona, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 4
Carrying :
excursionists
Detail : Caught fire, gutted and sank in shallow water. Later recovered for scrap and dismantled at Dunkirk, NY.
Converted to a propeller after 1910.
Photos show her as a propeller with a walking-beam engine, maybe the only conversion of this type.
Sources: mol,is,sol,le,ns3,mv,mpl,gmd
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 613
COLONIAL
Other names : ?
Official no. :
perhaps US#205611
Type at loss : oil screw tug
Build info : ?
Specs : 27 t.
Date of loss : 1939, Nov 1
Place of loss : Straits of Mackinac
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Stranded and broke up.
Sources: slh not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 614
COLONIST
Other names : none
Official no. : C33481
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1854, R. Stend, Sarnia, Ont.
Specs : 134x24x11, 341gc 207nc
Date of loss : 1869, Nov 21
Place of loss : 25 mi SE of Straits of Mackinac
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : flour, wheat
Detail : Sprung a leak and foundered while bound Milwaukee for Montreal. She had pounded heavily and sought shelter in the great gale of the 17th near Manitowoc after fighting it for two days. Started out again the 19th, but her battered hull failed.
Owned by Pridham of Montreal
Sources: clu,slh,csv,mmgl,nsp,hgl,ssm,mdwl


------------------------------------------------------ 615
COLORADO
Other names : none
Official no. : 426
7
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freight
Build info : 1867, Mason & Bidwell, Buffalo
Specs : 252x35x13 1471g 1322n
Date of loss : 1898, Sep 19
Place of loss : Sawtooth Reef, near Eagle River, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : flour
Detail : Blinded by forest fire smoke, she went hard on the reef. A storm hit the area on the 23rd while she was still aground and she was pounded to matchwood.
Several were killed in an explosion of her boiler off Buffalo in October, 1883
Major repairs in 1881
Sources: gwgl,mh,mv,nsp,phr,lss,hgl,usls,mpl,bb
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 616
COLUMBIA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1842, D. Dibble, Sandusky, OH
Specs : 92x24x9 177 g
Date of loss : 1859, June 7
Place of loss : near Sherwood Point, Green Bay [Death’s Door]
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Grounded and broke up.
Brought first load of copper from the Keweenaw and brought the first locomotive to Marquette.
Owned by Jesse Birmingham of Sturgeon Bay
Sources: lmdc,www,hgl,mpl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 617
COLUMBIA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss :
propeller, wood
Build info : 1848, Fairport, OH
Specs : 117x19x8, 170 t.
Date of loss : 1866
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Owned by Darius Cole, Detroit, In 1861.
Lytle list shows her abandoned in 1862, but stll shows on insurace list in 1864.
Sources: slh,lhl,wl,rsl,
umr


------------------------------------------------------ 618
COLUMBIA
Other names : none
Official no. : 4406
Type at loss : barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1844, A.A. Pickering, Sacket's Harbor, NY as a steamer
Specs : 99x20x9, 158 t.
Date of loss : 1880, Fall
Place of loss : near Harrisville, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Destroyed by a gale.
Out of Algonac
Built on Lake Ontario for the passenger/freight trade to the upper lakes but the 1st time she tried to traverse Welland Canal she was found to be one inch too long. Her skipper/builder committed suicide.
Rebuilt in 1860, probably changed to sail at that time.
Sources: is(4-83),hoh,phr,mpl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 619
COLUMBIA
Other names : none
Official no. : C ?
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1873, Hamilton, Ont.
Specs : 137x24 629gc 410 nc
Date of loss : 1881, Sep 10
Place of loss : near Frankfort, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 16
Carrying : corn
Detail : Foundered in a gale while bound Chicago for Collingwood, Ont. Registered out of Montreal and owned by the Collingwood-Chicago Line.
Sources: sol,is,h,lmdc,csv,mmgl,win,hgl,usls,rp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 620
COLUMBIAN
Other names : none
Official no. : 4387
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1864, W. Wolf, Green Bay (Ft. Howard), WI
Specs : 139x26x13 356g 338n
Date of loss : 1913, Sep 4
Place of loss : off Dunkirk, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Foundered
Sources: eas,ns2,mv,rsl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3450
COLUMBUS
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood
Build info : 1835,
B. S. Goodsell, Huron, OH
Specs :
131x28x12, 391 t.
Date of loss : 1848, Mar 28
Place of loss : at Dunkirk, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Struck a pier and sank, a total loss. The steamer FASHION struck the wreck and was seriously damaged in Nov, 1848.
Ashore in a storm and high & dry on Lake Erie, fall of 1844.
Sources: lhl,hgl,is,nsp,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 621
COLUMBUS
Other names : built as JOHN OWEN, last name in 1907
Official no. : C117039
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight (built as large tug)
Build info : 1874, Detroit Dry Dock Co., Detroit US#75608 hull# 28
Specs : 136x25x12 439gc 230nc
Date of loss : 1909, Sep 10
Place of loss : Gargantua, Ont.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to total loss at her dock. She was cut loose and allowed to drift out into the bay, where she sank. The top of her engine still shows above the water.
Sold Canadian in 1907
Sources: gld,atl,gwgl,is,csv,lss,win,mmgl,mpl,do
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 622
COLUMBUS
Other names : none
Official no. : 202116
Type at loss : gas screw passenger boat
Build info : 1905, J. Pouliot, Sandusky, OH
as a steamer
Specs : 60x14x4 29t 21n
Date of loss : 1924,
Jun 24
Place of loss : Sandusky, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Sunk at her dock by a tornado and abandoned as total loss.
Converted from steam to gasoline engine in 1912.
Sources: www,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 448
COMANCHE
Other names : none also seen as CAMANCHE
Official no. : 4932
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1867, J. Navagh, Oswego, NY
Specs : 137 ft, 322 t
Date of loss : 1886, Nov 27
Place of loss : near Point Peninsula, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : corn
Detail : Ran on a shoal and sank. A local farmer died in trying to rescue her 8 crew. Out of Oswego.
Later recovered, rebuilt as THOMAS DOBBIE(qv).
Ashore and damaged near S. Manitou, L. Mich, the previous year.
Sources: mv,nsp,h,hgl,usls,wl not in '69 mv


------------------------------------------------------ 3315
COMELY
Other names : none
Official no. : 4367
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1847, G.S. Weeks, Oswego
Specs : 194 t.
Date of loss : 1869, Oct 13
Place of loss : at Pt. Abino
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven ashore by gale and total wreck, breaking up the next day.
Out of Cleveland, probably owned by Montgomery et. al.
Rebuilt in 1850, major repairs in 1863, 65.
Sources: hgl,nsp,osdo,rp,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 623
COMET
Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1835, Nov 11
Place of loss : 1 mile NW of Dunkirk, NY [Washington Reef]
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 7 [all]
Carrying : iron, ashes
Detail : Out of Madison, OH, she foundered in a gale, leaving just her topmasts protruding from the water. The lost included one passenger, a college student bound for Vermont.
Sources: ledc,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 624
COMET
Other names : built as COMET, renamed MAYFLOWER in 1851, COMET again in 1860*
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger and package freight
Build info : 1848, G. Ault, Portsmouth, Ont.
Specs : 174x24x10 337gc
Date of loss : 1861, May 14
Place of loss : north of Oswego, NY (one source says harbor)
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 2 or 3
Carrying : ?
Detail : Destroyed by explosion and fire following a collision 10 mi. off Nine-mile Point with the U.S. schooner EXCHANGE. The survivors reached Simcoe Isl. in a lifeboat.
Known as a hard-luck ship due to her numerous accidents.
Nearly destroyed by explosion and fire in April, 1851, killing 8. She was later raised and auctioned off to Montreal parties.
*one major source says she was still named MAYFLOWER at the time of her loss, in error.
Wreckage located in 1967.
Sources: csqw,is,csv,hgl,mmgl,eh,mpl,nsp,do
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4098
COMET
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1857, Townsend, Algonac, MI
Specs : 66x19x6, 65 t.
Date of loss : 1866, Sep 11
Place of loss : 8 mi off the mouth of the Detroit R
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : plaster
Detail : Bound Sandusky for Detroit, she sprung a leak and quicky went down. Her crew scrambled up her masts and and spent an entire dark night hollering in the direction of passing ships and waiting for dawn until finally rescued by the steamer CITY OF TOLEDO.
Rebuilt and enlarged in 1860, originally 64x18x5, 52 t.
Sources: nsp,wl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 625
COMET
Other names : none
Official no. : 4338
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1857, Bidwell & Banta, Buffalo
Specs : 339 t.
Date of loss : 1870, Oct 30
Place of loss : 1 mi S of Frankfort, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : 25,000 bu oats
Detail : Bound Chicago for Buffalo, she was driven ashore and completely broken up by a teriffic gale.
Homeport:Chicago
Sources: lmdc,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 626
COMET
Other names : none
Official no. : 5683
Type at loss : propeller, package and bulk freight
Build info : 1857, Peck & Masters, Cleveland
Specs : 181x29x13, 744 t.
Date of loss : 1875, Aug 26
Place of loss : 7 mi SE of Whitefish Pt., Whitefish Bay
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 11 of 21
Carrying : ores and pig iron,sacks of wool
Detail : While trying to pass the Beatty Line steamer MANITOBA on a foggy night, signals were misunderstood and COMET veered into the path of MANITOBA and was rammed on the port side about 25 feet aft of the stem, cutting her nearly in two. She sank in 5 minutes or less and lies in 300 feet of water. Owned by Hanna Co. of Cleveland. Bound Marquette for Cleveland.
Sister of str ROCKET.
Built as a freighter, with passenger accommodations added two years later.
Collided with prop SILVER SPRAY near Port Huron in Aug 1869 and sunk her. Two months later she suffered another collision with the prop HUNTER in a passing mishap similar to her final accident, and both vessels sank.
Rebuilt in 1863, 74.
Wreckage located in 1980.
Sources: is(2-69),lss,gwgl,sol,is,hgl,usls,eh,mpl,es,jb,nsp
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3323
COMET
Other names : none
Official no. : C ?
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1876, J. Rody, Chatham, Ont.
Specs : 55x11x5, 23gc 15nc
Date of loss : 1883 [ca.]
Place of loss : Wingfield Basin, Georgian Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : Stranded
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Ran ashore while going into Wingfield Basin and wrecked. Machinery later removed and the hull burned.
Sources: mmgl,polk


------------------------------------------------------ 627
COMET
Other names : none
Official no. : 125978
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1881, Arnold, Muskegon
Specs : 67x14x6, 32g 16n
Date of loss : 1897, Oct 12
Place of loss : off Two Harbors, MN
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to a total loss offshore.
Sources: lss,hgl,mv,polk,gwgl,is

------------------------------------------------------
COMMANDANT MANTELET - See MONROVIA

------------------------------------------------------
COMMANDANT Le BIBOUL - See MONROVIA


------------------------------------------------------ 3771
COMMENCEMENT
Other names : none
Official no. : 4346
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1853, Evert Evers, Holland, MI
Specs : 75x19x7, 73 t. [87 t. old meas.]
Date of loss : 1869, Sep 25
Place of loss : 20 miles off Little Sable Point
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : hull failure
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wood in the hold, telegraph poles on deck
Detail : Bound Pentwater, Mich. for Milwaukee, she sprung a leak which quickly overtook her pump capacity. As the crew was getting aboard the lifeboat she turned turtle, leaving them clinging to the the schooner’s upturned hull. There they remained for 30 hours until picked up by the passing steamer ALLEGHENY. The schooner later washed ashore, a total wreck.
Out of Chicago.
Sources: hgl,nsp,mv,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 628
COMMERCE
Other names : rebuilt as REINDEER
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1848, J. Quain, Portsmouth, Ont
Specs : 134x24x9, 237 t.
Date of loss : 1850, May 6
Place of loss : near Port Maitland, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 41
Carrying : soldiers & families
Detail : She collided in the dark with the steamer DESPATCH and sank. Thought to be total loss, but later recovered and rebuilt as REINDEER (qv). Most of the lost were members of the Reserve Bn, 23 Welsh Fusiliers and their dependents.
Rebuilt in 1851
Sources: eas,clu,sol,is,csv,mmgl,eluc,hgl,nsp
,bc


------------------------------------------------------ 629
COMMERCE
Other names : none
Official no. : 4363
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1857, D. Dibble, Sandusky, OH as a brig
Specs : 142x32x11 327g 311n
Date of loss : 1909, Nov 19
Place of loss : near Sheboygan, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Torn away from tow steamer & cast ashore, where she broke up.
Also wrecked at Seul Choix, at the north end of Lake Michigan, in 1895. Declared a loss, but recovered in May, 1896.
Went down near the mouth of Sandusky Bay, just inside Cedar Point, Oct 21, 1905. Declared loss, but later recovered.
Sources: eas,ns1,h,lmdc,mv,slh,gs,www,nsp,mpl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
COMMODORE - See also WAUKEGAN


------------------------------------------------------ 630
COMMODORE
Other names : none
Official no. : 125805
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1880, T. Arnold, Carrollton, MI as 3-mast schooner
Specs : 176x34x12 586g 585n
Date of loss : 1918, Jun 17
Place of loss : 19 mi off Southeast Shoal
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Upbound in tow of steamer JAY GOULD, she capsized and foundered soon after a storm hit her. The big steel steamer MATAAFA(qv) stood by and took her crew off just before she sank.
Photo.
Sources: eas,sol,sbs,ns2,ledc,vbs,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 253
COMMODORE BARRIE
Other names : none also seen as COMMODORE BARRY, COM. BARRIE
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1833, Gildersleeve, Kingston, Ont.
Specs : 144x38, 275 t
Date of loss : 1842, Apr 30
Place of loss : 10 mi off Long Point, W of Kingston, Ont.
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 500 bbl flour
Detail : Bound Niagara for Kingston, Ont., she collided with the Canadian schooner CANADA and was disabled, then sank about 30 minutes later. Her passengers and crew were rescued by the CANADA. She went down in 50 fathoms of water.
Reportedly twin-engined.
Owned by a joint stock company out of Kingston.
Sources: csqw,is(4-65),mmgl,csv(s2),nsp,wl,wmn


------------------------------------------------------ 1041
COMMODORE FOOTE
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1862, A. Miller, Oswego, NY
Specs : 112x23x11 254 t.
Date of loss : 1867, Nov 21
Place of loss : off 40-Mile Point, easter n Straits
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 13,800 bu wheat
Detail : Bound Milwaukee for Oswego, she collided with large schooner JOHN KELDERHOUSE in a passing mishap, and sank.
Owned by Kehoe & Aikens, Oswego..
Built on hull of the schooner COLERAINE, also built by Miller, in 1854.
The vessel shows as a registered schooner in Merchant Vessels of the U.S. for 1869 and 72, but her entry is annoted in 1872 as "lost."
Sources: osdo,slh,is,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 302
COMMODORE JACK BARRY
Other names : none also seen as COMMODORE JACK BERRY
Official no. : 126355
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1885, Saugatuck, MI
Specs : 71x16x9 57g 29n
Date of loss : 1897, Oct 30
Place of loss : Superior, WI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned in the harbor.
Sources: is,lss,mv

------------------------------------------------------
COMMODORE PERRY - See also O.H. PERRY


------------------------------------------------------ 2346
COMMODORE PERRY
Other names : none
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : (propeller), wood, U.S. Revenue Cutter
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1877
Place of loss : Sturgeon Point, near Harrisville, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Driven ashore and wrecked.
Sources: slh,hgl

------------------------------------------------------
COMMODORE PREBLE - See PREBLE


------------------------------------------------------ 631
COMRADE
Other names : none
Official no. : 34132
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1883, R. Mills & Co., Buffalo
Specs : 199x34x14, 910g 880n
Date of loss : 1890, Sep 13
Place of loss : W side of Portage Ship Canal, 10 mi off Misery Bay
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 8 [all]
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Cast adrift from her tow steamer COLUMBIA in SE (or WSW) gale and foundered with all hands somewhere between Keweenaw & Isle Royale. Bound Ashland, WI for Cleveland with 1600 tons of ore, she was a total loss of $35,000. The steamer made it to shelter after hard fight, later came out to find her charge, but to no avail.
Sources: mv,is(4-74),gwgl,wm2,h,wb,lss,hgl,sb,usls,df


------------------------------------------------------ 632
A.W. COMSTOCK
Other names : none
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1895, A. Smith, Algonac
Specs : 200x36x13, 806gt, 778nt.
Date of loss : 1895, Sep 23
Place of loss : 18 mi off Stannard Rock, E of Keweenaw Pen.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 8
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Tow of steamer VIKING, with W.K. MOORE. Separated from them in a gale and later sank. The crew took to her yawl, were picked up by steamer J.J. McWILLIAMS several hours later. She had only been in service about 3 mo. Winds in the gale were estimated at 70mph.
Sources: nsp,gwgl,lss,wb,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 633
J.B. COMSTOCK
Other names : none
Official no. : 76941
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1891, A. Smith, Algonac
Specs : 139x30x11 326g 307n
Date of loss : 1906, Oct 8
Place of loss : Duck Islands, off Manitoulin
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : She, her tow steamer LANGELL BOYS, and 2 other barges sought shelter from a storm and anchored in lee of the Ducks. A sudden change of wind exposed the anchorage and drove her ashore where she broke up in huge waves.
Sources: ns1,mv,phr,modoc,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 635
CONDOR
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1857, Merry & Gay, Milan, OH
Specs : 112 ft, 237 t.
Date of loss : 1862, Nov 16
Place of loss : Near Skillagalee Reef
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : corn
Detail : Bound for Buffalo, she stranded and was abandoned, then later stripped by the wrecking tug LEVIATHAN.
Out of Milan, OH,
owned by A. P. Mowrey
Sources: slh,hgl,ssm,nsp,umr


------------------------------------------------------ 636
CONDOR
Other names : none
Official no. : 5993
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1871, Olson, Sheboygan, WI
Specs : 58x16x5 22g 21n
Date of loss : 1904, Apr 1
Place of loss : Kalamazoo R. at Singapore, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : ice
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Lying at anchor, she was crushed by ice moving out in the spring breakup. Not officially abandoned until 1905.
Owned out of South Haven
Sources: is,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 637
CONDOR
Other names : none
Official no. : C92553
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood
Build info : 1888, A. Cantin’s Dry Dock Co., Montreal
Specs : 193x34x12, 633 gc
Date of loss : 1921, Aug 17
Place of loss : Traverse Point, 30 mi WSW of Kingston
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal (wheat?)
Detail : Bound for Montreal, she went aground on the S side of the point in a gale. Her remains are reportedly still visible ashore.
Sank in Galoup Rapids, St. Lawrence River, in October, 1889, and remained there for more than a week.
Rebuilt, 1915
Sources: csqw,do2,mmgl,ns3,nsp,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 638
CONDUCTOR
Other names : none
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1853, (Hackett), Amherstburg, Ont.
Specs : 250 t.
Date of loss : 1854, Nov 24
Place of loss : halfway up S side of Long Point, 1/2 mi out
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 9
Carrying : grain
Detail : Bound for Buffalo with grain, she lost sight of the Long Point in a blizzard and was driven into the shallows by a gale. Her crew climbed the rigging just as she began to break up and sink. Mrs. Abigail Becker, who lived with her many children in a small cottage nearby, built a beachfire to encourage the crew to come ashore, but when they were too frozen, she swam partway out to the vessel through freezing surf and back nine times to bring all of the crewmen to shore. "Mother" Becker was later awarded several humanitarian medals, cash and a farm near Long Point. She died in 1905.
Owned by MacLeod & Park of Amherstburg.
Sources: eas,glss,ttgl,ledc,hgl,nsp,is(1-97),mpl rnc not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 983
EVA M. CONE
Other names : also seen as E. M. CONE
Official no. : 7522
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1859, Oconto, WI
Specs : 22 t. [25 t. om]
Date of loss : 1872, Apr 22
Place of loss : just outside Milwaukee harbor
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : ice
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Bound Port Washington for Milwaukee on an early-season run, she struck an ice floe , capsized, and sank. Her crew made it to safety in her boat. The CONE later drifted ashore.
Sources: sii,hgl,wl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 639
CONEMAUGH
Other names : none
Official no. : 125858
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1880, F. Jones, W. Bay City at Wheeler shipyard
Specs : 251x36x15 1609g 1453n
Date of loss : 1906, Nov 21
Place of loss : Pelee Passage
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : package freight
Detail : Bucking a big storm, she ran aground in the shallows around Pt Pelee. Her crew abandoned before she started to go to pieces. Her deckload of package freight was later taken off by the big Great Lakes Towing Co. powered lighter T.F. NEWMAN.
She spent her entire career with Erie & Western Transit Co. [Anchor Line].
Sunk in a collision with the steamer NEW YORK [US#130157] in the Detroit R. Oct 21, 1891.
Sister of steamer LYCOMING
Sources: eas,sbs,ns1,mv,vbs,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 640
CHESTER A. CONGDON.
Other names : built as SALT LAKE CITY, renamed in 1911
Official no. : 204526
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1907, Chicago Shipbuilding, S. Chicago hull #74
Specs : 532x56x27, 6530g 4843n.
Date of loss : 1918, Nov 7
Place of loss : Canoe Rocks, Isle Royale
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Went aground in fog. Thought to be an easy salvage job, but a storm which followed tore her to pieces and pushed her into deep water before she could be released
Largest vessel lost on the lakes up to that time.
Put on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.
Sources: mv,irs,lssc,sol,ns2,lss,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 641
OMAR D. CONGER
Other names : none
Official no. : 155055
Type at loss : propeller, wood, passenger & package ferry
Build info : 1887, G. Hardison, Port Huron (also given as Milwaukee, in error)
Specs : 92x26x11 200g 159n
Date of loss : 1922, Mar 26
Place of loss : On Black River, Port Huron, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : explosion
Loss of life : 4
Carrying : general merch
Detail : Exploded at her dock with such violence that parts of her upperworks and engine were thrown all over Port Huron. Local residents say her unattended boiler blew up, but some reports say that an unregistered cargo of explosives ignited, causing the blast.
Had been a Port Huron-Sarnia ferry for many years.
Sources: nsp,s,slh,sol,mh,mv,ledc,phr,mpl,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 642
CONGERCOAL
Other names : built as A. WESTON [US# 106066] renamed in 1909
Official no. : C126268
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1882, W. Dulac, Mt. Clemens, MI
Specs : 164x31x13 672gc
333nc
Date of loss : 1917, May 10
Place of loss : Little Sodus Bay, NY [at Fairhaven, NY]
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Caught fire in harbor and burned to water, along with steamer LLOYD S. PORTER(qv).
May have been lost May 17.
Sold Canadian in 1909.
Sources: mmgl,sol,ns2,h,csv,is,win,osdo,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 643
CONGRESS
Other names : built as DETROIT, renamed in 1865
Official no. : 4392
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : 1861, Cleveland
Specs : 140 ft, 452 t.
Date of loss : 1868, Oct 26
Place of loss : near Thunder Bay Island, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : mixed cargo of salt, apples, railroad iron and stoves
Detail : On the day prior to her final accident she stranded on Black River Island, a few miles south of Thunder Bay, but was released after twelve hours of work. Proceeding in heavy weather, she stranded near Thunder Bay Island, caught fire and burned to the waterline, and later broke up in place. Registered out of Detroit to Capt. F. G. Hentig.
Some reports say she was recovered, subsequently lost in '73 or '93.
She served with the U. S. Quartermaster Dept. during the Civil War.
In July of the same year she became the first Great Lakes oil-burner when she had a oil-burning apparatus installed under her boiler. This was probably removed before the time of her loss.
Sources: mv,slh,stb,lhl,hgl,mpl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 644
CONGRESS
Other names : built as NEBRASKA, renamed in 1903
Official no. : 18093
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1867, Peck, Cleveland, as a passenger steamer
Specs : 267x35x16, 1484g 1362n
Date of loss : 1904, Oct 5
Place of loss : S Manitou Isl.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Caught fire while loading in the harbor. The fire spread rapidly, and to prevent it from destroying the dock, a courageous tug skipper got a line on her and towed her out into the lake, where she burned to the waterline and sank. Burned for 13 hours, sank in 26 fathoms of water.
Also burned at Chicago in 1871.
Sources: nsp,is,ns1,h,lmdc,lhl,nb,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 645
A.B. CONMEE
Other names : built as SUPERIOR, last name in 1917
Official no. : C138006
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freighter
Build info : 1881, Owen Sound Drydock Co., Owen Sound, Ont.
Specs : 81x20
x12 133gc 62nc
Date of loss : 1937, May
Place of loss : near Thunder Bay, Ont.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail. Reported foundered, but may have been scuttled and abandoned.
Extensively rebuilt and renumbered in 1917, formerly C#80908, 90x18 and 89gc
Sources: mmgl,csv,mpl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CONNEAUT - See R.P. REIDENBACH

------------------------------------------------------
CONNEAUT PACKET - See RICHMOND

------------------------------------------------------
CONSORT - See ALEXANDRIA


------------------------------------------------------ 3314
CONSTANCE
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : propeller tug, (wood), fish
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1901, May 24
Place of loss : in Menominee R at Menominee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Rammed by the Hart liner C.W. MOORE and cut in two. Total loss. Her crew escaped.
Sources: nsp,pf


------------------------------------------------------ 646
CONSTELLATION
Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1857, Nov 19
Place of loss : near Waukegan, IL
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Loading at a dock at Waukegan, she was blown from her moorings and out into the lake, then back toward shore. Stranded and went to pieces.
Sources: hgl,lmdc,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 648
CONSTITUTION
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1837, G.W. Jones, Charleston, OH
Specs : 141x28x12, 444 t.
Date of loss : 1847, Jul 24
Place of loss : in harbor at Sandusky, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Struck a pier in the harbor, stove a large hole in her bow and sank. Her machinery was later recovered and installed in the steamer J.D. MORTON(qv).
Entire vessel is sometimes reported to have been recovered and returned to service, but MORTON was built in 1848 and had her machinery.
Sources: is(4-58),sagl,www,hgl,nsp,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 647
CONSTITUTION
Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : (1825, A. Jones, Sandusky, OH)
Specs : (71x21x7 84t)
Date of loss : 1859
Place of loss : near Port Bruce, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : She was driven ashore by a SW gale and huge waves which built up over the length of the lake.
Sources: www,lhl,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 649
CONSUELO
Other names : none also on official lists as CONSUELLO
Official no. : 4572
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1851, Caulkins, Cleveland
Specs : 103 ft, 142g 132n
Date of loss : 1887, Nov 9
Place of loss : near harbor at Port Hope, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Driven ashore by gale after being abandoned by her crew in the yawl. She broke up over next few days. This was her 2nd major stranding in 1887.
Capsized & sunk off Marblehead, OH, 5 lives lost, May 1, 1875.
Not recovered until October.
Sunk near Kelley's I. summer, 1880 and was major salvage job.
Wrecked in North Channel, 1885 and recovered the next year.
Other major repairs in 1861, 69, 82
Sources: mv,slh,h,hgl,is(4-60),polk,rsl,sip,nsp

------------------------------------------------------
CONSUMERS POWER - See GEORGE M. HUMPHREY


------------------------------------------------------ 4224
CONTEST
Other names : none
Official # : 4348
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1855, F. N. Jones, Buffalo
Specs : 209 t.
Date of loss : 1868, Sep 25
Place of loss : Pelee Isl
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Ashore on Pelee Isl.. though in bad shape, she was expected to be released. In early Oct the tug GEN. GRANT went to her relief, but came back empty-handed. In May of the following year she was still on but reported to be in good condition yet. Major repairs in 1863. MAY eventually have been recovered, but does not show on subsequent lists.
Sources : nsp,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 650
CONTEST
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?( 1863, Holland, MI or 1855, F.N. Jones, Buffalo*)
Specs : 206 t. (Buf. vessel was 126x28x11, 347 t.,om.)
Date of loss : 1882, Oct 25
Place of loss : near the mouth of White Lake, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven ashore where she went over on her beam ends. She was stripped and broke up in storm a few days later.
Out of Chicago.
*US# 4348, reported total loss in the "ALPENA storm," 1880, but is also reported as the vessel lost here.
Sources: nsp,lmdc,hgl,mv


------------------------------------------------------ 651
CONTINENTAL
Other names : none
Official no. : 126016
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1882, G. Presley, Cleveland
Specs : 245x36x19, 1507g 1188n
Date of loss : 1904, Dec 12
Place of loss : Rowley Pt., near Two Rivers, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : light
Detail : She was disabled by big seas and thrown ashore. Two of her crewmen tramped through a blizzard for two days to report her stranding. By the time tugs made it to her on the 14th, she was broken in two. Owned by Republic SS Co. of Cleveland.
Sources: mv,ns1,lmdc,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4034
CONVOY
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mat
Build info : 1844, Elk Crek, PA
Specs : 102x24x9, 204 t. om
Date of loss : 1854, fall
Place of loss : 13 miles off Conneaut, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 8 [all]
Carrying : ?
Detail : She foundered in a storm with all hands. The following July salvager Wm. Pike marked the wreck for raising, but there is no information on whether she was brought up, but she fails to appear on subsequent lists.
Sources: wl,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 4035
CONVOY
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1855, Elija Bruce, Buffalo
Specs : 130x26x12, 367 t. om
Date of loss : 1862, Jul 28
Place of loss : 8 mi off Port Burwell, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 18,000 bu wheat
Detail : Downbound, she solidly collided in the dark with the empty bark SAM WARD and sank quickly in 12 fathoms of water. Later in the season several vessels collided with her remains, which drifted along the bottom. In mid-November she was located 8 mi SW of Port Stanley.
Newly purchased by Capt. Hodson, of Detroit
Stranded on Pt. Pelee, L. Erie in May of 1859. Salvagers lifted her bodily off the reef by chaining her to two lighter-scows.
Sources: nsp,wl,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 652
L.J. CONWAY
Other names : none
Official no. : 15955
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1873, Jones, Manitowoc, WI
Specs : 80x22x6, 86g 80n
Date of loss : 1886, Nov 17
Place of loss : near Flower Creek, N of White Lake, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 5 [all]
Carrying : corn & oats
Detail : Bound Chicago for Muskegon, she threatened to go ashore in a gale and her crew threw out three anchors. She was driven in anyway and wrecked. Most of her crew apparently survived for some time, but those ashore were unwilling or unable to help them.
Owned by Henderson & Peterson of Muskegon.
Sunk at Sheboygan, WI Nov 25, 1881, but later recovered.
Sources: mv,nsp,h,lmdc,hgl,usls,mpl,bb,es


------------------------------------------------------
COOK - see also COLONEL COOK


------------------------------------------------------
JAY COOKE - see CITY OF SANDUSKY


------------------------------------------------------ 654
EMILY COOPER
Other names : none
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : ?
Date of loss : 1894, May 18
Place of loss : near Manitowoc, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven ashore by terrific NE gale and pounded to pieces.
Sources: nsp,is,h,wbm,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 657
LOTTIE COOPER
Other names : none
Official no. : 149185
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1876, Rand & Burger, Manitowoc, WI
Specs : 131x27x19, 252g 240n
Date of loss : 1894, Apr 9
Place of loss : near the Sheboygan, WI, Lifesaving Station
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 of 6
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Bound Advance, MI, for Sheboygan, she came to anchor just outside the harbor to ride out the storm. Finally dragged her anchors into the surf, capsized and sank. Owned by Ole Groh of Sheboygan, WI
Wreck was raised during dredging operations in the 1990's and is now on display.
Sources: mv,h,lmdc,mv,wbm,hgl,soundings,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 655
COQUETTE
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : scow-sloop, wood, 1-mast
Build info : 1858, Bailey Bros., Perry, OH as a schooner
Specs : 90x21x8, 140 t. [om]
Date of loss : 1866, Jul 9
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 4 [all]
Carrying : light
Detail : Capsized and a total loss with all hands.
Stranded and wrecked near Put-in-Bay, Lake Erie, Oct, 1858, and declared a total loss.
Built for the U.S. Government, possibly as a Revenue Cutter.
Sources: ledc,hgl,wl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 656
CORA B.
Other names : none
Official no. : 125422
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1874, C. Wheeler, E. Saginaw , MI
Specs : 62x16x6, 30g 17n
Date of loss : 1890, Jul 5
Place of loss : at Duluth
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to a total loss in Duluth harbor.
Rebuilt 1883
Sources: mv,vbs,phr,gwgl,lss,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 658
CORAL
Other names : none
Official no. : C ?
Type at loss : propeller, wood, package freighter
Build info : 1871, W. Taylor, Wallaceburg, Ont.
Specs : 86x21x7, 119gc
Date of loss : 1887
Place of loss : mid-lake
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Ashore near Rondeau in fall of 1886, released in April, 87.
Major repair in 1878
Sources: mmgl,(nsp),clu,csv,slh,hgl

------------------------------------------------------ 659
CORALIA
Other names : renamed TROY H. BROWNING in 1949 and L.D. BROWNING in 1962
Official no. : 127129
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1896, Globe Iron Works, Cleveland hull# 64
Specs : 413x48x24, 4330g 3351n
Date of loss : 1905, Nov 23
Place of loss : Point Isabelle, E coast of Keweenaw
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Went ashore with heavy damage and reported a total loss. Later recovered.
Scrapped in 1962.
Sources: mv,eas,h,(mv)
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 660
CORDELIA
Other names : none
Official no. : 5056
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1865, DeMars, Sandusky, OH ["Mud Creek" in mvus)
Specs : 58x16x3 31g 29n
Date of loss : 1884
Place of loss : ?
Lake : ?
Type of loss : sank
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : no detail
Sources: mv,www


------------------------------------------------------ 661
CORISANDE
Other names : built as US schooner STAR
Official no. : C71163
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2-mast, bulk freight
Build info : 1873, R. Rice, Marine City, MI (builder Whitney?) as a 3-mast schooner
Specs : 137x26x11 292gc 275nc
Date of loss : 1913
Place of loss : off Sarnia, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Struck by a gale and sank as she pulled out into the open lake from the St. Clair R.
The hulk was later acquired by J. Miller but was too badly wrecked to use. Reportedly still afloat in 1916.
Out of Sarnia
Sold Canadian before 1882.
Sources: mmgl,ns2,clu,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 662
MINNIE CORLETT
Other names : none
Official no. : 16632
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : before 1866
Specs : 107g 92 n
Date of loss : 1876, Mar 24
Place of loss : off Lifesaving Station #7 (near Chicago?)
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Bound Chicago for Two Rivers, WI., she stranded and later sank in a storm.
homeport in 1869: Pentwater
She went ashore near Ludington in the great storm of late Nov, 1872, and was thought to be a total loss.
Sources: h,usls,mvnsl


------------------------------------------------------ 663
CORMORANT
Other names : none
Official no. : 125334
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight. "lumber hooker"
Build info : 1873, Ira LaFrinier, Cleveland
Specs : 218x35x14
977g 817n
Date of loss : 1907, Oct 30
Place of loss : Basswood Isl., Apostles Isls.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : sawlogs
Detail : Caught fire, burned to the waterline and sank. The hulk was later removed to a position just off Red Cliff, WI, and scuttled.
Stranded and abandoned on Chickenolee Reef, Pelee Isl., Sep 7, 1889 when blinded by smoke from burning marsh grass.
Major repairs in 1873.
Sources: eas,is,gwgl,ns1,h,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 664
CORMORANT
Other names : built as D.D.A. 43, renamed RUSSELL 4 in 1949, last name in 1949
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : propeller tug, steel [oil screw]
Build info : 1941, (Burger Boat), Manitowoc, WI for the U.S.C.G.
Specs : 43x12x5, 18 g 12 n
Date of loss : 1958, Oct 16 or 17
Place of loss : 2.5 mi off Oswego, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 2
Carrying : none
Detail : Foundered in a storm. Her two crewmen clung to a floating tractor tire until rescued.
Located in early 80’s then again in 1987.
Sources: h,web

------------------------------------------------------
ADAM E. CORNELIUS - See GEORGE M. HUMPHREY


------------------------------------------------------ 665
CORNELL
Other names : built as GRACE DANFORTH renamed in 1907
Official no. : 86017
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1888,
Union Dry Dock, Buffalo
Specs : 72x17x10 66g 33n
Date of loss : 1922, Dec 22*
Place of loss : position unknown
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : went missing
Loss of life : 8 [all]
Carrying : none
Detail : Foundered somewhere between Cleveland and Erie, PA while enroute to new owners in Syracuse, NY. The weather was clear and mild with almost no wind. She had just been put back into service and inspected after several years of idleness. An ice-encrusted lifeboat was found on the 26th, 25 mi E of Long Point, containing the frozen body of the fireman.
*1921 also given
Sources: eas,gs,sol,is
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 666
MAY CORNELL
Other names : none
Official no. : 91510
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1882, Manistee, MI
Specs : 32x12x4 8g 8n
Date of loss : 1894, Sep 30
Place of loss : 1 mi from lighthouse at Big Sable Point, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss :
stranded
Loss of life : none of 2
Carrying : shingles
Detail :
Bound Manistee for Holland, Mich, she broke her steering gear in a storm and rove well up on the beach. Her small crew later presented themselves at the local lifesaving service station, 1.5 miles to the south, where they were put up for five days. The $300 vessel remained high up on the beach for at least 9 months, and was probably abandoned there. Her registration was officially closed in 1904, annotated "abandoned."
One of smallest registered commercial carriers at the time.
Out of Grand Haven, Mich
Sources: h,wbm,hgl,bb,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 667
ERASTUS CORNING
Other names : none
Official no. : 7239
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1867, F N Jones, Tonawanda, NY as a bark
Specs : 204 ft., 832g 791n
Date of loss : 1889, May 21
Place of loss : Poverty Island, S of Fairport, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Tow of steamer ROUMANIA, she struck bottom at Gull I. shoal, broke her towline began to leak. Went ashore, later broke up.
Before her conversion to a schooner in 1877, she had been one of the last full-rigged barks on the lakes.
Major repairs in '76, '78 & '81
Sources: mv,lmdc,nsp,mpl

------------------------------------------------------
CORNWALL - See KINGSTON, BAVARIAN, ALGERIAN


------------------------------------------------------ 668
A.A. CORNWELL
Other names : sometimes seen as CORNWALL
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1855, Doviel, Sodus, NY
Specs : 148 t.
Date of loss : 1865, Oct 28 or 29
Place of loss : E. Sister Isl. Reef
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : corn
Detail : Aground and wrecked, no detail. She was sold to Detroit wrecking Captain S. P. Grummond, who worked on her for nearly a month.
Out of Oswego.
Rebuilt as Oswego, 1864
Sources: osdo,ledc,hgl,rsl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 3939
CORONA
Other names : none
Official no. : 125091
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, excursion steamer
Build info : 1870, G. S. Rand, Manitowoc, WI
Specs : 172x45x11, 470gt 374nt
Date of loss : 1898,
Nov 18
Place of loss : Tonawanda, NY
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Caught fire at her dock and burned to a total loss. She had been in use as an excursion steamer at the time.
Built for Goodrich Transportation Co., later took thousands of sightseers to the Columbian Exposition [World’s Fair] in Chicago in 1892-3.
Out of Buffalo.
Her engine came from the 1860 steamer COMET.
Major repairs in 1883.
Sources: rsh,mv,polk
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
MIKE CORRY - See J.O. THAYER


------------------------------------------------------ 669
CORSAIR
Other names : none
Official no. : 4929
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1866, Lee & Navagh, Oswego
Specs : 315 t.
Date of loss : 1872, Sep 28
Place of loss : off Sturgeon Point, N of Harrisville, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 5 of 7
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Bound Lake Superior for Oswego. Caught in a gale off Thunder Bay, but made for Tawas. Sank enroute. Two survivors floated in her wrecked yawl and cabin roof for 36 hours. Hailed from Oswego
See also NESHOTA.
Sources: slh,nsp,mv,osdo,hgl,wl

------------------------------------------------------
CORSICAN - See PICTON


------------------------------------------------------ 670
CORSICAN
Other names : none
Official no. : 4922
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1862, Rogers, Olcott, NY
Specs : 112x25x10 210g 200n
Date of loss : 1893, Jun 2
Place of loss : off Thunder Bay Island
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 6 [all]
Carrying : coal
Detail : Collided with the iron steamer CORSICA (!) and sank quickly, taking all hands with her. Lost on a foggy night while bound Cleveland for St. Ignace, MI. The wounded CORSICA was beached near Ossineke, MI and was later patched and proceeded to Ashtabula.
Also wrecked in 1884, when struck by the iron carferry GREAT WESTERN in the Detroit R..
Owned by S.B Grummond , out of Detroit
Sources: stb,slh,h,mv,nsp,wb,polk,hgl,usls,m&h


------------------------------------------------------ 671
HENRY CORT
Other names : built as PILLSBURY, last name in 1896
Official no. : 150587
Type at loss : propeller, steel, whaleback, crane-equipped
Build info : 1892, American Steel Barge Co., Superior, WI hull #124
Specs : 320x42x25 2394g 1465n
Date of loss : 1934, Nov 30
Place of loss : entrance to Muskegon, MI, harbor
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 1 (Coast Guardsman)
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven on breakwater by gale, USCG cutter ESCANABA rescued her people before she went to pieces after going down in shallow water. Remains later salvaged for scrap.
Sunk on Bar Point in 1917.
Cranes installed on deck, 1927.
Sources: eas,is,sol,sagl,lmdc,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 672
CORTEZ
Other names : none
Official no. : 4930
Type at loss : schooner, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1866, Lee & Navagh, Oswego, NY
Specs : 136x26x11, 309 t.
Date of loss : 1880, Nov 12
Place of loss : near Stoney Creek, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 8
Carrying : wheat
Detail : She missed the harbor entrance at Oswego in a storm, and tacked about in the gale for a full day, trying to find a safe haven. She finally anchored off Stoney Creek and later dragged ashore. She was completely broken up by the 20th, a $33,000 loss. Bound Milwaukee for Oswego. Usls reports have a long description of her loss.
Sources: mv,osdo,nsp,is,hgl,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 676
CORTLAND
Other names : at least 1 author insists the name was spelled CORTLANDT, an 1848 brig had that spelling
Official no. : 5397
Type at loss : bark, wood, bulk freight, 3-mast
Build info : 1867, A.G. Huntley, Sheboygan, WI
Specs : 676 t.
Date of loss : 1868, Jun 21
Place of loss : off Lorain, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 7
-10
Carrying : iron ore (coal?)
Detail : Run down on a dark and rainy night by the sidewheeler MORNING STAR(qv) and quickly sunk. The survivors were picked up by the steamer R.N. RICE.
Out of Sheboygan
Sources: mv,eas,is(4-58),sol,h,hgl,mpl,nsp,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4152
CORTLANDT
Other names : also seen as CORTLAND, COURTLANDT
Official no. : 4382
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1848, Seth DeGrote, Ohio City [Cleveland] as a brig
Specs : 108x25x10, 175 g [235 t. om]
Date of loss : 1872, Sep (28)
Place of loss : near Tyrconnel, Ont. [Rondeau]
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : ?
Detail : She was driven ashore by a gale and wrecked. A wrecker sent to rescue her in mid October stripped and abandoned her instead when a steampump could make no headway in emptying her.
Major repairs in 1861, probably converted from a brig to a schooner at the same time.
Sources: nsp,mv,wl,rsl,hgl

------------------------------------------------------
TOM CORWIN - See A.E. MARSILLIOT


------------------------------------------------------ 673
COSSACK
Other names : none
Official no. : 4931
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1866, J Navagh, Oswego, NY
Specs : 408 t.
Date of loss : 1881, Dec 17 or 7
Place of loss : near harbor entrance at Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 7
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Sank just offshore. Out of Oswego in 1877
Sources: osdo,h,usls,mv not in '69 mvus


------------------------------------------------------ 674
COTTONWOOD
Other names : none
Official no. : 217423
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1918, Great Lakes Engineering, Ecorse, MI hull #211
Specs : 253x44x28, 2450g 1485n
Date of loss : 1926, Dec 2
Place of loss : Coppermine Point, Ont.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : stone
Detail : Driven hard ashore and declared a total loss, but salvaged in the spring of '27. Salvage & repair cost over $100,000.
Built for the U. S. Shipping Board for the WWI war effort. Sold to Davidson SS Co, Duluth, in 1922. Sold off the lakes in 1937.
Sources: eas,smgl,h,ns4,mv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3583
HARRY COTTRELL
Other names : none
Official no. : 95884
Type at loss : propeller, wood
Build info : 1886, P.Rice, Marine City, MI
Specs : 75x15x6, 76g 59n
Date of loss : 1896, Sep 20
Place of loss : Harvest Bay, near Bar Point
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Foundered in a storm a half mile east of the channel. Her crew abandoned in her yawl and were picked up by the prop GETTYSBURG. Though she was in only 20 feet of water, she was abandoned as not worth raising. Owned by her skipper, G.A. Phelps of Marine City and bound there. Document surrendered at Port Huron Sep 3, 1897, annotated "Total loss."
Sources: phr,mv,hgl,wb,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 4153
D. L. COUCH
Other names : none built on the hull of the old [1842?] schooner ACORN
Official no. : 6503
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1855, A. Miller, Oswego, NY
Specs : 85 t. [119 t. om]
Date of loss : 1872, Jul 18
Place of loss : 10 mi above Long Point, 2 mi from shore
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : coal
Detail : Bound Buffalo for Detroit, she sprang a leak in heavy weather off Long Point, and, despite the efforts of her crew for several hours, could not be kept afloat. Her people were taken off by the schooner CITIZEN, while the vessel sank in 20 fathoms of water.
Owned by James Riley, Detroit. She was a Canadian bottom in 1871.
Sources: nsp,wl,hgl,mv,rsl,eas

------------------------------------------------------
JAMES COUCH - See TASMANIA


------------------------------------------------------ 675
COURIER
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : ?
Specs : 65 ft.
Date of loss : 1891, Nov 27
Place of loss : Superior, WI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to a total loss at a dock at Superior.
Not in '84 mvus,polk,
Sources: nsp,gwgl,is,lss,

------------------------------------------------------
COURTLAND - See CORTLAND, CORTLANDT


------------------------------------------------------ 3773
M. COURTRIGHT
Other names : none also seen as M. COURTWRIGHT and MILTON COURTRIGHT
Official no. : 16393
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1856, DeWolfe, Erie, PA
Specs : 276 t.
Date of loss : 1871, Nov 7
Place of loss : 1.5 miles S of Kenosha, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Struck bottom in a gale after her anchor dragged, waterlogged and abandoned, then went ashore. The revenue cutter ANDREW JOHNSON tried in vain to pull her off before she broke up a few days later.
Owned by Mears & Bates of Chicago.
Sources: nsp,hgl,mv,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 594
COUSIN MARY
Other names : none
Official no. : 5532
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1853, Henry Root, Black R., OH
Specs : 76x20x4, 48 t. [57 t. [om]]
Date of loss : 1875, May
12
Place of loss : 4 mi S of Black Lake harbor entrance
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life :
none of 4
Carrying : ?
Detail : Driven ashore and wrecked. Abandoned Jun 1.
Out of Chicago.
Sources: nsp,mv,hgl,wl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 3451
ASA COVELL
Other names : none also seen as ASA SCOVILL
Official no. : 398
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1852, VanSlyke & Notter, Buffalo
Specs : 20g 10n
Date of loss : 1869, Jun 6
Place of loss : Cuyahoga R. at Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : explosion
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : none
Detail : Exploded her boiler and sank while towing the brig IROQUOIS up the river. Captain was killed when his pilothouse was blown into the river.
50 hp engine
Out of Conneaut, OH
Sources: lhl,mv,nsp,rsl,mdwl

------------------------------------------------------
A.J. COVILL - See VEGA


------------------------------------------------------ 677
L.D. COWAN
Other names : also seen as L.D. COMAN
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1848, Carrick & Wilkes, Erie, PA
Specs : 165 t
Date of loss : 1865, Apr 29
Place of loss : Pte Aux Barques, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Wrecked on the shore. Tug W.K. MUIR went to her rescue May 1 but returned May 4, saying she was too far on to approach. Broke up by the 6th. Owned out of Port Huron by J. Johnson.
Sources: slh,nsp,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 678
WILLIAM COWIE
Other names : none early editions of MV show her as WILLIAM COIYEE
Official no. : 26910
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1868, D Lester, Marine City, MI
Specs : 133x25x10 208g 173n
Date of loss : 1890, Nov 23 (also given as Oct 28)
Place of loss : Cheboyganing Creek, Saginaw River
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Laying over on her way upriver to Saginaw due to low water. Caught fire shortly after arriving and burned to a total loss. Documents not surrendered until Oct 21, 1893.
Heavily damaged in a fire at Oswego, Oct, 1870.
Sources: phr,nsp,mv,slh,vbs,hgl,mpl,rp,rnc

------------------------------------------------------
JOHN B. COWLE - See also HARRY L. ALLEN


------------------------------------------------------ 679
JOHN B. COWLE
Other names : none
Official no. : 77559
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1902, Jenks, Port Huron
Specs : 420x50x28, 4731g
3911n
Date of loss : 1909, Jul 12
Place of loss : 1 mi NW of Whitefish Pt.
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 14 of 24
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Rammed by the large steel bulker ISAAC M. SCOTT(qv) and sank in 3 minutes. Heavy fog covered the area at the time. SCOTT and the passing bulker GOODYEAR picked up survivors.
Wreck located by divers in 1972.
Sources: is(2-69),lssc,gwgl,sol,lss,ns1,h,mv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 680
GEORGE M. COX
Other names : built as PURITAN last name in 1933
Official no. : 150898
Type at loss : propeller, steel, passenger steamer
Build info : 1901, Craig Shipbuilding, Toledo hull #82
Specs : 259x40x27 1762g 1267n
Date of loss : 1933, May 27
Place of loss : ½ mi SE of Rock of Ages light, near Isle Royale
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 18 passengers*
Detail : Traversing the foggy area at 17 knots, she impaled herself on a rock pinnacle. Photos show her with 110 feet of her keel out of the water and her fantail awash. She had been enroute to pick up passengers for her first cruise since refitting. She broke in half and slipped into deep water the following Oct.
Used as a troop transport in WWI.
According to the National Park Service, there was a total 125 passengers and crew aboard.
Sources: mv,irs,mol,gwgl,lss,mpl,rf
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 681
EMMA L. COYNE
Other names : none
Official no. : 7331
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1867, Campbell & Owen [Detroit Dry Dock Co.], Detroit hull #1
Specs : 155x33x13 497g 472n
Date of loss : 1869
Place of loss : SW of St. Martin's Isl, mouth of Green Bay
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Stranded on a reef and declared total loss. Later recovered and may have lasted into 20th century.
She was the first vessel built by Detroit Dry Dock.
Sources: atl,lmdc,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 682
CRAFTSMAN
Other names : also seen as THE CRAFTSMAN
Official no. :
221068
Type at loss : steel derrick barge
Build info : 192
1, American Shipbuilding, Cleveland
Specs : 90x28x8, 163g 111n
Date of loss : 1958, Jun 3
Place of loss : 2 mi off Avon Point, near Cleveland
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : foundered
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Tow of the tug TOLEDO, she foundered and was a total loss. Her crew was rescued by the Coast Guard.
Location also given as 2 mi N of Oswego, NY
Sources: is(3-58),h,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 3723
ALICE CRAIG
Other names : built as the U.S. Revenue Cutter JOHN B. FLOYD, sold civilian and renamed in 1864. Listed in 1870 mv, but shown in 1884 mv as built in 1877. This probably actually refers to a rebuild in 1877 at Bayfield, WI.
Official no. : 544
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1858, (Bayfield or Duluth)
Specs : 62 ft., 43g 41n
Date of loss : 1887, Nov 18
Place of loss : near Bark Point, Wisconsin shore
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Bound Bayfield for Siskiwit Bay, she was driven ashore in a gale, later stripped and abandoned.
Damaged in a storm near Duluth in 1872, but managed to save two boys from the crippled FRANCIS PALMS.
As a revenue cutter, she was stationed on Lake Superior early in her career and on the East Coast during the Civil War.
Sources: lss,mv,hgl,mpl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 3452
ANNIE CRAIG
Other names : none
Official no. : C
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1879, D. Foster, Port Burwell, Ont.
Specs : 78 ft., 80 t.
Date of loss : 1885, Aug
Place of loss : at Toronto
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to total loss.
Lengthened in 1880
Sources: csv(s),clu


------------------------------------------------------
ANNIE L. CRAIG - see CITY OF WINNIPEG

------------------------------------------------------
JOHN CRAIG - See PANAMA


------------------------------------------------------ 683
JOHN W. CRAMER
Other names : none
Official no. : 75636
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1874, G. Notter, Buffalo
Specs : 53 ft., 23g 11n
Date of loss : 1884, Oct 17
Place of loss : Horseshoe Reef, a few miles from Buffalo
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Grounded on a reef and broke up.
41 hp engine
Hailed from Tonawanda
Rebuilt in 1884
Sources: mv,h


------------------------------------------------------ 684
THOMAS CRANAGE
Other names : none
Official no. : 145648
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1893, J. Davidson, W. Bay City
Specs : 305x43x21 2219g 1855n
Date of loss : 1911, Sep 25
Place of loss : Watcher's Reef, near Tiffin, Ont., Geo. Bay
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : navigational error
Loss of life : none
Carrying : oats
Detail : Bound Chicago for Tiffin, she ran on a reef in clear weather. Abandoned Oct. 8 after a concerted salvage effort failed.
She was the largest ship in the American fleet [fresh & salt water] when built
Sources: sbs,slh,ns2,s,lhdc,vbs,nsp,phr,mpl,m&h,do,eas
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 685
J.L. CRANE
Other names : built as THEODORE S. FASSETT, renamed in 1918
Official no. : 145254
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1891, D. Lester, Marine City
Specs : 187x32x14 548g 521n
Date of loss : 1925, Nov 5
Place of loss : abreast of Crisp Point, MI, 1 mi offshore
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 7 [all]
Carrying : pulpwood
Detail : Tow of the steamer HERMAN H. HETTLER(qv). In huge waves and 80 mph winds she was seen to ride up on a big wave and dive to the bottom, ripping out the towpost of HETTLER. (For several years her masts protruded above the surface.)
Owned by O.W. Blodgett of Bay City.
Had several earlier "disasters" including a near-total loss in 1898.
Sources: gwgl,sol,is,ns3,mpl
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
J.A. CRAWFORD - See PATHFINDER


------------------------------------------------------ 3940
LEMUEL CRAWFORD
Other names : also seen as LEM CRAWFORD
Official no. : none
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1855, Wm. Jones, Black River, OH
Specs : 135x30x11, 450 t.
Date of loss : 1858, May 10
Place of loss : East Sister Island
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 13
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Bound Chicago for Buffalo, she ran into a heavy gale after passing Detroit, went out of control near Pelee Passage and struck a reef 1.5 miles off E. Sister Island. She immediately began to sink, and her crew and passengers scrambled up her masts and lashed themselves to her rigging. After two days and the passing of a number of ships, they were finally approached and rescued by the tug R.R. ELLIOTT out of Detroit. Declared a total loss, though there were some efforts to raise her.
Sources: nsp,hgl

------------------------------------------------------
R.C. CRAWFORD - See BERWYN


------------------------------------------------------ 3774
CREAM CITY
Other names : none
Official no. : 4579
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast*
Build info : 1862, B.B. Jones, Sheboygan [fitted out at Milwaukee]
Specs : 629 t. [767 t. old measure]
Date of loss : 1869, Nov 22
Place of loss : Drummond Isl, 6 mi E of Detour
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Lost her way in a gale and went ashore. She appeared to be only slightly damaged, but several large pumps were unable to lower the water in her hull. Abandoned as a total wreck on Dec 8.
Owned by Fitzgerald & Page of Milwaukee
Ashore near Milwaukee in April, 1864.
*Built as a "steam bark" with an engine capable of pushing her at five or six miles per hour. After two months of contant minor disaster, this was considered an unsuccessful experiment and the engine was removed.
Sources: nsp,hgl,mv,mpl,mdwl


------------------------------------------------------ 686
CREAM CITY
Other names : built as RHODA EMILY
Official no. : 110641
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1884, Linn & Craig, Trenton hull# 27
Specs : 166x32x20 875g 654n
Date of loss : 1918, Jul 1
Place of loss : Wheeler's Reef, near False Detour Passage
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : stranded
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ? [2-barge tow]
Detail : Groping for False Detour Passage in fog when she struck the reef. Not in danger, but tugs were unable to budge her, though they tried for two seasons. Still on the bar, she caught fire and burned to the waterline in 1925.
One of her tows, GRACE HOLLAND(qv), was lost along with her.
Sources: eas,is(1-64),slh,sol,is,mv,lhdc,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 687
CREOLE
Other names : none
Official no. : C103675
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1897, J. Playfair, Midland, Ont.
Specs : 50x11x5, 21gc 14nc
Date of loss : 1905, Nov 17*
Place of loss : mouth of Wye R., near Midland, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to total loss.
mmgl(NAC) gives 11/17/03 as the date.
Sources: mmgl,slh,h,win


------------------------------------------------------ 688
CREVOLA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1848, Ruggles, Milan, OH
Specs : 108x23x9, 212 gt. [om]
Date of loss : 1863, Oct 28?
Place of loss : near Port Bruce, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : wheat
Detail : She went ashore and was wrecked in a strom. She was considered to be of such little value that her cargo was removed and the vessel abandoned. Went ashore on Pte. Pelee, Ont. in late Sep, 1863 and thought to be unsalvagable. She was eventually extricated about ten days later, but her very next voyage was her final one.
Owned by J. Dawson, St. Clair R.. - possibly Canadian at time of loss. If so she was sold after 1861 - ownned by Duffield, Detroit in that year.
Also foundered near Milwaukee in 1856
Rebuilt in 1859.
Sources: sagl,hgl,bb,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 689
CRISPIN
Other names : (none)
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1845, Sacket's Harbor
Specs : 95x21x9, 152 t.
Date of loss : 1850, May 4
Place of loss : on Pte Aux Barques
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : dressed building stone
Detail : While under weigh she was found to be leaking and in a sinking condition. An hour later she went down in 9 feet of water and was reported a total loss.
Year also given as 1853, accident as a stranding.
Sources: slh,hgl,nsp,wl


------------------------------------------------------ 690
HANS CROCKER
Other names : none
Official no. : 11174
Type at loss : bark, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1854, James M. Jones, Milwaukee
Specs : 139x33x12, 473 t.
Date of loss : 1879, Nov 29
Place of loss : off Kenosha, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Sprang a leak while battling a gale, waterlogged and was driven ashore. Later purchased as a wreck.
Her master carpenter was from an East Coast shipyard, hence she was described as having much more "ocean-going" lines than most lakers.
Sources: mv,is,soundings,nsp,mpl,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 3453
DAVY CROCKETT
Other names : none also seen as just CROCKETT
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sternwheel steamer, wood
Build info : 1834, Erie, PA
Specs : 35 t.
Date of loss : 1834, May 9
Place of loss : near St. Joseph, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Stranded and wrecked.
A COL. CROCKETT reported as lost at St. Joseph in 1836.
It’s possible that she was a Mississippi R. tug (Lakes sternwheelers very rare), lost at St. Joseph, MO
Sources: lhl,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 691
OLIVER CROMWELL
Other names : built as steamer DAYTON, renamed in 1854
Official no. : 19372
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1853, Weeks, Buffalo ['84 mvus says1873, Detroit]
Specs : 138x25x11, 291 t.
Date of loss : 1888, Oct 2
Place of loss : at Harbor Beach, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Tow of steamer LOWELL, she broke her towline in a gale, but rode most of it out at anchor. Toward the end of the storm she snapped her chains and was driven ashore, where she broke up.
Built as a propeller, sold Canadian the next year.
Collided with the prop NORTHERN MICHIGAN near Pt. Pelee in Sep, 1854 and sank.
Sank in a collision with the schooner JESSE in the Straits, on October 14, 1857. Recovered by Americans in 1871 and rebuilt as a prop at Detroit in 1872-3. Cut down to a schooner-barge in 1884.
Sources: mv,slh,csv,h,nsp,lhl,hgl,mmgl,wl

------------------------------------------------------
E.G. CROSBY - See also NAOMI, WISCONSIN


------------------------------------------------------ 692
E.G. CROSBY
Other names : built as CITY oF SOUTH HAVEN, renamed CITY OF MIAMI in 1920, last name in 1923
Official no. : 127731
Type at loss : propeller, steel, passenger and package freight
Build info : 1903, Craig Shipbuilding, Toledo hull #93
Specs : 248x40x16, 1719g 1169n
Date of loss : 1935, Dec 5
Place of loss : Sturgeon Bay, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Destroyed by shipyard blaze, along with the wooden steamer PETOSKEY and the wooden schooner LUCIA A. SIMPSON. She had been laid up there since 1931. Remains were cut up for scrap in 1936.
Served on saltwater as an auxiliary during WW I
Originally 21 ft. depth
Sources: sol,ns4,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 693
BELLE P. CROSS
Other names : none
Official no. : 2719
Type at loss : propeller, wood, misc freight "rabbit"
Build info : 1870, A. Turner, Trenton, MI
Specs : 135x26x12 299g 211n
Date of loss : 1903, Apr 23
Place of loss : Danger Castle, near Gooseberry R., MN
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : cedar posts
Detail : Went on a reef in a blinding blizzard-gale and broke up quickly. Wreckers arriving on the scene Apr 30 found her totally destroyed.
Major repair, 1883
Sources: nsp,gwgl,is,ns1,mv,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 4073
E. W. CROSS
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner-b
arge, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1856, G. W. Rogers, Oswego as a brig
Specs :
351 gt
Date of loss : 1868, Dec 1
Place of loss : at Chicago?
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : (none)
Carrying : ?
Detail :
Capsized and a total loss.
Probably owned by J. Prindiville, Chicago.
Regarded as a total loss after a collision near Chicago in August, 1865. Wrecked and considered a total loss at Chicago in September, 1866, but later recovered and converted to a barge.
Major repairs in 1863.
Sources: nsp,hgl,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 695
W.S. CROSTHWAITE
Other names : sometimes seen as WILLIAM S. CROSTHWAITE
Official no. : 80344
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1873, W. Crosthwaite, Saginaw as a 3-mast schooner
Specs : 198x35x13 673g 639n
Date of loss : 1904, Nov 13
Place of loss : Whitefish Bay
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : light
Detail : Sheltering peacefully at anchor when she caught fire from a stove which had been placed on deck to heat water for the crew's laundry. Burned to the waterline and sank.
Had been in tow of steamer E.N. SAUNDERS.
Built as a 3-mast schooner, later cut down to schooner-barge
Sources: vbs,gwgl,sbs,lssc,is,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 694
WILLIAM CROSTHWAITE
Other names : none
Official no. : 26217
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, 2-mast [built as 3-mast schooner
Build info : 1866, Crosthwaite, Banks [W. Bay City], MI
Specs : 150x30x12 371g 353n
Date of loss : 1906, Sep 6
Place of loss : near Kelley's Isl.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : stone
Detail : Collided with the wooden steamer HOMER WARREN and sank, a total loss. Downbound. Her crew rescued by steamer J.C. FORD.
Cut down to a schooner-barge in 1888.
Sources: vbs,ledc,mv,phr,eas


------------------------------------------------------ 696
J.S. CROUSE
Other names : none
Official no. : 77313
Type at loss : propeller, wood, misc freight "rabbit"
Build info : 1898, R.C. Brittain, Saugatuck, MI
Specs : 90x17x8, 82g 72n
Date of loss : 1919, Nov 15
Place of loss : Sleeping Bear bay, near Glen Arbor, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber & potatoes
Detail : Stranded in gale on SW side of Bay, later caught fire and destroyed.
Sources: lmdc,mv,sb,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 697
J.R. CROWE
Other names : none also seen as J.D. CROWE
Official no. : C none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, steambarge
Build info : 1870, Chatham, Ont.
Specs : 96x19 91gc
Date of loss : 1873, Oct 24
Place of loss : near Leamington, Ont.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : stone
Detail : Driven ashore by a gale. Later wrecked by waves despite concerted salvage efforts.
Maybe later recovered. She is on some lists at least to 1898, even though csvsays she was lost in ‘72.
Owned out of Chatham
Sources: nsp,csv,hgl,mmgl not in clu


------------------------------------------------------ 698
BERTIE CROWELL
Other names : none
Official no. : 2937
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : ? Mvus does not show information. Usls report says she was "old." By her official number, she was probably built about 1872
Specs : 42x14x3 16g 15n
Date of loss : 1884, Oct 8
Place of loss : Quarry Docks, SE of Marblehead, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none of 2
Carrying : none
Detail : Being towed to shelter by a tug when the line broke and she went ashore. She pounded to pieces, a total loss of $800. Out of Cleveland, bound Marblehead to Port Clinton, OH.
Sources: mv,h,usls


------------------------------------------------------ 699
WILLIAM R. CROWELL
Other names : none
Official no. : 80531
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1875, Gibson, Buffalo
Specs : 74x17x8 57g 30n
Date of loss : 1893, Dec 4
Place of loss : 1 mi off Michigan City, Ind.
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Lost in the effort to salvage the steamer FRANK W. WHEELER which went on a bar the previous day. Sprang leak in heavy seas and sank. Her five crew were rescued by the tug T.T. MORFORD.
Date given as 1853 is probably error, not a different vessel
Wreck was located by fishermen in 1895.
Sources: nsp,lmdc,wb,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 3318
CRUSADER
Other names : none
Official no. : 125252
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1874, F. Leighton, Port Huron
Specs : 123x23x9, 198g 105n
Date of loss : 1894, Nov 6
Place of loss : St Mary's R, just below Sault Ste. Marie
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : 2
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to a total loss and sank.
Also burned at Cheboygan, Mich, in Oct, 1878.
Sources: nsp,hgl,phr,mpl,rp not in '94 mv


------------------------------------------------------ 700
CUBA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1844, A. Wilcox, Pt. Peninsula, NY, as a brig
Specs : 89 ft., 139 t.
Date of loss : 1847, May 6
Place of loss : near Point Breeze, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : Collision
Loss of life : none
Carrying : 6,000 bu. wheat
Detail : Run down and sunk in a collision with the prop GENESEE CHIEF.
Owned by Fitzhugh & Co. of Oswego, NY.
Sources: is,osdo,rp


------------------------------------------------------ 701
CULLIGAN
Other names : built as GEORGE T. HOPE, renamed in 1907
Official no. : 85800
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight
Build info : 1883, J. Davidson, W. Bay City hull #8
Specs : 263x39x19 1558g 1275n
Date of loss : 1912, Sep 27
Place of loss : several miles NW of Grand Island, near Munising, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Holding her own against a big storm until her pumps failed, the rising water dousing her fires and allowing her to fill. Crew abandoned her in her lifeboats.
Bound for Detroit.
Sunk and abandoned near Escanaba in 1905.
Some sources give her name as PATRICK CULLIGAN
Sources: eas,is(2-66),vbs,is,sbs,ns2,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 702
OLIVER CULVER
Other names : none
Official no. : 18891
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 3-mast
Build info : 1855, D. Rogers, Charlotte, NY [Rochester] as a bark
Specs : 140x26x11, 450 t. (305 nt in '69)
Date of loss : 1882, Dec 4
Place of loss : just outside harbor at Two Rivers, WI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : She went ashore and was wrecked at the harbor entrance. The Lifesaving station had closed for the season, so the lifesaving crew was quickly rounded up. They were able to save CULVER’s crew. She had been bound Pensaukee, WI for her homeport, Chicago.
Converted to a schooner from a bark after 1864
Sources: mv,is,h,hgl,usls,nsp,bb,rsl


------------------------------------------------------ 703
CUMBERLAND
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1847, S & A Twiner, Cleveland
Specs : 101x24x9, 196 gt [om]
Date of loss : 1859, Oct 19
Place of loss : off Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Sheltering from a storm, near the South Pier in Milwaukee harbor, she was run into by the schooner CURLEW, went out of control and crashed into the pier, where she quickly broke up. She had been bound Oconto, WI for Chicago. The wreck was later raised and abandoned near the site of the old Jones Shipyard at Milwaukee.
Owned by J.L. Adams, Chicago.
Also wrecked on Lake Huron near Goderich, Ont., in Dec, 1856, with a cargo of wheat. No lives lost. The vessel was abandoned, but later rescued.
Sources: slh,lmdc,hgl,nsp,bb


------------------------------------------------------ 704
CUMBERLAND
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : sidewheel steamer, wood, passenger & package freight
Build info : 1871, Simpson, Port Robinson, Ont.
Specs : 205x46x11 629gc 418 nc
Date of loss : 1877, Jul 26
Place of loss : Rock of Ages Reef, Isle Royale
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : navigational error
Loss of life : none
Carrying : general merch
Detail : Struck bottom in good weather and sank in relatively shallow water, later broken up by waves.
Remains washed up on shore on what is now known as "Cumberland Point." Canadian chart showed 60 feet of water at the spot where she struck. Out of Toronto.
Sources: nsp,glss,irs,gwgl,sol,is,is,csv,win,lss,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 4225
M. J. CUMMINGS
Other names : none
Official # : 91329
Type at loss : propeller tug, wood
Build info : 1881, Morgan, Oswego, NY
Specs : 59x14x7, 35g 17n
Date of loss : 1893, Nov 16
Place of loss : at Cape Vincent, NY
Lake : Ontario
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Burned to a total loss.
She and the tug ELIZA J. REDFORD were fleetmates, launched side by side the same day and burned the same night, 12 years later.
Sources : rp,hcgl,mv


------------------------------------------------------ 705
M.J. CUMMINGS
Other names : none
Official no. : 90592
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1874, Goble & McFarlane, Oswego, NY
Specs : 138x26x12 330g 314n
Date of loss : 1894, May 18
Place of loss : in harbor at Milwaukee
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 6 of 7
Carrying : coal
Detail : Drove into the harbor in terrific gale, put her anchors down but dragged and struck bottom. Her crew went up the rigging as she sank. Despite a concerted effort by the Lifesaving Service, only one of them was rescued.
Sources: is,osdo,sol,h,lmdc,mv,nsp,wbm,tel,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 706
CUPID
Other names : none
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : propeller tug, gas
Build info : 1917, Ashtabula
Specs : 47 ft
Date of loss : 1919, Jun 27
Place of loss : off Cedar Point, near Sandusky, OH
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : (storm)
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : none
Detail : Foundered
Sources: www


------------------------------------------------------ 707
CURLEW
Other names : none
Official no. : 5393
Type at loss : scow-schooner, wood
Build info : 1866, Lewis & Langran, Port Huron, MI
Specs : 81x20x7 80g 76n
Date of loss : 1889
Place of loss : Saginaw River
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : sank
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : No detail
Driven on the beach near Port Hope, Michigan, in a gale in November of 1871. Thought to be a total loss, but recovered the following spring.
Also forced ashore with heavy damage, 4 mi N of Sturgeon Pt, Lake Huron, Nov 24, 1879
One report says she sank on L. Michigan in 1890, but registration, surrendered in 1893, gives 1889 as the year of her loss.
Sources: h,mv,slh,phr,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 708
JAMES W. CURRAN
Other names : none
Official no. : C176167
Type at loss : propeller motor ferry, steel, passenger & auto
Build info : 1947,
Collingwood Shipyards, Inc, Collingwood, Ont.
Specs :
103x34x8, 189 t.
Date of loss : 1964, May 10
Place of loss : 2 mi off Pte Aux Barques, MI [18 mi off same also given]
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : none
Detail : Being towed from the Soo
by tug G. W. Rogers, where she had served for many years in the cross-river trade, to Kingston, Ont for refitting when she was struck by a tornado and sank. She was chained to similar boat JOHN A. McPHAIL(qv), which was also lost.
Owned by Ontario Dept. of Highways
Possibly recovered, a permit was acquired for salvage in 1969.
Sources: is(2-64),mpl
,hcgl not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 709
C.F. CURTIS
Other names : none
Official no. : 34126
Type at loss : propeller, wood, bulk freight [lumber hooker]
Build info : 1882, D. Lester, Marine City
Specs : 197x32x13 691g 523n
Date of loss : 1914, Nov 19
Place of loss : 7 mi E of Grand Marais, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life :
14 [all]
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Torn apart offshore and went down with all hands. She had two big barges in tow at the time. See SELDEN E. MARVIN, ANNIE M. PETERSON.
Owned by Hines Lumber Co. of Chicago, a company which ran [and lost] many overage lakers.
Built as a barge & launched in July, 1882, thus has the official number of an unrigged barge. Engine installed at Buffalo, winter of 1882-3.
Sources: nsp,eas,gwgl,sol,is,ns2,lss,lssc,lol,mol,polk,mpl
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------
CUSHMAN - see GOVERNOR CUSHMAN


------------------------------------------------------ 4226
CUSTODIAN
Other names : none
Official # : 218783
Type at loss : propeller tug, wood
Build info : 1919, M. M. Davis & Sons, Solomons, MD
Specs : 126x30x14, 359g 199n
Date of loss : 1925, Jun 23
Place of loss : 4 mi E of West Sister Isl.
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : towing coal laden barge MAIDA
Detail : Burned to a total loss.
Built for U. S. Shipping Board and sold private in 1920 to Pringle Barge line, Cleveland.
Sources : eas,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 712
CUYAHOGA
Other names : none
Official no. : none
Type at loss : brig or schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1855, Stevens & Presley, Cleveland
Specs : 121x26x11, 323 t.
Date of loss : 1856
Place of loss : unreported
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : ?
Detail : Capsized and sunk by a "white squall"
Vessel shown was still extant in 1864.
Sources: sagl,hgl,nsp


------------------------------------------------------ 711
CUYAHOGA
Other names : ?
Official no. : none
Type at loss : propeller, wood, freighter
Build info : ? (1856, Moses & Curtiss, Cleveland)
Specs : ? (601 t. om)
Date of loss : 1866
Place of loss : near Sarnia, Ont.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : ?
Carrying : oats
Detail : Suffered a collision during a storm. Reports do not identify the vessel well.
Probably recovered. Prop CUYAHOGA (US#4264) was extant at this time. Lasted into 1890's.
Sources: slh,mv,hgl,st not in mmgl


------------------------------------------------------ 713
GLEN CUYLER
Other names : none
Official no. : 10338
Type at loss : schooner, wood, 2-mast
Build info : 1859, H. Doviel, Pultneyville, NY
Specs :
84x20x5 60g 53n
Date of loss : 1905, Oct 20
Place of loss : Arthur Bay, near Menominee, MI
Lake : Michigan
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none
Carrying : lumber
Detail : Overwhelmed by a giant storm and foundered (well offshore). May have been recovered, Runge says she was abandoned in 1918.
Went ashore in a powerful gale near Oswego, NY, in November, 1860. Her entire crew may have been lost.
Sources: nsp,mv,slh,gs,mpl,bb
,hcgl


------------------------------------------------------ 714
CYCLONE
Other names : built as passenger propeller PITTSBURGH [US#19617]
Official no. : 34114
Type at loss : schooner-barge, wood, bulk freight, 3-mast
Build info : 1856, Norris, Cleveland
Specs : 471g 341n
Date of loss : 1885, Sep 7
Place of loss : Whitestone (then Whetstone) Point, N of AuGres
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : none?
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : She sprang a leak in heavy weather and was beached. Breakers washed completely over her and pounded her to pieces over the next few days. Bound from Marquette, hailed from Buffalo - owned and mastered by Capt. C Hamilton.
As PITTSBURGH, she was considered one of the finest steamers of her day. Rebuilt from steamer to barge in 1881, after several years layup. PITTSBURGH was 186x27x13, 606 t.
Sources: mv,slh,nsp,hgl,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 4175
CYGNET
Other names :
Official # : C
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info :
Specs : "about 50 tons"
Date of loss : 1855, Jun ca. 13th
Place of loss : near harbor mouth at Buffalo
Lake : Erie
Type of loss : collision
Loss of life : 1
Carrying : wheat
Detail : Collided with the large passenger steamer WESTERN WORLD and sunk while leaving the harbor.
Sources : nsp,hgl,jm


------------------------------------------------------ 715
CYGNET
Other names : none
Official no. : 125323
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1865, E. Saginaw [maybe built 1869]
Specs : 55x15 27g 26n
Date of loss : 1875, Jul 25
Place of loss : "Blow-up Bayou", Shiawassee R.
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : boiler explosion
Loss of life : none [2 injured]
Carrying : none
Detail : She exploded and sank. She was a lumbering tug on the Shiawassee and Bad Rivers. Remains are still in the area, though largely obliterated by dredging
Sources: vbs,slh,sbs,hgl,bb,mv,jb


------------------------------------------------------ 716
CYGNET
Other names : ?
Official no. : ?
Type at loss : (sidewheel) tug, wood
Build info : (1857, Van Slyke & Notter, Buffalo)
Specs : (60x12x4, 27 t.)
Date of loss : 1882, Nov 19
Place of loss : Cheboygan, MI (maybe Detroit)
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : fire
Loss of life : none
Carrying : ?
Detail : Burned to waters edge in harbor.
Probably recovered, see other CYGNET entry.
Owned by Mattson & Co., Cheboygan.
Sources: nsp,slh,hgl


------------------------------------------------------ 717
CYGNET
Other names : none
Official no. : 125793
Type at loss : propeller steam tug, wood
Build info : 1878, G. Notter, Buffalo
as a steam yacht
Specs : 42x12x5 13g 10n
Date of loss : 1905, Oct 19
Place of loss : just outside harbor at Cheboygan, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : none
Detail : Went aground earlier. Still ashore when pounded to pieces by a gale the 19th.
Sources: nsp,mv,slh
,hcgl

------------------------------------------------------
CYNTHIA - See WESTERN


------------------------------------------------------ 718
CYPRUS
Other names : none
Official no. : 204527
Type at loss : propeller, steel, bulk freight
Build info : 1907, American Shipbuilding, Lorain, OH hull# 353
Specs : 420x52x28, 4900 t.
Date of loss : 1907, Oct 11
Place of loss : 19 mi off Deer Park, MI
Lake : Superior
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life : 21 of 22
Carrying : iron ore
Detail : Downbound, she was pushed sideways into the deadly wave-troughs, where her cargo shifted and she turned turtle and sank. May have been leaking before that. The ship was only 21 days old, on her 2nd trip.
Sources: eas,is(1-65),lssc,glss,sol,lol,ns1,lss,mpl


------------------------------------------------------ 719
CZAR
Other names : none
Official no. : 4924
Type at loss : schooner, wood
Build info : 1862, E. Lefebre, Oswego, NY
Specs : 354 n (441 t.)
Date of loss : 1875, Sep 1
6
Place of loss : reef on Middle Island near Presque Isle, MI
Lake : Huron
Type of loss : storm
Loss of life :
none
Carrying : iron ore*
Detail : Downbound from Escanaba, she was pushed on a rocky reef and wrecked, her keel being pushed up through her bottom by boulders. By the time the tug SWEEPSTAKES arrived to save her on the 21st, all that could be rescued was part of her outfit. She was later washed off into deeper water.
*She was also described as inbound, light, for a cargo of limestone at Presque Isle.
Owned by James Hearnes, Cleveland
Sources: osdo,mv,slh,wl,nsp


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